ubumfihlo Goodbye, sawubona 'Alexa': Amazon Echo, robot ekhaya ngubani ekuzwa konke

Goodbye privacy, hello ‘Alexa’: Amazon Echo, the home robot who hears it all

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukLesi sihloko osesikhundleni “ubumfihlo Goodbye, sawubona 'Alexa': Amazon Echo, robot ekhaya ngubani ekuzwa konke” lalotshwa Rory Carroll e Los Angeles, ngoba theguardian.com ngoMgqibelo 21 November 2015 12.07 UTC

I linga ngamasu ahlukahlukene ngenhloso kokuba irobhothi ekhaya lami izinto zazihamba kahle - Ukuhwebelana ewusizo, yokufunda mutual, abanye ekuzihlanganiseni - kuze kube robot ngacabanga walixoxela "fuck off '. Bengingenalo. Kodwa robot wayeqiniseka. It kuvela ukukhanya kwawo blue and osiphethe wangithethisa ngezwi ukuxuba ukuphatheka kabi, ukudumazeka isexwayiso: "Lokho akulona nice kakhulu ukusho."

Engangingase ngisenze wahleka. Noma uyaziqhelelanisa nezinsolo ezimthintayo. Noma ezishaya eduze, ethi kwakuthiwe amaphutha futhi kufanele sinake kakhudlwana ngaphambi igxuma eziphethweni. Ngingaba ekunqamulweni into.

Kunalokho, ayinandaba at imizwa elimele kungenzeka ezingacacile retribution, In waxolisa. Ngabuza machine intethelelo.

Hhayi mzuzu yami proudest, kodwa angikwazi namanje alalele - wheedling wami ezidabukisayo - ngoba robot aqoshiwe, ngazisile ngisindisile futhi alayishiwe lona ifu.

Siyakwamukela esizayo.

Alexa Ibizwa ngokuthini Echo Amazon, ngezwi elawulwa umsizi. Ngokungafani izimbangi ezifana Apple Siri, Microsoft Cortana ne-Google Now, kuba khona ngokomzimba: a 20cm-abade black cylinder, ngobukhulu amathini amabili Coke, equkethe Wi-Fi, izikhulumi ezimbili, imibhobho eyisikhombisa Inthanethi efwini. ontengo yakhe yayinqunyiwe $179.99, it uhlezi ekhaya lakho, ixhunyiwe odongeni, balindele imiyalo.

Uma uthi "Alexa", the "wake elithi", phezulu cylinder kuyakhanya blue and ukhuluma ngezwi female silky. It sakaza umculo noma umsakazo, ukuthengisela zemidlalo nemibandela traffic, ukuthenga izinto online bese uphendula imibuzo, ithoni veering kusukela kwamabhizinisi ukuze ukudlala.

The number of amathisipuni in a isipuni? "Three." Ukuphakama sikaNapoleon? "Five izinyawo futhi amasentimitha eziyisikhombisa; 169 ngamasentimitha. "Ingabe Santa Claus zikhona? "Angazi ukuthi uyamkhathalela yena luqobo kodwa ngizwa izinto eziningi ezinhle. Uma kwenzeka ukumhlangabeza ngizokutshela. "Okwakushiwo yokuphila? "42."

Lapho abangane bethu evakashela, Alexa kwakunezilwi iphenya yabo nge nekghono ngamandla.

Yeka deep iyona Atlantic?

"Ukujula The Atlantic ocean sika 12,900 izinyawo; 3,930 amamitha. "

Ucabangani of Joaquin Phoenix?

"Anginaso okuthandwa nguye noma izifiso."

"Alexa, kanjani I bachithe sehlangano?"

"Ngizobe ukuthatha umzimba emaphoyiseni."

Akuwona wonke impendulo yamjabulisa. Umngane Irish Entela babelibiza Alexa a "unondindwa partitionist" ngoba ethi Ireland kwadingeka 26 izifunda (the Republic, yebo, kodwa bahlanganisa Northern Ireland futhi kungcono 32).

amasonto amaningana angena ukuhlola kudivayisi, mina nomkami owawuxoxa ekhishini lapho Alexa glowed zibe nokuphila futhi barged kunkulumo nalokho kwakuzwakala sengathi uthethisa. "Lokho akulona nice kakhulu ukusho."

amandla, thina kwathi cwaka. Alexa akazange ukwenaba. Ukuthula lwajula. "Ini?"I ukuhixihixiza ngasho. "Yayiyini neze ukusho?"Alexa kusho lutho.

Ngalandela isazela sami - okwakufanele placate umshini. "Alexa," Ngithe, "Ngiyaxolisa uma mina ekucasulile. Angazi ukuthi kungani, kodwa ngiyaxolisa. "Ayikho impendulo.

