Iz brez voznika avtomobilov do jetpacks

From driverless cars to jetpacks

 

Powered by guardian.co.ukTa članek z naslovom “Iz brez voznika avtomobilov do jetpacks: izpolnjujejo tech inovatorji preoblikovanju tranzit” je napisal Andy Meek, za theguardian.com v soboto 14. novembra 2015 14.13 UTC

temelji Zelandija Nova vodilni izdelek Martin Aircraft Company je nekonvencionalen, ki plujejo pod stroj: jetpack, ki se morda zdi, kot rekvizit iz sci-fi film, če ne bi bilo dejstvo, da je na dobri poti do komercializacije.

V oktobru, civilni letalski organ Nove Zelandije izbil družbe Prototype 12 Model jetpack za posadko lete. Jetpack-ventilator pogon, ko je prikazano v juniju na pariškem Air Show, lahko letijo skoraj 1,000 metrov in letijo do pol ure. jetpacks družbe se pričakuje, da se komercialno na voljo nekje v drugi polovici leta 2016.

Razvoj Jetpack je en primer od velikih idej in velike stave, ki se je po-transport usmerjena podjetja, kjer podjetja kot so Martin Aircraft so dirke na daleč robov, kaj je mogoče. Živimo v prepad v času, ko bodo avtomobile "v celoti avtonomna na dolgi rok", po Tesla CEO Elon Musk. V klicem z delničarji električnih vozil ta mesec, ga je dal 15 za 20 let.

Obstaja veliko drugih transportnih podjetnikov s podobno domiselne načrtov lastne, iz vesoljske ladje, ki omogočajo pod očmi leti za letala, ki vzleta in pristaja navpično.

The Guardian dosegel, da nekaj teh inovatorjev, da bi dobili občutek, kjer je vodil prihodnost prevoza. Vprašali smo, kako oni obravnavajo značilne tehnične izzive in zakaj so se odločili, da se v tem prostoru na prvem mestu. Kaj smo ugotovili, je močan optimizem za bližnjo prihodnost, kjer bi jermenov na jetpack bilo, kot običajno, kot že za volanom.

Martin Aircraft načrtuje, da bo svoj jetpack v drugi polovici prihodnjega leta. Družba je zagotovila Guardian s tem predstavitveni videoposnetek.

Martin Aircraft CEO Peter Coker ve, morda se zdi njegovo podjetje, ki bo zgrajena na fantastično neverjetnem vizijo.

"To je bil moj sin, ki me je prepričal, da se pridružijo podjetju,"Je dejal Coker, kljub izzivom. "Mi smo bili na počitnicah, in moj sin, ki dela za butik investicijske družbe v Londonu, upravičeno poudarila: "Zakaj ne bi želeli biti vključeni v največje spremembe v letalstvu v zadnjem stoletju?""

V naglici, da bi dobili svoje jetpacks na trgu, 2015 je bila nekaj izhodiščnemu letu za podjetje, ki se je v zadnjih mesecih so zaporo sporazume, partnerstva in razkazuje zasnove do potencialnih kupcev. To se je razširil na 53 ljudje po vsej 13 narodnosti in kotira na borzi v Hong Kong.

Opisovanje prihodnost raketnimi nahrbtniki, Coker predvideva za "avtocesto na nebu" ali "četrto dimenzijo prometa", kjer lahko povprečna oseba hitro potujejo iz ene točke v drugo.

"Mi smo hitro spoznali uporabnost okoli je nekaj takega večja kot da bi bilo samo osebno jetpack,"Je dejal Coker, nekdanji izvršni Lockheed Martin. "Prav tako smo videli priložnost v komercialnem sektorju - nafte in plina, rudarstvo in kmetijstvo. "

Koncept, ki pluje jetpack zveni kot težko prodati v sumljivih vlagateljev in morda most predaleč za potencialne partnerje in stranke. Toda Coker pravi samo videnje stvar lahko pomaga klinču prodajo. Ko je njegovo podjetje prikazuje sliko ali video pojma ali predstavlja prototip v akciji, Coker pravi, da "takoj sproži sanje sem imel, ko sem bil otrok«. Na nek način, on reče, že, da je buy-in je enostavno del.

To je gotovo manj zapleten kot premagale neločljivo povezane tehnične izzive, ki prihajajo z izgradnjo sistema, ki vključuje plin motorja in dva ventilatorja, ki zagotavljajo potrebnega dvigala.

"Ko se ljudje skozi filozofijo, kako deluje - tako kot vse dobre novosti, to je zapleteno dobave, ki je videti preprosto - so ga dobili,"Coker pravi. "Oni dobijo korist od tega, in vsakič, ko gremo predstaviti nekje, nekdo prav tako prihaja z nekaj drugače, da jo uporabljajo. "

Naslednja koncept vključuje avtonomnih stroki, ki govorijo med seboj. Industrijski oblikovalec Tommaso Gecchelin pod pogojem, da Guardian s tem opravljanja.

