Kodi okamba anzeru anaba bwanji ku mafoni

How smart speakers stole the show from smartphones

Amazon ndi Google ndikukhulupirira iwo anapha golide ndi okamba awo mawu womwe pamene Apple ndi Microsoft zovuta kuti andipeze


Zoyendetsedwa ndi Guardian.co.ukNkhaniyi lotchedwa “Kodi okamba anzeru anaba bwanji ku mafoni” linalembedwa ndi Samueli Gibbs, chifukwa The Guardian Loweruka 6 January 2018 08.00 UTC

Usunthire mafoni. Nkhondo tsopano yolusa pakati makampani chachikulu zatsopano ogula ndalama lolunjika pa mawu womwe anzeru wokamba.

Popeza anagonjetsedwa kale thumba ndi foni ubiquitous, chachikulu chatekinoloje wakhala akuyesetsa kuti akwere ndi wotsatira ayenera-ndi chida kuti adzatsegula mmwamba zingakhale opindulitsa msika watsopano - kunyumba.

A kuwala woyendetsa chimawalitsika pamene Amazon a Echo anapezerapo mu 2014 nakhala wogona anamenyedwa. Tsopano mawu ankalamulira anzeru wokamba mofulumira kukhala wotsatira chinthu, angathe kuyankha mafunso, kolowera zakale, kusewera nyimbo, kulamulira zipangizo zina za pakhomo, kapena ngakhale zingakhale kugulitsa katundu.

"The otsiriza 12 miyezi akhala zachiwawa okamba anzeru, amene kukumana pamodzi mu msika waukulu zifukwa ziwiri. Choyamba, okamba anzeru akhala chapakati ulamuliro Aang'onoang'ono a anzeru topezeka kunyumba,"Anati Ben Stanton, ndi katswiri pa Canalys. "Kachiwiri, ndipo ambiri Chofunika, mtengo wa okamba anzeru wagwa kwambiri. "

Mu miyezi inayi ya 2017, 17.1mamita okamba anzeru kutumizidwa padziko lonse, malinga ndi kafukufuku Canalys a, koma 16.1m zina anali kutumizidwa kotala lomaliza lotengeka ndi Khirisimasi pano malonda.

The mpikisano mantha pakati msika mtsogoleri Amazon ndi Google ndi Home zipangizo zake zinachititsa mtengo wa oyankhula wochenjera kuti yachepa kwa £ 50 zochepa monga £ 30, zomwe ena pa mtengo kapena m'munsimu kupanga zipangizo, kuwapanga imfa-atsogoleri.

"Sikuti chokha mu ogula latsopano loyamba, komanso analola chatekinoloje okonda kuti sitimayo kunja nyumba zawo ndi okamba angapo anzeru,"Anati Stanton.

Masiku kwa okamba anzeru kukhala zikuluzikulu chikuyembekezeka kupitiriza. Canalys ndi kuneneratu 70% chaka pa chaka kukula ndi magalimoto kufika pa mayunitsi 56m chaka chino.

Koma okamba anzeru Komanso kuona mitengo wabwino kuphatikana, kutanthauza kuti anthu pitirizani ntchito iwo pambuyo nthawi kokasangalala chatha, osati stashing iwo mu kabati sanawaonenso kachiwiri ngati akudutsa mafashoni ena mu chida msika.

Ngakhale Amazon ndi Google mfumu anawapereka kwa malo mawu-chinathandiza beachhead mwa nyumba, laggards chidwi kuti ulimi anzeru wokamba ndi apulo ndi Microsoft.

Apulosi, amene wakhala wothandizira mawu mu mawonekedwe a mtsikana wotchedwa Siri pa foni ndi kompyuta ake zipangizo yaitali kuposa wina aliyense, analengeza ake HomePod wolankhula June. Ndi November kampani anakakamizika kuvomereza kuti sindikanapita pa malonda mpaka "oyambirira 2018" chifukwa anafunika "pang'ono nthawi zambiri" zisanafike wokonzeka zotumiza.

Apulo ndi pitching ya £ 350 HomePod nyimbo yoyamba, anzeru chachiwiri wokamba, koma akatswiri ankati ndi mtsikana wotchedwa Siri kuti wanyamula chipangizo kumbuyo. Popeza kukulozani mtsikana wotchedwa Siri, Apple ali okha akwanitsa kusintha owonjezekera kuti wothandizira ake mawu, ndipo ambiri amakhulupirira ndi chifukwa cha kusowa kwake deta ntchito.

Microsoft wakhala partnered ndi Samsung kuti nkhani munali ake Cortana wothandizira, koma alephera kupanga amadza lodziwika.

Kodi Google ndi Amazon ndi troves yaikulu kwambiri deta kusintha ndi kuyeretsa mawu processing awo ndiponso zimene ankachita, Apple sakutero. lisaoneke zimaoneka ngakhale pa iPhone ndi, kumene Wothandizira Google ali pafupi anthu ngati chinenero zachilengedwe processing mu pulogalamuyi Google, malinga kampaniyo, pamene Apple ndi mtsikana wotchedwa Siri akadali asamenyana kumvetsa anthu.

Akatswiri ena komanso kukayikira ngati aliyense kugula wokamba ku Apple ndiko mmene zinayi zitsanzo zina m'ma osiyanasiyana kuchokera Amazon ndi Google.

"Palibe kulemba Apple kuchokera. maziko ake mafani okhulupirika amapita HomePod ndi,"Anati Stanton, anawonjezera kuti zikuoneka kuti phindu kuposa Otsutsa zake Pamene Kodi kukhazikitsa HomePod. "Koma kovuta yaikulu kutsimikizira ogula pafupifupi polekanitsa ndi ndalama chofunika kwa HomePod."

