Man vesi Machine: Mungathe Makompyuta Cook, Lembani Kujambula Kuposa Us?

Man v Machine: Can Computers Cook, Write and Paint Better Than Us?

Yokumba nzeru tsopano kupambana masewero, kuzindikira nkhope yanu, ngakhale apilo magalimoto tikiti yanu. Koma angachite zinthu ngakhale anthu kupeza lachinyengo?


Zoyendetsedwa ndi Guardian.co.ukNkhaniyi lotchedwa “Man vesi makina: makompyuta kuphika, kulemba ndi kujambula kuposa ife?” linalembedwa ndi Leo Benedictus, pakuti The Guardian Loweruka 4 June 2016 08.00 UTC

mmodzi kanema, za ine, wosinthika chirichonse. Ndi kanema ku masewera wakale Atari Yamba mwadzidzi, munthu kumene inu Wopanda ndi nkhafi ndikupita anachoka ndi limodzi pansi yotchinga, kuyesera kuti ayiwononge njerwa ndi bouncing mpira mu iwo. Mwina munawerenga za player a masewera: ndi aligorivimu mwakuchita DeepMind, British yokumba nzeru kampani amene AlphaGo pulogalamu komanso nampanda m'modzi wa kuposa aliyense Pitani osewera, Lee Sedol, kale chaka chino.

Mwina mukuyembekezera kompyuta bwino pa masewera a pakompyuta? Atangotuluka nkuchita, iwo ndithudi izo mofulumira ndi zambiri zonse zimene anthu. DeepMind a Breakout player ankadziwa kanthu, Komabe. Iwo sanali inalengedwa malangizo a mmene masewera ntchito; izo sizinali anauza mmene ntchito M'manja. Zonse ndinali chifanizirocho chophimba ndi lamulo kuyesa kupeza mfundo zambiri za momwe mungathanirane.

Watch kanema. Poyamba, ndi nkhafi ndikupita amalola mpira dontho mu anaiwalika, podziwa bwino. m'kupita, basi mucking za, Kuchiswa mpira kumbuyo, wawononga njerwa ndi kukatenga mfundo, choncho akuzindikira izi ndipo amachita izo kawirikawiri. Pambuyo mchitidwe maola awiri, kapena za 300 masewera, chakhala kwambiri wabwino, kuposa inu kapena ine konse. Ndiye, pambuyo pa 600 masewera, zinthu kupeza mowoneka. The aligorivimu akuyamba sanachalire pa malo omwewo, bwereza, kuti burrow mwa njerwa mu danga kuseri. kukayamba, monga Breakout player aliyense amadziwa, mpira adzakhala zophukiranso kuzungulira kwa kanthawi, kusonkhanitsa mfundo ufulu. Ndi njira yabwino kuti kompyuta anabwera ndi lokha.

"Pamene akatswiri athu anaona, kuti kwenikweni anadabwa iwo,"CEO DeepMind a, Demis Hassabis, anauza anthu pa msonkhano luso ku Paris. Mutha Onetsani ake, kwambiri, ndi kumva kuseka ndi chimwemwe pamene makina ziwerengero kunja burrowing njira zake. kompyuta wakhala wanzeru, pang'ono ngati ife.

"Amapanga nzeru" chiri pafupi akale kwambiri hyped zonse kompyuta ndi kulira mawu. mfundo koyamba mooted kwambiri ndi Alan Turing mu Kompyuta Machinery Ndipo Intelligence, ndi 1950 pepala limene akufuna zimene anadzatchedwa mayeso Turing: ngati makina akhoza kukhulupirira mwa kukambirana kuti anali anthu, izo anali kuchita mmene munthu wina aliyense akanakhoza kutsimikizira izo moona kuganiza. Koma akuti AI sanali amagwiritsidwa ntchito mpaka 1955, liti American masamu John McCarthy akufuna msonkhano kwa akatswiri. Izi zinachitika chaka chotsatira, ndipo kuchokera kumunda yatha pa ziri ziwiri khumi mkombero wa kukonda ndi mtima. (Akatswiri ngakhale latsopano akuti - "AI yozizira" - pofotokoza mfiti ake mu kachitidwe. The 1970 ndi 1990s anali makamaka nkhanza.)

