Tshiab thov txoj kev tshawb nrhiav qhov txuas caj creativity hab yaam mob hlwb

New study claims to find genetic link between creativity and mental illness

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukNo tsab xov xwm hu “Tshiab thov txoj kev tshawb nrhiav qhov txuas caj creativity hab yaam mob hlwb” yog sau ntawv los Ian qauv Science editor, rau tus saib xyuas rau lub rau hli ntuj hnub Monday 8 2015 17.04 UTC

Tus ancient Greeks twb xub ua kis. Shakespeare tsa ceg rau prospect thiab. Tiam sis yog tswv Byron, saib tsam, tshaj mus ncaj xwb tag nrho: "Peb cov paj ntaub yog vwm tag,"nws hais kom lub Countess Blessington, casting lub qhov muag ceev faj dua nws koj txog haujlwm poets.

Tus notion ntawm cov artist tortured yog ib meme tawv ncauj. Creativity, nws, fuelled yog tus dab sib txawv uas nyuab kom lawv teev darkest. Tsab cai idea yog fanciful rau ntau zaum. Tiam sis kev tshawb tshiab claims qhov txuas tus yuav zoo founded suav, thiab sau ntawv mus rau lub molecules ntawm peb DNA twisted.

Nyob rau hauv ib txoj kev tshawb loj nyob rau hnub Monday, zaum nyob rau hauv daim ntawv qhia Iceland uas caj yam uas sau ntawm cov lus bipolar thiab schizophrenia muaj nyob ntau rau cov neeg nyob rau hauv professions muaj tswv yim. Painters, musicians, writers thiab dancers, nyob rau nruab nrab, 25% feem ntau yuav muaj lub noob variants dua professions cov siv los yuav tsis muaj tswv yim, cov uas yog tswv teb, kev ceev labourers thiab salespeople.

Kari Stefansson, founder thiab CEO ntawm deCODE, lub tuam txhab noob caj noob ces raws li nyob rau hauv Reykjavik, hais qhov nws tshawb pom, nyob hauv cov phau ntawv journal Neuroscience xwm, taw tes rau ib hom rau ib co kev tsiv siab thiab creativity. "Yuav muaj tswv yim, koj yuav tsum xav txawv,"nws hais kom tus neeg saib xyuas cov. "Thiab thaum peb muaj kev sib txawv, peb muaj ib tug nyiam labelled coj txawv txawv, vwm thiab txawm insane."

Cov txawm nta hlo rau ntawm caj thiab kev qhia los ntawm 86,000 Icelanders nrhiav tshuaj ntsuam genetic variants uas ntsia nruab nrab uas raug schizophrenia, thiab tsa ceg bipolar lus uas yuav muaj los ntawm ntau tshaj ib lwm. Thaum lawv ntsia ntau npaum li cas cov variants nyob hauv neeg lub teb chaws ntawv As Kiv societies, lawv nrhiav tau ib tug 17% nce piv nrog cov tswv cuab.

Cov soj ntsuam ntawm mus xyuas lawv tshawb pom hauv loj databases kho mob nyob rau ntawm Netherlands thiab Sweden. Cov no 35,000 neeg, cov tswv yuav muaj tswv yim (profession los ntawm cov lus teb rau ib tsab) tau ze li ntawm 25% ntxim yuav muaj cov kev puas siab puas ntsws tsis meej variants.

Stefansson ntseeg hais tias kom rau cov noob ua tau schizophrenia thiab bipolar lus. Cov no tej zaum yuav hloov cov kev uas neeg coob leej xav tias, tab sis neeg feem coob yuav tsis muaj ib yam mob heev. Tab sis rau 1% qhov no, yam tshuaj ntsuam genetic, ib txhis thiab lwm influences yuav nce kom nto rau teeb meem, thiab mas kuj mob hlwb.

"Heev, Thaum tib neeg yog ib txoj kev kom tej yam tshiab, lawv mus straddling sanity thiab insanity,"hais Stefansson. "Kuv xav tias cov tau txhawb qub taub cov ntse heev npau taws. Creativity yog ib tug zoo uas tau muab peb Mozart, Bach, Van Gogh. Nws yog ib tug zoo tseem ceeb heev rau peb lub neej. Tab sis nws tawm ib yuav kis tau rau tus neeg, thiab 1% ntawm cov pejxeem them nqi rau nws."