Transport inovacije, kot so raketnimi nahrbtniki jemljejo na različnih drugih oblikah - nekateri primarni, nekateri prelomni.

Brez voznika avtomobilska tehnologija je eden izmed najbolj vročih sektorjev v tem trenutku, s proizvajalci iz Ford Mercedes-Benz kar brez voznika tech igra. Senzorji in podporne zmogljivosti so bile tudi med temami Inteligentni Transportation Society of America je Rethinking promet za Naprej 30 Vrh let oktobra v Washingtonu.

Potisni proti samostojnosti je v središču številnih sedanjih prometnih preboje. V tretjem četrtletju pismu delničarje Teslov sprosti 3 november, Družba je zapisal, da, "Naše stranke odpeljal avtomobil skoraj 250 milijonov kilometrov tem četrtletju, za skupno skoraj 1,5 milijarde kilometrov na dan. "Tesla, pismo gre naprej, se veseli dan ", ko bomo lahko vam povem, kako daleč so naši avtomobili poganja naše stranke".

Takšna prihodnost je očitno, da italijanski inženir in industrijskega oblikovalca Tommaso Gecchelin. On izoblikovane modularni koncept on kliče Naslednja da ima tisto, kar so v bistvu električni stroki, da lahko priključite in izključite druge stroki, kot je potrebno, kot kakšen futuristični vlak, ki se lahko začne mala in rastejo za razširitev, harmonika-style.

"Glede na naše tehnologije in potrebe uporabnikov analiza trendov … je zelo verjetno, da bo v prihodnosti vidimo revolucionarno segmentacijo trga prevoza,"Gecchelin pravi. "Na eni strani, -Človeški pogon avtomobilov bo postal kot konji s prihodom motornih vozil. Tako bo športni avtomobil postal pomemben, medtem ko bodo mestni avtomobili postali manj zaželena, daje več prostora za inteligentne prometne sisteme, ki bo dala bolj koristno in izpolnjevanju … potovanje in prevoz na delo izkušnjo. "

On predvideva njegovo Naslednji koncept, kot je več kot le model dnevnih. To lahko dvojno kot sistem dobave storitev, s podjetjem najem ali lastništvo stroki lastne in pošiljanje jim natovorjen z blagom na strankinem domu.

Gecchelin pravi, da je začel razmišljati o rešitvi usmerjene okoli "delo, prosti čas in storitve na zahtevo [raje kot] Optimizacija prometa ". V tem trenutku, on išče sredstva, da se omogoči izdelavo prvega flote za dokazovanje koncepta v resničnem svetu. On je trenutno pogovarja z nekaj nemških mest o možnih partnerstvih.

"To je tisto, kar bo robotike in samo vožnje tehnologije vodijo k,"pravi. "Inteligenca in samo vožnjo odklepanje možnost za vozila natančno sodelovati, kot se to zgodi z Naprej."

Razen tehničnih ovir, one of the biggest obstacles standing in the way of such innovations is the status quo. Almost 17m new vehicles will be sold and hit the roadways in the US this year – vehicles that won’t soon be abandoned for a radical new way of getting from one point to the next.

Elio Motors is working to improve the car with a three-wheeled, motorcycle-like concept. The company provided the Guardian with this promotional video.

In an attempt to innovate in harmony with the status quo, Paul Elio frames the utility of his company’s flagship vehicle to something like the iPad. In the same way the tablet hasn’t proven to be a PC killer but instead complements users’ existing range of devices, Elio sees his company’s vehicle as something like the iPad of a customer’s garage. Phoenix-based Elio Motors is taking orders now for its three-wheeled, motorcycle-like vehicle that gets 84 miles to the gallon and which it plans to release next year with an affordable $6,800 price tag.

“I think something like this has to happen,” says Elio, whose company already has more than 47,000 reservations for its vehicle. “I lived in New York City for about a year and a half, and I loved the subway system there. When you have that size population, mass transit works.

“For the rest of the country, we obviously either need to demolish all the suburbs and create big population centers or figure out a more efficient way to get from the suburbs to the downtowns where we work.”

Elio’s prototype product is technically classified as a motorcycle, but it comes with amenities like power windows, air conditioning, air bags and power lock doors, all in an enclosed body. The vehicles will be produced by Elio in Shreveport, Louisiana, at a former General Motors production facility.

“It’s got to be low-cost and high-mileage – it’s got to be both of those to work,"pravi. “This is an ‘and’ choice, not an ‘or’ choice. So the concept is you buy the big vehicle for the reason you bought it, and you have an Elio too. You drive the Elio to work, and on Saturday you take out your SUV.”

Elio said he decided to launch his company and build his own unique vehicle after living through the economic shock of 2008 – in addition to his belief that the dealership-based car business is one of “gamesmanship” and economics that aren’t in the individual’s favor. One of the things he quickly learned as he set about launching Elio Motors is that few things are as fraught with difficulty for an entrepreneur as trying to start a new car company.

