Ntawm lub tsheb driverless los jetpacks

From driverless cars to jetpacks

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukNo tsab xov xwm hu “Ntawm lub tsheb driverless los jetpacks: raws li tus innovators reshaping pib tech” yog sau los ntawm Andy Meek, rau theguardian.com rau hnub Saturday November 14th 2015 14.13 UTC

Flagship New Zealand kuas Martin Aircraft tuam txhab cov khoom muag yog ib unconventional flying tshuab: tus jetpack uas yuav zoo li ib yam li ib tug prop ntawm tus yeeb yam sci-fi, yog cov nws tsis no rau cov Disease fact uas tseem nyob rau txoj kev mus commercialization.

Lub kaum hli ntuj, New Zealand aviation txog cai cleared lub tuam txhab tsab 12 qauv jetpack rau manned flights. Jetpack uas muaj kiv cua-propelled cov, Thaum pom tau tias nyob rau lub rau hli ntuj hauv lub Paris cua qhia, yeej yuj siab yuav luag 1,000 meters thiab ya mus teev. Lub tuam txhab jetpacks tuaj kuj muaj muag hauv tej tsam cov thib ob yog ib 2016.

Lub jetpack txoj kev loj hlob yog ib yam pivtxwv txog cov tswv yim loj thiab loj bets ua hla cov tsheb thauj mus los teem qhauj, qhov twg tuam txhab uas muag zoo li Martin Aircraft sib xeem khiav rau cov npoo ntawm qhov tau far. Peb nyob rau ib lub sij hawm thaum lub tsheb yuav "nkaus autonomous rau lub sij hawm ntev" tsag, raws li Tesla CEO Elon Musk. Hauv hu nrog shareholders fais tsav tsheb lub hlis no, Nws muab nws 15 mus 20 xyoo.

Muaj ntau lwm cov tsheb thauj mus los entrepreneurs nrog mob(nurses) kev them nqi ntawm lawv tus kheej kom ntau, los ntawm cov spaceships uas ua suborbital flights mus aircrafts uas thiab tsaws mas.

Tus saib xyuas mus txog rau ob peb tug cov innovators kom tau hnov ib tug twg lub neej yav tom ntej ntawm tsheb thauj mus los yog taws. Peb nug seb lawv nyob nraum thaum rau hais qhov kev tsis xam qhovkev dabtsi thiab vim li cas lawv txiav txim siab los nkag tau rau hauv qhov chaw sau ua tus xub place. Li cas peb nyob no muaj optimism rau lub neej tom ntej near qhov twg strapping rau ntawm tus jetpack yuav yog coj li tsis qab lub log.

Martin Aircraft yeej npaj siab tso nws cov jetpack rau ib nrab hnub rau xyoo tom ntej no cov thib ob. Qhov niaj hnub muab rau tus saib xyuas no ua qauv qhia video.

Martin Aircraft CEO Peter Coker txog thaum nws lag luam yuav tshwm rau nws yuav ua tau rau ib lub qhov muag qhov fantastically improbable.

"Nws yog kuv tus tub uas kuv mus koom lub tuam txhab persuaded,"Coker hais tias, dua li ntawm txoj kev sib tw. "Peb tau rau ntawm nyiaj so koobtsheej, thiab kuv tus tub, neeg ua haujlwm rau lub boutique peev khw nyob rau London, rightfully taw tes qhia: ' Vim li cas thiaj tsis xav yuav koom nrog rau tus cwj biggest aviation nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua xeem?’”

Tsuag tsuag kom lawv jetpacks tau lag luam, 2015 Nws kuj yog ib yam khoom ntawm ib xyoo defining rau lub tuam txhab, uas muaj rau lub hlis tsis ntev los no tau txhav tas tuaj agreements, koom tes thiab cov uas qhia tawm cov qauv siv rau tej cov neeg muas zaub. Nws tau txhab rau 53 neeg nyob 13 nationalities thiab muaj npe teev nyob rau ntawm lub qhov koob Hong Tshuag txauv.

Txog lub neej yav tom ntej ntawm jetpacks, Coker envisions ib "kev loj nyob saum ntuj" lossis lub "plaub dimension ntawm kev thauj", qhov twg rau ib tug neeg nruab nrab loj mus ua ntawm taw tes rau ib tug mus rau lwm.