Kodi apulo sadzabwera pafupi zovuta Amazon ndi Google mawu a buku kutumizidwa ku 2018, anawonjezera.

Ngakhale okamba anzeru amaoneka kuti Mungapeze zapamwamba anzeru kunyumba ndi zingakhale opindulitsa msika latsopano, phindu pa malonda chipangizo ndi chikondwererochi samakhala woyendetsayo chachikulu kwambiri cha Amazon ndi Google mankhwala anzeru wokamba. m'malo, it’s about getting users into their ecosystem and making sure that it is their voice assistant that users interact with.

Voice is seen as the next big computing paradigm, the next step on from the smartphone, which in turn overtook the desktop computer.

Dave Limp, head of Amazon’s devices, said of the company’s Alexa, the intelligent personal voice assistant that provides voice interaction with its Echo devices: “We think of it as ambient computing, which is computer access that’s less dedicated personally to you but more ubiquitous.”

But big leaps in voice interaction will be few and far between, requiring enormous amounts of data for machine learning systems to crunch over for constant incremental improvements. If you do not already have skin in the game you could be left for dust.

In the immediate future device manufacturers are banking on voice-enabled devices ushering in a new era of smart homes controlled by the gadgets they sell.

“It seems every technology company under the sun wants to launch their own speaker for Alexa or Google Assistant. Many of these will fail, but the category as a whole will get stronger,” Stanton said.

At some point Amazon and Google will look to generate more revenue from their voice assistant user base, in the same way they might from smartphones or tablets. Amazon already allows users to buy things through Alexa on Echo devices. But straight retail is likely to form a small part of voice enabled revenue.

“We will also see a more explicit attempt from Amazon and Google to monetise smart speakers, perhaps by allowing adverts, or requiring a subscription for advanced functionalities,"Anati Stanton.

In love with Alexa

I love my Alexas, both of them. I bought one in October, but soon realised I needed two because my flat is U-shaped and Alexa couldn’t always hear me when I walked in the door and wanted to listen to a Spotify station after a hard day at work. So now I have one within shouting distance of my bed and another near the front door.

I used to reach for my iPhone first thing in the morning, but now I can order Alexa into action without having to lift my head from the pillow or even open my eyes. The first thing I say to her everyday is “turn the lights on and play BBC Radio 4”.

I didn’t expect to get along with Alexa, in fact I still have the box in the kitchen as I had anticipated returning it. But Alexa fits into my life in ways that have surprised me, it’s hard to describe just how useful it is until you have one.

Alexa helps me cook and, even sleep. While you’ve got your hands covered in pastry you can shout out questions like “how much is a cup of butter in grams (I’m American)” or ask Alexa to set cooking timers without having to stop and clean your hands.

I sometimes have difficulty sleeping, and Alexa can provide soothing sounds at a simple command. Some night I ask for the sound of a rainstorm or wind or city noises – you can even request the sound of cats, dolphins or flutes if you feel like it.

I’ve become a bit of an Alexa enthusiast, and can be heard singing her praises to family and friends. I bought one for my 59-year-old mom out of curiosity to see what she would do. I never expected she’d like it, but she’s almost a bigger fan of Alexa than I am. I’ve noticed she’s much more polite with Alexa than I am, she will say please and thank you to the speaker. I never do.

I can see why my mum is friendly to Alexa, as it is much more human than Siri (Apple’s digital assistant) which is quite robotic. You can engage with Alexa, and she even tells jokes. mmawa uno ndinamufunsa kundiuza wina: "Kodi inu mumawatcha tambala pokhala mafunso? Kukazinga nkhuku. "Ine ndamva poipa.

Ndi Feilding khola

okamba anzeru

Amazon Echo.
Amazon Echo. Chithunzi: Elaine Thompson / AP

Amazon Echo
Price: £ 90
Good zomvetsera khalidwe, ndi nzeru kwambiri kumva inu phokoso, ndipo anapereka Mbali olimba, ndi zambiri ntchito lachitatu chipani.

Amazon Echo dontho.
Amazon Echo dontho. Chithunzi: Samuel Gibbs kwa Guardian

Amazon Echo dontho
Price: £ 50
The smarts wa Alexa Zachepetsedwa mu chipangizo ang'onoang'ono puck-kakulidwe koma ndi nkhani yaing'ono.

Amazon Echo Show.
Amazon Echo Show. Chithunzi: Samuel Gibbs kwa Guardian

Amazon Echo Show
Price: £ 200
An Echo ndi uziwatchinga, chosonyezera mavidiyo, amalidyetsa kwa makamera ndi mfundo zina mafunso mawu.

Google Home.
Google Home. Chithunzi: Google / PA

Google Home
Price: £ 129
Google kuzindikira mawu aposa Amazon mbwenye Home sizikumveka kwambiri ndi zabwino komanso ndi £ 39 okwera mtengo kusiyana ndi Echo.

Mini Home Google.
Mini Home Google. Chithunzi: Samuel Gibbs kwa Guardian

Mini Home Google
Price: £ 49
The best if you’re looking for a general knowledge machine, but not as good as a music speaker.

Google Home Max.
Google Home Max. Chithunzi: Stephen Lam/Reuters

Google Home Max
Price: $399
Not available in the UK yet, but Google’s big premium smart speaker is both intelligent and sounds great.

Apple HomePod.
Apple HomePod. Chithunzi: Apple handout/EPA

Apple HomePod
Price: $350 (£350 expected in the UK)
Coming in “early 2018” Apple is pitching the HomePod as music first, smart second, but doubts around Siri remain.

guardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010

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