Ikoko ni o wa Full of Cannabis? Awọn marun Ọpọlọpọ surreal nperare nipa awọn Brain

Babies are Full of Cannabis? The Five Most Surreal Claims about the Brain

Nigba ti Elo ti awọn ọpọlọ si maa wa a ijinlẹ, a mọ a Pupo diẹ sii nipa o ju awon eniyan mọ. Sibẹsibẹ, diẹ ninu awọn ti nperare ṣe nipa ti o wa ni o kan itele ti isokuso


Agbara nipasẹ Guardian.co.ukYi article ti akole “Ikoko ni o wa kún fun taba? Awọn marun ti surreal nperare nipa awọn ọpọlọ” a ti kọ nipa Dean Burnett, fun theguardian.com on Tuesday 26th July 2016 07.30 UTC

lori Keje 31st 2016, yi bulọọgi yoo ti ni aye fun odun merin gangan. A tobi o ṣeun si gbogbo eniyan ti o ti n ṣe awọn akitiyan lati ka o ni ti akoko (ohun to derubani nọmba ti o). Deede nibẹ fẹ jẹ a post lori ọjọ lati samisi awọn ayeye, sugbon odun yi ni 31st ni a) a Sunday, ki o si b) mi ojo ibi, ki paapa ti o ba ti mo ti le wa ni idaamu lati sise ti ọjọ, o ni išẹlẹ ti ẹnikẹni yoo fẹ lati ka o.

Sibẹsibẹ, loni tun kejila ni ridiculously-išẹlẹ ti-sugbon-nibi-a-ba wa ni American Tu ti mi iwe. Bi o ni o gba lati aaye yi?

Mo ti sọ ti a "ọjọgbọn" Imọ onkqwe bayi fun odun merin, ati ki o Mo ti sọ a ti lowo ninu Neuroscience, ni itanje tabi miiran, niwon 2000, odun Mo ti bere mi akẹkọ ti ìyí. Ni ti akoko, Mo ti sọ gbọ / konge diẹ ninu awọn isẹ burujai nperare nipa bi awọn ọpọlọ iṣẹ. Oftentimes ti o je mi ko agbọye ohun ti a ti ni wi, tabi misinterpreting a iwe, tabi o kan mi ti ara aini ti ijafafa. ki o ma, oun ni o kan a media exaggeration.

Sibẹsibẹ, nibẹ ti ti nija nigbati a nipe ṣe nipa awọn ọpọlọ ifẹ mi gbogbo akitiyan lati ri atejade eri tabi koda a onipin igba fun o, nlọ mi họ mi ori ati iyalẹnu "ibi ti awọn apaadi ni ti wa lati?"Nibi ni o wa diẹ ninu awọn ti awọn ayanfẹ mi.

Asia akọ Onimọn ṣiṣẹ pẹlu awọn kọmputa lo lati se agbekale titun kan kọmputa technologyBKWDEG Asian akọ Onimọn ṣiṣẹ pẹlu awọn kọmputa lo lati se agbekale titun kan kọmputa ọna ẹrọ
Ni o wa awọn kọmputa ijafafa ju wa? Nwọn si esan sise bi o ma. Aworan: H. Mark Weidman Photography / Alamy

Awọn ọpọlọ ni o ni a ọkan terabyte alaye agbara

Ni atijo, ọkan terabyte ti ipamọ agbara yoo ti dabi enipe iyalẹnu ìkan. Ṣugbọn Moore ká ofin ti fi san si ti. Mi ile tabili PC logan ni o ni 1.5 TB ti kun aaye ipamọ, ati awọn ti o ni lori meje ọdun atijọ. Le mi ti ara clunky tabili wa ni, ni awọn ofin ti alaye agbara, ijafafa ju mi?

Nkqwe. Diẹ ninu awọn nkan fi awọn agbara ti awọn eniyan ọpọlọ bi kekere bi 1TB. A lifetimes tọ ti ìrántí yoo ko fọwọsi kan igbalode-ọjọ dirafu lile? Ti o dabi jina-ṣòro, ni o kere ni ohun ogbon ipele.

Awọn otitọ ni jina siwaju sii uncertain. Diẹ ninu awọn nkan fi awọn ọpọlọ ká agbara bi ga bi orisirisi awọn petabytes, egbegberun igba ti o ga ju awọn atilẹba yanilenu ti siro. Ati nibẹ ni o wa ọpọlọpọ nkan ti ti o laarin awọn wọnyi meji extremes, ati ki o kọja.

Elo ti yi iporuru da ni aidaniloju nipa gangan Bawo alaye ti wa ni fipamọ ni awọn ọpọlọ, ki o si tun ni awọn igba ṣi iro wipe "ọpọlọ ni bi kọmputa kan". Ni ọpọlọpọ awọn ọna o jẹ ko, ati ki o gbiyanju lati se alaye ti o ni awọn ofin ti ọkan le adaru ọrọ. tun, o ni isokuso lati ro ti a le laipe ni fonutologbolori diẹ ni oye ju wa.

Tangle ti kebulu lori pada ti server
Ko ni ọpọlọpọ ti awọn isopọ laifọwọyi tumo si fafa? Boya, boya ko. Aworan: Jetta Productions / Getty Images

Nibẹ ni o wa siwaju sii awọn isopọ ni ọpọlọ ju nibẹ ni o wa awọn ọta ni Agbaye

Yi isokuso nipe ti popped soke igba. dajudaju, o ni ọrọ isọkusọ. Gbogbo asopọ (synapse) ninu awọn eniyan ọpọlọ wa ni ṣe ti milionu ti awọn ọta, ki yi gbólóhùn ti wa ni fe ni wipe "nibẹ ni o wa siwaju sii awọn ọta ni ọpọlọ ju nibẹ ni o wa ni Agbaye". Ayafi ti gbogbo ọpọlọ wa ninu awọn oniwe-ara lọtọ apo Agbaye ati si eniti o ti woye, yi ni a ludicrous nipe.