"Peb sai heev pom tau hais cov dej nyob ib ncig ntawm tej yam li hais no ib yam li nws yog ib tug jetpack koj tus kheej xwb,"hais Coker, Lockheed Martin executive qub. "Peb tau pom lub sij hawm nyob rau hauv tej sector-rau roj thiab cov pa, tsuas thiab ua teb."

Taub ib jetpack flying zaum sound hard sell rau dubious investors thiab saib tsam tus choj deb rau tej neeg thiab cov neeg muas zaub. Tiam sis Coker hais tias nyuam qhuav pom qhov yuav pab clinch ib muag. Thaum nws pom tias yog ib daim duab los yees duab ntawm lub tswvyim los yog pib ib tsab rau tes hauj lwm, Coker hais tias "tam sim ntawd ua tus npau suav uas kuv tau thaum kuv muaj ib tug kas". Ib txoj kev, Nws hais tias, ntawd muas-hauv yog ib qho yooj yim sab.

Nws muaj cuab kav tsis nyuab dua surmounting lub xam qhovkev kev txoj kev sib tw uas tuaj nrog lawv sib hais uas muaj ib lub cav roj thiab ob tus kiv cua uas muab qhov xav kom tau nqa lub tsev.

"Thaum koj coj neeg mus rau lub philosophy ntawm li cas nws koomtxoos – ib yam li cov zoo nrhav, Nws yog ib tug tub nyuab uas yooj yim – lawv txais nws,"Coker hais tias. "Yog lawv muab tau qhov chaw tso dej txog nws, thiab txhua zaus thaum peb mus muab tej, ib tug neeg kuj tawm nrog tej yam txoj kev siv nws."

Tus tom ntej tswvyim yuav autonomous pods uas hais lus sib. Muaj designer Tommaso Gecchelin los ntawm tus neeg saib xyuas no rendering.

Tsheb thauj mus los nrhav ib yam li cov jetpacks noj rau lwm yam ntaub ntawv – ib txhia incremental ntau, tej groundbreaking.

Tshuab tsheb driverless yog ib lub sectors kub thaum lub caij, nrog manufacturers ntawm Ford rau Mercedes-Benz ua driverless tech plays. Sensors thiab peevxwm tas nkawm tseem ntawm cov ntxhais ntawm tus tswv tsheb thauj mus los Society of America tus Rethinking mus los rau lub ntxiv mus 30 Xyoo qhov ua siab tshaj lub kaum hli ntuj hauv Washington DC.

Lub laub mus rau autonomy yog lub plawv ntau kev tsheb thauj mus los breakthroughs. Nyob rau hauv Tesla lub thib peb lub quarter shareholder tsab ntawv tso tawm 3 Kaum ib hlis, qhov sau tias tau, "Peb cov neeg tsav cov tsheb yuav luag 250m mais no lub quarter, rau ib tag nrho yog ze li ntawm 1.5bn mais rau hnub." Tesla, tsab ntawv mus, nrhiav rau pem hauv ntej kom hnub "thaum peb yuav qhia rau koj li cas peb lub tsheb muaj uas tau tsav peb tuaj noj mov".

Zoo li no yav tom ntej ib yog ib foregone xaus Italian kws ua choj thiab muaj designer Tommaso Gecchelin. Nws yog sketched ua ib modular tswvyim yog hu nws Tom ntej Qhov nta dab tsi yeej tseem zoo fais pods uas tau txuas thiab disconnect los lwm pods ntxiv, zoo li futuristic tej tsheb ciav hlau uas yuav pib me me thiab loj hlob mus nthuav, accordion-style.

"Raws li peb tshuab thiab cov neeg siv kev tiam sis tsom … Yog tias yav tom ntej peb yuav pom ib tug revolutionary segmentation ntawm tsheb thauj mus los tom khw yuav heev,"Gecchelin hais tias. "Rau ntawm ib sab, tib neeg-uas tau tsav tsheb yuav ua zoo li nees nrog tus advent motorized tsheb. Li no txoj kev tsheb yuav yog mas, thaum lub tsheb yuav muaj tsawg dua qhov kev kawm, muab kom tau chaw sau ntau ntxiv rau lub tsheb thauj mus los ntse uas yuav muab cov muaj ntau pab tau thiab ua … mus txawv tebchaws thiab Ineligibility kev."

Nws envisions nws tom ntej tswvyim ua ntau tshaj yog tus commuter qauv. Nws txawj ob npaug li ib qhov kev pab tus me nyuam cev, nrog cov lag luam cas los owning pods rau lawv tus kheej thiab xa lawv loaded nrog cov khoom rau ib tus neeg lub tsev.

