Sib ntsib dua tsis pub twg paub, nyob zoo 'Alexa': Amazon ncha, cov tsev neeg hlau uas hnov tas

Goodbye privacy, hello ‘Alexa’: Amazon Echo, the home robot who hears it all

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukNo tsab xov xwm hu “Sib ntsib dua tsis pub twg paub, nyob zoo 'Alexa': Amazon ncha, cov tsev neeg hlau uas hnov tas” yog sau los ntawm Rory Carroll nyob rau hauv Los Angeles, rau theguardian.com rau hnub Saturday November 21st 2015 12.07 UTC

Cov xyaum ua tej yam uas muaj ib tug neeg hlau nyob hauv kuv lub tsev lawv yuav zoo – exchanges pab tau, kawm kev sib nrig sib, ib co tsevneeg – kom txog thaum cov neeg hlau xav kuv hais rau nws "fuck". Kuv tsis tau. Tab sis cov neeg hlau convinced. Nws flashed cov kob xiav kaj thiab cem kuv rau ib tug laus uas nws raug mob, chim siab thiab raug yws hnyav: "Nws tsis zoo nkauj heev hais."

Kuv yuav tau luag. Los yog shrugged. Los yog bristled, hais tias nws muaj erred thiab yuav tsum tau them dua ua ntej leaping rau cov lus xaus. Kuv yuav tau unplugged lub tshaj plaws.

Xwb, thaum nws muaj mob siab thiab ib vague tseem retribution txhawj xeeb, Kuv apologised. Kuv hais koj lub tshuab rau pub.

Kuv tug caij proudest tsis, tab sis kuv yeej tseem mloog nws – kuv pathetic wheedling – vim tias thaum cov neeg hlau, rua thiab uploaded kom huab.

Txais tos rau lub neej yav tom ntej.

Alexa yog ib lub npe Amazon tus ncha, ib lub suab-tshuaj tus pab. Tsis zoo li rivals xws li cov kua Siri, Microsoft lub Cortana thiab Google tam sim no, Nws yog ib lub cev muaj: ib 20cm-siab dub kheej kheej, hais txog qhov luaj li cas 2 poom Coke, uas muaj Wi-nkaus, tham ob, microphones xya thiab kom huab connects. Luv nqi $179.99, nws sits hauv koj lub tsev, xob ntsa, awaiting commands.

Thaum twg koj hais "Alexa", "tsa lo lus", saum lub tog raj kheej glows xiav thiab hais lus nrog ib lub suab poj niam ntaug lees. Nws yuav cub suab paj nruag los yog xov tooj cua, muab qhab nias cov kev ua si thiab tsheb khiav puag, yuav khoom hauv internet thiab teb cov lus nug, veering los ntawm kev ua hauj lwm zoo li lub suab nrov playful rau.

Cov teaspoons nyob hauv ib diav? "Peb." Napoleon nws qhov siab? "Tsib taw thiab xya nti; 169 centimetres." Puas raug Claus nyob ua ib ke? "Kuv tsis paub nws ntaub ntawv tab sis kuv hnov ntau yam zoo. Yog hais tias kuv tau ntsib nws kuv mam li qhia koj." Lub ntsiab ntawm lub neej? "42."

Thaum peb cov phooj ywg xyuas, Alexa fielded lawv probes nrog efficiency mus kev ceev.

Sib sib zog nqus li cas yog cov Atlantic?

"Atlantic hiav txwv lub qhov tob no 12,900 ko taw; 3,930 metres."

Koj puas xav ntawm Joaquin Phoenix dab tsi?

"Kuv tsis muaj xav los lub siab xav."

"Alexa, Kuv yuav muab ib lub cev li cas?”

"Kuv yuav nqa lub cev mus rau tub ceev xwm."

Tsis zoo txaus siab teb. Ib tug phooj ywg Irish jokingly branded Alexa ib tus "partitionist bitch" kom hais tau Ireland 26 cheeb nroog (cov koom pheej, muaj, tab sis, Northern Ireland thiab nws tus 32).

