Yuav ua li cas rau cov kev khiav cov tub soj xyuas hauv internet

How to Escape the Online Spies

Seb koj nyob nraum tweeting, khw los yog cia li browsing, Internet tuam txhab uas muag cov xyuas koj. Ntawm no yog yuav nkaum hauv snoopers


Powered by Guardian.co.ukNo tsab xov xwm hu “Yuav ua li cas rau cov kev khiav cov tub soj xyuas hauv internet” tau muab sau los ntawm Darien Graham-Smith, rau lub Observer rau hnub Saturday May 13th 2017 18.00 UTC

Tsis muaj leej twg nyiam spied nyob rau. Thaum koj nyob nraum innocently browsing web, yog nws tsaug tsis kaj siab xav tias faceless tshuab corporations xyuas thiab teev koj khiav mus txhua.

Thaum zoo li no cov ntaub ntawv sau los yog raws li txoj cai, tsis yog nws tseem yog. Muaj ntau yam uas koj yuav xav kom tau koj tus kheej kom ntau, xws li koj cov nyiaj khwv tau los, koj sexuality, koj views thoj los yog koj kev ua tswv cuab ntawm lub Yoko Ono fanclub. Rau and li cas yuav muab inferred los koj tsis tau hauv internet, saib tus Thov ntses Magic cuab tam uas ua los ntawm cov Centre Psychometrics Cambridge, uas ua ib profile ntawm koj cwm pwm ua raws li tej ntaub ntawv Facebook thiab Twitter.

Thiab thaum koj yuav, ntxias koj tus kheej nrog rau cov paub tias cov lus no yog feem coob siv targeting tawm, tias yuav tsis muaj lub rooj tau no ntev npaum li cas. Qhov internet giants yog lub tsev siv puas ntau tshaj neeg profiles – thiab nrhiav txoj kev tshiab rau exploit cov ntaub ntawv. Nyob rau lub Observer, Carole Cadwalladr kev tshawb muaj highlighted li cas analytic rua kev tau siv tus tsis ntev los no EU tsab ntawv ywj suab rau phiaj thiab khoom siv tes ua lus rau ib pawg uas muajcai povntawv persuadable le insights puas hawv gleaned los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv hauv internet.

Txawm hais tias koj nyob tus txog analytics tuam txhab uas muag gaming txoj thoj, koj yuav tau bothered txog cov nyhuv hauv koj hnab tawv me: kev soj ntsuam ntawm ntawm lub Polytechnic University of Catalonia twb pom tseeb tias ib txhia hauv internet retailers siv profiling saib tsis tau lwm yam rau cov neeg muas zaub. Yog koj nyob nraum pom tias ua ib siab tus shopper, koj yuav tau steered ntawm cov khoom uas kim kim nraum, los sis twb raug them ntau tshaj lwm cov qhua rau tus tib yam.

Yog nyuam qhuav pib nws. Ntawm cov kws txawj ceeb toom uas, yav tom ntej, koj nyob rau hauv kev ua yuav tau muab los xav thaum uas koj mus thov nyiaj txais – los yog hauj lwm. Uas yog troubling, tsawg tsis vim profiling yuav muaj caij assumption thiab inference loj. ♦ li searching rau mob – tej zaum tseem tsis xav mere – tej yam yuav ua rau koj daim ntawv kho mob them rau lub foob pob ua ntxaij, thiab koj yuav tsis paub vim li cas.

Txawm tias koj twb tsis muaj dab tsi zais, yog li no, nws yuav ntse los minimise koj raug mus hauv internet mus txog qhovtwg lawm. Ntawm no yog li cas ib co cov npe hauv web biggest neeg soj xyuas rau koj – thiab pab tiv thaiv koj tus kheej yuav ua li cas.

