Ke Krrish oa Hao Joalokaha Nepahetseng joalokaha u nahana hore ke?

Is Your Memory as Accurate as You Think it is?

Bohle re lebala lintho – empa ke lintho tse re hopola joalokaha e nepahetseng ha re ntse re rata ho lumela?


Tsamaisoa ka Guardian.co.ukSehlooho sena se titled “Ke memori oa hao joalokaha u e nepahetseng ha u ntse u nahana hore ke?” e ngotsoe ke Pete Etchells, etsoe theguardian.com ka Mantaha bo8 August 2016 06.30 UTC

likelello tsa bapapali: Kamoo ho leng hotle ha u Itekanyeng memori ea hao ke? Re ka 'na a lebala lintho nako le nako, empa ea sepakbola re hopola e motle e nepahetseng, tokelo? khathatso ke, memori rona hase joaloka foseng ha re ntse re ka 'na batla ho lumela, 'me u ka leka sena ka bouena sebelisa teko bonolo hakana ka tlaase mona.

e thathamisa bohata memori mamella teko
Bala mong le e mong ea manane a mararo ka lehlakoreng le leng, empa u se ke ua qeta nako e telele haholo pele ho lentsoe leha e le efe e 'ngoe. Photograph: Pete Etchells bakeng sa Guardian

Leka u ithata

Hlahlobeng thathamisa tse tharo ka holimo, 'me bala lentsoe ka bang ntho ea bobeli.

All etsoa? Great.

Hona joale re tlil'o etsa ho amohela mamella teko bonolo hakana - mona ka tlase ke le siyo lenaneng e 'ngoe ea mantsoe hore u shebe. Ntle hetla morao, ela hloko fatše e leng ba bona ba hlaha thathamisa tse tharo feela u di a sekeniwa. No qhekellang!

Top – setulo – boroko bo – Seat – ea liehang – matla – elimola – Mountain – Sweet

Haeba u ile a re tlhōrōng, setulo le elimola ba ne ba le thathamisa, u letheba. Ka tsela e tšoanang, haeba u nahana hore ea liehang, monate le matla o ne a sa hlahella kae kapa kae, u tokelo boetse. Ho thoe'ng ka setulo, thabeng le boroko bo Leha ho le joalo? Ba utloahala eka ba lokela ho 'nile a thathamisa, empa ha ho mohla ba entse ponahalo. Ba bang ba lōna ba ka 'na ba bona sena, empa e ngata batho ba atisa ho re, e nang le palo e hlokang leeme ea Kannete, hore mantsoe a ba le teng.

ho amohela bohata le paradigm DRM

teko ena tsoa khale 1995 thuto ke Henry L. Roediger le Kathleen McDermott Univesithing Rice a Texas. Thehiloeng mosebetsi pejana ke James Deese (kahoo lebitso Deese-Roediger-McDermott, kapa DRM, paradigm), barupeluoa ba utloa letoto la manane a lentsoe, e leng ka mor'a moo ba ile ba tlameha ho hopola ka hlooho. Ka mor'a hore moqoqo e khutšoanyane le mofuputsi ea, barupeluoa neng li fuoa lethathamo le lecha la mantsoe. nyatsa-nyatsa, lethathamo lena le lecha e-na mantsoe a mang a hore ba kopanela le leng le le leng ka ntlha ya se nang balekane ka 'ngoe ea manane a lekgetlo la ntlha - ho etsa mohlala, ha a ntse a boroko bo ha le hlahe lethathamong 3 ka holimo, hore lintho li amanang le mong le e mong lentsoe etsang hlaha (bethe, phomolong ea, khathetse, joalo joalo).

E 'Ngoe, barupeluoa ba ne ba re hore na ba ne ba kholisehile hore mantsoe ana a lethathamong le lecha a hlaha neng. Roediger le liphello tse McDermott e ile ea bontša hore batho ba ipolela hore ba tseba mantsoe a amanang (joaloka boroko bo) mabapi hangata kamoo mantsoe a ileng a ha e le hantle hlahisa lethathamong - ho potoloha 85% ba nako. Ka mantsoe a mang, batho ba ne ba ipolela hore ba hopole lintho, ka toka ka kholiseho, e neng e sa etsahetse'ng.

Ho na le mabaka a 'maloa hore na ke hobane'ng phello e hlahellang. Tlhahiso e 'ngoe beha ka tjantjello ka Roediger le McDermott amana ntho e' ngoe e tsejoang e le dithulaganyo amanang ka; hobane kaofela ha mantsoe a lethathamo fuoa li amana mong ho e mong, ba ho ka etsahala hore kenya tshebetsong tshwariso ya mantsoe a amanang mohopolong oa rona. Lentsoe la bakoang ho phethoeng mesebetsi e meng ntle thusa ho totobatsa ntlha ena. Haeba ke bua lentsoe 'biri', 'me u botsa ho tlatsa sekheo sena mona:

_ I N E

U ka 'na ba ho feta ka etsahala hore ebe ho re W, le hoja D, F, L le M ne a bohle ba hae ka ho phethahetseng e amohelehang. Lebaka ke hore biri le veine tse dikgopolo tse di amanang, 'me a re o etsa hore ba bonolo ho ba bang ho hopola mohopolong.

Ehlile, mabaka a mang kena bapala ka paradigm DRM. Ho ka 'na e boetse e etsahala hobane u nahana ho lentsoe boroko bo ha u bala le siyo lenaneng amanang, e leng e isa o phoso ba nahana hore u ha e le hantle o ile a bala lentsoe hamorao. Ho sa tsotellehe hore Leha ho le joalo, lithuto tsa ela lintho hloko bohata etsa ntho e 'ngoe e hlakileng: hopola lintho ea rōna hase kamehla joalokaha e nepahetseng ha re ntse re rata ho lumela.

guardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010

27197 3