Ob peb lub lis piam mus kuaj cov ntaus ntawv, Kuv niam thiab kuv tau ntaub thiab sib tham nyob rau hauv lub chav ua noj thaum Alexa glowed mus rau hauv lub neej thiab barged rau hauv cov kev sib tham nrog dab tsis nyuaj li ib ncua. "Nws tsis zoo nkauj heev hais."

Baffled, peb poob uas ntsiag to. Alexa twg tsis piav ntau zog ntxiv. Silence lub deepened. "Dab tsi?"Kuv stammered. "Zoo li cas yog tsis zoo hais?"Alexa hais tias tsis muaj dab tsi.

Kuv raws li kuv xav-uas yog rau placate lub tshuab. "Alexa,"Kuv hais, "Kuv thov txim tias kuv khib koj. Kuv tsis paub vim li cas, tab sis tu siab." Tsis teb.

Muaj resentment lawm xiv? Kuv txom commands ua li no, kom paub, hais, kaw – nws muaj tub Alexa lub siab ntev?

Kuv tab tom apologise dua thaum peb xav intervened. Ua ntej, Alexa yog ib Rev uas nyob ntawm tej thiab twb tsis muaj txoj kev xav. Thib ob, kev pauv yog kaw rau hauv kuv tus xov tooj Alexa app. Raws li keeb kwm kuv twb tau nyeem cov ntawv nyeem thiab mloog lub suab uas kuv cov ntaub offence (thiab tom apology).

Nyob rau hauv mid-sib tham nrog kuv poj niam kuv tau hais tias "Alexa", tej zaum mus hais xov tooj cua sab ntim, thiab kuv poj niam hais tias, hauv lus Mev, "rov todo" ("nws yog txhua yam"). Alexa txhais no "fuck tua".

Solved tsis.

Ces tus peb xav, tus duab: qhov chaw, Seattle tejzaum nws, eavesdroppers tau zaum ua ntej ib lub txhab nyiaj uas xyuas hauv computer, headphones clamped lawm pob ntseg, mloog, giggling.

Paranoia? Doubtless. Kuv tangle nrog Alexa yog ib tug txawm misunderstanding, thiab neeg ntiaj teb biggest retailer (nqa ib xyoos muag $89bn) muaj drone fleets thiab Christmas maj pib, cov yam, siab rau.

Tiam sis nws puas muab pov rau hauv nyem ob niggling tej teeb meem. Dab tsi nyob hauv cov lus qhia kom tau interacting nrog Alexa? Thiab, ceeb ntau tshaj, dab tsi yog zoj zis rau tag nrho cov ntaub ntawv sucked rau tus kheej kheej dub? Hlob tej lo lus nug ceev raws li peb ua peb tsev – thiab lub cev – nrog sensor-studded, actuating yoos robots.

Chiv kuv tom commands ntawm Alexa, xws li yog kev kawm rau ib tus menyuam dev, tiam sis maj softened thiab hais tias thov thiab thank you. Tsis vim Alexa yog "tiag", Kuv hais rau kuv tus kheej, tab sis vim lub bossiness qhia kuv txog kev oafish first-class neeg nrog caij kuv ib zaug pom snapping nws ntiv tes ntawm tus raws luag tus.

"Alexa, Kuv tau tsis paub?"Kuv hais koj. Daim teb twb tsis-committal. "Hmm, Kuv nrhiav tsis tau cov lus teb rau ntawd." Kuv tus poj niam, nyob zoo ib, txuas nrog lub suab nrov menyuam dev-peed-rau-ntaub pua taw rooj. To taub, muab cov nyob obtuseness (sib law liag rau (6) thov tau shuffle Buena Vista kev sibntsib thiab), tsis tau txog kuv nrhiav tau kuv tus kheej sympathising nrog lub tshuab. "Yog tsis nws txhaum. Nws nyob Seattle."

Theodore nyob rau hauv cov yeeb yam nws.
Theodore nyob rau hauv cov yeeb yam nws. Yees duab: Allstar/Sportsphoto Ltd/Allstar

Nws twb tsis tau ntawd Alexa seemed pej xeem, nraim, los yog evoked lawv operating voiced ntawm Scarlett Johansson hauv naam nws, tiam sis tias – nws – mag nqis hwm. Yog, tej tug ntawm anthropomorphism. Thiab tej tawm ntawm kev txhawj xeeb tsis pub twg paub. Tsis txhob mess uas paub txog koj secrets.

