Ko tou Memory rite tika rite feruri koe he?

Is Your Memory as Accurate as You Think it is?

wareware tatou katoa nga mea – engari ko nga mea e e mahara tatou rite tika rite hiahia tatou ki te whakapono?


Powered e Guardian.co.ukTēnei tuhinga ui “Ko to koutou mahara rite tika rite whakaaro koutou he?” i tuhituhia e Pete Etchells, hoki theguardian.com i runga i te Mane 8 August 2016 06.30 UTC

gamers Mind: Kia pehea te pai koe e mahara iho koutou mahara ko? wareware ai tatou nga mea i te wa wa ki, engari te mea e mahara tatou he tino tika, matau? Ko te raruraru ko te, e kore te mea rite whakamamaetanga rite tatou e hinaaro ai ki te whakapono i to tatou mahara, a ka taea e koe te whakamatautau i tenei hoki koe te whakamahi i te whakamātautau ohie i raro.

rārangi whakamātautau mahara teka
A tai'oi roto i ia o nga rārangi e toru i roto i te tahuri, engari e kore e noho roa rawa i runga i tetahi kupu kotahi. Whakaahua: Pete Etchells hoki te Guardian

Tamata i te reira koe

E mau ki te titiro i te rārangi e toru i runga ake, a tai'o ia kupu hoki e pā ana ki te tuarua.

mahi katoa? nui.

Na e haere ana tatou ki te mahi i te whakamātautau āhukahuka ohie - i raro ko tetahi rārangi o kupu mo ki a koutou titiro i. Te kore titiro ki muri, mōhio iho nei o ratou puta i roto i te rārangi e toru koutou tika karapahia. No Tinihanga!

Top – Chair – moe – Seat – pōturi – kaha – tūwaharoa – Mountain – Sweet

Ki te mea koe e runga, nohoanga a tūwaharoa i roto i te rārangi, kei te wahi i runga i koutou. Waihoki, ki te whakaaro koe e puhoi, reka a kaha kihai i puta ki hea, kei tika hoki koe. He aha e pā ana ki heamana, maunga a moe ahakoa? tangi ana ratou rite kia ratou kua i roto i te rārangi, e kore ko ratou i hanga he ahua. Etahi o koutou kia kua purepure tenei, engari te rota o te iwi ahu ki te mea, ki te nui ataahua o te tino, i reira nga kupu.

āhukahuka teka me te tauira DRM

mai ana tēnei whakamātau i he aronui 1995 ako e Henry L. Roediger ko Kathleen McDermott i University raihi i Texas. I runga i te mahi mua e James Deese (konei te ingoa Deese-Roediger-McDermott, ranei DRM, tauira), rongo ngā kaiuru i te raupapa o ngā rārangi kupu, Na e ratou i ki te haamana'o i te mahara. I muri i te aparauraa poto ki te kairangahau, nga kaiuru i ka homai he rārangi hou o nga kupu. arohaehae, roto tenei rārangi hou etahi kupu i pā ana ki nga take kotahi i runga i ia o nga rārangi tuatahi - hei tauira, i moe e kore e puta i runga i te rārangi 3 i runga, ngā pā reira ki ia kupu e te puta (moenga, okioki, ngenge, a na i runga i).

Next, nga kaiuru i ki te mea pehea māia ratou e kua puta nga kupu i roto i te rārangi hou i mua. Roediger me hua o McDermott whakakitea e kī iwi ki ite i te kupu e hāngai ana (rite moe) e pā ana ki rite maha rite kupu i mau i te aroaro i runga i te rārangi - a tawhio noa 85% o te wā. I roto i te mau parau te tahi atu, i kī te iwi ki te mahara mea, tika pakari, e kore i tupu.

He he maha o ngā take he aha puta tenei pānga. Kotahi mana'o hoatu mua e Roediger ko McDermott pā ana ki te tahi mea e mohiotia ana ko ngā tukanga herekore; no te mea kei te pā katoa o nga kupu i roto i te rārangi i homai ki tahi i te tahi, Ko ratou pea atu ki te whakahohe kupu e hāngai ana i roto i to tatou mahara. tauturu i te kupu mahi kakau otinga ki te whakanui i tenei wāhi. Ki te mea ahau ki te kupu 'pia', a ka ui koe ki te whakaki i roto i te pātea konei:

_ Ahau N E

kia koe pea ake ki te mea W, ahakoa D, F, L ko M pai katoa kia maitai manakohia. Ko te no te mea he ariā e pā ana pia me te waina, me te mea kotahi hanga te tahi atu māmā ki te haamana'o i roto i te mahara.

o te akoranga, mai te tahi atu āhuatanga ki tākaro ki te tauira DRM. ai tupu ano te reira no te mea kei te whakaaro koe o te kupu moe ina lau koe te rārangi e pā ana, e arata'i hape koutou whakaaro e koe mau i lau te kupu i muri mai i runga i. ahakoa ahakoa, rangahau o te āhukahuka teka kia kotahi mea mārama: e kore e tonu tatou haamana'oraa rite tika rite hiahia tatou ki te whakapono.

guardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010

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