Today pali kukonda latsopano, loyang'ana chosiyana ndi zina: izo zimagwirizana mu thumba lanu. foni akhoza kumenya dziko Chess ngwazi, kuzindikira nyimbo pa wailesi ndi zithunzi za ana anu, ndi kumasulira mawu anu mu chiyankhulo china. The Nao loboti zinkaimira apa ndi Yotam Ottolenghi mukhoza kuyenda ndi miyendo iwiri, kulankhula, kupeza mpira ngakhalenso kuvina. (Ndi roboti, Komabe, osati AI: sungathe kupanga menyu.)

Kumva za kupita patsogolo AI, simufunika katswiri kukuuzani kuti akhale osangalala, kapena mantha. Inu basi kuyamba kutenga kumverera: nzeru ndi kuno. Bwino Google muli kumverera, kwambiri, chifukwa anagula DeepMind kwa mphekesera $ 650m. Mu 2013, Facebook anapezerapo ntchito yake, ndi zolinga kukhala nkhope ndi zachilengedwe chinenero kuzindikira malo. Kutukula kale ntchito chatbots wanzeru, amene owerenga Facebook adzatha akaitane ntchito utumiki Mtumiki.

Pakadali pano, makompyuta akhala "wanzeru" bi, kapena pang'ono chokha. Iwo akhala bwino ntchito zovuta kuti adzaonetsa ife, monga maths, koma choipa pa amene ife mopepuka, amene zinapezeka kuti kwambiri zovuta. Mchitidwe kuyenda ndi chinachake maloboti ano chiyani ngati ana ndipo akadali amavutika; zoyambirira ntchito pottering kukhala maloto lakutali. "Chitsanzo chimodzi omasuka ndi amene inu kapena ine ndinkapanga tiyi khitchini wina,"akutero Professor Alan Winfield, ndi roboticist pa University ya West ya England. "Palibe loboti pa dziko amene akanatha kuchita zimenezi."

Kumvetsa chifukwa umunthuwo N'zovuta, ganizirani momwe inu mukhoza kompyuta kuzindikira anthu zithunzi. popanda AI, muyenera kudziwa momwe inu kuchita izo nokha yoyamba, kuti pulogalamu kompyuta. Muli kusonkhanitsa ndi kuganizira za dongosolo lonse n'zotheka, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nkhope, ndi mmene kusintha m'kuunika pa kumathandiza kupeza ngodya zosiyanasiyana - ndipo inu muyenera kuti chofunika ndi chiyani basi matope disolo. ndi AI, mulibe kufotokoza: inu mungondipatsa phiri deta weniweni kompyuta ndi kulola kuti aphunzire. Kodi inu kupanga mapulogalamu kuphunzira akhala nkhani esoteric, m'chigawo cha pang'ono anafuna-pambuyo asayansi kompyuta, koma ndi bwino iwo ali ku wopambana mwa kulingirira nyumba data-processing zochokera mwachisawawa pa nyumba ya mu ubongo. (Izi amatchedwa "kwambiri kuphunzira".) Koma mapiri deta weniweni, bwino, chimene Google, Facebook, Amazon, About ndi ena onse n'chiyani kuti pena paliponse.

Apa, ife sanamvebe amene amagwiritsa ntchito ya AI zidzakuyenderani bwino. Josh Newlan, ndi California coder ntchito ku Shanghai, kutopa nayo ndi kumvera kuyitana wosatha msonkhano, kotero Anamanga ena mapulogalamu kumvetsera kwa iye. Tsopano, iliyonse dzina Newlan litchulidwa, kompyuta yomweyo akutumiza iye mawu olembedwa a otsiriza theka miniti, akudikira 15 masekondi, ndiye masewero kujambula za Iye kuti, "Pepani, Sindinkadziwa maikolofoni anga anali pa wosalankhula. "Chaka chatha, Josh Browder, wachinyamata British, namanga ufulu yokumba loya pamtima. motsutsana matikiti magalimoto; Iye akufuna kumanga wina kutsogolera othawa mwa machitidwe lina malamulo. The mwayi ndi ... Chabwino, mwinamwake aligorivimu amapulumutsa mwayi.

Zimenezi makina maganizo tsiku lina outstrip zathu? The ofufuza ndiyankhula ndi kusamala, ndi kutenga ululu kutsindika zimene makina awo sangakhoze kuchita. Koma ndaona kuti AI mayeso: Izo zingakhoze kukonza chakudya komanso Ottolenghi? Kodi izo kujambula chithunzi wanga? Kodi luso akadali chongopeka wanzeru - kapena izo zikuyamba kukhala wanzeru, zowona?