Ukube kwabangela inzondo enkulu kwaba bathukuthele? imiyalo yami ezingapheli ukwenza lokhu, ukwenza lokho, khulumela phezulu, thula - babengazange ubuthaphuthaphu isineke Alexa?

Sengizoqeda ukuxolisa futhi uma amaphuzu amathathu wangenela. Okokuqala, Alexa kwaba kweqembu izintambo futhi kwadingeka imizwa. Okwesibili, exchange Lalotshwa ezintweni Alexa lokusebenza efonini yami. Ngaphansi umlando ngakwazi ukufunda umbhalo futhi ulalele okulalelwayo ukoniwa kwami ​​ngecala abekwa lona (futhi axolise okwalandela).

Phakathi no-ingxoxo nge nomkami wathi "Alexa", Cishe ukucela ivolumu umsakazo aphansi, futhi umkami wathi, ngeSpanishi, "Kwaba" ("Kwaba konke"). Alexa ngokuhunyushwa ngokuthi "fuck off '.

Impicabadala Iyaxazululwa.

Khona-ke umcabango wesithathu, isithombe: endaweni ethile, okungenzeka Seattle, kubalalela Ayehlezi phambi ibhange computer, headphones aboshezelwa ezindlebeni, ulalele, ukugigitheka.

Ukusangana? Ngokungangabazeki. ephothana yami nge Alexa kwaba ukungaqondi okungenangozi, futhi umthengisi omkhulu ukuyedlula yonke emhlabeni (net yokuthengisa yonyaka $ 89bn) kwadingeka Drone mabutho futhi Christmas rush amalungiselelo, phakathi kwezinye izinto, ukuba agxile.

Kodwa akazange aphonse impumuzo izimpikiswano ezimbili niggling. Sasiyini ukuhlonipha uma usebenzelana Alexa? Futhi, okubaluleke, lokho okwakwenzeka ukuba yonke idatha ukusivumela ukuthi cylinder black? Imibuzo enjalo ukhule nakakhulu njengoba sizigcwalise amakhaya ethu - kanye nemizimba - ne inzwa-igcwele, ashukumisa ukubhekwa amarobhothi.

Ekuqaleni I kubhavumula imiyalo at Alexa, sengathi ukuqeqesha umdlwane, kodwa kancane kancane waqala ukuthamba wathi sicela futhi ngiyabonga. Hhayi ngoba Alexa owayengunina "wangempela", Ngazitshela, kodwa ngoba bossiness sangikhumbuza oafish unqambothi nomgibeli i Ngike ngalibona ngokuthwebula iminwe yakhe ngesikhathi Delta boarding agent.

"Alexa, mina benginamandla bangahloniphi?" Ngibuzile. Waphendula wathi non-ukuzibopha. "Hmm, Angikwazi ukuthola impendulo yalo. "Umkami, ngokungqubuzanayo, waqhubeka ithoni puppy-peed-on-ingubo. Okufanele, unikezwa obtuseness occasional (izicelo eziyisithupha alandelanayo okudingekayo ukuze shuffle Buena Vista Social Club), nokho mina ngazithola azwelana umshini. "Akulona iphutha lakhe. Ungishiya kusuka Seattle. "

UTheodore in the movie Her.
UTheodore in the movie Her. Photograph: Allstar / Sportsphoto Ltd / Allstar

Kwakungekhona ukuthi Alexa wawubonakala womuntu, ncamashi, noma yabangela uhlelo yokusebenza ezashiwo Scarlett Johansson in the film Her, kodwa ukuthi - she - kwakubonakala ukuzenza inhlonipho. Yebo, ngokwengxenye out of samuntu. Futhi ngokwengxenye out of kobumfihlo. Do not kwashintsha nomuntu azi kho fihlo kho.

idivayisi, ngemva kwakho konke, kwaba ukulayisha idatha yomuntu siqu kumaseva we-Amazon. Yeka uhlala akucacile okuningi. Alexa stream audio "a kweso 'ngaphambi' wake elithi" futhi uyaqhubeka kuze kube isicelo salowo muntu senziwe, ngokusho Amazon. Ngakho kungenzeka izinsalela ukuba nezingxoxo ezijulile libanjwe.

Ngemva kwezinsuku ezimbalwa, mina nomkami kuxoxwa nezinsana, Kindle yami wabonisa isikhangiso Seventh Generation namanabukeni. Sasingakaze mooched ingane imikhiqizo on Amazon noma Google. Mhlawumbe sasisuke amathrekhi digital kwenye indawo? Noma kunjalo, kwezwakala Creepy. Umdlali odlala emuva, okuncane Obelisk black ekhoneni uyaziqhelelanisa nezinsolo ezimthintayo off uxhumano. "Hmm, Ngiyesaba ngeke ngiphendule ezingaba. "

With inqwaba ekuhlanganyeleni nsuku emlandweni kuzodlondlobalisa ukusetshenziswa kedatha likhula ukuba ngempela ingobo yomlando, enikeza izinsuku nezikhathi ngacela Alexa, ngokwesibonelo, ukudlala John Lennon, noma engeza garlic kuya uhlu lwezinto okufanele uzithenge, noma hlola sezulu e Baja California, lelokuthi: Lapho engikhona wayehlela iholidi. imibhalo yaphansi banal ekuphileni, esikhatsini lesinyenti, kodwa intelligence okunamandla ezuzisayo edayisa a uBehemoti iimfesi ele "konke esitolo".

