Kodi Memory Anu molondola mukuganiza kuti?

Is Your Memory as Accurate as You Think it is?

Tonse kuiwala zinthu – koma ndi zimene ife kumbukirani molondola ife ndikufuna kukhulupirira?


Zoyendetsedwa ndi Guardian.co.ukNkhaniyi lotchedwa “Ndi kukumbukira kwanu molondola mukuganiza kuti?” linalembedwa ndi Pete Etchells, pakuti theguardian.com Lolemba 8 August 2016 06.30 UTC

Mind opanga masewera: Kodi zabwino inu mudziwerengere kukumbukira kwanu ndi? Tingaiŵale zinthu nthawi, koma zinthu ife kumbukirani wokongola zolondola, Chabwino? vuto ndi, anthufe sitikumbukira zinthu monga osalephera ngati ukufuna kukhulupirira, ndipo inu mukhoza kuyesa izi nokha ntchito pochita yosavuta m'munsimu.

mndandanda onyenga kukumbukira mayeso
Werengani pa aliyense wa mndandanda atatu nawonso, koma musawononge nthawi yaitali mawu wina. Chithunzi: Pete Etchells kwa Guardian

Yesani nokha

Tione ndandanda atatu pamwamba, ndi kumawerenga mawu pafupifupi yachiwiri.

zonse? Great.

Tsopano ife tichita kuzindikira mayeso ophweka - pansipa mndandanda wina wa mawu kuti inu muyang'ana pa. Popanda kuyang'ana mmbuyo, onani pansi ndani wa iwo anaonekera mu mndandanda atatu inu basi scanned. No kuonera!

Top – mpando – tulo – mpando – wosakwiya – Strong – Yawn – Mountain – lokoma

Ngati ananena kuti pamwamba, mpando ndi yawn anali m'mabuku, ndinu osajambulidwa pa. Mofananamo, ngati mukuganiza kuti wosakwiya, sweet ndi amphamvu sanali paliponse, inu mukulondola komanso. Nanga bwanji mpando, phiri ndi tulo Komabe? Iwo kumveka ngati iwo akadakhala a m'mabuku, koma iwo konse anaonekera. Ena a inu mwina mabanga izi, koma anthu ambiri amakonda kunena, ndi kuchuluka chilungamo cha ndithu, kuti mawu analipo.

kuzindikira yonama ndi mawonedwe DRM

kuyesera amachokera tingachipeze powerenga 1995 phunziro ndi Henry L. Roediger ndi Kathleen McDermott pa University Rice ku Texas. Yochokera pa ntchito kale ndi James Deese (Choncho dzina Deese-Roediger-McDermott, kapena DRM, mawonedwe), ophunzira anamva angapo mndandanda mawu, chimene iwo anali kukumbukira pamtima. Pambuyo pokambirana mwachidule ndi kafukufuku wa, ophunzira anali patsidwa mndandanda watsopano mawu. otsutsa, mndandanda watsopano malemba ena mawu amene amagwirizana ndi aliyense item single aliyense mndandanda koyamba - Mwachitsanzo, pamene tulo silipezeka pa mndandanda 3 pamwamba, izo zokhudzana ndi liwu lililonse kuti amachita kuoneka (bedi, ena, wotopa, ndi zina zotero).

Ena, ophunzira anali kunena mmene chikhulupiriro iwo kuti mawu mndandanda latsopano anaonekera kale. Roediger ndi zotsatira McDermott anasonyeza kuti anthu ankati ndi kuzindikira mawu kugwirizana (monga tulo) za nthawi monga mawu amene kwenikweni pa mndandanda - kuzungulira 85% nthawi. Mwanjira ina, anthu amati kukumbukira zinthu, mwachilungamo molimba, kuti anali chinachitika.

Pali zifukwa amenewa amapezeka. malingaliro amodzi atapereka ndi Roediger ndi McDermott anafotokoza kuti chinachake lotchedwa njira associative; chifukwa onse a mawu mndandanda anapatsidwa zimafanana ndi mzake, m'posavuta kuti yambitsa mawu ena ofanana m'maganizo mwathu. Mawu tsinde kutsiriza ntchito ithandiza kuunikila mfundo imeneyi. Ngati ndinena mawu 'mowa', ndipo ndikupemphani kuti Lembani mawu amene akusowekapo pano:

_ Ine N E

Inu mukhoza kukhala kosavuta kuti W, ngakhale D, F, L ndi M onse kukhala zovomerezeka. Ndicho chifukwa mowa ndi vinyo ndi mfundo okhudzana, ndi kuti Heather mosavuta ena kukumbukira m'chikumbumtima.

Kumene, zinthu zina zimene zingathandize ndi mawonedwe DRM. Ilo likhoza kuchitika chifukwa mukuganiza mawu tulo pamene mukuwerenga mndandanda zokhudzana, imbaenda inu molakwa kuti muzindikira anachitira kuwerenga mawu kenako. Kaya Komabe, maphunziro a kuzindikira wonyenga chinthu chimodzi bwino: m'chikumbumtima chathu ndi nthawi molondola ife ndikufuna kukhulupirira.

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