Kif nista 'nikseb fis-PC tiegħi mingħajr il-password admin?

How can I get into my PC without an admin password?

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukDan l-artiklu intitolat “Kif nista 'nikseb fis-PC tiegħi mingħajr il-password admin?” ġie miktub minn Jack Schofield, għall theguardian.com il-Ħamis 6 AWISSU 2015 09.27 UTC

I jkollhom laptop HP running Microsoft Windows 8. Kif rakkomandat mill-ħafna sorsi, I maħluqa kontijiet separati utent għall-mara tiegħi u lili nnifsi, u jien ma bżonn log fil bħala admin għal waqt. Issa jien sempliċement minsija l-password. Stajt ppruvaw kollha ta 'l varjazzjonijiet ovvji, li segwew xejra I użati għall IMAC tiegħi qodma. Stajt ukoll ppruvaw xi proċessi msemmijin online, bl-ebda suċċess.

Huwa faċli biżżejjed biex back up tad-data personali tagħna, so I qiesu reset fabbrika, imma jiena ċert li se titlob għal password admin. Il-ħaġa ovvja jien ma jsir huwa jħallas għal xi softwer kummerċjali cracking, imma għandi l-ebda idea liema (jekk ikun hemm) huma ta 'fama u effettivi. Jekk jogħġbok jissuġġerixxu soluzzjoni, kif nixtieq li jaġġornaw lill-Windows 10. Stephen

Ridt twaqqaf il-kont amministratur oriġinali billi ntuża l-indirizz email Microsoft kif MSA tiegħek (Kont Microsoft), li huwa dak I jirrakkomanda bil-qawwa? jekk iva, -password logon tiegħek huwa l-istess bħal-password email tiegħek, u din hija xi ħaġa inti xorta tista 'tiftakar. Inti tista 'anki ktibt l-isfel x'imkien.

Jekk inti ma tuża Hotmail, Live jew kont Outlook.com, inti għandek ċans tajjeb ta 'jkollna aċċess għall-kont tiegħek admin, billi jerġa 'jiġi issettjat l-email tiegħek password kont mill- Microsoft Kont Password Irrisettja paġna. Hemm pass-pass istruzzjonijiet fil About.com.

PC tiegħek għandha tkun online sabiex Microsoft tista 'taġġorna l-password admin fuq laptop tiegħek. Madankollu, jekk inti qed jerġa 'jiġi issettjat l-password mill-kont tiegħek standard, allura inti ovvjament se tkun online.

Irrisettja PC tiegħek

Ieħor idea hija li back up tad-data tiegħek u mbagħad reset PC tiegħek għall-kondizzjoni fabbrika. Dan għandu jkun possibbli fuq il-Windows kollha 8 PCs li għad għandhom partizzjoni irkupru tagħhom intatti. Hija taħdem ukoll mal-Windows 10 PCs. Dawn ma jkollhom partition irkupru, iżda dawn ikollhom sistema speċjali biex jerġgħu jinbnew is-sistema operattiva meta meħtieġ.

Sfortunatament, I do not think inti tista reset Windows 8 PC minn kont standard utent. Inti ma tistax anki tara "Irrisettja PC tiegħi" minn kont standard fuq Windows 10, u sħabi ġurnalist Simon Bisson ikkonfermaw dan kien ukoll il-każ fuq il-Windows 8.1. (Grazzi għall-Windows 10, Jien temporanjament barra tal-Windows 8 PCs.)

Metodi oħra ta 'jerġa' jiġi issettjat l-password Windows admin finalment jsarrafx biss fl jinbidlu fajls fuq il-hard drive qabel il-kont admin gets kontroll. L-approċċ tradizzjonali kien li jinterrompi l-sekwenza istartjar, imma int tista 'wkoll terġa' tibda PC tiegħek mill-Windows irkupru tiegħek DVD jew drive thumb bootable USB. Alternattiva oħra hija tagħbija Linux minn "Live CD" jew USB drive. Nissuspetta dan huwa kif aktar kummerċjali "cracking" programmi ta 'ħidma.