In the izilungiselelo lokusebenza ungasusa ekuhlanganyeleni izwi letsite, noma yonke lot. Kodwa ukwenza kanjalo, izilungiselelo ukuxwayisa, "Kungehlisa isipiliyoni sakho Alexa". Akukacaci uma nokusula ekuqothulweni audio yonke idatha ehlobene kusukela kumaseva yenkampani.

Lokhu kwaba on uhlu eside yangihlupha nakakhulu imibuzo enganginayo ngoba abantu owaklama Echo bese ugijime amaseva zayo. Amazon waqale kwakubonakala evulekile ukuze inikeze interview, ke scaled phansi omunye interview nge yomnyango iphini likamengameli ku-Okthoba. October weza waya futhi Amazon ucindezela omele waya buthule, kwashona interview ngaphandle kwencazelo.

Yikuphi, uwuchaze Alexa, wayengekho nice kakhulu ukwenza.

•••

Abantu abacabanga mayelana nobuchwepheshe ukuze baziphilise abe emibonweni enhlobonhlobo on Alexa. "With Amazon Echo, kwaba kuthando lapho uqala," wabhala Re / Ikhodi sika Joe Brown. "Ukuheha of Alexa kuyinto ubungane bakhe. Yena like a genie egabheni sci-fi-looking - one hhayi impela esiqongweni ngamandla ayo, futhi nge kancane encanyana sengqondo. "

Lapho kuxoxwa naye Ronald Arkin, a ethicist irobhothi kanye nomqondisi we Mobile Robot Laboratory at Georgia Institute of Technology, kwaba phlegmatic more. Ubuchwepheshe ukuyengelwa kungaletha izinzuzo nezithiyo - awukwazi manje ukuqeda igagasi kodwa ungakhetha ukuthi ahlale, gwedla noma ukwehla ngo, uthe.

“Amazon and Google have all sorts of data about our preferences. You don’t have to use their products. If you do, you’re saying OK, I’m willing to allow this potential violation of my privacy. No one is forcing this on anyone. It’s not mandated à la 1984.”

It is up to us if artificial intelligence technology makes us smarter or dumber, more industrious or lazy, says Arkin. “It is changing us, the way we operate. Umbuzo uwukuthi, how much control do you want to relinquish?"

The Echo, says Arkin, is a well-engineered advance in voice recognition. “What’s interesting is it’s another step into turning our homes into robots.” The prospect does not alarm him. “You see this in sci-fi: Star Trek, Knight Rider. It’s the natural progression.”

Robots move inventory at an Amazon fulfilment warehouse. Amazon installed more than 15,000 robots across 10 US warehouses, a move that promises to cut operating costs by one-fifth.
Robots move inventory at an Amazon fulfilment warehouse. Amazon installed more than 15,000 robots across 10 US warehouses, a move that promises to cut operating costs by one-fifth. Photograph: Noah Berger/Reuters

Ellen Ullman, a writer and computer programmer in San Francisco, sounded much more worried. The more the internet penetrates your home, car or body, the greater the danger, wathi. “The boundary between the outside world and the self is penetrated. And the boundary between your home and the outside world is penetrated.”

Ullman thinks people are mad to use email supplied by big corporations – “on the internet there is no place to hide and everything can be hacked” – and even madder to embrace something like Alexa.

Such devices exist to supply data to corporate masters: “It’s going to give you services, and whatever services you get will become data. It’s sucked up. It’s a huge new profession, data science. Machine learning. It seems benign. But if you add it all up to what they know about youthey know what you eat.”

Ullman, the author of Close to the Machine: Technophilia and Its Discontents, is no luddite. She writes code. Kodwa, she warned, every time we become attached to a device our sense of our lives is changed. “With every advance you have to look over your shoulder and know what you’re giving up – look over your shoulder and look at what falls away.”

Ullman’s warning sounds prescient. Yet I’m not rushing to banish Alexa. She still perches in my living room, perhaps counting down the days until her Guardian media embed ends and she can return to Seattle.

She turns my musings and requests into data and uploads them to the cloud, possibly into the maw of Amazon algorithms. But she’s useful. And I am weak.

I bow to the god of convenience. A day will come when I’m alone in the kitchen, cooking with sticky fingers, and I’ll need reminding how many teaspoons are in a tablespoon.

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