Zoyendetsedwa ndi Guardian.co.ukNkhaniyi lotchedwa “Diresi anaima mutu: 'Ndi Musamadzinamize. Koma zonse ndi Musamadzinamize '” linalembedwa ndi Jessica Glenza ku New York, chifukwa theguardian.com Lachisanu 27 February 2015 22.41 UTC

Ndi osowa ntchito yodabwitsa kwa meme kuti ndituluke wa muck a intaneti chikhalidwe ndi mu chikumbumtima cha tsiku ndi tsiku anthu. Makamaka pamene zichitika mofulumira ndi "kuvala" anatero.

Pakati Thursday madzulo ndipo Lachisanu m'mawa, diresi linakula kuchoka pa Tumblr positi ndi ndi Irish woimba kuti mayiko chodabwitsa ndi nkhani mtsutso padziko lonse.

Crux ya kavalidwe funso, ndipo mwina umatha kutikopa, ndi losavuta: ndi frock woyera ndi golide, kapena buluu ndi wakuda?

The chodabwitsa chingakhale chifukwa cha losavuta kuwala Musamadzinamize, ndi ambiguity, kapena izo zikhoza kukhala zovuta kwambiri. Kaya chifukwa, ndi chithunzi kuti ngakhale kuzindikira ofufuza angavomereze.

"Choncho kwambiri athu masomphenya ndi kumva kwenikweni molondola,"Anati Howard C Hughes, amene investigates tizinthu zinthu likukula pa Dartmouth College a dipatimenti ya maganizo ndi ubongo sayansi. "Ngati sikudali kotero, sitikanatha kuyenda pakhomo, ndipo ife ndithudi sakanakhoza kuthamanga 50 mayadi kapha ntchentche mpira pakati kumunda. "

Mwachidule, inu simuli wopenga: ambiri chimene mungaone ndi zimene anthu ena kuona. Koma Hughes akutikumbutsa kuti zinthu ife "kuona" sikuchititsa ndi lofunika makhalidwe timazindikira, makamaka pamene ife ntchito osauka zambiri, monga grainy, awiri azithunzi omwe tikunena chithunzi.

Anthu mafano fodya ameneyu amatafunidwa mmwamba deta ndi maso athu ndi reassembled ndi maganizo athu, analemba kudzera zovuta kwachilengedwenso ndi maganizo ndondomeko.

"Izo amalenga, Ndikuganiza, kumverera kuti … ife kuona chimene chiri kunja uko,"Iye anati. "Koma tili kumanga kuti - ubongo ali kumanga kuti - ndi anthu kuzindikira mu zazing'ono njira muyenera maso, koma muyenera ubongo kuzindikira, ndi kuti kuzindikira ndi chinachake chimene linachokera. "

Diresi anaima mutu chimanena zooneka, maganizo kuti si "weniweni" pa Se. Zinachitikira mtundu ndi kukumbukira kutalika kwa looneka kuwala cheza anasonyeza kuchokera pamwamba, kutanthauziridwa monga mmodzi wa atatu chachikulu mitundu ndi maso.

Mwachitsanzo, zimene timaona ndi "ofiira,"Si ndi imodzi khalidwe kwa chinthu. M'malomwake, ndi anthu 'modziwika homogenous kukumbukira kuwala. Ndipo pali ambiri a nyama ndi zinthu mtundu kwambiri mosiyana anthu. The eyeballs wa mantis shirimpu, mwachitsanzo, ndi 12 mtundu zolandilira poyerekeza ndi anthu atatu.

Ndipo pamene funso zingaoneke osafunika, ambiri aona kuti chithunzi akutumikira monga chidwi chitsanzo cha interplay anthu zamoyo ndi maganizo - yamanga amene amapanga ena mwa kuphunzira minda ya ubongo sayansi.

"Palibe chifukwa kuganiza kuti onse tsatanetsatane wa zosaneneka njira kuti palibe munthu, amamvetsa alibe munthu kusiyana,"Anati Hughes. "Tsopano, mmene fano wachita zimenezi zodabwitsa ntchito yopanga kuti painfully zoonekeratu - Ine sindiri wotsimikiza. Koma ine ndikuganiza chifukwa izo kupanga kwambiri kutentha pakati pa anthu ambiri a ife timaganiza ife kuona chimene chiri kunja uko. "

Hughes anati nkhani mudzakhalanso nkhani kwambiri kufufuza, ndipo hypothesized kuti buluu woyera chodabwitsa chingakhale chifukwa chilichonse anomalous trichromats (anthu amene ali osiyana pang'ono amaonera chachikulu mitundu) ndi (zovuta kwambiri) kudzakhala kuchotseratu kuwala Musamadzinamize, limatchedwa ndi ambiguity.

Aliyense amene anayesa kuthetsa lathu la otukukira kunja ndi concave mabwalo, kapena ndi kupota silhouette adzakhala ndi lingaliro zovuta zina zithunzi ndi mungaimitse, kapena "disambiguate".

Wina kuzindikira wofufuza. Robert Fendrich, anauza Hughes anaona amavala ngati golide yoyera Lachinayi madzulo, ndipo buluu wakuda Lachisanu m'mawa, mmodzi amene akuoneka ochepa anthu amatha reorient chifaniziro. Fendrich ndi kuyendera katswiri pa Dartmouth College, mwa maganizo ndi ubongo sayansi dipatimenti.

Pa Whitney Laboratory kwa kuzindikira ndi Action pa University of California Berkeley, David Whitney anati chifaniziro cha tingati ndi losavuta - ndicho ambiguity wa kumasulira.

"Inu amachitsimikizira kuwala akumenya diresi mwachindunji, ndipo ine amachitsimikizira kuti kuunika akuchokera kumbuyo diresi,"Anati Whitney. "Iwo yaikulu inali kwenikweni yosavuta kusiyana, ndipo ndi losavuta kwenikweni ambiguity. "

"Ndi Musamadzinamize,"Anati Whitney. "Koma zonse ndi Musamadzinamize."

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