The mayeso kuphika

Chabwino, Ndidzati si choipa. Anthu atumikira ine poipa. Ngakhale mu choonadi dzina limene IBM a Olemekezeka Watson amapereka mbale ("Chicken Chiwindi Savoury Sauce") ndi ngati kulakalaka monga momwe iyenera.

Kunena chilungamo kwa ophika Watson, ndi Guardian mlungu lomwe ophika-wolemba Yotam Ottolenghi, I adawayimika ntchito ndithu. Ndinapempha mbale zochokera zinai zimene zinkaoneka kuti ndine paliponse pafupi wina ndi mnzake: livers nkhuku, Greek yoghurt, wasabi ndi tequila. Iwo zingawonjezere zilizonse iwo ankakonda, koma anthu anayi anali kukhala mu mbale yomalizidwa, ndili kuphika komanso kudyera. Ophika Watson sanazengereze, nthawi yomweyo pondipatsa sauces pasitala awiri. Ottolenghi anali circumspect. "Nditafika vuto ine ndinaganiza, 'Izi sinditi ntchito,' "Iye anandiuza.

Ine ndinaganiza yemweyo. Kapena ine ndimaganiza kuti mapeto kudya zakudya awiri kuti anakwanitsa zikhala bwino ngakhale zosakaniza awo, osati chifukwa cha iwo. Ndipotu - ndipo inu mukuganiza ine ungayambe, koma zimene - Chinsinsi Ottolenghi linali vumbulutso: chiwindi ndi anyezi ndi kuchepetsa tequila, anali ndi apulo, radish, beetroot ndi chicory slaw, ndi wasabi ndi yoghurt kuvala. Mbale angakhale opanda tanthauzo pa pepala, koma ine kuzidya kumverera plateful kuti zinthu zonse anali. (Ndipo vinaigrette unakhuthala ndi yoghurt ndi wasabi m'malo mpiru: kwambiri, tiyese.) Ottolenghi limandiuza Chinsinsi ndi chabe whisker yochepa ya publishable.

The chinthu, kuti mbale anamutenga ndi masiku ake gulu atatu ku ungwiro. Anakhoza kulawa ndi kukambirana oonetsera, mawonekedwe, mitundu, kutentha, m'njira Watson sangakhoze - ngakhale pakhala "zokambirana" za kuwonjezera limagwirira mayankho m'tsogolo, Ophika Watson a zomangamanga amatsogolera, Florian Pinel, limandiuza. "Chinsinsi A chinthu choterocho zovuta,"Ottolenghi limati. "Ndi kovuta kuti ine ngakhale kumvetsa mmene kompyuta kuyandikira kwa izo."

Yotam Ottolenghi ndi mbale Olemekezeka Watson a
Yotam Ottolenghi ndi mbale Olemekezeka Watson a Chithunzi: Jay Brooks kwa Guardian

Watson koyamba anamanga IBM kupambana pa TV gameshow pachiswe! mu 2011. M'njira zina kunali kovuta akusocheretsa, chifukwa kompyuta mbali amphamvu a mafunso ndi kumvetsa mafunso, posadziwa mayankho; anthu, ndi njira zina kuzungulira. Koma Watson anapambana, ndi luso lake anayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwina, kuphatikizapo monga wophika ndi, kupoletsa maphikidwe latsopano chifukwa cha 10,000 zitsanzo otengedwa Magazini Bon chakudya.

Choyamba mapulogalamu anafunika "ingest" maphikidwe izi, monga gulu Watson nachiyika. A zambiri masovedwe analowa kumvetsa zosakaniza anali, mmene anali okonzeka, utali iwo anawakonzera, kuti athe kufotokoza momwe ntchito mbale latsopano. (ndondomeko angathe kupita awry. Ngakhale tsopano Olemekezeka Watson akuonetsa pophika amatchedwa "mollusk", chimene bwino anafotokoza ndi "chimodzi zonse kutalika Album ndi Ween".)