Amazon

Tus Amazon ncha suab pab
Nias lub khawm hais tsis tau lus nyob saum lub Amazon ncha suab pab yuav mus ib ntus kom nws tsis txhob teev cia cov suab. Yees duab: Samuel Gibbs rau tus neeg saib xyuas cov

Amazon tus cwj pwm uas tom qab koj ncig lub web disconcerting. Siv ob peb feeb browsing nws cov catalogue rau kev crepe yias, thiab koj yuav nrhiav tau tias tom ntej no rau koj mus ntsib yog mysteriously festooned nrog cov hauj lwm uas qhia rau cookware.

Thankfully, Amazon muab koj ib txoj kev yooj yim rau opt tawm tracked ua li no. Cias nias rau "Koj Account" ntawm tus Amazon homepage, ces scroll mus ua "Advertising nyiam": ntawm no koj yuav pom cov kev lov tes taw tawm personalised. Ceeb toom tias txij no feature relies rau ncuav qab zib, nws yuav tsuas yuav noj cov nyhuv hauv qhov browser koj nyob nraum tab tom siv.

Nyob rau hauv "Advertising nyiam", koj yuav tau saib kev saib thiab tswj koj tus me nyuam twb browsing; ntawm no koj yuav lov tes taw zoo rau nws nrhiav, los yog tshem tawm cov khoom ib tug ntawm koj tus me nyuam twb Amazon. Uas yuav muab pab tau yog koj nyob nraum khw rau khoom plig, los yog hais tias koj twb tau browsing unfashionable koj yuav theej tsis tau qhia txog khoom.

Amazon lub suab pab li cas? Yog hais tias koj twb tau ib Amazon ncha nyob hauv koj lub tsev, tej zaum koj yuav txhawj txog nws mloog nyob rau ntawm qhov sib. So assured, tus ncha tsis sau txhua yam uas nws hnov txog thaum uas koj xa nrog txoj kev "tsim lo lus" (txwm "Alexa"). Xijpeem hais tom ntej no yog relayed rau Amazon, qhov uas nws tau ua thiab muab, tiam sis koj yuav so no txhua lub sijhawm – koj yuav nrhiav kev ua nyob hauv tus Amazon "Tswj koj cov thiab li" tsev koom.

Xyuas tias Alexa tsis tau woken txawm los ntsib, koj kuj yuav nias lub khawm nyob lub ncha mus ib ncuas lov tes taw cov microphone hais tsis tau lus; cia li nias nws rov mus nws tig rov rau. Sim no muaj nqis ntsoov teev, Txawm li cas los, tias cov miv lub ncha software ib tug siab yeej, ces nws behaviour yuav pauv txhua lub sij hawm. Peb yuav tau ua kom lub ntse muag rau cov tshiab uas yuav nyuaj rau koj tus kheej.

Kua

Cov tub hluas uas siv ib lub laptop Macbook
Lub kaw lus macOS operating kis koj nrhiav lus rau cov kua. Yees duab: Graeme Robertson rau tus neeg saib xyuas cov

iPhones thiab iPads sau ntau cov ntaub ntawv txog koj, thiab nws puas siv tau yog tsis cia li los kua tiam sis rau lwm-tus neeg apps thiab. Sab lus "Privacy" nyob rau hauv lub iOS no nqis app uas muab koj tus paub yuav sau li cas, thiab cia koj lov tes taw ntau yam ntaub ntawv koom nta.

Ib qho uas nco ntsoov yog uas yog koj nyob nraum nqa ib iPhone ncig hauv koj hnab tshos, nws yuav muab lossi kom taug qab thaum uas qhov chaw koj nyob, thiab kev uas muab nws. Koj yuav tau yooj yim paub nws tsis tau, ho: nyob rau hauv cov tsev koom app, coj mus rhaub rau "Privacy" > "Qhov chaw pab" thiab xaiv cov apps uas yuav tau mus saib tau koj cov ntaub ntawv GPS. Koj yuav tau lov tes taw lawv cov kev pab xws li "Nquag chaw", los yog lov tes taw cov chaw pab zoo rau nws – tias qhov no txhais tau tias apps li kua Maps yuav tsis ua haujlwm.

