Qhov no puas yog lub neej tom ntej ntawm chaw ua hauj lwm?

Is This The Future of Work?

Cov kev kawm hauj lwm lub koom haum CSIRO hais tias me nyuam yuav tsum qhia digitally teem thiab caw kaw lus. Leej twg xav ua tus 'hauv internet chaperone'?


Powered by Guardian.co.ukNo tsab xov xwm hu “Qhov no puas yog lub neej tom ntej ntawm chaw ua hauj lwm? Zaum twv seb yam hauj lwm tseem yuav qhib rau tib neeg nyob rau hauv 2035” yog sau los ntawm Paul Karp, kev theguardian.com txog hnub Friday 26th lub ob hlis ntuj 2016 05.41 UTC

Cov neeg nrhiav hauj lwm hauv 2035 tej zaum xav txog retraining ua tswv tsheb chaw taws teeb-tshuaj online ntawm chaperones.

Cov uas yog cov hauj lwm ntawm koj lub neej tom ntej pom tias nyob hauv ob tug ib daim ntawv qhia txog ntawm tus CSIRO uas kab kos tiam sis 20-xyoo hauv digitally qhia teem thiab Xoovtooj Kaw Cia pab pawg me nyuam.

Tus ua hauj lwm minister, Michaelia nyiaj ntsuab, tso daim ntawv rau hnub vas Xuv ntawm tus hauj lwm Computer haiv neeg txoj kev sib tham.

Nyiaj ntsuab hais tias daim ntawv tsom "tej hauj lwm yuav inevitably tau caw kaw lus xyoo tom ntej, tiam sis hauj hloov yuav kom lwm tus neeg thiab kuj ua hauj lwm tshiab thiab txuj".

"Lub neej yav tom ntej tsis tau txog neeg competing cov cav tov, nws yuav hais txog cov neeg uas siv cov cav tov thiab ua hauj lwm uas yog xav paub ntxiv interesting thiab ua,"nws hais.

Daim ntawv qhia rau mega-tiam sis nyob hauv txoj hauj lwm, qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws uas yog "tawg nyob connectivity ntaus ntawv, cov ntaub ntawv tagnrho thiab xam ceev, tag nrho nrog rau cov kev kho tshiab ceev ceev ntawm lub suab thiab txoj kev ntse artificial txhais tau tias pab kiag li lawm robotic yuav ua tau ntau yam kev pab raws qib sai, yam xyuam xim, nraaj dua tib neeg".

Automation muaj zog yuav ua kom cov complexity ntawm cov neeg paub tab. "Ntau tsawg-koom hauj lwm tseem ceeb offshored los caw kaw lus. Qhov tsim nyog tau qhov no yuav ua rau muaj ib nyuas o ua kev txawj ntse thiab kev kawm bar rau kev nkag mus rau hauv cov professions thiab hauj,"daim ntawv ceeb toom hais tias.

Lub xeem txoj hauj lwm rau ntiaj teb: imagining ib suab mas ntiaj teb-video

Daim ntawv uas muaj kev kawm, tshuab, Engineering thiab kev kawm txog zauv (Kav) paub siv nyob rau hauv 75% ntawm hauj uas muaj ceev tshaj-zuj zus rau thiab lamented tias "hauv pawg tub ntxhais kev poob nyiaj thiab kev kawm ntawv hauv kav".

Nyob zoo kom lwm yog ib tug muab ntxiv rau yus ua hauj lwm thiab freelancing los ntawm ib tug phooj ywg-rau-tug phooj ywg platforms Upwork, Kaggle, Innoventive thiab Freelancer.com, uas daim ntawv leg ntaubntawv "muab tus nqi los ntawm zoojyim, tej uas tsis muaj rau kev nkag teb chaws thiab kom ceev enabling neeg txia lawv cov sij hawm tsis ua hauj lwm them".

