महान नेते त्यांना स्वत: ला सर्व करू नका

Great leaders don’t do it all on their own

 

Guardian.co.uk द्वारा समर्थितशीर्षक हा लेख “महान नेते त्यांना स्वत: ला सर्व करू नका - असे का त्यांना तसे पैसे भरावे?” स्टीफन स्टर्न लिहिले होते, सोमवारी 21 डिसेंबर रोजी theguardian.com साठी 2015 13.21 यूटीसी

कोण clattering व्हर्जिन गाडी प्रभारी आहे? सर नाही रिचर्ड ब्रॉन्सन. तो तर आलाच नाही रेल्वे नाही किंवा तुमच्या व्हर्जिन खाते विमान किंवा एकूण धावसंख्या स्विच पैसे वाहतूक आपल्या केबल टीव्ही किंवा काठावर. पण कोण कंपनी "धावा" कोणत्याही सटोडिया विचारू आणि आपण उत्तर असेल काय माहीत: की दात काढून हसणे, एक quirky योजनेची ठळक वैशिष्ठे किंवा फॅन्सी कपडे साहित्य दाढीवाल्या मनुष्य.

आम्ही सर्व अंमलबजावणी आहेत, कसा तरी एक अफाट महामंडळ प्रत्येक पैलू व्यवस्थापकीय सोलो व्यक्तिमत्व समज perpetuating. आर्थिक विश्लेषकांच्या, शैक्षणिक, भागधारकांना, कर्मचारी, पत्रकार - आम्ही मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी ओळख एकाकडे टक लावून पहाणे. "मार्क Bolland गुण करु शकतो & स्पेंसर सुमारे?" आम्ही विचारतो. "पॉल Polman युनिलिव्हर करेल?"हे खरोखरच खूप शहाणा प्रश्न नाहीत.

अति बक्षिसे सर्वात वरील, कार्मिक आणि विकास चार्टर्ड इन्स्टिट्यूट ऑफ पासून एक अहवाल गेल्या आठवड्यात पुन्हा ठळक (CIPD), सीईओ "इतर" आहेत की अनुभूति, एक वेगळा जातीच्या. हे क्वचितच खरे आहे. प्रत्येक अपवादात्मक साठी, मोठे बदल घडवून आणण्यासाठी मदत करतो चेंडू नेते, विलक्षण वेतन अदा केले जात सामान्य प्रशासक आणि नोकरशहा हे डझनभर आहेत. एक चांगला किंवा प्रशासक जात नाही लाज आहे. आम्ही दोन्ही गरज. पण ते अवाढव्य वेतन संकुल प्राप्त करताना, ते अपरिहार्यपणे त्यांना मिळवले आहेत नाही.

The results of the CIPD survey showed how damaging it can be to pay bosses so much more than everybody else. Six out of 10 employees said they felt demotivated by the vast gap in pay; 70% said executive pay was too high in general, although only 44% said that the boss at their particular business was getting too much; more than half said that business’s reputation was being harmed by the excess.

The myth of leadership is also sustained by popular notions about the world of sport. Undoubtedly leaders do matter. More or less the same Chelsea players who won the Premiership last season have performed woefully this season. And a major cause of this collapse seems to be a poor attitude among the squad, provoked by the eccentric and at times unpleasant behaviour of their now sacked boss, José Mourinho.

But Mourinho apparently succumbed to his own mythology, believing the hype that he was a superior and indeed infallible “special one”. Sports coaches, however dominant, however inspirational, need to remember that it is the players on the pitch who win or lose matches. For all that the TV cameras remain fixed on the dugout where the managers sit, and zoom in to capture every twitch of emotional reaction, the players do the work.

What do good leaders do? They hire capable people, and let them get on with their work. They create a space in which their staff can flourish. They delegate as much as possible. They concentrate their energies on getting the big decisions right. This is not easy and deserves credit. But how much?

FTSE 100 कंपन्या, and their PR advisers, sometimes say that “running” a big company is a huge task, and in itself justifies a big salary. But as Sir Philip Hampton, a seasoned business figure and chairman of the pharma giant GlaxoSmithKline, told the High Pay Centre this year that bigness does not necessarily imply the CEO deserves a huge reward. “The bigger the system, the more the system counts, rather than the person at the top of it,"तो म्हणाला,.

No one is indispensable. Great leaders sometimes achieve remarkable things, and deserve their (financial) success. But they almost never achieve these things on their own. स्टीव्ह जॉब्स, the force behind Apple, was not a technologist. Sir Alex Ferguson never scored a goal for Manchester United.

Bertolt Brecht, in his poem Questions Asked by a Worker Who Reads, challenges some of the myths of great historical figures in this way:

“The young Alexander conquered India.
On his own?
Caesar defeated the Gauls.
Did he not even have a cook with him?
Philip of Spain wept when his Armada went down.
Did no one else weep?
Frederick the Great won the Seven Years War.
Who else won it?
On every page a victory.
Who cooked the celebratory feast?"

We are all in this together. That includes the boss. They may deserve to get paid more than the rest of us. पण, खात्रीने, not so much more.

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