A mavuto akulu anali kuyesera kupereka makina tanthauzo la kukoma. "Zimakhala zosavuta zokwanira kompyuta kulenga buku kuphatikiza,"Pinel limati, "Koma kodi izo kuunikira wina?"Watson anaphunzitsidwa uliwonse pophika monga osakaniza mankhwala enieni kukoma - amene muli mabanja - ndiyeno kuphatikiza zosakaniza kuti anali mankhwala ofanana. (mfundo imeneyi, chakudya Kumuyika, ndi kukhazikika bwino pakati pa anthu.) Pomaliza, mapulogalamu amapanga tsatane-tsatane malangizo amene bwino wophika anthu. akutsindika za zodabwitsa osati mapulani zothandiza chakudya. "Olemekezeka Watson kwenikweni kumeneko chikulimbikitseni inu,"Pinel anafotokoza. Aliyense Chinsinsi akubwera ndi chikumbutso kuti "ntchito zilandiridwenso anu ndi chiweruzo".

Ndipo ndikufunika. Chinthu choyamba ndi "Tilandire lathyathyathya-tsamba ya parsley", amene si bwino. Ndichita, mogwira, pang'onopang'ono chophikidwa mokometseredwa nkhumba ndi ng'ombe ragu, kuphatikizapo zosakaniza anga onse anayi, koma Watson oddly mulinso nkhaka, nasunga kundiuza kuti "nyengo ndi allspice", chimene ine amakana kuchita pa mfundo. Pomaliza pake, Ndili ndi msuzi olemera ndi kukoma m'malo pafupi farmyard ndi, koma uneatable. Ine sindingakhoze kulawa wasabi kapena tequila, chimene ine ndiri wokondwa za.

Yotam Ottolenghi ndi Nao loboti
Yotam Ottolenghi ndi Nao loboti loaned ulemu wa Heberi m'sukulu za pulayimale, London. Chithunzi: Jay Brooks. makongoletsedwe: Lee Flude

Watson ndi wochenjera ndipo ntchitoyi ndi lolimba, koma ine ndiri wokonzeka kuti izi ndi zosaposa pang'ono zosangalatsa nerds chakudya, mpaka Ottolenghi mabasi ine. "Ine ndikuganiza lingaliro la pang'onopang'ono kuphika livers ndi pang'ono nyama ndi lalikulu,"Iye anati. "Izo kumakulitsa amakambirana. Chirichonse kubwera palimodzi. Ngati ine ku madera ndi Chinsinsi ichi, mwachionekere ndi yoghurt si woyenera - koma ndikanasiya lalanje khungu kumeneko, ochepa zonunkhira. Ine sindikuganiza kuti ndi Chinsinsi zoipa kwambiri. Iwo akanakhoza ntchito. "

Chigamulochi Watson wamunthu umaphimba weirdness a zosakaniza, koma Ottolenghi zimawachititsa kuimba.

Kulemba mayeso

Ikani pang'ono Wordsmith pafupi ndi makina oopsa a IBM ndi Google, ndipo izo zikuwoneka ngati computationally patsogolo ngati thumba Chiwerengero. Koma pamene Watson Fumbles mwa maphunziro ake, Wordsmith kale pa ntchito. Ngati mukuwerenga nkhani malonda akhalire ku Associated Press, kapena Yahoo a utolankhani masewera, pali mwayi woti inu mukuganiza kuti iwo analembedwa ndi munthu.

Wordsmith ndi wolemba yokumba. Yopangidwa ndi kampani mu North Carolina wotchedwa makina Kumvetsetsa, izo plucks yokha chidwi kwambiri ndi gulu lazidziwitso ndi amagwiritsira ntchito kutsogolera nkhani (kapena imelo, kapena mankhwala mpambo). Pankhani kudutsa uthenga chachikulu kwabasi, limagwiritsa ntchito chilankhulidwe emotive. Izo zimakhala mawu ndi malembedwe kuti ntchito zake angathe kuwaŵerenga more. Ngakhale zosamveka loboti ophika akhoza ntchito yake, koma kulemba kwa owerenga munthu ayenera kukhala yosalala. Anazolowera kwa mawu-kuzindikira chipangizo monga Amazon a Echo, Wordsmith ngakhale kuyankha funso analankhula anthu - za ntchito ya ndalama munthu, kunena - ndi yankho nthawi analankhula, kulengeza zimene zosangalatsa yoyamba, ndi kusiya chimene si chidwi pa onse. Ngati inu sankadziwa mochenjera, inu akanaganiza nkhani 9000 anafika.