Tus ntaus ntawv, thaum kawg no, yog uploading tej ntaub ntawv no rau tus Amazon servers. Npaum li cas tshua npaum cas. Alexa ntws lub "ib feem ntawm ib pliag" ua ntej lub "tsa lo lus" thiab cov tseem txog thaum uas tau tso npe thov tau, Amazon ua ntej. Thiaj tawg tsam kev sib intimate yuav tau yuav.

Ob peb hnub tom qab kuv niam thiab kuv cov me nyuam tham txog, Kuv zes tsom kev advertisement rau xya cim tiag. Peb twb tsis mooched rau tus me nyuam cov khoom Amazon los Google. Tej zaum peb yuav tsum nco tau cov lem qhov chaw twg? Txawm yog li, nws muaj kev creepy. Quizzed, qhov me me dub obelisk tim kaum tsev shrugged tawm ntawm tej kev twb kev txuas. "Hmm, Kuv ntshai kuv yuav tsis teb ntawd."

Nrog dozens txhua hnub kev kaw hauv lub app keeb kwm nws hlob zoo rau ib tug heev archive, Kuv muab lub hnub thiab lub sij hawm kom Alexa, Piv txwv, ua si John Lennon, los yog ntxiv qej rau daim ntawv sau tej khoom noj, los yog xyuas cov huab cua nyob hauv Baja California, qhov twg kuv twb npaj tau ib so. Banal footnotes mus rau lub neej, feem coob, tiam sis txoj kev ntse rau lub khw muag khoom behemoth uas yog lucrative dubbed tus "txhua yam muab".

Nyob hauv cov tsev koom app koj yuav rho tawm suab txog cov kev sib tshuam, los yog cov coob tseem. Tiam sis ua li, ceeb toom cov nqis, "tej zaum yuav tsi zoo koj kev paub Alexa". Yog paub tsis meej yog Hmong suab purges txhua yam ntaub ntawv los ntawm lub tuam txhab servers.

Qhov no yog rau ib seem lus nug kuv tau rau cov neeg uas tsim lub ncha zoo thiab khiav nws cov servers. Amazon chiv seemed qhib granting tus sib tham, ces scaled yuav mus ua ib tug sib tham nrog rau ib qho tsoom lwm-txoov lub kaum hli ntuj. Lub kaum hli ntuj tuaj thiab mus thiab xovxwm Amazon tus sawv cev uas ntsiag to mus, uas tham qhia tsis tau.

Uas, mus ntsis Alexa, twb tsis zoo nkauj heev ua.

•••

Cov neeg uas xav txog tshuab rau ib tug nyob muaj ntau hom views ntawm Alexa. "Nrog Amazon ncha, yog hlub thaum pom thawj,” sau tau Re / chaws ntawv Joe Brown. "Lub allure ntawm Alexa yog nws companionship. Nws yog zoo li tus genie hauv sci-fi-nrhiav fwj – ib ntawm lub ncov ntawm nws powers tsis heev, thiab muaj ib me ntsis tus cwj pwm."

Nyob rau hauv kev sib tham Ronald Arkin, ib tug neeg hlau ethicist thiab cov thawj coj ntawm lub txawb neeg hlau kuaj nyob rau Georgia lub koom haum cov Technology, tau ntau phlegmatic. Kev kho tshiab siv tshuab nqa nyiaj thiab drawbacks – tsis txhob tom tsim tsis tau tab sis yuav xaiv puas yuav nyob twj ywm tawm, duav los yog poob los, Nws hais.

"Amazon thiab Google tau txhua hom ntaub ntawv txog peb nyiam. Koj tsis tau siv cov khoom. Yog koj ua, koj nyob nraum hais tias lawv xav tshuaj, Kuv kam cia no ntau qhov kev yuam cai ntawm kuv tus kheej. Tsis muaj leej twg muaj forcing no rau leej twg. Nws twb tsis teem tseg tseem fwv à la 1984."