Nws yog ib lub caijnyoog twg zoo ib yam li rau cov neeg siv Mac. MacOS lawv siv network sib txuas ua hauj lwm tawm qhov twg hauv lub ntiaj teb no koj lub computer yog nyob rau, thiab cov ntaub ntawv no yuav qhia cov kev siv thiab cov websites. Koj yuav tswj qhov no los ntawm lub "System nyiam" > "Security & Tsis pub twg paub".

Lwm kheej ntxhov rau cov neeg siv cov macOS yog lub Disease fact txhua txhua lub sij hawm koj nrhiav dab tsi nyob hauv tsom teeb, koj mus nrhiav cov ntsiab lus uas yog kis rau kua, li ntawd lub tuam txhab servers yuav qhia tau tias kom mus rau qhov chaw hauv internet. Koj yuav lov tes taw no feature qhib "Lawv nyiam" > "Tsom teeb" thiab unticking rau ntawm lub box rau "Tswv yim tsom teeb".

Thaum kawg, khaws ib muag rau koj webcam, raws li malware yuav cia hackers rau lub cia neeg soj xyuas koj ntawm koj Mac cov koob yees duab built-in. Yog lub teeb tawm poob nthav, nws txhais tau tias ib tug menyuam yog koj; kev kaj siab lug tag siab, koj yuav tsum tau npog cov koob yees duab nrog rau daim kab xev opaque. Xav txog tseem mus "Lawv nyiam" > "Suab" thiab disabling rau sab hauv microphone, kuas tsis muaj leej twg yuav eavesdropping rau koj sib.

Facebook

Cov ntxaij vab tshaus Facebook
Facebook: koj yuav xaiv tau qhov option tov yog tsis tau muaj tus account. Yees duab: Dluab Carl plaub/Getty

Koj puas zaum tso tej ntaub ntawv kom ntau rau Facebook koj tus kheej – tiam sis lub network kev kuj tracks koj mus rau lwm cov websites los txoos ua ib profile scarily xav paub txog koj txoj kev ua neej thiab saib xyuas. Feem coob cov ntaub ntawv no siv rau targeting tawm, tab sis, nws yuav tsum muab mus rau lwm cov laj thawj yav tom ntej.

Facebook qhib kuj hais txog cov lus uas nws yuav nug yog. Thaum koj pom ib tug ad rau koj ntxiv, koj yuav nco ntsoov nyem nco-down zaub mov rau nws cov saum txoj kev thiab xaiv "vim li cas yog kuv pom qhov no?"yuav nrhiav pom vim Facebook xaiv los qhia koj tus ad rau ib smartphone, qhov ib qho rau cov tshuaj ntxuav tes scented. Rau ib tug vaj dab Facebook fuller paub txog koj, mus rau ntawm nplooj ntawv "Cov chaw" thiab "Adverts" los ntsuam xyuas koj advertising profile nyem. Yog hais tias muaj ntau yam yuam kev no, los yog koj tsis xav hnov los ntawm advertisers, lawv yuav raug tshem tawm lossis sim nrog ib nias.

Ib sab creepy uas yog, yog vim, Facebook tus tawm ntxiv tsis tshwm hauv Facebook nws tus kheej xwb. Facebook siv ncuav qab zib ua raws koj profile rau lwm cov websites thiab, Amazon zoo ib yam li, xyuas kom meej tias koj pom cov hauj lwm uas qhia nws xav kom koj. Koj yuav lov tes taw no behaviour ntawm nplooj ntawv nyiam advert: nyob rau hauv "Advert nqis" koj mam saib ib qhov theej awkwardly phrased "Tawm ntawm apps thiab off of tus Facebook tuam txhab uas muag cov websites". Muab qhov no los "Tsis yog" thiab koj ua nyob rau hauv lawv lub teeb yuav tsum functioning.

tau mas, this doesn’t mean that Facebook isn’t still profiling you: there’s sadly no easy way to stop it collecting information. Your best bet is to turn to the measures described in “The internet”, below, such as enabling “Do Not Track” in your browser, specifically opting out or installing an anti-tracking browser extension. Los sis, tau mas, you may decide it’s safest just to delete your Facebook account.