Daim ntawv hais tias thaum freelancing "tau tsis tau noj tuav hauv Australia, Nws yog ib tug loj (thiab loj hlob) ua qauv nyob hauv cov teb chaws", tej xws li tom America uas ib rau peb cov neeg ua hauj lwm yog ib qho chaw ywj siab.

Yog cov hauj lwm zoo tagnrho tsis nyob ua ib ke, cov neeg ua hauj lwm yuav tau ua kom nws, daim ntawv uas pom tias. "Entrepreneurial kev txawj ntse uas tej zaum yuav qhia tseemceeb rau cov lag luam me founders thiab cov neeg ua hauj lwm tsis pub dhau organisations loj,"nws hais.

Daim ntawv predicted pab industries, feem ntau yog kev kawm ntawv thiab kho mob, tseem yuav tau tsav txoj haujlwm creation, lub ntsiab lus "txawj kev sis raug zoo thiab kev txawj ntse yuav ua ib qho tseem ceeb qhia".

Daim ntawv hais Australia txoj hauj lwm yuav muab miv, muaj ib tug ntawm tsib Australians noob nyoog 65 nyob rau hauv 2035, poj niam kev siab thiab muaj kev faib ua ntau feem ntawm migrants tau ua hauj lwm hnub nyoog.

Daim ntawv hais cov ua hauj lwm tiam sis yuav ua rau txoj haujlwm tshiab kev, thiab speculated no kuj muaj xws li "loj loj ntaub analysts", txoj kev txiav txim them nyiaj yug analysts, lub tsheb tshuaj chaw taws teeb tswv, neeg kev ua hauj lwm, tsim kev tiv thaiv kho mob thiab chaperones nyob hauv internet.

"Nce lub tsheb crewed tsis yog muab ntxiv rau ib tug hauj lwm tshiab uas pilots, tsav tsheb thiab cov nkoj captains leej twg ua lawv txoj hauj lwm ntawm lub ntuj tsis, hiav txwv lossis kuv lub chaw, tab sis, ntawm ib qho chaw ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv ib qho chaw uas tej thaj chaw deb,"daim ntawv ceeb toom hais tias.

Nyob hauv ib tug hais rau ib tug hauj lwm productivity sablaj txog 8 Hlis ntuj nqeg, Pawg Council of Trade koomhaum secretary Dave Oliver ceeb toom "huab hloov los ntawm txoj hauj kev kho tshiab yog ua rau ib tug ntxaum, wider thiab hollowing ntawm tus hauj lwm lag luam li ntau".

Nws hais ib CEDA tsis ntev los no qhia tsom 5 lab hauj lwm (40% cov hauj lwm pawg) fim ib siab yuav los hloov xyuas hauv computer tag tus ntxiv mus 10 mus 15 xyoo.

"Txawm zoo kawg thiab ntau yam kev pab ntawm tus tshiab yees, peb desperately xav kom tsis txhob muaj tus swb los lub platform labour lag luam uas forces cov neeg mus twv sib rau cov parcels uas ua haujlwm nyob rau tej hom brutal, thim rov qab eBay-style auction,"Oliver hais.

"Kev xub kom peb-koomhaum, chaw ua hauj lwm, regulators and governments – yog harness tus txuj hauj thiab kom lawv ua hauj lwm rau, tsis txhaum, nyiaj tshaj plaws,"nws hais.

Nyiaj ntsuab hais tias "tshaj puas, kev kawm ntawv thiab kev kawm tseem ceeb rau hauv khw labour succeeding. Los ntawm 2019, cov hauj lwm uas tau heev-koom labour yog sau kom tau ntau tshaj dua zaum ob tus xov tooj muaj nyob rau hauv 1991.

"Cas Australia txoj hauj lwm fares nyob rau lub sij hawm ntev yuav vam khom peb muaj peev xwm pab tau cov neeg tsim zaus kom tshiab thiab zoo zog rau cov hauj lwm. Peb biggest sib tw thiaj li kom tsis muaj leej twg nco,"nws hais.

Guardian.co.uk © saib xov xwm & Tawm txwv 2010