Mochenjera ndi izi: Wordsmith amagwira ntchito yolembera kuti anthu samazindikira n'zosavuta. Locky Stewart kuchokera makina Kumvetsetsa zimandipatsa phunziro. Mulembe mu Wordsmith chiganizo monga, "New ABC kanjedza bwanji kuti aziyenda the New York, wofufuza anauka 3% mu April. "Ndiye inu kusewera kuzungulira. The 3% wachokera kwa deta, kotero inu kusankha mawu "anauka" ndi kulemba ulamuliro, amadziwika ngati "nthambi", umene kusintha mawu "anauka" ndi akuti "anawomberedwa mmwamba" ngati kuchuluka uposa 5%. Ndiye inu nthambi "Rose" kukhala "anagwa" ngati kuchuluka ndi zoipa. Ngati anthu ali -5% kapena m'munsi, "Ananyamuka" akukhala "anagwera".

Ndiye inu kudyetsa izo ofanana matanthauzo. Choncho "anagwera" angathe kukhala 'anagwa yokhudza ufiti ndi ". "Kufalitsidwa wofunsayo ndi" kungakhale "aziyenda pa wofunsayo". "Kuwombera mmwamba" kungakhale "anasangalala kwambiri" ndipo zina. Ndiye inu kuwonjezera ziganizo more, mwina magalimoto Intaneti, kapena limene masiku kusindikiza magazini anagulitsa bwino, kapena za kufananitsa chaka pa zaka. Ndiye inu wochenjera. Mungadziwe Wordsmith kuika ziganizo ndi mfundo zambiri zochititsa chidwi choyamba, kumatanthauza mwina mmene kuwerenga kwambiri anthu kusintha. Mwinamwake inu kuwonjezera nthambi kunena kuti chifukwa ndi "zabwino / koipa ntchito pakati maudindo khalidwe". Hell, mungathe kuphunzitsa ena akale zombo Street zidule, kuti ngati kufalitsidwa plummets chidutswa akuyamba "Editor Charles Kane chinayang'ana podzudzula owopsa monga", koma ngati kufalitsidwa ali "anawomberedwa mmwamba" amakhala "Charles Kane wakhala chete otsutsa ndi uthenga kuti". Amaika "more" kapena "kachiwiri" kapena "akupitiriza" ngati chinthu chomwecho miyezi iwiri mu mzere.

"The nzeru zochita kupanga kwenikweni nzeru za anthu amene akumanga maukonde maganizo,"Stewart limati, "Maukonde chimodzimodzi inu ntchito polemba nkhani. Izo zikhoza yapangidwa 10 kapena 15 zaka zapitazo, m'ndondomeko, koma kuti ntchito pa sikelo uyu yekha zotheka posachedwapa. "Ndithudi pamafunika yaitali kukonzekera nkhani pa Wordsmith kuposa lembani conventionally, koma pamene inu mwachita zimenezi, kompyuta akhoza kufalitsa watsopano kufalitsidwa nyuzipepala nkhani mwezi uliwonse, uliwonse nyuzipepala, masekondi wa akuzifunira ndi. Zikhoza kufalitsa mamiliyoni nkhani mu maminiti - kapena kufalitsa okha ena a iwo, ngati deta si kufika pakhomo anatipatsa newsworthiness. Choncho limakhala mkonzi makina, kwambiri, ndi zokonda chosinthika mu amve, pafupipafupi ndi chipwirikiti.

Ntchito Wordsmith a, Ine amati mpira: ndi munda umene umabala kwambiri deta ndipo ali amaŵerenga kuti akufuna nkhani payekha. Wolemba mpira Guardian Jacob Steinberg ongodzipereka kutenga kompyuta, Ine ndi kupereka tebulo mfundo ku Premier League posachedwapa: mgwirizano malo otsiriza nyengo ndi udindo nyengo pa Khirisimasi ndipo pamapeto, zolinga yagoletsa ndi kuzilandira, pamwamba dzina scorer ndi okwana, kufunika kwa kusintha chilimwe ndi ikuchokera pa bwana.

Ntchito basi pazimene izi, kompyuta ndi munthu aliyense ayenera kulemba review kwa nyengo chifukwa club anapatsidwa. Steinberg amasankha Leicester City pa maziko kuti anthu ake ayenera muli nkhani imene aliyense adzaona. Wordsmith sayenera kusankha. Udzachite onse 20.

