Tsuba phahameng matla hanf ka 'na a senya likhoele methapo ea kutlo e bokong

Smoking high-strength cannabis may damage nerve fibres in brain

 

Tsamaisoa ka Guardian.co.ukSehlooho sena se titled “Tsuba phahameng matla hanf ka 'na a senya likhoele methapo ea kutlo e bokong” e ngotsoe ke Ian Sample Science mohlophisi, etsoe The Guardian ka Labohlano 27 November 2015 00.01 UTC

Phahameng matla hanf ka 'na a senya likhoele methapo ea kutlo eo sebetsana le phallo ea melaetsa ka mose ho dihalofo tse pedi ea boko, Bo-rasaense ba bolela. Boko skena ea batho ba kamehla tsuba matla skunk-joaloka hanf senoloa se tšoane poteletseng tabeng o mosoeu hore connects ho le letsehali le se nepahetseng hemispheres le moelelo ka matshwao a medumo tsoang lehlakoreng le leng la boko ho tse ling.

liphetoho li ne li sa bone le batho ba ka mohla a sebelisa hanf kapa a tsuba feela mefuta tlaase ho moo matla ea moriana, bafuputsi ba ile ba fumana.

thuto e nahana hore ke ba pele ba ho sheba liphello tsa hanf potency mabapi le sebopeho sa boko, le fana ka maikutlo a hore tšebeliso ea e khōloanyane ea skunk ka 'na baka tšenyo ho feta ho polokelo callosum, etsa lipuisanong ka mose hemispheres boko bo ka tlaase ho moo sebetsang hantle.

Paola Dazzan, e neurobiologist Institute ea Psychiatry nakong Morena College London, re litla-hlaha ho amahanngoa le boemo ba mafolofolo lona le motsoako o, tetrahydrocannabinol (cakir), a hanf. Ha a ntse a mefuta e tloaelehileng ea hanf fupere 2 ho 4 % cakir, ea mefuta e sa tsoaneng tse eketsehileng tse matla (oa oona e leng ho na le hoo e ka bang 100), ka fupere 10 ho 14% cakir, Ho ea ka DrugScope bolingani.

"Haeba u sheba polokelo callosum, seo re se ntse u bona le phapang ea bohlokoa tabeng o mosoeu pakeng tsa ba sebelisa phahameng potency hanf le ba bao ho seng mohla ba sebelisa sethethefatsi seo, kapa ba sebelise tlase potency mokolang lithethefatsi,"O ile a re Dazzan. The polokelo callosum ruileng a receptors cannabinoid, tseo liketso cakir lik'hemik'hale.

A setšoantšo DTI tsa polokelo callosum, joalokaha bonahala lehlakoreng, ho bontšoa khubelu pele 'me superimposed leqepheng la semelo MRI setšoantšo sa boko.
A setšoantšo DTI tsa polokelo callosum, joalokaha bonahala lehlakoreng, ho bontšoa khubelu pele 'me superimposed leqepheng la semelo MRI setšoantšo sa boko. Photograph: Institute of Psychiatry

"Phapang e-na le hore na o na le psychosis kapa che, 'me re nahana hore sena ke tieo tse amanang le potency ea hanf ea,"O ile a phaella ka ho re. Dintlha tsa ho ithuta li tlalehiloe koranteng ea Psychological Medicine.

Bafuputsi ba sebelisoa dithekniki tse peli ka anthivaerase, ho nka litšoantšo a khoheli gomoso (MRI) le ho nka litšoantšo diffusion tensor (DTI), ho hlahloba polokelo callosum, sebakeng kholo ka ho fetisisa ea taba tse tsoeu, a boko a 56 bakuli ba neng tlalehile ketsahalo ea pele ea psychosis, le 43 Baithaopi ba bophelo bo botle ho tloha sechabeng 'moho selehae.

The skena fumane hore basebedisi letsatsi le letsatsi bo phahameng potency hanf ba ne ba fana ka khopolo e e khōloanyane - e ka bang ka 2% - "Bolela'ng diffusivity" ka polokelo callosum. "Seo se bontša hore bothata bo ka taba o mosoeu hore qetellong etsa hore ho ka tlaase ho moo sebetsang hantle,"Dazzan o ile a bolella Guardian. "Ha re tsebe hantle hore na seo se bolela hore motho ea, empa e fana ka maikutlo a ho na le ka tlaase ho moo sebetsang hantle ho fallisa boitsebiso bo eketsehileng. "

thuto ea ke ke ra tiisa hore maemo a phahameng a cakir a liphetoho hanf sesosa taba tse tsoeu. Joalokaha Dazzan ngola lintlha, ho ke ke ka etsahala hore ebe batho ba nang le taba e senyehileng tse tsoeu ho ka etsahala hore li kubelle skunk a le sebaka sa pele.

"Ho ka etsahala hore batho bana ba se a ntse a e-na le boko fapaneng 'me ba ba ho ka etsahala ho sebelisa hanf. Empa na re ka reng ke haeba e phahameng potency, 'me haeba u tsuba hangata, boko ba hao bo fapane tsoang bokong ba motho ea smokes hanf ho tloaelehile, 'me ho tloha motho ea sa tsube hanf ho hang,"O ile a a re.

Empa esita le ba nang le ho se tsitse tse fetang sesosa le phello, o ile a khothalletsa basebedisi le basebetsi bophelo bo botle setjhaba ho fetola tsela eo ba nahanang ka tshebediso hanf. "Ha ho tluoa tabeng ea ho sebelisa joala, re li sebelisetsoa ho ho nahana ka tsela eo batho ba lintho tse ngata noa, le hore na li noa veine, biri, kapa whisky. Re lokela ho nahana ka hanf ka tsela e tšoanang, ho latela cakir le dikahare fapaneng hanf ka ba, le nang le monyetla liphello ka tsa bophelo e tla ba tse fapaneng,"O ile a a re.

"Joalokaha re se re etsa tlhahiso ea neng, ha lekola tshebediso hanf, ho ke ke ea bohlokoa haholo ho bokella boitsebiso bo mabapi le kamoo hangata le ea mofuta ofe hanf e sebelisoang. lintlha tse qaqileng tsena li ka u thusa hore quantify kotsi ya kula kelellong le 'eketsa tlhokomeliso ka mofuta oa tsenyo e bakiloeng ke dintho tsena li ka se etsang ho bokong,"O ile a phaella ka ho re.

ka February, Dazzan le ba bang nakong ea Institute of Psychiatry tlaleha hore e-s'o lokele ho fumaneha ha skunk ka boroa London ka 'na ua hlaha ka mor'a ka ho phahama ha palo ea linyeoe tse ncha ea ho psychosis ntse ngotsoe ke hanf.

guardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010