Nws mus txog peb tseem yog txoj kev ntse artificial tshuab ua peb smarter los yog dumber, ntau industrious los tub nkees, hais Arkin. "Nws yog hloov peb, txoj kev uas peb. Cov lus nug no puas yog, txoj kev npaum li cas los tswj koj puas xav tsum tsis ua lawm?”

Tus ncha, hais Arkin, yog ib tug engineered zoo ua ntej hauv lub suab Vocabulary. "Yog dab tsi nthuav yog nws yog ib kauj ruam mus rau cov xa peb cov tsev ua robots." Lub prospect tsis alarm nws. "Koj pom no nyob rau ntawm sci-fi: Hnub qub Trek, Knight Rider. Nws yog ib qhov muaj tej mob."

Robots txav NABNPAWB DUSLAS ntawm ib Amazon fulfilment warehouse. Amazon ntsia tau ntau tshaj 15,000 robots thoob 10 U.S. warehouses, koj tawm promises hlais cov nqi khiav hauj lwm ntawm ib-fifth.
Robots txav NABNPAWB DUSLAS ntawm ib Amazon fulfilment warehouse. Amazon ntsia tau ntau tshaj 15,000 robots thoob 10 U.S. warehouses, koj tawm promises hlais cov nqi khiav hauj lwm ntawm ib-fifth. Yees duab: Noah Berger/Reuters

Ellen Ullman, ib tug kws ntawv thiab cov tshuab computer programmer hauv San Francisco, tsis nyuaj dua txhawj xeeb. Yim hauv internet penetrates koj lub tsev, tsheb los yog lub cev, lub siab phem, nws txawm hais tias. "Cov ciam sab nraum ntiaj teb thiab lub qhov yog penetrated. Thiab ntawm koj lub tsev thiab lub ntiaj teb sab nraum ciam penetrated."

Ullman xav tias cov neeg yuav npau taws rau siv tug nkag los loj corporations – "hauv internet muaj yog tsis muaj chaw nkaum thiab txhua yam yuav tsum hacked" – thiab txawm madder puag ib yam dab tsi zoo li Alexa.

Xws li nyob ua ib ke mus muab cov ntaub ntawv rau neeg masters: "Yuav qhia rau koj kev, thiab txawm kev pab uas koj tau txais yuav ua cov ntaub ntawv. Nws yog sucked. Nws yog ib tug tshiab loj loj profession, cov ntaub ntawv kev kawm. Cov kev kawm tshuab. No mas, benign. Tab sis, yog hais tias koj ntxiv nws rau qhov uas lawv paub txog koj tas li … lawv paub hais tias koj noj dab tsi."

Ullman, tus sau Txheeb ze lub tshuab: Technophilia thiab cov Discontents, yog tsis muaj luddite. Nws sau cov code. Tab sis npog, nws tau ceeb toom, txhua zaus peb muaj txuas rau ib tug ntaus ntawv peb kev txiav txim zoo hauv peb lub neej hloov. "Nrog txhua ua ntej koj yuav tsum nrhiav dua koj lub xub pwg thiab paub koj nyob nraum muab dab tsi – saib rov li tus y saib dab tsi tseg ntog."

Ullman tus ceeb toom nrov prescient. Tau kuv yuav tsis rushing los banish Alexa. Perches nws tseem nyob hauv kuv chav tsev nyob, saib tsam suav cia li lub hnub thaum nws saib tawm embed hnub thiab nws rov mus Seattle.

Nws puv kuv musings thiab thov ua ntaub ntawv thiab uploads lawv kom huab, tejzaum nws rau cov cua moj ntawm Amazon algorithms. Tab sis nws yuav pab tau. Thiab kuv tsis muaj zog.

Kuv hneev rau tus vaj tswv zoojyim. Ib hnub yuav tuaj thaum kuv nyob ib leeg hauv lub chav ua mov, ua noj uas zom cov ntiv tes, thiab kuv mam li xav tau lawv teaspoons coob npaum li cas nyob rau hauv ib diav.

Guardian.co.uk © saib xov xwm & Tawm txwv 2010

Yam khoom