घोडाहरू मानव इभोल्युसन Recognise सक्दैन

Horses Can Recognise Human Emotion

मनोवैज्ञानिक घोडाहरू सकारात्मक र नकारात्मक मानव अनुहार अभिव्यक्ति बीच भेद गर्न सक्षम छन् कि पहिलो पटक देखाएका छन्


Guardian.co.uk द्वारा संचालितशीर्षक यो लेख “घोडाहरू मानव भावना चिन्न सक्नुहुन्छ, नयाँ अध्ययन शो” टिम Radford द्वारा लेखिएको थियो, बुधवार 10 औं फरवरी मा अभिभावक लागि 2016 07.30 UTC

क्रोधित हेर र एक घोडा तपाईं एक नजिकै नजर दिन संभावना छ: यसको बायाँ वा sinister पक्ष प्रयोग. यसको हृदय दर वृद्धि हुनेछ, धेरै. र दुवै एक घोडा मानव भावना पहिचान गर्न सक्ने सङ्केत गर्छ छन्.

सुसेक्स विश्वविद्यालयमा मनोवैज्ञानिक, गत वर्ष गर्ने संकलित एक को अनुहार अभिव्यक्तिहरूको शब्दकोश एक घोडा मा भावना संकेत हुन सक्छ, तिनीहरू केवल आफ्नो टाउको मा प्रयोग गरिएका छन् भनेर रिपोर्ट: तिनीहरूले मानिसको अनुहार पढ्न equine क्षमता खोज्नुभयो छन्.

र मानिसको मन neigh-sayer मात्र एक मानव खराब मुडमा हुन सक्छ कि बताउन सक्नुहुन्छ, यो एक तस्वीर देखि त्यसो गर्न सक्नुहुन्छ.

वैज्ञानिकहरु पत्रिका मा रिपोर्ट जीवविज्ञान पत्र तिनीहरूले उच्च गुणवत्ता गरे भनेर, आफ्नो दाँत हँसिलो र baring नै पुरुष मानव को ठूलो आकार रंग प्रिंट, र आफ्नो दाँत रिसाउने र baring: पराई देखि सकारात्मक र नकारात्मक भावना को अभिव्यक्ति. स्वयंसेवक - आफूलाई तस्वीर प्रकट के थाहा नगर्ने - तिनीहरूलाई देखाए 28 सुसेक्स र सुर्रे पाँच सवारी वा livery Stables देखि घोडाहरू. र घोडाहरू फरक बताउन सक्छ.

"के साँच्चै यो अनुसन्धान बारे रोचक छ यसलाई घोडाहरू प्रजाति बाधा मार्फत भावना पढ्न सक्ने क्षमता छ देखाउँछ छ. We have known for a long time that horses are a socially sophisticated species but this is the first time we have seen that they can distinguish between positive and negative human facial expressions,” said Amy Smith, a doctoral student in the university’s mammal vocal communication and cognition research group.

“The reaction to angry facial expressions was particularly clear – there was a quicker increase in their heart rate, and the horses moved their heads to look at the angry faces with their left eye.”

Dogs have been shown to look at angry human faces with the left eye: the reasoning is that the brain’s right hemisphere – where information from the left eye is recorded and interpretedis specialized for dealing with scary or threatening stimuli. Sheep have been shown to recognize and be calmed by photographs of other sheep, and even to remember faces of sheep and humans

But the horse research takes such studies into new territory, if only because horses have already been shown to produce their own complex facial expressions that might reflect mood.

Horses and humans can both raise the skin above their eyes, as seen in this video.

“These findings raise interesting questions about the nature of emotional expression recognition, including the relative roles of learning and innate skills in its development,” the scientists say.

Karen McComb, who heads the research group and co-lead author of the study, said “Horses may have adopted an ancestral ability for reading emotional cues in other horses to respond appropriately to human facial expressions during their co-evolution. वैकल्पिक, individual horses may have learned to interpret human expressions during their own lifetime.”

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