Jinsi gani naweza kupata ndani ya PC yangu bila password admin?

How can I get into my PC without an admin password?

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukMakala hii yenye jina “Jinsi gani naweza kupata ndani ya PC yangu bila password admin?” iliandikwa na Jack Schofield, kwa theguardian.com Alhamisi Agosti 6 2015 09.27 UTC

Nina HP laptop mbio Microsoft Windows 8. Kama ilivyopendekezwa na vyanzo vingi, Mimi umba akaunti tofauti user kwa mke wangu na mimi mwenyewe, na mimi si zinahitajika ili kuingia katika kama admin kwa muda. Sasa mimi tu wamesahau nywila. Nimekuwa walijaribu yote ya tofauti za wazi, ambayo ikifuatiwa mfano mimi kutumika kwa ajili ya iMac yangu ya zamani. Nimekuwa pia alijaribu baadhi taratibu zilizotajwa online, na hakuna mafanikio.

Ni rahisi kutosha kwa nyuma hadi data yetu binafsi, hivyo mimi kuwa na kuchukuliwa kiwandani, lakini mimi nina hakika ni kwenda kuomba password admin. Jambo dhahiri Mimi sina kosa ni kulipa kwa baadhi ngozi programu ya kibiashara, lakini mimi sina wazo ambayo (kama wapo) ni reputable na ufanisi. Tafadhali kupendekeza ufumbuzi, kama Ningependa kuboresha na Windows 10. Stephen

Je, wewe kuanzisha awali akaunti ya msimamizi kwa kutumia anwani ya barua pepe Microsoft kama MSA yako (Akaunti Microsoft), ambayo ni nini mimi sana kupendekeza? Kama ni hivyo, logon password yako ni sawa na password yako email, na hili ni jambo bado wanaweza kukumbuka. Unaweza hata wameandika ni chini mahali fulani.

Kama alifanya kutumia Hotmail, Kuishi au akaunti Outlook.com, una nafasi nzuri ya kupata upatikanaji wa akaunti yako admin, kwa kuweka upya email yako akaunti password kutoka Akaunti Microsoft Password Rudisha ukurasa. Kuna hatua kwa hatua maelekezo katika About.com.

PC yako ina kuwa online ili Microsoft anaweza kuweka upya password admin juu ya mbali. Hata hivyo, kama wewe ni kuweka upya nenosiri kutoka akaunti yako kiwango cha, basi itakuwa ni wazi kuwa online.

Rudisha PC yako

Wazo jingine ni kuunga mkono data yako na kisha upya PC yako na hali ya kiwanda. Hii inapaswa kuwa inawezekana kwenye Windows zote 8 PC kwamba bado wana kuhesabu yao ahueni intact. Pia kazi na Windows 10 PC. Hawa hawana kuhesabu ahueni, lakini wao wana mfumo maalum kwa ajili ya kujenga mfumo wa uendeshaji wakati required.

Kwa bahati mbaya, Sidhani unaweza upya Windows 8 PC kutoka akaunti kiwango user. Huwezi hata kuona "Rudisha PC yangu" kutoka kiwango cha akaunti kwenye Windows 10, na mwandishi wa habari mwenzetu Simon Bisson alithibitisha hii ilikuwa pia kesi juu ya Windows 8.1. (Shukrani kwa Windows 10, Mimi nina muda nje ya Windows 8 PC.)

Njia nyingine ya kuweka upya Windows admin password hatimaye jipu chini kwa kubadilisha files kwenye gari ngumu kabla ya akaunti admin anapata kudhibiti. mbinu za jadi mara kwa kupinga mlolongo startup, lakini pia unaweza kuanzisha upya PC yako kutoka yako DVD Windows ahueni au bootable USB thumb drive. Mbadala mwingine ni kupakia Linux kutoka "Live CD" au USB gari. Mimi mtuhumiwa hii ni jinsi gani wengi wa biashara "ngozi" mipango ya kazi.

