Powered by Guardian.co.ukLesi sihloko osesikhundleni “Kungani ekufundza nekubhala ephepheni kungaba ngcono ubuchopho bakho” lalotshwa Tom Chatfield, ngoba theguardian.com ngoMsombuluko 23 February 2015 11.10 UTC

Indodana yami iyona 18 izinyanga ubudala, futhi Sekuyiminyaka ngifunda izincwadi naye selokhu wazalwa. I say "ekufundzeni", kodwa mina ngempela "ebuka" - ingasaphathwa ukuziqonda, kwamacala, Simoni, cuddling, ukuhlafuna, nakho konke okunye isidalwa esingumuntu encanyana othanda ukuba sikwenze. Eminyakeni last izinyanga eziyisithupha, Nokho, sekuqalile hhayi ukumane ukubheka kodwa ukuqaphela izinhlamvu ezimbalwa nezinombolo. Ubiza capital Y a "yak" ngemva isithombe emnyango ekamelweni lakhe; a H ​​capital "inhloli"; capital K, "Kangaroo"; njalo njalo.

Ukufunda, ngokungafani ukukhuluma, kuyinto umsebenzi young ngokwemigomo ezikholelwa ekuziphendukeleni kwemvelo. Abantu baye bebekhuluma uhlobo oluthile amakhulu izinkulungwane zeminyaka; sizalwa ikhono thola inkulumo kwagxila ku Neurones yethu. Okubhaliwe bokuqala, Nokho, kwavela kuphela 6,000 iminyaka edlule, futhi zonke izenzo Ukufundwa uhlala version ngalokho lendodana yami ukufunda: ekuboneni zilwane ezikhethekile bezinto komzimba ngokushesha esaziwa ngokuthi netinhlavu kanye nemagama, usebenzisa okuningi izifunda efanayo kwemizwa njengoba sisebenzisa ukukhomba izihlahla, izimoto, izilwane kanye namabhokisi ngocingo.

Akukona nje kuphela amagama kanye nezinhlamvu sicubungula njengezinto. Emibhalweni ngokwabo, kangangalokho ubuchopho bethu bakhathazekile, kukhona namathafa ngokomzimba. Ngakho-ke akufanele kusimangaze ukuthi thina basabela emazwini libhalwe ekhasini kuqhathaniswa amazwi uzovela esibukweni; noma ukuthi isihluthulelo sokuqonda lokhu kungafani itholakala geography amagama emhlabeni.

Ngoba incwadi yakhe entsha, Words ekwiskrini: Isiphetho Ukufunda ngendlela Digital World, Uprofesa wesayensi yezilimi uNawomi Baron inhlolovo ukufundwa izintandokazi phakathi phezu 300 abafundi baseyunivesithi phesheya US, Japan, Slovakia no Germany. Lapho ithuba lokukhetha phakathi kwabezindaba esukela ephepheni Smartphones, laptops, e-abafundi kanye amadeski, 92% wabaphenduli waphendula ngokuthi kwakuwukuphela kwekhophi nzima ukuthi best avunyelwe ukuba zilalelisise.

Lokhu akuwona umphumela cishe kusimangaze abahleli eziningi, nanoma ubani ibambisene umbhalo. Ngenkathi ubhala lesi sihloko, Ngaqoqela imicabango yami ngokusebenzisa inguqulo isimiso esifanayo: sebezivumisile ezazihlanganisa amakhasi amanothi yami ekwisikrini, Zazinyatheliswa wathi amanothi, abhala kuwo wonke eliphuma ewumphumela, phikisana ngokwami ​​emaceleni, ezibekwe tibabato eduze amaphuzu ayisihluthulelo, owendlala Chile ukubhala izindonga - futhi kusukela kulesi landscape abaziweyo a (ngethemba) agumenti ngalokuyincenye.

Yini kahle hle kwakwenzekani enkundleni lapha? Age umkhuba wadlala indima yabo. Kodwa kukhona okhulayo ukuqashelwa lwesayensi eziningi kwempahla isihenqo sika esingenakuqhathaniswa - search, umthamo zase wakwalasha, link and intuthuko kanye navigation Seamless - Kuphakathi Akulona usizo noma zazo abhubhisayo uma kuziwa izinhlobo ezithile ukufunda nokubhala.

Ngaphesheya nemaresiphi ezintathu in 2013, Abacwaningi Philile Mueller noDaniyeli Oppenheimer wafanisa ukuphumelela labafundi ukuthatha longhand amanothi Ukuqhathanisa ukuthayipha ungene laptops. Baye bafika kusiphi isiphetho: yokuhamba isihlobo ngokubhalwe ngesandla sikaJehova abafuna ngenkani ngoyisiwula kusinda "bephakamisa ngengqondo", sokuphoqa abafundi ukuba afingqe kunokuba ukucaphuna nezwi - bazabela elusa ukwandisa nelwati, isicelo kanye nokugcinwa.

Ngamanye amazwi, friction kuhle - okungenani aze ubuchopho kukhunjulwe ikhathalela. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuhlukahluka textured sokulotshwa enyama angakubona ibe ephawulekayo. In a 2012 Ukutadisha at Indiana University, Isazi sokusebenza kwengqondo Karin James ihlolwe izingane oneminyaka emihlanu ubudala wayengakamazi ukufunda noma ukubhala ngokucela ukuba nokuzala incwadi noma shape ngeyodwa yalezi zindlela ezintathu: zibhalwe ngomshini kuma-computer, badonswe eshidini blank, noma itholwe phezu uhlaka uphosa. Lapho izingane ayezikhuluma freehand, i-MRI scan ngesikhathi vivinyo lwabonisa ukuthi uNkulunkulu kusebenze yonkana izindawo zobuchopho ezihlobene kwabadala ne yokufunda nokubhala. Lezi ezinye izindlela ezimbili atshengise kusebenze enjalo.

Similar effects have been found in other tests, suggesting not only a close link between reading and writing, but that the experience of reading itself differs between letters learned through handwriting and letters learned through typing. Add to this the help that the physical geography of a printed page or the heft of a book can provide to memory, and you’ve got a conclusion neatly matching our embodied natures: the varied, demanding, motor-skill-activating physicality of objects tends to light up our brains brighter than the placeless, weightless scrolling of words on screens.

Ngezindlela eziningi, this is an unfair result, effectively comparing print at its best to digital at its worst. Spreading my scrawled-upon printouts across a desk, I’m not just accessing data; I’m reviewing the idiosyncratic geography of something I created, carried and adorned. But I researched my piece online, I’m going to type it up onscreen, and my readers will enjoy an onscreen environment expressly designed to gift resonance: a geography, a context. Screens are at their worst when they ape and mourn paper. At their best, they’re something free to engage and activate our wondering minds in ways undreamt of a century ago.

Above all, it seems to me, we must abandon the notion that there is only one way of reading, or that technology and paper are engaged in some implacable war. We’re lucky enough to have both growing self-knowledge and an opportunity to make our options as fit for purpose as possible – as slippery and searchable or slow with friction as the occasion demands.

I can’t imagine teaching my son to read in a house without any physical books, pens or paper. But I can’t imagine denying him the limitless words and worlds a screen can bring to him either. I hope I can help him learn to make the most of both – and to type/copy/paste/sketch/scribble precisely as much as he needs to make each idea his own.

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