Ndi mfundo zonse kompyuta ndi anthu mofulumira kupanga ntchito yofanana kwambiri:

Leicester City mpira Jamie Vardy

Onse Steinberg ndi Wordsmith kupulumutsa kwambiri ziganizo yoyamba. Mwina chidwi kuwomba lodalirika, Yodzichitira Kumvetsetsa ntchito zina amagwiritsa kuika kumverera mu nkhani otsiriza a, astutely kuyerekeza kuti Leicester anali "kuyembekezera kutsiriza pamwamba 10 pambuyo 14 malo mapeto nyengo otsiriza ". I yang'anani kupyolera nkhani zina Wordsmith ndi Mufulira, kukhala seveni nyengo wotsiriza, ndi "maso pa malo European", pamene Manchester City "anayamba nyengo kulota udindo mgwirizano akamaliza lachiwiri".

Tikawonetsetsa, Steinberg digs momveka bwino manambala, kusonyeza kuti Jamie Vardy osati yagoletsa 24 zolinga, koma uyu anali anthu apamwamba zolinga gulu lake kuposa imayendetsedwa ndi onse koma osewera ena awiri. Kudziwa mmene Wordsmith ntchito, kumene, mmodzi mosavuta kuuika kuchita zomwezo. Ndipotu kuyang'ana mwa izo, Steinberg ndi nkhani lonse zinalengedwa ndi luso Wordsmith mapulogalamu - kupatulapo mzere umodzi. "Ndi nyengo zamatsenga,"Anagwiranso bwana Leicester akuti, pamaso kuwonjezera, "Zifukwa kotero, anaipatsa, chilimwe Tikaganizira za £ 26.7m pa anasamutsidwa anapanga iwo chitatu spenders chotsikitsitsa ". Kuti "zifukwa zimenezi" zikusonyeza wolemba amene amadziwa zimene akulemba.

Chigamulochi Steinberg ndi wolemba bwino, ngati mukufuna 20 Nkhani data-waukulu 10 Mphindi.

The mayeso kupenta

laputopu A akufuna kuti kumwetulira. "Izo ziri mu maganizo," Simon Colton limati. Iye amadziwa chifukwa iye ndi wasayansi amene analinganiza izo. Ife tiri mu Science Museum ku London, kumene Painting wakupupwa, monga amatchedwa, akukupatsani poyera. Ndi zofunika kuti ine satchula mano anga, Colton limati, chifukwa chinachake za kuwala zimawachititsa kuyang'ana wobiriwira ndi Painting wakupupwa.

Kuchokera kumwetulira wanga mano ndi laputopu amalenga "mimba" ya zimene akufuna kujambula, zochokera maganizo ake. wosangalala amachokera "kusanthula amaganiza" nkhani zaposachedwapa Guardian, monga izo zimachitika (kuwerenga pafupifupi Guardian ndi downer, Zikuoneka, kuwonjezera pa zinthu za ulimi). Dzulo Opusa anali ngati maganizo oipa kuti anatumiza munthu kutali unpainted; lero amamvera "zabwino".

Next Opusa akufuna kujambula ndi burashi yoyerekeza ndi dzanja yoyerekeza (kwenikweni, chifaniziro cha dzanja Colton a) pawailesi kumbuyo kwanga. Iwo anaphunzira kusonyeza maganizo ake pa ntchito ya ndipo Ventura, wina wasayansi kompyuta, pa Brigham Young University mu Utah, amene anaphunzitsa Intaneti ubongo kuzindikira makhalidwe a maganizo mafano ndi atakhala anthu ambiri kutsogolo kwa zikwizikwi zojambula ndi kuwafunsa kuti m'gulu aliyense ndi chilichonse adjectives akuti. Opusa wadziwa kuti kuwala mitundu kusonyeza maganizo, ndi "mapensulo ndi kuswa zolimba" kulenga chithunzi kuti ndi "ozizira". Pamene izo zachitika, izo zipsera kunja tsamba ndi ankayimira kudziona wunika. "Cacikulu, izi si chithunzi chowala,"Limanena. "Palibe kanthu, koma kalembedwe wanga adatchithisira mlingo wa kuwala pano. Kotero ine ndiri pang'ono okwiya za izo. "

Pano pamodzi ndi ife, chidwi koma wotanganidwa pa easel iye penyani, ndi Sarah Jane Moon, wojambula amene akusonyeza ndi Royal Society a Chithunzi amisiri. Sakufuna kuona mano anga, mwina. "Ife kujambula ku moyo,"Iye anati, "Ndipo iwe sungakhoze kuwagwira kumwetulira kwa atakhala pa wakhala. Ndi chifukwa zithunzi zonse mwambo kusonyeza mbali omasuka ndithu. "