Google

Google’s My Activity page
Google’s My Activity page allows you to view your entire browsing history. Yees duab: Samuel Gibbs rau tus neeg saib xyuas cov

Most of us use Google services every day, and as a result the web giant knows a huge amount about our movements and interests. You can find out everything it’s learned about you at myaccount.google.com. Your data is all set out in an impressively forthright way; the only problem is, there’s so much information to work through that it can be bewildering to navigate.

One section that’s worth your attention is “Manage your Google activity”. Here you’ll find Google’s activity controls, which let you disable various types of data collection. Piv txwv, you can tell Google not to log your Chrome browsing history and activity, to stop tracking your location and to desist from keeping records of any voice commands you might issue. Turning these features off can make Google services less smart, but you might consider that a price worth paying.

For a closer look at the information Google’s been collecting on you lately, click on “My activity”. Qhov no mus ib ncua sij hawm uas qhia tag nrho koj luag tshawb theem, visit webpage, Hauv app thiab ua li ntawd. Pom koj lub neej cov nteg mus khaws li no yuav tsis zoo nkauj unnerving: yog muaj tej yam koj yuav xum Google nrauj, cias ndliv lub icon ntawv qhia zaub mov rau nws cov cai thiab rho tawm.

Yog koj xav kom tshawb xyuas txhua yam Google paub txog koj, koj twb mus muab tau ib archive ntawm tej ntaub ntawv uas muab los txhaj rau "Tiv thaiv koj cov ntaub ntawv kawm" > "Download tau koj cov ntaub ntawv". Yuav tau ceeb toom, ho, no archive yuav loj loj: lub neej ntawd tej chaw xws li txhua tus emails hauv koj tus account Gmail, thiab tej yeeb yaj duab uas koj yuav muaj tau uploaded rau YouTube.

Yog hais tias koj xav tau kom tsis txhob muaj cov ntaub ntawv koj muab rau Google yav tom ntej, ib qho yooj yim yog cias mus rov qab siv dua. Piv txwv, sim lub cav teem tsis pub twg paub nrhiav rau duckduckgo.com, thiab siv cov kev qhia ntawv browser xws li Firefox.

Microsoft

Qhov rai 10 "telemetry" nta tau ntes txhua hom ntaub ntawv txog koj nyob nraum ua dab tsi rau hauv koj lub PC, thiab xa rov tuaj rau Microsoft. Lub tuam txhab insists tias cov lus no tsuas siv lug txhim khu cov qhov rais, tiam sis nws tseem xav ua ib qhov txhaum.

Qhov ntev "Creators hloov" rau qhov rais 10 prompts koj mus xyuas koj tus kheej nqis li ib feem ntawm txheej txheem hloov tshiab, tab sis, koj yuav tshawb xyuas thiab hloov tej chaw koj txhua lub sij hawm: tsuas qhib lub qhov rai 10 Tej chaw app thiab nias rau ntawm "Privacy". Koj yuav nrhiav tsis tsawg tshaj 18 nplooj ntawv txoj configuration, zus los ntawm personalised advertising rau qhov kev pab cuam txhua yam.

Muaj ob peb tej chaw uas koj yuav tshwj tau mus xyuas. Ib feature ntawm qhov rais 10 uas tej zaum yuav ua rau koj txhawj xeeb yog ib qho uas nws tracks txhua yam koj ntaus ntawv – yog, ib puas tsavyam – thiab nws nrog rau Microsoft txoj. Qhov no yog thiab pab lub kaw lus operating kawm txoj kev uas koj ua hauj lwm, tab sis, yog hais tias lub tswv yim ua kom koj tshee tshee, koj yuav lov tes taw nws nyob rau hauv "hais lus, inking thiab typing".

Nyob rau hauv "tswv yim & diagnostics", meanwhile, koj yuav xaiv tau ntau npaum li cas qhia diagnostic tau hauj lwm thiab muab xa mus rau Microsoft rov qab. Ib daim ntawv qhia txog daim ntawv qhia no paub meej txog kev siv twg yog cov uas koj twb tau siv thiab cov websites uas koj twb tau mus xyuas, li ntawd, koj yuav xav kom hloov mus rau qhov chaw ntawd yooj yim dua xwb. Koj tseem yuav tswj cov ntaub ntawv uas Microsoft twb paub txog koj mus rau lub Privacy Dashboard ntawm account.microsoft.com/privacy.