Gecchelin hais tias nws pib xav txog tov oriented ncig "ua hauj lwm, leisure kev-kom tau txais kev pab [rather dua] tsheb khiav optimization". Thaum lub caij, nws yuav nrhiav nyiaj pab rau tus siv thiab ua rau tus thawj fleet nqai lub tswvyim nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no tiag. Nws yog tam sim no tau hais lus muaj ob peb lub zos German txog tej kev koom tes.

"Qhov no yog li cas robotics thiab Court tsav yees yuav ua tau kom,"nws hais. "Txoj kev ntse thiab Court tsav account tseem rau tsheb mus ua haujlwm ua ke raws nraim li nws muaj mob ntxiv mus."

Sib dua kev hurdles, yog cov txheej xwm quo biggest obstacles sawv in the way of tej nrhav ib. Yuav luag 17m tsheb tshiab yuav muab muag thiab ntaus cov roadways hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas no xyoo – tsheb uas tsis ntev yuav abandoned rau ib radical tshiab txoj kev kis tau los ntawm ib tus taw tes rua.

Elio Motors paj lug txhim khu lub tsheb nrog ib peb-wheeled, maus taus zoo li tswvyim. Qhov muab rau tus saib xyuas no yees duab promotional.

Nyob rau hauv ib txoj kev los mus rau kev sib raug zoo nrog rau lub txheej xwm quo innovate, Paul Elio teb lub chaw tso dej nws lub tuam txhab flagship tsheb kom ib yam dab tsi zoo li cov iPad. Tib lub ntsiav tshuaj Ius proven yuav tau lub PC killer tab sis complements cov neeg uas twb muaj lawm ntau yam ntawm xwb, Elio pom nws tus tswvnum lub tsheb ua ib yam dab tsi zoo li cov iPad ntawm tus neeg lub chaw rau tsheb. Phoenix kuas Elio Motors Yog soj ntsuam txiav txim rau nws cov peb-wheeled tam sim no, tsheb maus taus zoo li uas nws tau txais 84 mais rau lub loos thiab uas nws npaj rau kev mus tso lwm xyoo uas muaj nqis $6,800 nqi lossis.

"Kuv xav tias tej yam zoo li no mus li lawm,"hais Elio, niaj hnub nws twb muaj dua 47,000 zos rau % 2uarter. rau ib tag nrho o20lived nyob New York City mus txog ib xyoos thiab ib nrab hnub, thiab subway lawv muaj hlub kuv. Thaum twg koj muaj raws li cov pejxeem, huab hwm coj pib tej hauj lwm.

"Kuv mus tas lub teb chaws, peb obviously ywg tau rhuav txhua lub suburbs thiab ua kom loj loj neeg nyob chaw los xyuas seb ib ntau txoj kev yuav kis tau los ntawm cov suburbs rau qhov downtowns twg uas peb ua hauj lwm."

Elio tus yam khoom tsab yog technically txwv kom muab zais li tus maus taus, tab sis nws tawm nrog amenities zoo nkaus li hwj huam qhov rais, cua txias, hnab cua thiab hwj huam kaw qhov rooj, rau txhua qhov ntawm lub cev. Cov tsheb yuav tau ua los ntawm Elio nyob Shreveport, Louisiana, ntawm qhov chaw ntau lawm tus General Motors.

"Nws puas tau txais los yog raug nyiaj tsawg thiab cov High School-mileage – nws twb tau mus ua ob leeg tsim muaj rau cov neeg ua hauj lwm,"nws hais. "Qhov no yog ib tug 'thiab' xaiv, tsis muaj 'los sis' xaiv. Vim li ntawd lub tswvyim yog koj yuav lub tsheb loj rau koj yog vim li cas koj yuav nws, muaj kev Elio dhau. Koj tsav cov Elio ua hauj lwm, thiab rau hnub Saturday uas koj tau coj tawm koj SUV."

Elio hais tias nws yuav txiav txim siab tso nws cov tuam txhab thiab ua nws tus kheej nws lub tsheb tom qab nyob hauv tus economic poob siab ntawm 2008 – ntxiv nrog rau qhov nws ntseeg tias qhov lag luam lub tsheb dealership kuas tau yog ib tus "gamesmanship" thiab tsis nyob rau hauv tus neeg lub haum economics. Yog ib yam uas nws ceev nrooj kawm raws li nws tau hais txog launching Elio Motors yog tias ob peb yam uas cov fraught uas muaj teeb meem rau kev ua lag luam li ua kom tau ib lub tsheb tshiab lag.