Advanced Startup Chaguzi

Wengi Uliza Jack wasomaji watakuwa na mazoea na kukatiza Boot mlolongo wa PC Windows kwa kupiga kazi muhimu, na kisha kuanza Windows katika hali ya salama au kubadilisha utaratibu Boot katika BIOS (Basic Input / Output System) chip. Madirisha 8 na Windows 10 PC tena kutumia zamani sana na polepole BIOS, wanatumia UEFI na Advanced Startup Chaguzi (ASO) screen.

PC wengi na kubakia dhana, ili kubwa,kusema, F11 muhimu au Esc wakati wa Windows 8 boot sequence will take you to the ASO screen, where you can start a command prompt window (cmd.exe) aka “DOS box”. Check the user guide for your HP laptop (on your hard drive or online) to see which function key to press.

Vinginevyo, you can get to the ASO screen by holding down the shift key while clicking on the power icon and selecting Restart. The long-winded alternative is to use the Charms bar to select Settings, click Change PC settings, and then go through Recovery to the Advanced Startup option, “Restart now”.

When you get to the ASO page, by whatever route, select Troubleshoot, and then Reset your PC. This should return it to factory condition.

Cha kusikitisha, I’m not sure it will do a reset without an admin password – and I don’t have a machine to try – but it’s worth a go. (I have never been asked for a password when resetting a Windows 8 PC, but I suspect I’ve always done it from admin accounts.)

Breaking in

You can also start your laptop from a Windows DVD or a bootable USB thumb drive and then change the password on the hard drive. Kimsingi, use the recovery DVD that Windows suggested you create in case you ran into a major problem. (Ni kweli, if you have one of those, you can just reinstall Windows 8 from scratch.)

Kama si, it doesn’t really matter what you boot from, because you’re not going to install the operating system. It could be almost any Windows DVD or a Live Linux CD.

You “break in” by renaming one of the ease-of-access files. There are half a dozen available, including sethc.exe (Set High Contrast), utilman.exe (Utility Manager), and osk.exe (On-Screen Keyboard). You rename one of these to stop it working: kwa mfano, rename osk.exe to osk.exe.old. After that, you rename the Command shell from cmd.exe to osk.exe (or whichever file you chose).

Sasa, when you start Windows 8, you can run the on-screen keyboard from the utilities icon, but the command shell will load instead. This lets you assign a new password (kama vile 123) to your admin account, so that you can log in. (Remember to clean up by renaming osk.exe back to cmd.exe and osk.exe.old to osk.exe, and set a new password.)

Lots of YouTube videos show how it’s done. The best one I’ve found is Wesley David’s How to Reset a Windows Password Through a Backdoor. He’s very clear.

If you want to try a Linux-based “rescue CD” then have a look at the Trinity Rescue Kit na Ophcrack v3.6.0 (LiveCD v3.6.0). Both are free.

If you want to try a paid-for cracker, Windows Password Key looks a reasonable bet. I’ve not tried it, but the website is well designed, it has a tutorial, na FAQ Center articles are sound. Although Windows Password Key is a free download, I assume you end up paying .95, though I don’t know how.

I’d just follow Wesley David’s tutorial.

Kuzuia

There are ways to avoid getting into this situation in the first place. I use a Microsoft email address with a long password, but I set up a 4-digit PIN so I can log in quickly. I also have two admin accounts, in case one of them goes bad. hatimaye, I note that Microsoft allows you to create a password reset disk (or USB thumb drive or floppy disk) so that you can reset your password if you forget it. It’s a simple menu item with a wizard to guide you. Madirisha 8.1 works the same way.

You should also follow Windows’ directions to create recovery media and back-ups so that if your hard drive fails, you can reinstall Windows from scratch and get your stuff back.

Je, unayo swali jingine kwa Jack? Email ni Ask.Jack@theguardian.com

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