Zoyendetsedwa ndi Guardian.co.ukNkhaniyi lotchedwa “N'chifukwa kuwerenga ndi kulemba pa pepala zingakhale bwino ubongo wanu” linalembedwa ndi Tom Chatfield, pakuti theguardian.com Lolemba 23 February 2015 11.10 UTC

mwana wanga 18 miyezi akale, ndipo ine ndakhala ndikuwerenga mabuku naye chifukwa iye anabadwa. Ndinena "kuwerenga", koma ine kwenikweni amatanthauza "kuyang'ana" - osanenapo kumvetsa, kugwera, kuwaza, cuddling, kutafuna, ndi china chirichonse kokhala munthu amakonda kuchita. M'miyezi isanu wotsiriza, Komabe, Iye wayamba sizimene kuyang'ana komanso kuzindikira makalata angapo komanso kuchuluka. Iye akuitana likulu Y a "Yak" pambuyo chithunzi pa khomo la chipinda chake; likulu H ndi "hedgehog"; likulu K, "Kangaroo"; ndi zina zotero.

kuwerenga, mosiyana ndi kuyankhula, ndi ntchito achinyamata mawu zamoyo zinachita. Anthu akhala akulankhula mawonekedwe ena kwa mazana a zaka masauzande; tinabadwa ndi luso kupeza mawu Zinakhazikika neurones wathu. Kulemba oyambirira, Komabe, anatuluka okha 6,000 zaka zapitazo, ndipo aliyense mchitidwe wa kuwerenga akhala mabuku a mwana wanga kuphunzira: kudzizindikiritsa mtundu wapadera zinthu thupi monga makalata ndi mawu, ntchito chimodzimodzi madera ubongo pamene tigwiritsa ntchito kuzindikira mitengo, magalimoto, nyama ndi mabokosi telefoni.

Ndi mawu osati ndi makalata kuti ife pokonza monga zinthu. malemba okha, mpaka ubongo wathu ndi nkhawa, ndi malo thupi. Choncho ayenera n'zosadabwitsa kuti timatani mosiyana mawu kusindikizidwa patsamba kusiyana kwa mawu kuwonekera pa TV ndi; kapena kuti tithe kumvetsa kusiyana lagona mu madera a mawu dziko.

Buku latsopano, mawu Onscreen: Tsoka la Kuwerenga mu Intaneti World, zilankhulo pulofesa Naomi Baron anachita kafukufuku wa amakonda kuwerenga pakati pa 300 ophunzira a ku Yunivesite kudutsa US, Japan, Slovakia ndi Germany. Pamene anapatsidwa ufulu wosankha media kuyambira printouts kuti mafoni, Malaputopu, e-owerenga ndi desktops, 92% amene anafunsidwa anayankha kuti kunali kovuta bukulo bwino analola kuti agwire.

Izi si chifukwa mwina kudabwa akonzi ambiri, kapena wina aliyense amene amagwira ntchito limodzi ndi lemba. Pamene kulemba nkhani ino, Ndinasonkhanitsa maganizo anga kupyolera mu mabuku a dongosolo lomwelo: popeza collated ndalemba onscreen, I Kusindikizidwa anati zolemba, analemba onse pa printout chifukwa, ankatsutsana ndi ndekha mu masamba a, anaika zizindikiro malangizo pafupi ndi mfundo, anayala chifukwa scrawled - ndi ku malo ichi wosemedwa ndi (mwachiyembekezo) mtsutso coherent.

Chimodzimodzi chimene chikuchitika pano? Age ndi chizolowezi ankasewera gawo lawo. Koma palinso kukula kuzindikira sayansi kuti ambiri a chuma TV a zosafanana - kusaka, mphamvu malire ndi malire, kulumikizana ndi leaps ndi navigation maonedwe - mwina unhelpful kapena zochititsa zowononga pankhani mitundu ina kuwerenga ndi kulemba.

