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Kuyankhula pamaso pa BBC Reith nkhani pa mabowo wakuda Stephen Hawking ikufotokoza kuopsa osafikiridwa itayamba komanso Mwina tsoka padziko lapansi.


Zoyendetsedwa ndi Guardian.co.ukNkhaniyi lotchedwa “kumuopseza kwambiri anthu anachokera sayansi, limatichenjeza Hawking” linalembedwa ndi Ian Chitsanzo Science mkonzi, pakuti The Guardian Lachiwiri 19 January 2016 00.01 UTC

Anthu loyang'anizana mmodzi zaka zake owopsa koma monga patsogolo kwa sayansi amakhala vuto molimbika kwambiri kuti tikhale ndi moyo, Stephen Hawking limatichenjeza.

The mwayi wa tsoka padziko lapansi adzauka kuti ndithu pafupi yotsatira zaka zikwi khumi, ndi zinthu zakuthambo lopambana anati, koma kudzatenga oposa zaka kukhazikitsa madera a ku malo ena anthu angakhale pakati pa nyenyezi.

"Ife sitikhala kukhazikitsa madera kudzikonda opatsa mu malo osachepera zaka zana lotsatira, choncho tiyenera kukhala osamala kwambiri nchiyani,"Hawking anati. ndemanga yake akufanana ndi anthu a Ambuye Rees, ndi zakuthambo achifumu, amene adamuwukitsa mavuto ake za kuopsa kwa kudzimvera chiwonongeko ake 2003 buku Century wathu Final.

Polankhula ndi Radio Times patsogolo pa BBC Reith nkhani, limene ifotokoza sayansi mabowo wakuda, Hawking anati kwambiri kuwaopseza anthu tsopano amakumana anachokera patsogolo kwa sayansi, monga zida za nyukiliya ndi chibadwa adapanga mavairasi.

"Tatitu kuti kupita patsogolo, kapena kuigonjetsa, choncho tiyenera kuzindikira mavuto ndi nazo,"Anawonjezera.

The Cambridge wasayansi, amene anatembenuka 74 kale mwezi uno, anati Iye amayembekezera anali kusanduka zero atamva anali osowa ndi pang'onopang'ono patsogolo mawonekedwe a matenda owononga neurone pa zaka 21. Koma kuganizira kwambiri kuposa 50 zaka kuyambira matenda, iye anati iye anali ndi mwayi waukulu pafupifupi njira zina. M'dera Hawking a sayansi ongolankhula, kulumala ake sanali handicap zikuluzikulu.

Inafunsa anali mizimu wake, dzina ntchito yake ndi nthabwala. "Komanso mpofunika kuti angakwiye, ziribe kanthu momwe zovuta moyo, chifukwa akhoza kutaya chiyembekezo ngati simungathe kuseka pa nokha ndi pa moyo. "

Stephen Hawking akuganizira mwayi Dziko la moyo pa Sydney Opera House kale chaka chatha

Kwa zaka makumi atatu Hawking anali Lucasian katswiri wa masamu, positi kamodzi imene Isaac Newton, ndi chimodzi mwa malo otchuka kusukulu dziko. Koma Hawking anati kumukonda kwambiri Galileo Galilei, ndi 16 m'ma zakuthambo, amene abweretsa nzeru analandira nthawi yake ndi kuyang'anila okhwima. Anapatsidwa makina nthawi, Hawking dzina lake Galileo monga wasayansi iye ankapita kubwerera ku nthawi kukakumana.

Hawking anakakamizika kaye kujambula wa Reith nkhani mu November chifukwa chodwala. koma 7 January, tsiku pamaso kubadwa kwake, Iye anakamba nkhani pa mabowo wakuda, ndi tsogolo la mudziwe kuti kugwa m'kati, gulu 400 wamphamvu pa Royal Institution (ri) mu Mayfair, London.

mabowo Black kupanga pamene nyenyezi kuthamanga mafuta nyukiliya ndipo tinangofikira pansi yokoka awo. Poyamba anaitanidwa "nyenyezi mazira", Iwo ankagwira "mabowo wakuda" pamene akuti linayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito 1967 mwa sayansi John Wheeler. Kwa kanthawi, ndi French anakana kusintha dzina pa chifukwa chakuti anali nthabwala, koma kenako anagwera mu mzere, Hawking anati.

Pa nkhani yake, Hawking ananenetsa kuti kungakhale kotheka kugwera mu dzenje wakuda ndi kutuluka mu chilengedwe china. Koma anawonjezera kuti kukhala lalikulu, kupota wakuda dzenje, ndi ulendo wobwerera ku chilengedwe zathu sakanazikwanitsa. nkhani adzakhala ukufalitsidwa mu magawo awiri pa BBC Radio 4 pa 9am pa 26 January ndi February 2.

Kulankhula mwa mawu synthesizer ake pa RI, Iye anayankha funso ngati mawu a pakompyuta anali zooneka umunthu wake, mwina kulola introvert kukhala extrovert. Woyankhira chimene anali ataitanidwa ndi introvert pamaso, Hawking anawonjezera: "Chifukwa ine kuwononga nthawi maganizo sizikutanthauza ine sindimakonda maphwando ndi aloŵa m'mavuto."

maganizo Stephen Hawking lalikulu anapanga yosavuta

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