The Painting wopusa ndi makina apadera, ndipo ngakhale pang'ono wotchuka, koma ine sindingakhoze kukana kuti Moon pafupifupi onse chifukwa chake ine ndiri okondwa kukhala pano. Kudzimva kuti penti ndi munthu weniweni, kukhala nawo kuyang'ana pa inu ndi kuganiza za inu, n'zosangalatsa ndi otsogola. Amaganiza kusanthula deta ndi kuyigwiritsa maphunziro, mbali inayi, musati kuwonjezera kwa chirichonse amene Poona ine ndimawakonda, ndi zithunzi yomalizidwa sasintha malingaliro anga. Moon ndi wokondeka, chinthu chenicheni, amene akuona yomweyo ngati munthu wina anamuona wina. khama waopusa atatu ndi makhalidwe Ndimakonda, koma makamaka iwo amaoneka ngati zithunzi zimene akumana ndi mtundu wina wa mapulogalamu sefa. Colton amalamula wopusa ali pano "kuphunzira kukhala bwino" koma ine ndikuyang'ana ndi kuganiza: ndiye?

Painting a Leo Benedictus ndi Sarah Jane Moon
Leo Benedictus monga momwe taonera Sarah Jane Moon ...
Painting a Leo Benedictus ndi kompyuta Painting wakupupwa
... Ndipo ankaganiza ndi Painting wakupupwa laputopu. Chithunzi: Murray Ballard

Ndiyeno ine ndikuganiza ena. Chinthu chimodzi, likukhalira kuti luso zambiri mawotchi kuposa ine ndinazindikira. "Ndimayesetsa kuyang'ana Leo monga anapereka umboni mosiyanasiyana, mitundu, mitundu, malankhulidwe,"Moon limatiuza Colton, "Zothawa chakuti ndicho mphuno. Chifukwa pamene inu kuyamba kuchita kuti, inu kutengeka ndi zimene inu ndikuganiza zikuwoneka ngati mphuno. "

"Kodi mapulogalamu amachita ndikuyigwetsa pansi mu zigawo mtundu,"Colton limati.

"Inde, ndendende,"Moon akugwirizana. "Ine ndikuganiza ndicho chimene amisiri bwino kuchita. Iwo transcribing. "Atatero Amandiuza iye ankaona ngati" kinship "ndi mapulogalamu pamene ankagwira ntchito limodzi.

Chofunika, Ine ndikuzindikira kuti chofunika si mmene makina utoto; ndi momwe ine ndikuwona. Moon ndikumvetsetsa, Ndikuganiza. Iye ndi munthu ndipo ine ndikudziwa momwe amamvera, kotero ine nditsamal picture yake. Koma kodi ndikumverera ngati kuti Painting wakupupwa? Kodi zimene zithunzi zake akuyesera kundiuza?

Chigamulochi chithunzi mwezi uli wabwino kwambiri; Opusa akadali kuphunzira ndipo zaka mchitidwewu kupita.

The mayeso yomasulira

Google kumasulira anali kanali koyamba sayansi yake zopeka akwaniritsidwe, ndi kale khumi akale. M'njira zambiri amayimira kumene AI chiyenera. zothandiza, otsimikiza; chidwi, popanda funso; koma clunky ngati gehena, ngakhale patsogolo chachikulu.

Ngati inu mulibe ntchito, izo ntchito ngati izi: kulowa lemba kapena ukonde olumikizirana iliyonse 103 m'zinenero ndipo inu yovuta masekondi kumasulira pambuyo pake ena a. The app pa foni kwanu transcribe zimene mukunena ndiyeno kulankhula izo kumbuyo, anawamasulira (32 m'zinenero amapereka); akhoza m'malo mawu a chinenero chamanja lina kapena menyu kulikonse kumene inu kuloza kamera. Sitingazilongole chofunika mmene ozizira kuti ndi (ndipo ali mfulu).