Kudutsa zatsopano atatu mu 2013, Akatswiri Pam Mueller ndi Daniel Oppenheimer poyerekeza mphamvu ya ophunzira kulemba longhand motsutsana kulemba pa Malaputopu. mapeto awo: ndi kusakwiya wachibale kulemba ndi dzanja wakukufunsani zolemera "zochotsa maganizo", kukakamiza ophunzira kuti afotokoze osati kugwira mawu ndafunsira - nayenso chopezera timvetse mwacilamulo, ntchito ndi posungira.

Mwanjira ina, mikangano ndi bwino - osachepera kotero mpaka kukumbukira ubongo ndi nkhawa. Komanso, ndi textured zosiyanasiyana kulemba thupi akhoza wokha chapadera. Mu ndi 2012 phunziro pa University Indiana, zamaganizo Karin James anayesedwa ana zaka zisanu amene analibe kuwerenga kapena kulemba powafunsa kubereka kalata kapena mawonekedwe mu imodzi mwa njira zitatu: ankayimira pa kompyuta, kukopedwa pa pepala losalembedwapo, kapena inachokera pa ndondomeko lili. Ana ankaganiza freehand, ndi Kujambula jambulani pa mayeso anasonyeza kutsegula kudutsa mbali ya ubongo nawo akuluakulu kuwerenga ndi kulemba. The njira zina ziwiri analibe kutsegula zimenezi.

amagawanika apezeka ena mayesero, ankatanthauza si kugwirizana kuwerenga ndi kulemba, koma zinachitikira kuwerenga lokha losiyana zilembo anaphunzira mwa zolemba ndi makalata taphunzira kudzera kalembedwe. Kuwonjezera kuthandiza kuti madera thupi wa olembedwa kapena heft m'buku zingawapangitse anthu pamtima, ndipo inu muli mfundo mwaukhondo zofanana ndi makhalidwe athu ophatikizidwa: ndi osiyanasiyana, udzafunidwa, Njinga luso-mphamvu physicality zinthu amamuchititsa kuyatsa ubongo wathu kwakukulu koposa kwa placeless, kulemera scrolling mawu pa zikwangwani.

M'njira zambiri, ichi ndi chifukwa mokondera, bwino kuyerekeza kusindikiza kwambiri kwa digito pa zikachitika yake. Kufalitsa scrawled-pa printouts wanga kudutsa tebulo, Ine basi kupeza deta; Ine kupenda madera idiosyncratic wa chinachake chimene ndachilenga, anagwira ndi mokongoletsedwa. Koma ine kufufuza chidutswa wanga Intaneti, Ine ndikuti lembani izo onscreen, ndi owerenga anga adzasangalala chilengedwe onscreen n'zokonzedwa mphatso kumveka: ndi madera, nkhani. Zowonetsera ali koipa awo nyani ndi maliro pepala. Chabwino awo, iwo chinachake ufulu kuchita ndi yambitsa maganizo athu odabwa m'njira undreamt zapitazo.

Koposa zonse, zikundiwonekera, tiyenera kusiya mfundo yoti pali njira imodzi yokha ya kuŵerenga, kapena kuti luso ndi pepala zikugwira ena nkhondo aliuma. Ife mwayi moti onse kukula kudziona nzeru ndi mwayi options wathu monga zoyenera zolinga zake - monga poterera ndi kusakidwa kapena wodekha ndi mikangano monga zofuna za nthawi.

Sindikukhulupirira kuti kuphunzitsa mwana wanga kuwerenga m'nyumba yopanda mabuku zilizonse, zolembera kapena pepala. Koma Ine simungathe kulingalira kumakana iye mawu malire ndi zolengedwa TV akhoza kubweretsa kwa iye kaya. Ine ndikuyembekeza angamuthandize kudziwa kuti ambiri onse - ndi kutayipa buku / / phala / sewero / amangondikhwatchitsa pepalalo ndendende mmene ayenera aliyense maganizo ake.

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