Awọn julọ kedere orisun ti yi ni movie Amelie. ni didara, awọn ń ni wipe fiimu ni wipe nibẹ ni o wa siwaju sii ṣee ṣe awọn isopọ ni a ọpọlọ ju awọn ọta ni Agbaye. Eleyi jẹ diẹ understandable; pẹlu mewa ti ọkẹ àìmọye ti iṣan ẹbọ trillions ti o ti ṣee awọn akojọpọ, a bere ri diẹ idaran ti awọn nọmba.

O se ko tumo si ohunkohun tilẹ. O ti n kedere túmọ lati fihan awọn alaragbayida complexity ti ọpọlọ, ṣugbọn o le waye kanna kannaa to kan bojumu won apo ti iresi. "Nibẹ ni o wa siwaju sii ṣee ṣe ètò ti iresi ni a 10kg apo ju nibẹ ni o wa awọn ọta ni Agbaye". gidi? ijiyan. wulo? Be ko.

Gilasi ti WaterBFT85B gilasi ti Water
Fojuinu kan gilasi ti o le nikan fọwọsi to 10% ti agbara. Ohun ti yoo jẹ awọn ojuami? Aworan: Alamy

A nikan lo 10% ti wa opolo

Eleyi jẹ kan Ayebaye bit ti ọrọ isọkusọ ti o dabi ẹnipe yoo ko lọ kuro. Awọn lowo ni igba ti a nikan lo 10% ti wa opolo, ki nibẹ ni 90% o kan nduro lati wa ni mu šišẹ, oyi fun wa superpowers.

A ẹlẹwà agutan, sugbon ko otitọ. Awọn ọpọlọ jẹ ẹya intensely ebi npa eto, lilo ni ayika 20% ti wa ara ile agbara kan lati sisẹ deede. Nini ohun eto nipa lilo copious agbara ṣe okeene ohunkohun jẹ ẹya ti itiranya kú, ti o ba ti nkan miran. Ti a ba nikan lo 10%, adayeba aṣayan tumo si a fe nikan ni ti 10%. Boya ti a ba wa nitootọ ni opin esi ti a Primate pẹlu Elo o tobi opolo ti won ko lo? Ṣãnu fun awon talaka òmùgọ wọn ati agbọn-won-skulls.

O wa, sibẹsibẹ, a ofiri ti otitọ si awọn nipe. Nigba ti a se lo gbogbo awọn ti wa opolo, a ko lo gbogbo awọn ti o ni ẹẹkan. Awọn ọna awọn agbara ipese ti ọpọlọ ti wa ni idayatọ, ara wa ko le pese to lati mu-ṣiṣe ni gbogbo awọn ti awọn ọpọlọ ni nigbakannaa, ki nikan kan kekere ida ti o le ti wa ni "ṣiṣẹ" ni ẹẹkan.

O mọ pe atijọ joke nipa idi ti awọn enia Ijakadi lati ro? Awọn ọkan ti o dopin pẹlu "nikan to ẹjẹ lati ṣiṣe kan ni akoko kan?"O ni bi ti, only scientific.

Baby in diaper sitting on white backgroundAFKGK1 Baby in diaper sitting on white background
Would explain why they’re always smiling, I guess. Aworan: D. Hurst/Alamy

Babies full of cannabis

Here’s an interesting one. The brain and nervous system uses endocannabinoid transmitters and receptors, the same receptors cannabis works on to produce its signature effects. These are believed to fulfil various roles, from memory to metabolism, but their overall purpose is still debated.

One theory, that I came across in a presentation in my student days, is that we’re flooded with natural cannabis when we’re born. Think about it: you’re a very small, still-forming human and in a very messy and intense sequence of events your universe has just gone from a warm wet sack to a sterile hospital room. That should prove intensely traumatic. But not if you’re “stoned”. Think about it some more: you’re unnaturally relaxed, and inexplicably hungry. Very useful traits in a newborn.

This may have stemmed from the claim that breast milk is full of cannabinoids, but I’ve not been able to track down any reliable studies supporting this notion. Shame, it’s quite an intriguing idea.

Sports bra - Asda non-wired sports bra
Does this look like a set of buttocks to you? Nkqwe, it should. Aworan: Sarah Lee/the Guardian

Men stare at breasts because…

Heterosexual men like staring at breasts. I’m confident that this isn’t a far-fetched statement. But why? Women’s breasts, outside of breastfeeding, don’t really “do” anything; they’re just “there”. Human women have prominent breasts all their adult lives, rather than just during child rearing like most mammals. You’d think men would just get used to them eventually, but apparently that doesn’t happen.

This suggests that there’s some evolved trait in the brain that makes men permanently fascinated by breasts. Are they a sign of health? A subconscious implication of fertility, to ensure passage of the genes? tabi, as one theory I read argues: is it because visible breasts resemble your mother’s buttocks?

That’s correct. One argument is that, for a tree climbing primate, the site of your mother’s buttocks in front of you suggests both safety and successful climbing, so is a reassuring sight. nitorina, a preference for keeping your mother’s buttocks in view would be a useful survival trait, one exploited in the evolution of human females with the production of prominent breasts.

I can’t remember where I first encountered this theory, but it sounds like a Freudian fever-dream.

Dean Burnett’s debut book is now available in the US. Idiot Brain: what your head is really up to, nipasẹ W.W. Norton.

The UK version is still available from Guardian Bookshop for £7.99

guardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media to Lopin 2010