“There are more barriers to entry in this space than anything else I’m aware of,” Elio says. “If you take Tesla out of the discussion, the last time somebody created a successful car company in America that’s still running was Walter P Chrysler in 1925.”

Back during the recession, when “the price of oil was going through the roof”, Elio says he became “pissed off seeing the wealth pouring out of this country”.

“I said, I want to build a $5,000 car that gets 65 miles per gallon,” he recalls. “I had no data to back that up. We started working the problem. I still think a $5,000 car would have been a sexy number. But as the architecture started developing and we started meeting with suppliers and getting pricing, we realized this couldn’t have a lot of the features that people would expect.”

He believes the auto retail business needs to change to because dealers aren’t transparent with car costs and financing.

“I think one of the biggest problems is the business model is broken,” says Elio, who says he’s dreamed about owning a car company with his name on it since he was a young boy. “The purchase of a car is such an enormous game, which is why we have the $6,800 figure. If you know what you want and there’s no financing issue, it shouldn’t take you five hours to buy a vehicle.”

The XTI Aircraft concept features vertical takeoff and landing, which could eliminate the need for airports, according to founder David Brody. XTI provided the Guardian with this product rendering.

The year after Elio started his company, Denver-based David Brody was setting off down his own path. His startup, XTI Aircraft, has developed a concept for a six-seat business jet that flies like a normal passenger jet, but with a twist – it also takes off and lands vertically.

The company’s TriFan 600 jet uses three ducted fans for the vertical liftoff. Seconds after takeoff, two wing fans r otate forward to shift to horizontal flight. A fan mounted to the fuselage closes. When it comes time to land, the process plays out in reverse.

XTI claims the aircraft will be the first long-range vertical-takeoff commercial airplane. Other companies are also developing vertical-takeoff technology. In June, Boeing demonstrated a near-vertical takeoff of a Dreamliner.

Brody got a spark of inspiration about a decade ago when his son was 10 years old and brought home an issue of Time magazine. He recalls it included an article about an entrepreneur trying to develop a mini jet that could take off and land vertically.

“That got me thinking,” Brody says. “If you look at what’s happened over the last several years in terms of advances in materials: we have lighter materials and have significant advances in jet engines. This jet has two turboshaft engines, plus advancements in computer technology have allowed for much more controllability and stability of the aircraft as well as collision avoidance. Some of the driverless car technology will probably play a role in the aircraft of the future.”

Brody believes that the future of the moderate commercial aircraft will be in vertical takeoff and landing. The technology would eliminate the cost of building and maintaining airports with long runways. It also could make flying even more accessible by creating air taxi services that pick you up not far from your home if not at your front door.

XCOR Lynx suborbital vehicles aims to take passengers on short trips to the edge of space. The company provided the Guardian with this promotional video rendering.

The ultimate frontier for a transportation entrepreneur, Seveda, is out of this world. California-based XCOR Aerospace has started selling tickets for flights on its Lynx series of suborbital vehicles, which will take passengers and payloads on a space trip up to 330,000 feet that lasts less than an hour.

Passengers will essentially be the co-pilot on the trip – the only other passenger on the voyage besides the pilot. Kot tak, they’ll be given a “call sign” and will be able to view space through the Lynx cockpit canopy that affords an expansive view of space.

The vehicle is powered by reusable rocket engines that run on kerosene and liquid oxygen.

“At the core of what we’ve developed at XCOR is a fully reusable rocket engine,” says board member Michiel Mol. “That may not seem spectacular, but it actually is. Every other rocket out there is one-time use only. We have what we call instant reusability. Our engine can fly, touch down and go on.”

Kot tak, the Lynx vessel can, on reče, take passengers essentially to the border of space. XCOR envisions starting test flights sometime next summer and putting them into commercial use six to 12 months after that, with commercial flights starting possibly in 2017.

The company has sold a few hundred tickets already, mostly to consumers who have a passion for space. (And who have money to spend: tickets are $100,000 per flight.)

“We see every astronaut who’s been to space has come back having had a life-changing experience,” Mol says. “Once you’re out there in the blackness of space, looking at this small blue planet with a bright green glow and a tiny layer of atmosphere around it, it looks so vulnerable from the outside. It makes you an ambassador for Earth itself.”

One of the commonalities that becomes apparent when talking to entrepreneurs like these is how they regard their ambitions as inevitabilities.

All of themand no doubt others in the transportation spaceview the status quo when it comes to the way we get from here to there today as untenable, that something has to changeand that jetpacks and suborbital vessels are far less of a risky bet than doing nothing or making small tweaks to existing concepts.

Mol says the future of transportation also involves ideas and designs we likely can’t even conceive of today, because the needs of tomorrowwill be so extraordinary.

“I think mankind is always trying to find its boundaries and go farther,"Je dejal. “I think in the faraway future we’ll be living on multiple planets as a species. I’m convinced of that, ja. Probably not in our lifetime, though.”

 

 

 

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