New khopolo liphatsa tsa lefutso ka 'na betla tsela ea ho utloisisa bohlale motho botho

New genetic theory might pave way to understanding human intelligence

 

Tsamaisoa ka Guardian.co.ukSehlooho sena se titled “New khopolo liphatsa tsa lefutso ka 'na betla tsela ea ho utloisisa bohlale motho botho” e ngotsoe ke Tim Radford, bakeng sa The Guardian ka Mantaha la bo21 la lilemo December 2015 16.27 UTC

bo-rasaense ba Brithani lumela ba entse mohato e khōlō pele kutloisisong ea mekgwa ya bohlale batho. Hore lefa la liphatsa tsa lefutso lokela ho bapala karolo e itseng e-s'o ka 'nile ea hanyetsoa. Ho sa tsotellehe linako tse ling ditlaleo hamorao lelekoa, ha ho motho-e sa ntse hlahisitse phatsa ea lefutso le 'ngoe e laolang bohlale.

Empa Michael Johnson tsa Imperial College London, le moeletsi boloetse ba methapo le basebetsi-'moho le tlaleha ka Nature Neuroscience e le hore ba ka 'na ba hlokometse ka karabo e fapaneng haholo: dinetweke tseo tse peli tsa liphatsa tsa lefutso, mohlomong u ka laoloa ke ba bang ba mong'a taolo oona tsamaisong, leshano ka mor'a mpho batho bakeng sa ho nahana lateral, mentlele kelello, pub quizzes, thero mosolotogamaano, crosswords patoang le bokhoni ba ho tšeha limericks.

Joalo ka kamehla, ho etsa lipatlisiso joalo hlahisa lipotso nang lipolotiking-imetsoeng ka sebopeho sa bohlale. "Intelligence ke likarolo tse ngata tekanyo ya bokhoni bo sa tšoaneng dikopanothutano le kamoo ba ba aba ka baahi ka. Ha lekanya efe kapa efe ntho e 'ngoe. Empa e ke lekanyegang,"Dr Johnson o ile a re.

Ka 40% ea phetoho ka bohlale e hlalosoa ka lefa la. The le mabaka a mang ke e-s'o itseng. Empa bo-rasaense ba hlahisa monyetla hōle hore ba hlometseng ka litaba tse ncha ba ka 'na ba khona ho qapa litsela tsa ho fetoloa bohlale batho.

"Khopolo ea qetellong sebelisa lithethefatsi ho ama tshebetso dikopanothutano hase ka tsela efe kapa efe e ncha. Kaofela ha rōna re noa kofi ho ntlafatsa tshebetso ya rona ya dikopanothutano,"Dr Johnson o ile a re. "Ho ka utloisisa litseleng tse amanang le bokhoni bo dikopanothutano bobeli ka bophelo bo botle le lefu, haholo-holo lefu e le letsatsi le le leng re ne re thusa batho ba nang le ho ithuta bokooa phethahatsa bokhoni ba bona. Hore ke ea bohlokoa haholo. "

Dineteweke tse peli, tsebahalang feela joalokaha M1 le M3, e mong le kakanyo feela 1000 liphatsa tsa lefutso, le tse ling tse le ho feta ka 100, Hape ba phetha karolo ea ka mafu a neurodevelopmental tse kang lefu la sethoathoa, bokuli ba ho kopana hlooho le autism manyenyane boloetse. mesebetsi u se ke ua ho bonahala eka lepelela, le karolo ea mong le e marangrang e leha ho le joalo e lokela ho rarolloa.

"Rea tseba hore liphatsa tsa lefutso phetha karolo e khōlō ka bohlale empa ho fihlela joale ha tsebahalang eo liphatsa tsa lefutso li tshwanelanang. ho etsa lipatlisiso ena e totobatsa ba bang ba liphatsa tsa lefutso tse amehang ka bohlale ba batho le kamoo ba ileng ba sebelisana le balekane ba bona,"Dr Johnson o ile a re. "Ke'ng e thabisang tse mabapi le sena ke hore liphatsa tsa lefutso re fumane ho ka etsahala ho arolelana le molao oa tsamaiso ho tloaelehile hore batho, e leng se bolelang hore 'nang re ka laola kaofela sete ya liphatsa tsa lefutso eo mosebetsi e amana le bohlale ba motho. "

sibolloa ke testamente ho matla a ho se fele pelo, bakuli le phutheho ea disete bokhothokhotho ya data. The Imperial College bo-rasaense ba ile ba qala ka bopaki bo tsoang 100 toeba boko, 122 disampole tsa boko ba motho, le 102 kaofela boko batho bolokoa postmortem. litsupa joalo tsa mabapi le liphatsa tsa lefutso pakeng tsa mathata neurodevelopmental kapa memoring ya le kutloisiso li ne li ka nako eo hlahloba khahlanong le direkoto tsa 6,732 batho ba ka "Moloko Scotland" ho ithuta bophelo ba lelapa, eo Tracks histori bophelo ba ba likete ea baithaopi, le ka makhetlo-khetlo ka 1,003 bophelo bo botle le batho ba neng ba ka ithaopela ho nka karolo thutong e bitsoang Lothian Birth Cohort 1936.

Ho lekanyetswa go ya ka mefuta e fapaneng ya bokhoni dikopanothutano - har'a bona memori.hlahloba, a lebisa tlhokomelo, sebetsa lebelo le ho beha mabaka - le ka nako eo ho kopantswe sephetho ka boitsebiso bo liphatseng tsa lefutso fanoeng ke batho ba phetseng hantle ba ne ba nkile liteko IQ, le ho tswa ho batho ba nang le autism manyenyane ho hloka taolo le bokooa ba kelello. Kenyelelitsoe ho etsa lipatlisiso ba ne ba lithuto tsa batho ba neng ba undergone neurosurgery bakeng sa lefu la sethoathoa.

Joale e ntan'o ba bo-rasaense ba ebe kopantse dikhomphiutha matla a maholohali ho bona hore na ya data ka ba bolella. Ba ile ba fumana hore liphatsa tsa lefutso e susumetsa bohlale le matla a ho ba batho ba phetseng hantle ba neng ba e tšoanang le eo litsebeng bokhoni ba dikopanothutano 'me ea baka lefu la sethoathoa ha mutated. Ha bafuputsi ba utloisisa seo a ka fosa ka interplay ka lefa leo ba lopolla ho beha mabaka batho kapa memoring ya, ba ka 'na - monyetla bakeng sa motsotso ke feela mogopolofela - kgona ho qapa mekhoa e mecha ea ho lopolla thuso.

"Litšobotsi Tsa tse kang bohlale ba laoloa ke lihlopha tse khōlō tsa batho ba sebetsa 'moho – joaloka sehlopha bolo ea maoto e entsoe ka ba bapalang le boemong ba fapaneng,"O ile a a re. "Re ile ra fumana hore tse ling tsa liphatsa tsa lefutso tsena lepelela le batho tse bakang haholo bongoaneng ho qala sethoathoa kapa bokooa kelello,"

Bafuputsi ba ka 'na ba tsejoa ka letamong la libapali ka sehlopha sa: ba ntse ba ho khetholla joang libapali ho sebdisana sebetsa, eo ke libapali senotlolo le sona seo papali e ntse bapetse.

"Qetellong re le tšepo ea hore mofuta ona oa ho and analysis tla fana ka leseli le ncha ka mekhoa ea phekolo e molemo bakeng sa lefu neurodevelopmental tse kang lefu la sethoathoa, le ameliorate kapa tšoara impairments dikopanothutano amanang le mafu ana a ho e ripitla. "

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