"Muaj ntau dua tej mus nkag rau hauv qhov chaw no dua txhua yam uas kuv paub,"Elio hais tias. "Yog koj noj Tesla tawm ntawm qhov kev sib sab laj, lub sij hawm dhau leejtwg tsim ib lub tsheb zoo niaj hnub nyob rau hauv uas yog tseem khiav ib Walter P Chrysler hauv 1925."

Thaum cov txav rov qab, Thaum twg "tus nqi ntawm cov roj ntawd mus through the roof", Elio hais tias nws los ua "pissed tua pom qhov wealth pouring tawm hauv lub teb chaws no".

"Kuv hais, Kuv xav kom lawv muaj ib $5,000 lub tsheb uas tau 65 mais ib loos,"nws txiav ntaqwm. "Kuv twb tsis muaj cov ntaub ntawv kom rov qab uas. Peb pib ua hauj lwm ntawm qhov teeb meem. Kuv tseem xav hais tias tus $5,000 tsheb yuav muaj ib tug xov tooj uas tau ntxim hlub. Tab sis raws li tus architecture pib tsim thiab peb pib rooj nrog lwm tus neeg thiab nrhiav pricing, peb pom tau hais qhov no tsis muaj cov yam ntxwv uas neeg yuav tau cia siab tias ntau."

Nws ntseeg hais tias nws pib lag luam Retail twg yuav tsum tau hloov mus vim cov tswv lag luam tsis muaj pob tshab rau cov nqi tsheb thiab txais.

"Kuv xav tias yog lub lag luam yog ib qhov teeb meem biggest qauv puas lawm,"hais Elio, leej twg hais tias nws yog ua npau suav txog owning ib lub tsheb nrog nws lub npe rau nws vim nws yog ib tug me nyuam tub hluas. "Lub purchase ntawm ib lub tsheb yog tej kev enormous kev ua si, uas yog vim peb muaj lub $6,800 daim duab. Yog koj paub tias koj xav li cas thiab yog tsis muaj qhov teeb meem financing, nws tsis coj koj tsib teev mus yuav ib lub tsheb."

XTI Aircraft tswvyim nta ntsug takeoff thiab yuav tsaws, uas yuav tua mus airports, raws li founder David Brody. Muab rau tus saib xyuas qhov khoom rendering XTI.

Lub xyoo tom qab Elio pib nws lub, Denver kuas David Brody tau teev hauv nws ib txog kev. Nws startup, XTI Aircraft, tsim tau lub tswvyim rau ib lub rooj rau cov lag luam dav hlau uas yoov nyiam ib tug zoo neeg nrog caij dav hlau, tab sis muaj ib twist – nws kuj yuav siv sij hawm thiab lands mas.

Lub tuam txhab TriFan 600 dav hlau siv kiv cua ducted peb rau lub liftoff tab. Vib nas this tom qab takeoff, ob tug koojtis kiv cua r otate tom ntej ua hauj lwm ceev rau davhlau kab rov tav. Lub kiv cua kom lub fuselage mounted kaw lawm. Thaum nws los txog caij yuav tau tsaws, tus txheej txheem plays rau nraud..

XTI claims lub aircraft yuav ua tus thawj long-range ntsug-takeoff coj mus muag dav hlau. Lwm tuam txhab uas muag cov kuj tsim tshuab ntsug-takeoff. Nyob rau lub rau hli ntuj, Boeing pom hais tias nws ib tug nyob ze-ntsug takeoff ntawm ib Dreamliner.

Brody tau mus ib txim ntawm inspiration txog ib xyoo caum dhau los thaum nws tus tub 10 xyoo rov hauv thiab coj tom tsev ib qhov teeb meem ntawm lub sij hawm magazine. Nws txiav ntaqwm nws tau sau ib tsab xov xwm txog kev ua lag luam rau tsim ib dav mini hlau uas yuav muab rho tawm hauj lwm thiab daim av mas.

"Uas tau txais kuv xav,"Brody hais tias. "Yog koj saib zoo li cas muaj tshwm sim dhau ob peb xyoo ntawd tej kev kho tshiab nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv: peb muaj cov ntaub ntawv sib zog thiab muaj cov kev kho tshiab tseem ceeb nyob rau hauv dav hlau xyaw. Dav hlau no muaj ob xyaw turboshaft, ntxiv rau txawv txaav hauv tshuab computer muaj pub rau controllability ntau npaum li cas thiab ntawm lub aircraft stability as well as avoidance kev sib tsoo. Tej lub tsheb driverless tshuab yuav zaum ua si lub luag hauj lwm hauv lub aircraft txog lub neej yav tom ntej."