Avvanzata Għażliet Istartjar

Ħafna Staqsi qarrejja Jack se jkun familjari mal jinterrompi l-sekwenza but ta 'PC Windows billi jolqot ewlieni funzjoni, u mbagħad tibda Windows fil-modalità sikur jew jinbidel l-ordni but fil- BIOS (Bażiku Input / Output System) ċippa. Twieqi 8 u Windows 10 PCs ma jibqgħux jużaw il-BIOS antika ħafna u bil-mod, huma jużaw UEFI Ma 'Għażliet Istartjar Avvanzata (ASO) iskrin.

Ħafna PCs żammew il-kunċett, sabiex ippressar,jgħidu, -ċavetta F11 jew Esc matul il-Windows 8 sekwenza but se tieħu inti l-iskrin ASO, fejn inti tista 'tibda kmand pront tieqa (CMD) magħruf ukoll bħala "kaxxa DOS". Iċċekkja l-gwida għall-utent għall-laptop HP tiegħek (fuq hard drive tiegħek jew online) biex tara li muftieħ funzjoni li l-istampa.

Inkella, inti tista 'tikseb l-iskrin ASO billi żżomm il-buttuna shift waqt tikklikkja fuq l-ikona enerġija u l-għażla Nerġgħu. L-alternattiva fit-xejn b'xejn huwa l-użu l-bar charms li tagħżel Settings, ikklikkja settings PC Tibdil fil-, u mbagħad jgħaddu irkupru li l-għażla Avvanzata Istartjar, "Nerġgħu issa".

Meta ikollok il-paġna ASO, bi kwalunkwe rotta, tagħżel Troubleshoot, u mbagħad Irrisettja PC tiegħek. Dan għandu jirritornaha lill kundizzjoni fabbrika.

Sfortunatament, I’m not sure it will do a reset without an admin password – and I don’t have a machine to try – but it’s worth a go. (I have never been asked for a password when resetting a Windows 8 PC, but I suspect I’ve always done it from admin accounts.)

Breaking in

You can also start your laptop from a Windows DVD or a bootable USB thumb drive and then change the password on the hard drive. idealment, use the recovery DVD that Windows suggested you create in case you ran into a major problem. (Dażgur, if you have one of those, you can just reinstall Windows 8 from scratch.)

Jekk le, it doesn’t really matter what you boot from, because you’re not going to install the operating system. It could be almost any Windows DVD or a Live Linux CD.

You “break in” by renaming one of the ease-of-access files. There are half a dozen available, including sethc.exe (Set High Contrast), utilman.exe (Utility Manager), and osk.exe (On-Screen Keyboard). You rename one of these to stop it working: per eżempju, rename osk.exe to osk.exe.old. Wara, you rename the Command shell from cmd.exe to osk.exe (or whichever file you chose).

Issa, when you start Windows 8, you can run the on-screen keyboard from the utilities icon, but the command shell will load instead. This lets you assign a new password (pereżempju 123) to your admin account, so that you can log in. (Remember to clean up by renaming osk.exe back to cmd.exe and osk.exe.old to osk.exe, and set a new password.)

Lots of YouTube videos show how it’s done. The best one I’ve found is Wesley David’s How to Reset a Windows Password Through a Backdoor. He’s very clear.

If you want to try a Linux-based “rescue CD” then have a look at the Trinity Rescue Kit u Ophcrack v3.6.0 (LiveCD v3.6.0). Both are free.

If you want to try a paid-for cracker, Windows Password Key looks a reasonable bet. I’ve not tried it, but the website is well designed, it has a tutorial, u l- FAQ Center articles are sound. Although Windows Password Key is a free download, I assume you end up paying .95, though I don’t know how.

I’d just follow Wesley David’s tutorial.

prevenzjoni

There are ways to avoid getting into this situation in the first place. I use a Microsoft email address with a long password, but I set up a 4-digit PIN so I can log in quickly. I also have two admin accounts, in case one of them goes bad. Fl-aħħarnett, I note that Microsoft allows you to create a password reset disk (or USB thumb drive or floppy disk) so that you can reset your password if you forget it. It’s a simple menu item with a wizard to guide you. Twieqi 8.1 works the same way.

You should also follow Windows’ directions to create recovery media and back-ups so that if your hard drive fails, you can reinstall Windows from scratch and get your stuff back.

Għandek mistoqsija oħra għall Jack? Email lill Ask.Jack@theguardian.com

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