Powered e Guardian.co.ukTēnei tuhinga ui “Ko te feaa kākahu: 'E te tokonga. Ko nga mea katoa ko te tokonga '” i tuhituhia e Jessica Glenza i New York, hoki theguardian.com i runga i te Paraire 27 Hui-tanguru 2015 22.41 UTC

Ko te he feat onge mo te meme ki te ngōki i roto i o te tūtae o te ahurea ipurangi me te ki te mahara o te patata rā. Rawa, no te rite hohoro tupu te reira rite "te kakahu" i.

I waenganui i Rāpare te ahiahi, ko te ata Rāmere, tupu te ahu i te pou Tumblr i he Irish kaiwhakatangitangi ki te āhuatanga o te ao, me te kaupapa o te tautohetohe puta noa i te ao.

Ko te pūtake o te pātai kākahu, a pea tona tono, Ko te ohie: Ko te poraka ma, me te koura, ranei puru, me te pango?

Ko te āhuatanga i taea e te hua o te tokonga whatu ohie, he rangirua, ranei te reira i taea e te atu matatini. Ko nga mea katoa i te take, te reira i te whakaahua e taea whakaae kaua e ara perception kairangahau i runga i.

"Na nui o to tatou kite, me te rongo he tino tika,"Ka mea a Howard C Hughes, nei tirotiro i te tikanga o te perception i te tari Dartmouth College o o hinengaro, me te roro pūtaiao. "Ki te kahore i e pera, e kore e taea e tatou te haere i roto i te kuwaha, a matou kihai i taea e tino rere 50 iāri a ka hopu i te pōro rere i roto i te mara pokapū. "

I roto i te poto, e kore koutou rewera: Ko te nuinga o te mea e kite koe i te aha kite i ētahi atu iwi. Ko fakamanatu e nga taonga tatou "e kite" E kore e tika i te mau aravihi faufaa tatou i matau ai Hughes ia tatou, tautautefito ki he taimi e mahi ai matou ki a iti noa ngā mōhiohio, pērā i te grainy, photo rua-ahu.

E te kokokiko, ake raraunga i kohia e to tatou kanohi te hunga whakapakoko, ka anō e to tatou mau feruriraa, tito i roto i ngā tukanga koiora me te hinengaro matatini.

"E hanga, Whakaaro ahau, te mana'o e … tatou e kite tika te aha te i roto i reira,"Ka mea ia. "Ko to matou ki te hanga e - kua te roro ki te hanga e - a te iwi i ki te ite i roto i te ara faufaa ore e hiahia ana koe kanohi ki te kite, engari e hiahia ana koe i te roro ki te kite, a kia perception he tahi mea ahu e ngā ".

E arotahi ana te feaa kākahu i runga i te tae, te perception e te mea e kore e "mau" ia se. Ko te wheako o te tae ko kitea te perception o te roa o te kitea hihi marama i te mata, te tikanga rite ki tetahi o tae tuatahi e toru e te kanohi tangata.

Hei tauira, he aha kite tatou rite "whero,"E kore te mea i te kounga tūturu o te ahanoa. Engari, te reira perception noatia e Hürai, te tangata, o te marama kitea. Na i reira he nui o te kararehe e ite i nui te tae nui rerekē atu tangata. Te nenewha o te eia, kōeke, hei tauira, E 12 mau farii ohipa tae whakaritea ki te tangata, e toru.

A, ia Kia mea te pātai ore, Kua kitea he tokomaha e te kaimahi te pikitia rite ki te tauira ātahu o te interplay o te koiora tangata, me te perception - ähuatanga e hanga ake etahi o nga mara tino ako o te pūtaiao roro.

"Kahore te kore take ki te whakaaro e te taipitopito katoa o te tukanga whakaponohia e tangata tino, mahino'i kakato e kore e whai i ngā rerekētanga takitahi,"Ka mea a Hughes. "Na, kua meinga tenei whakapakoko, he taua mahi mīharo o te hanga e mauiui kitea - e kore au e mōhio. Ko whakaaro ahau te take whakaputa i te reira na nui wera i waenganui i te iwi te nuinga o tatou whakaaro kite noa tatou i te mea te ki waho i reira ".

Na ka mea a Hughes pea ka te tumu parau e ngohengohe ki atu rangahau, a hypothesized e taea e te āhuatanga puru-ma te hua o te tetahi mea i trichromats anomalous (iwi e tirohanga paku rerekē o ngā tae tuatahi) ki te (tino uaua) kōaro tokonga whatu, te tahi mau taime i huaina he rangirua.

Te tangata tamata nei i ki te whakataka i te takotoranga o te ohu, me te kōpapa porowhita, ranei he silhouette tāwhiriwhiro Ka whai i te whakaaro pehea te uaua etahi whakapakoko taua e ki te pore, e aore "disambiguate".

Tētahi atu kairangahau perception. Robert Fendrich, ka korerotia e Hughes kite ia i te ahu rite te koura-ma i runga i te ahiahi Rāpare, me te pango-puru i runga i te ata Rāmere, puta tetahi o nei ki te waiho i te tokoiti o te iwi taea ki te reorient i te whakapakoko. Fendrich Ko te mataotao te toro i Dartmouth College, hoki i roto i te tari hinengaro me pūtaiao roro.

I te Whitney Laboratory mō te Tirohanga me Mahi i University o California Berkeley, Na ka mea a Rawiri Whitney te kuware pānga o te whakapakoko - te reira i te rangirua o te kohikatanga.

"Ļa e koe te patu i te marama i te ahu tika, a ļa ahau kei te haere mai i te marama i muri i te kakahu,"Ka mea a Whitney. "Whewhe te reira ki raro, ki te taa-tino ohie, a ka te mea he rangirua tino ohie. "

"He mea he tokonga,"Ka mea a Whitney. "Ko nga mea katoa ko te tokonga."

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