Zoyendetsedwa ndi Guardian.co.ukNkhaniyi lotchedwa “Yopitira Mars ulendo: mndandanda zikuphatikizapo asanu Australia” linalembedwa ndi Michael Safi, chifukwa theguardian.com Lachiwiri 17 February 2015 06.18 UTC

Zisanu Australia mwasandutsa mndandanda wa 100 ofuna kupikisana pa njira ya ulendo Mars kukhazikitsa wofiira dziko yoyamba njuchi.

Naintini wazaka Teah, kuima mmwamba-comedian Josh Richards ndi geoscientist Electra Navarone anali m'gulu la Australian finalists kwa Mars wina polojekiti, limene cholinga chake ndi kuyamba yothetsa wachinayi dzikoli kwa dzuŵa 2025.

Eya
Naintini wazaka Sare Teah anapanga mndandanda. Chithunzi: Mars Mmodzi

Polojekiti, kukhazikitsidwa ndi Dutch wazamalonda Zoipa Lansdorp, amanena kuti analandira zoposa 200,000 ofunsira ku budding Martians, ndipo anati iwo whittling mndandanda mpaka 50 amuna ndi 50 akazi.

The ofuna anasankhidwa zochokera "kumvetsa kwawo kuopsa, Gulu mzimu ndi mtima wofuna kukhala mbali ya moyo kusintha ulendo,"Monga mawu.

Ntchito wamkulu wa mankhwala kapitawo, Norbert Clark, anati lotsatira kusankha zipolopolo kuti kuganizira kumanga amphamvu magulu zimene kupirira Kutalikirana kwa interplanetary kuthetsa.

"Popeza imodzi yabwino munthu ofuna Kodi sinthawi inu wamkulu gulu wosewera mpira, kotero ine kudzaona mmene opita patsogolo ndi ntchito limodzi kuti adziwitse mavuto,"Clark anati.

Malo ali scouted pakuti padziko lapansi maphunziro maofesi. Mndandanda wa 100 ofuna adzaphedwa ndi pakati pa chaka basi 24, amene adzatumizidwa ku Mars m'magulu anayi aliyense 26 miyezi kuyambira 2024.

Ndicho cholinga, mulimonse. Mars wina walemba mmwamba Lockheed Martin mu December kumanga Kanema kuika mu kanjira kuzungulira Mars mu 2018. Tina luso nkhani - monga mmene dzikolo manned luso bwinobwino pa Martian pamwamba, nanga kuchepetsa mphamvu kwambiri-danga poizoniyu pa chombo - kukhala chosathetsera.

Ntchito Ziyeneranso osachepera $ 7.7bn kuchoka pansi, zomwe cholinga chake ndi kukweza kwambiri ndi kugulitsa zothandizira ndi ufulu chenicheni TV amasonyeza ntchitoyi. An Indiegogo ndawala mu 2013-14 anamuukitsa oposa $400,000. Total zopereka monga wathawu November anakwana pafupifupi $630,000.

Independent sayansi kusanthula wapereka ganizo, zosiyana Mars wina ananena, opatsa moyo pa dziko wofiira kungafune "matekinoloje omwe ali waluso kuposa panopa zamakono".

Inakonza kukula mbewu mkati njuchi, linapangidwa danga makapisozi ndi inflatable malo, zikhoza kukhala ndi padoko oversupply oxygen, ndi ofufuza anati, akuneneratu za wokayenda pamwezi woyamba adzafa pambuyo 68 masiku.

Koma finalists, kuphatikizapo Dianne McGrath ku Melbourne, si sankasangalala. "Kaya amaganiza izo kukhala Mars Mmodzi, kapena NASA, kapena ena pulogalamu, tipita Mars, ndi pa kutsogoza danga kufufuza,"Iye anauza Channel Khumi a The Project.

"Ndi mbali ya mzimu wa munthu, kupitiriza kufufuza. Ine ndangokhala mwayi kukhala gawo la. "

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