Yog koj nco li Accurate raws li koj xav hais tias nws yog?

Is Your Memory as Accurate as You Think it is?

Peb yeej nco qab txog tej yam – tiam sis yog ib yam uas peb nco ntsoov yog li thaum peb xav hais tias?


Powered by Guardian.co.ukNo tsab xov xwm hu “Yog koj nco meej li raws li koj xav hais tias yog nws?” yog sau los ntawm Pete Etchells, rau theguardian.com rau hnub Monday October 8 2016 06.30 UTC

Siab gamers: Nyobzoo li cas ua koj kaj tias yog koj nco? Peb yuav nco tej txij ua ke mus ua ke, tab sis, yog peb nco ntsoov cov khoom zoo zoo nkauj tshaj, txoj cai? Cov teeb meem no, peb nco tsis infallible li thaum peb yuav xav hais tias, thiab koj yuav ntsuam xyuas qhov no rau koj tus kheej siv qhov yooj yim xyaum ua tej yam nram qab no.

Nco tsis tseeb kuaj npe
Nyeem txog txhua yam ntawm lub npe peb nyeg, tab sis tsis nyob ntev ntev hauv muaj ib lo lus. Yees duab: Pete Etchells rau tus neeg saib xyuas cov

Sim ma koj tus kheej

Ua tibzoo saib cov npe 3 saum toj no, thiab nyeem txhua lo lus kom txog ib pliag.

Tag nrho cov ua? Yawm suab.

Ziag no peb yuav ua yooj yim Vocabulary ntsuam – hauv qab no yog lwm daim ntawv uas muaj cov lus uas koj yuav tau saib. Tsis ntsia tom qab, ceeb toom scanned down uas lawv nyob hauv cov npe 3 koj xwb. Tsis txhob nyiag saib!

Saum – Rooj zaum – Pw tsaug zog – Rooj zaum – Qeeb – Kuab – Rualo – Roob – Qab zib

Yog koj hais tias saum, rooj zaum thiab rualo nyob rau hauv lub npe, koj nyob nraum tej teev rau. Zoo li no, Yog koj xav tias qeeb, qab zib thiab muaj zog tsis tshwm sim nyob txhua qhov chaw, koj nyob nraum kuj yog. es ____ ne rooj zaum, roob thiab pw tsaug zog ho? Nws suab li lawv yuav tsum tau nyob hauv koj lub npe, tiam sis lawv yeej tsis tau ib tsos. Qee yam ntawm koj tej zaum yuav muaj spotted no, tab sis, muaj neeg coob heev yuav hais, muaj ib tug ncaj ncees npaum li cas lo, tias cov lus nyob tam sim no.

Cuav ntau tus thiab lub DRM paradigm

Xyaum ua tej yam no los ntawm ib classic 1995 txoj kev tshawv no ua Henry L. Roediger thiab Kathleen McDermott ntawm cov nplej University hauv Texas. Raws li ua hauj lwm ua ntej lawm los ntawm James Deese (li no lub npe Deese-Roediger-McDermott, los yog DRM, paradigm), neeg hnov hauv lus npe, uas lawv ces yuav tau nco qab los nco. Tom qab kev sib tham nrog cov neeg soj ntsuam hais, tus neeg koom ntawd ces muab ib daim ntawv tshiab uas muaj lus. Critically, daim ntawv tshiab muaj nyob tej lo lus uas tau txuam nrog txhua tib yam rau txhua yam ntawm lub npe thawj zaug – piv txwv, Thaum pw tsaug zog tsis pom tshwm rau daim ntawv teev 3 saum, nws muaj feem xyuam rau txhua lo lus uas yuav tshwm sim (txaj, so, nkees, thiab hais txog).

Tom ntej, tus neeg yuav tsum tau hais li cas ntseeg tias tus neeg ntawd tias cov lus hauv daim ntawv tshiab yuav tsum nyob twb. Roediger thiab McDermott lub ntsiab tas mas pom tias tus neeg thov kom recognise cov kab lus (zoo li pw tsaug zog) txog ntau npaum li lo lus uas nws tau ua tau nyob rau qhov seem – ib ncig 85% lub sij hawm. Hauv, cov neeg tau thov kom nco ntsoov tej yam, haum confidently, uas tsis tau tshwm sim.

Muaj ntau ntau yam vim li cas cov nyhuv no mas. Ib suggestion muab nraim ntawm Roediger thiab McDermott lawv rau ib yam dab tsi uas hu ua associative muaj dab; vim tias txhua yam nyob rau hauv ib daim ntawv muab lus txog sib, lawv yog cov yuav mus qhib lus peb nco qas ntsoov. Lo lus kav paj tiav kev pab raws qib kev pab highlight no kis. Yog hais tias kuv yuav teb lo lus 'npias', thiab hais kom koj teb cov lus nyob hauv lub VOJVOOS no:

_____ KUV N E

Koj yuav muaj feem ntau yuav hais W, Txawm tias D, F, L thiab M tas yuav xam txig. Yog vim npias thiab caw yog lwm yam ntsiab lus, ib tug hais ua lwm yam yooj yim kom nco qab nco qas ntsoov.

tau mas, lwm yam tuaj mus ua si nrog cov DRM paradigm. Nws tsi tau tshwm sim vim hais tias koj xav nyob nraum ntawm lo lus pw tsaug zog Thaum koj nyeem daim ntawv ntsig, yam ua koj tsuagzog xav tias koj ua tau puas ib tsam nyeem lo lus. Tsis hais tias, kev tshawb fawb ntawm muaj cuav Vocabulary ua ib yam ntshiab: yeej yog li thaum peb xav hais tias peb puas tsis.

Guardian.co.uk © saib xov xwm & Tawm txwv 2010

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