padziko lonse, anthu theka biliyoni ntchito Google Tanthauzirani mwezi uliwonse, makamaka amene salankhula English (amene ali 80% anthu) koma amene akufuna kumvetsa bwino Intaneti (amene ali 50% English). "Kukula wathu, ndipo makamaka kwambiri magalimoto athu, akubwera kupanga kapena kuyambika misika monga Brazil, Indonesia, India, Thailand,"Anatero Baraki Turovsky, mutu ntchito mankhwala ndi wosuta zinachitikira pa Google Tanthauzirani. Ndi N'zosadabwitsa wotchuka pachibwenzi, kwambiri, anawonjezera. "Zinthu ngati 'Ndimakukonda' ndi 'Inu muli nawo maso okongola', ndicho afala kwambiri. "

mapulogalamu wakhala anagwiritsa ntchito kuphunzira zowerengera makina: otsukira ndikupha intaneti pa lemba kale anawamasulira - odzawonelera UN, zikalata EU - ndi sanjira mosavuta mawu ena ndi mawu lolingana wina ndi mnzake. Deta kwambiri ukumana, bwino zifika, koma kusintha kwa angaimbidwenso pa zaka zingapo zapitazo. posachedwapa, Turovsky limati, iwo atumiza latsopano ma aligorivimu kwambiri kuphunzira, umene ungatithandize kwambiri Mabaibulo bwino.

Ngakhale zili choncho, pali malire, ndipo ena amaoneka wamunthu mulankhula kwa womasulira anthu ndi kuzindikira wochenjera ntchito yawo ndi. ros Schwartz ndi Anne de A Freyman adziperekawo kuti ntchito. Onse ali akatswiri French / English omasulira, ndipo ndikufuna awiri chifukwa, kuti adzaweruza zabwino motani omasulira popanda zinenero zonse, tiyenera kumasulira kawiri - kamodzi mu English ku French, kamodzi kachiwiri. Google Tanthauzirani amasunga palibe okumbukira original ndipo akhoza kuchita chinthu chomwecho.

Ndasankha yochepa ndimeyi wa chosiyana koma makamaka nyama kapena osokoneza prose kuyambira chiyambi cha Herzog Sauli Bellow. Omasulira zambiri amafuna nkhani, Indetu ndinena Schwartz ndi De Freyman kuti limachokera ku wotchuka m'ma m'ma American buku.

Patangotha ​​masiku ochepa, Schwartz ndi De Freyman ndikubweza facsimile yosalala kwambiri ya malemba oyambirira. Apa ndi apo ena mokoma zimene zinapulumuka, koma ndimeyi akhala losavuta kuwerenga, ndi matanthauzo yaikulu inadza ndendende.

Google Tanthauzirani amatenga masekondi ochepa, ndi chifukwa uli chidwi ndi zoperewera, weirdly wabwino m'malo, ena weirdly zoipa - kutembenukira "iye" mu "nkhani" ndi concocting mfundo yoti Herzog ali m'chikondi. mozizwitsa, izo zikupitirira "losweka" imafotokoza za ngwazi za. French alibe mawu Chili tanthauzo la "wosweka" ndi "misala" kuti losweka coveys mu English, kotero De Freyman kuvumbitsira "cinglé", amene akuchokera Schwartz monga "wopenga".

"Google Tanthauzirani kuyang'ana pa Mwina zowerengera ndi kunena, Kodi 'losweka limatanthawuzanji?"Turovsky anafotokoza. "Ndipo powerengera, izo adzayesa kusankha limatanthauza 'losweka kapena openga' kapena chirichonse. kuti, chifukwa makina, ndi ntchito sanali zazing'ono. "Ndipo izo yosavuta kwa munthu, ngakhale kuti zimawavuta. Iwe umayenera kufunsa ngati Bellow chikanakhala kuti Herzog anali "losweka" monga mwathupi zikukhudza. Ndiye inu muyenera kuganiza ayi, chifukwa matupi a anthu sachita chiyani kuti. Chotero inu ndikudabwa chimene iye anachita ndikutanthauza ndi kuganiza m'malo, ngati inu sanali kale bwino wakagwiritsidwe ndi, kuti kuyenera kutanthauza "wopenga", chifukwa inu kumvetsa zimene mwawerenga. Koma kuchita zonsezi, sakanati Google kumasulira kukhala wokongola kwambiri amazindikira, ndifunse? Turovsky akuseka. "Ine sindikuganiza ine ndiri angayankhe funso limenelo."

Chigamulochi Ena bullseyes ndi howlers ku Google Tanthauzirani, pamene Schwartz ndi De Freyman ali bwino ndiponso yolondola.

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