Android N: Google Anafunua Baadaye ya OS

Android N: Google Reveals Future of the OS

Mapema developer preview inapatikana kwa bora betri maisha optimization, kasi programu byte, mbalimbali dirisha na mode usiku


Powered by Guardian.co.ukMakala hii yenye jina “Android N: Google inaonyesha mustakabali wa OS” iliandikwa na Samuel Gibbs, kwa theguardian.com Alhamisi Machi 10 2016 12.36 UTC

Google imetoa preview mapema sana toleo la pili ya mfumo wake wa simu za uendeshaji - Android N - kwa kupasuliwa-screen multitasking, kuongezeka kwa maisha ya betri na kuarifiwa bora.

Kwa kawaida Google itakapotoa developer hakikisho ya toleo jipya la Android kwenye kampuni ya mkutano developer, Google I / O, mwishoni mwa Mei. Ni iliyoundwa na kuruhusu watengenezaji wakati wa mtihani programu zao na kujenga sehemu mpya ya kuchukua faida ya makala mpya katika Android kabla ya kutolewa kwa wazalishaji smartphone katika Oktoba.

Mwaka huu, Hata hivyo, Google imeanza miezi miwili mapema, na developer na kujenga beta kwamba lets watumiaji mtihani makala mpya.

Mkuu wa Android, Hiroshi Lockheimer, alisema: "Ni mapema zaidi ya hapo, ni rahisi kwa kujaribu na sisi ni kupanua njia kwa ajili ya wewe kutoa maoni yetu. Tunataka kusikia kutoka kwenu na iterate juu ya jukwaa na wewe - kwamba ni nini hufanya Android na nguvu ".

Google matumaini kwamba preview mapema itaruhusu kupima zaidi na basi ni kutoa mpya Android toleo kwa wazalishaji mapema. Inachukua miezi kadhaa kwa ajili ya wazalishaji wengi smartphone kutolewa matoleo mapya ya Android kwa smartphones zao zilizopo. Hii ina maana kwamba Google Ile dhana ya smartphones na vidonge kubaki vifaa tu mbio toleo jipya la Android kwa miezi.

Hii mpya preview mkakati pia anatoa kuangalia mapema katika nini kubadilisha katika zaidi-kutumika mfumo wa simu za uendeshaji katika dunia.

Multi-dirisha

android mbalimbali dirisha n
Android N mbalimbali dirisha multitasking umeonyesha kwenye Nexus 6P na Pixel C. Picha: Google

mabadiliko makubwa ni kuanzishwa kwa kupasuliwa-screen multitasking mtazamo aitwaye Multi-Window, ambayo inaruhusu programu mbili kwa kuwa na kukimbia kwenye screen moja. Ni jambo ambalo Android smartphone wazalishaji kama vile Samsung wamekuwa na kwa miaka kadhaa, lakini sasa kuja Motoni katika Android N.

programu inaweza kuwa na kukimbia ubavu kwa upande au matabaka, na mgawanyiko resizable kutumia slider kuu, kiasi kama kupasuliwa-screen mode Microsoft ilianzisha na Windows 8 katika 2012 na Apple iOS 9 iliyotolewa mwaka jana.

programu Android ni kujengwa kwa kutumia scaling, screen-size agnostic format, ambayo ina maana kwamba wengi wanapaswa kufanya kazi bila muundo na kipengele mpya. Wakati ni itapatikana kwenye smartphones, kipengele ni kimsingi lengo la vifaa kubwa ikiwa ni pamoja na phablets na vidonge kama vile Google Pixel C.

Kasi programu byte

Watumiaji watakuwa na uwezo wa mara mbili-bomba hivi karibuni kutumika programu kifungo kubadili programu awali kutumika bila kufungua programu hivi karibuni kutumika orodha, kuongeza kasi ya bouncing kati ya programu.

Usingizi na zoom

android n zoom
zoom mazingira inaruhusu watumiaji kufanya vitu kwenye screen kubwa kwa mtazamo wazi au kifafa zaidi juu ya screen na kushuka yote. Picha: Samuel Gibbs kwa Guardian

Android N itatekeleza usiku mode kwamba vitalu bluu wavelengths ya mwanga ili kusaidia kuzuia simu kutoka kuweka watu macho. Tatu chama programu Android wameweza kufanya kitu sawa kwa wakati kwa kutumia nyekundu filter overlay kwenye screen na ni kitu ambacho Apple ina yamepangwa kwa ajili ya toleo lake la pili ya iOS.

Watumiaji wataweza kubadilisha ukubwa wa icons na maandishi kwenye screen kwa kutumia Android N mpya zoom slider, ambayo itasaidia wale ambao wanahitaji kidogo ya magnification kuona nini kinaendelea.

kuarifiwa

android kuarifiwa n
kivuli taarifa mpya itakuwa na safu ya juu ya mazingira ya haraka, ambayo mtumiaji anaweza kubadili, na kuarifiwa kundi. Picha: Samuel Gibbs kwa Guardian

Android N atakuja na uwezo wa kuarifiwa kikundi kutoka programu moja pamoja. programu kadhaa tayari kufanya hivyo, ikiwa ni pamoja na programu ya Google Gmail, which collects messages together as they come in and allows users to expand them to read the notifications or dismiss them as one.

Google’s quick-reply feature, available within its Hangouts and Messenger messaging apps and Android Wear, will also become a standard feature within Android N, allowing users to bash out replies to messages straight from the notification shade without having to enter the app.

maisha tena betri

android n battery life
The new version of Doze will help prolong battery life when the screen is off. Picha: Samuel Gibbs kwa Guardian

Android 6.0 Marshmallow made big leaps in battery efficiency using a feature called Doze, which put a smartphone or tablet into a lower-power state and took tight control over what could wake the device up when the screen was off and it wasn’t moving.

This meant that when a phone was placed on a desk and not touched for a while it greatly extended the battery life, limiting things such as internet access to set intervals.

Android N is extending that feature to work when the screen is off but the phone is in motion – in a pocket or bag for instancewhich should have a significant positive impact on battery life.

Thinner, faster Android

Android N also has a new version of its Java Android RunTime (Art), which runs the apps installed on the phone. It is faster and more efficient, meaning apps will install and update faster without needing a period of optimisation. This should greatly reduce the time required to install Android updates and other upgrades.

Google’s Project Svelte also been working on reducing the size and weight of Android so that it takes up less storage space and can run on lower-power devices, which should mean more space for apps and media.

Developers looking to try out the beta version of Android N can enrol a Nexus device with Google to update over the air, and can return to the latest version of Android 6 Marshmallow in the same way.

Those not running Google’s Nexus devices will have to wait until the manufacturer of their smartphone to receive Android N in the summer and then push it out to devices, which will likely be in 2017.

guardian.co.uk © Guardian Habari & Media Limited 2010

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