Stefansson concedes tias nws txoj kev tshawb nrhiav tau xwb tus tsis muaj zog sib txuas los ntawm cov tshuaj ntsuam genetic variants rau kev mob hlwb thiab creativity. Thiab nws yog ib qhov uas lwm zaum de on saum. Qhov tshuaj ntsuam genetic tshaj uas sawv uas yuav muaj teeb meem puas siab puas ntsws piav xwb txog 0.25% ntawm lub variation rau haiv muaj peev xwm artistic, txoj kev tshawb no nrhiav tau. David Cutler, ib tug kws kho keeb nyob Emory University hauv Atlanta, txo nws hwj ntawd tsi hauv foundations: "Yog qhov kev ncua deb ntawm kuv, tus tus neeg artistic kawg koj yeej yuav ntsib, thiab ib sij artist yog ib mais, cov variants tuaj collectively piav 13 taw ntawm qhov kev ncua deb,"nws hais.

Feem ntau cov artist flair muaj tswv yim, ces, yog mus ua lwm yam txawv caj, los sib influences huv tibsi, xws li ib txhis, uas teev rau hauv cov lus muaj tswv yim.

Kev Stefansson, Txawm tias ib tug me tshaj ntawm ib qhov kev mob hlwb thiab creativity yog fascinating. "Nws ntaus nqe hais ntau yam zoo uas peb tau txais ntawm lub neej, los ntawm creativity, tuaj ntawm ib nqi. Nws qhia kuv tias thaum nws tawm los rau peb ib, peb yuav tsum to taub tias txhua yam yog ib txoj kev zoo nyob rau hauv tej txoj kev phem,"nws hais.

Tab sis npog Albert Rothenberg, cov xibfwb ntawm psychiatry ntawm Harvard University yuav tsis convinced. Nws ntseeg hais tias kom muaj yog tsis tau pom zoo rau ib qhov txuas ntawm cov mob hlwb thiab creativity. "Nws yog tus romantic notion ntawm lub xyoo pua puv 19, cov artist no yog cov struggler, aberrant ntawm lub neej, thiab wrestling nrog dab sib txawv puab,"nws hais. "Tab sis coj Van Gogh. Nws nyuam qhuav tshwm sim ua rau peb mob, thiab cov muaj tswv yim. Rau kuv, yog tus nraud ntau nthuav: cov neeg muaj tswv yim muaj feem ntau tsis peb, tab sis lawv siv xav muaj dab uas tseem tiv thaiv muaj tswv yim thiab sib txawv."

Yog hais tias mob Van Gogh yog ib tug txwj, cov artist yeej ua tsis tau tejyam saib nws ua li ntawd mas. Hauv ib qhov ntawm nws lub xeem ntawv, nws dismay ntawm cov lus nws tau lubneej nws lub neej fought voiced nws: "Huag, Yog hais tias kuv yuav tau ua hauj lwm tsis muaj tus kab mob no accursed – li cas yam uas kuv yuav tau ua."

Nyob rau hauv 2014, Rothernberg luam tawm ib phau ntawv, “Davhlau ntawm zem: kev tshawb xyuas txog kev creativity”, uas nws peb 45 kev kawm Nobel laureates txog cov tswv yim uas muaj tswv yim. Nws pom tsis tau pom tus mob hlwb nyob ib leeg. Nws cov suspects uas studies creativity hab yaam mob hlwb uas kev mus xyuas yuav tau de saum on tej yam txawv theej.

"Qhov teeb meem yog tias qhov txawv rau thaum muaj tswv yim yog yeej txhua yam uas muaj tswv yim heev. Tug ib haiv neeg artistic, los yog ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv daim duab los yog tej ntawv nyeem, tsis pom tus kab mob yog ib tug neeg muaj tswv yim. Tab sis txog yog hais tias muaj coob tus neeg uas muaj mob hlwb sim mus ua hauj lwm hauv txoj hauj lwm uas hais txog kev kos duab thiab cov ntawv nyeem, tsis vim lawv yeej zoo rau nws, tab sis, tsuav yog attracted rau nws. Thiab cov uas tau skew cov ntaub ntawv,"nws hais. "Yuav luag tag nrho tsev kho mob hlwb siv txoj kev kho daim duab, thiab tej thaum tus neeg mob tawm tuaj, ntau cov attracted los artistic txaus qhia thiab artistic yuav npaaj."

Guardian.co.uk © Tus tswj fwm xov xwm & Tawm txwv 2010

Luam tawm ntawm cov Tus tswj fwm xov xwm pub plugin rau WordPress.

Yam khoom