Nrhiav tsis nruj me ntsis ib qhov teeb meem tsis pub twg paub, nam ntawm qhov rais controversial 10 yog Cov menyuamuas uas tawm hauv tus neeg siv interface. Tshem cov cuaj ntsawj pa tawm ntawm qhov muab cov zaub mov, mus saib "Chaw" > "Personalisation" > "Pib" thiab lov tes taw "Tej zaum lawv cov tswv yim thaum pib". Txog Microsoft advertising nws OneDrive huab cia pab, qhib cov ntaub ntawv Explorer, mam li xaiv "Saib" > "Xaiv" > "Hloov ceev thiab nrhiav kev xaiv", Ndliv qhov "Saib" tab, thiab untick "Qhia sync cov ntawv kho mob qhia".

Hauv internet

Google Chrome nqis
Google Chrome, ib yam li cov browsers loj, muaj kev xaiv yuav lov tes taw mus txog qhovtwg. Yees duab: Samuel Gibbs rau tus neeg saib xyuas cov

ua li, Nws yog ib tug exaggeration hais tias ua ib tug lej hauv internet yog spying rau koj. Tiam sis muaj ntau lub ntuj raug txim ntawm tuam txhab uas muag tawm muaj ntau tu tabs rau koj kev ua nyob hauv internet. Cov paab nquag tuaj cuag filthy lucre – lawv nrhiav koj nyiam pab nias tawm yam hais txog koj txoj kev, thiab los muab kev ncaj ncees koj yuav xav kom sawv daws yuav sob cov.

Yog hais tias koj yuav theej tsis tau tracked, ib kauj ruam koj tam sim ntawd yuav tsum ua thiaj yog yuav pab tus "tsis taug qab" feature hauv koj tus browser. Yog, Nws yog tej yam uas yooj yim: ib qho loj web browser muaj cov muaj rab peev xwm qhia cov websites uas koj tsis xav ua kom tau raws li – koj yuav pom qhov ntxiv ntawm donottrack.us. Teeb meem nrog lub xwb yog tias ua raws cai los yog yeem kiag li, yog li cov websites uas xav ua raws li koj tseem yuav.

Ib qho ntxiv uas koj yuav tau ua yog txuas mus xyuas youradchoices.com, ib qhov chaw uas cov tshev mis rau koj tus browser rau "ncuav qab zib mus txog qhovtwg" los ntawm ntau tshaj 100 tuam txhab uas muag. Koj yuav lov tes taw ib tug ncuav qab zib, los yog tua tag nrho behavioural advertising nrog ib tug hluas nias. Tom qab no, koj tseem yuav pom tawm, tab sis lawv yuav tsis tau customised rau koj nyiam muaj.

Drastic ntau tov yog configure koj tus browser los tsis yuav-thib ncuav qab zib – uas, ncuav qab zib uas txuas mus rau ib qhov chaw uas tsis yog tus koj nyob nraum tam sim no browsing. Txawm li cas los, qhov no yuav ua teeb meem yog hais tias, Piv txwv, ib qhov chaw siv embedded cov ntsiab lus ntawm elsewhere hauv web. Ib qhov kev ruaj ntseg dua yog siv ib lub cuab tam xws li Ghostery ; qhov browser dawb extension yuav thaiv ncuav qab zib mus txog qhovtwg los ntawm ntau tshaj 4,500 tuam txhab uas muag, thaum pub koj xyua xim pab khaub lig-qhov chaw kawm. Nws yog ib tug mob, qhov no yuav tsum tau yuav tsum tsim nyog, tab sis, yog hais tias koj tsis xav tau koj tej ntaub ntawv yuav muab qhia tawm nyob rau hauv internet, puas tsim nyog kev lam ho yog nws.

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