Shin Your Memory matsayin cikakken kamar yadda Ka yi tunani shi ne?

Is Your Memory as Accurate as You Think it is?

Dukanmu mun manta abubuwa – amma su ne abubuwan da ba mu tuna lokacin da m kamar yadda muka so su yi ĩmãni?


Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Shin, memory kamar yadda m kamar yadda ka yi zaton shi ne?” aka rubuta ta hanyar Pete Etchells, domin theguardian.com a ranar Litinin 8th Agusta 2016 06.30 UTC

zuciya yan wasa: Ta yaya kyau kuke ƙidãyãwa your memory ne? Mu manta da abubuwa daga lokaci zuwa lokaci, amma kaya mu tuna shi ne kyawawan m, dama? The damuwa ne, mu memory ba kamar yadda ma'asumi kamar yadda muka iya so su yi ĩmãni, kuma za a iya gwada wannan ga kanka ta yin amfani da sauki gwaji a kasa.

Arya memory gwajin lists
Karanta ta kowane daga cikin uku lists bi da bi, amma ba su kashe fiye da dogon kan kowane kalma daya. M: Pete Etchells ga Guardian

Gwada kanka

Take a look at uku lists sama, kuma karanta kowace kalma for game da biyu.

All yi? Great.

Yanzu za mu yi wani sauki ya san gwajin - kasa shi ne wani jerin kalmomi a gare ka ka dubi. Ba tare da neman mayar da, lura saukar wanne daga cikinsu ya bayyana a cikin uku lists ku kawai leka. No magudi!

Top – kujera – barci – Kaye – Slow – Strong – hamma – Mountain – Ga

Idan ka ce top, wurin zama da kuma hamma sun kasance a cikin lists, kana tabo on. Haka, idan ka yi tunanin cewa m, m da kuma m bai bayyana ko ina, kana kuma dama. Me game kujera, dutse da kuma barci ko da yake? Suka sauti kamar su sun kasance a cikin lists, amma sai suka taba sanya wani bayyanar. Wasu daga gare ku iya hange wannan, amma mai yawa mutane sukan ce, tare da m adadin yaƙĩni, cewa kalmomin kasance ba.

Arya ya san kuma da DRM yayi

Wannan gwaji ya zo daga a classic 1995 binciken da Henry L. Roediger da Kathleen McDermott a Jami'ar Rice a Texas. Bisa baya aiki da James Deese (Saboda haka sunan Deese-Roediger-McDermott, ko DRM, yayi), mahalarta ji wani jerin kalmar lists, abin da suka sa'an nan ya tuna daga memory. Bayan wani taƙaitaccen zance da bincike, mahalarta aka sa'an nan ba wani sabon jerin kalmomi. kafofin yada, wannan sabon jerin kunshe da wasu kalmomi da aka hade da kowane guda abu a kan kowane daga cikin na farko lists - misali, yayin da barci ba ya bayyana a kan jerin 3 sama, shi ke da alaka da kowace kalma da ya aikata ya bayyana (gado, sauran, gaji, da sauransu).

Gaba, mahalarta ya ce yadda m da suka kasance cewa kalmomin a cikin sabon jerin ya bayyana a baya. Roediger da McDermott ta sakamakon ya nuna cewa mutanen da da'awar don gane hade kalmomi (kamar barci) game da yadda sau da yawa kamar yadda kalmomin da aka zahiri gabatar a cikin jerin - kusa da 85% na lokaci. A takaice, mutane da aka yi da'awar cewa su tuna abubuwa, fairly amincewa, abin da ya faru ba.

Akwai da dama dalilan da ya sa wannan sakamako auku. Wata shawara sa a gaba da kuma Roediger McDermott da dangantaka da wani abu da aka sani da associative matakai; saboda dukan kalmomin a cikin wani da aka ba list suna da alaka da juna, su ne mafi kusantar su kunna related kalmomi a cikin memory. Kalmar kara kammala ayyuka taimaka wajen haskaka wannan batu. Idan na ce kalmar 'giya', kuma sunã tambayar ka cika a cikin blank nan:

_ I N E

Za ka iya zama mafi kusantar su ce W, ko da yake D, F, L kuma M zai dukan zama daidai m. Wannan ke nan, domin giya da ruwan inabi ne related Concepts, kuma cewa daya sa da sauran sauki don tuna a ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar.

I mana, wasu dalilai zo a cikin play da DRM yayi. Yana iya ma ya faru ne domin kana tunanin maganar barci lokacin da ka karanta shafi list, wadda take kaiwa ka kuskure zaton ka zahiri yi karanta maganar daga baya a kan. ko da yake, karatu na ƙarya ya san yi abu daya bayyana: tunanin mu ne ba ko da yaushe kamar yadda m kamar yadda muka so su yi ĩmãni.

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