Brody ntseeg hais tias tias yav tom ntej uas coj mus muag aircraft ntsis yuav nyob rau hauv txoj kev takeoff thiab yuav tsaws. Lub tshuab yuav tshem tawm cov nqi tsev thiab kom airports nrog runways ntev. Nws tseem yuav ua ya populations xub tsim kev cua taxi uas tos koj tsis far from koj lub tsev if not nyob ntawm koj qhov rooj.

XCOR Lynx suborbital tsheb aims coj coob uas xam nrog rau kev mus ua si me ntsis tuaj ntawm qhov chaw. Qhov muab tus neeg saib xyuas cov video no rendering promotional.

Lub qhov kawg frontier rau ib cov tsheb thauj mus los ua lag luam, tau mas, yog tawm ntawm lub ntiaj teb. Raws li California XCOR Aerospace tau pib muag daim pib rau flights ntawm nws cov Lynx series tsheb suborbital, uas yuav coj coob uas xam nrog payloads mus ib qhov chaw txawv tebchaws tuaj mus 330,000 taw mus ntev tshaj ib teev.

Coob uas xam nrog thiaj yeej tseem zoo li tus nqi tsav mus txawv tebchaws – lub xwb lwm yam neeg nrog caij rau cov voyage dhau li ntawm tus tsav. Zoj, lawv mam muab ib tus "hu rau qho" thiab yuav tau mus saib tej chaw ntawm lub Lynx cockpit toj uas affords tus saib ntawm chaw expansive.

The vehicle is powered by reusable rocket engines that run on kerosene and liquid oxygen.

“At the core of what we’ve developed at XCOR is a fully reusable rocket engine,” says board member Michiel Mol. “That may not seem spectacular, but it actually is. Every other rocket out there is one-time use only. We have what we call instant reusability. Our engine can fly, touch down and go on.”

Zoj, the Lynx vessel can, Nws hais tias, take passengers essentially to the border of space. XCOR envisions starting test flights sometime next summer and putting them into commercial use six to 12 months after that, with commercial flights starting possibly in 2017.

The company has sold a few hundred tickets already, mostly to consumers who have a passion for space. (And who have money to spend: tickets are $100,000 per flight.)

"Peb pom txhua astronaut uas twb tsis tau mus rau qhov chaw muaj rov qab los thaum muaj kev hloov lub neej,"Mol hais tias. "Ib zaug koj nyob nraum muaj sia nyob hauv lub blackness ntawm qhov chaw, saib no me me ntiaj chaw xiav ntsuab ib glow kaj lug thiab ib txheej bacteria me quav cua ncig, nws zoo li no, lam tau lam ua sab nraud. Nws ua rau koj muaj ambassador rau ntiaj teb nws tus kheej."

Yog ib lub commonalities uas yog yuav khees thaum hais lus rau entrepreneurs zoo li no yog li cas lawv suav lawv ambitions li inevitabilities.

Kom tag – thiab tsis doubt lwm tus nyob rau hauv qhov chaw sau lub tsheb thauj mus los – saib tus pej xeem Mes Kas quo thaum nws los txog rau qhov uas peb tau txais ntawm no los yeej muaj hnub no li untenable, tias ib yam khoom muaj hloov – thiab hais tias jetpacks thiab suborbital hlab ntsha yog nyob deb tshaj ntawm ib tug thawj koom ruam pheej hmoo ua ua ib yam dabtsi los txiav me me tweaks rau cov ntsiab lus uas twb muaj lawm.

Mol hais tias lub neej tom ntej ntawm tsheb thauj mus los kuj yuav tswv yim thiab peb yuav tsis txawm xeeb tub designs txog hnub no, vim hais tias cov kev tu ncua tomorrowwill extraordinary thiaj yuav.

"Kuv xav tias yeej noob neej sim mus nrhiav nws cov Area thiab mus car farther,"nws hais. "Kuv xav tias yav tom ntej faraway peb mam yuav nyob planets ntau yam li ib hom. Kuv convinced ntawd, muaj. Tej zaum tsis nyob hauv peb lub neej, ho."

 

 

 

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