kerēme ako New ki te kitea hono ira i waenganui i auaha, me te mate hinengaro

New study claims to find genetic link between creativity and mental illness

 

Powered e Guardian.co.ukTēnei tuhinga ui “kerēme ako New ki te kitea hono ira i waenganui i auaha, me te mate hinengaro” e Ian etita Pūtaiao Tauira i tuhituhia, mo te Guardian ki te Mane 8 Pipiri 2015 17.04 UTC

i tuatahi ki te hanga i te wāhi i te Kariki onamata. Shakespeare whakaarahia te amanaki rawa. Otiia ko te Ariki Byron, pea, te tika te nuinga o ratou katoa: "E haurangi katoa matou o te mahi,"Ka korerotia e ia te Countess o Blessington, maka ana i te kanohi tūpato mo tona hoa kaitito.

Te ariā o te kaitoi whakamamaetia ko te meme pakeke. auahatanga, kī reira, Kei te kuhu mai e nga rewera i toi te pakanga i roto i to ratou haora pouri roa'e. he fanciful ki pūtaiao maha te whakaaro. Ko kerēme he ako hou kia pai-whakaturia te hono i muri katoa, ka tuhituhia ki te rāpoi miro o to tatou DNA.

I roto i te ako nui whakaputaina i runga i te Mane, pūrongo aivanaa i roto i te Tiorangi e kitea ngā āhuatanga iranga e whakaara te mōrea o te whakararuraru, pourua me te tuakoi atu pinepine i roto i te iwi i roto i te ngaio auaha. Painters, kaiwaiata, kaituhi me kanikani i, i te toharite, 25% atu pea ki te kawe i te rerekē ira atu ngaio whakawakia nga pūtaiao ki kia iti auaha, i roto i i kaimahi, kaimahi ā-me salespeople.

Kari Stefansson, kaiwhakarewa me te Kaiwhakahaere Matua o te Wetewaehere, he kamupene iranga e hāngai ana i roto i Reykjavik, ka mea nga kitenga, whakaahuatia i roto i te buka aamu Nature Neuroscience, ira ki te koiora noa mo etahi disorders hinengaro me te auaha. "Hei te mahi auaha, whai koe ki te whakaaro rerekē,"Ka korerotia e ia i te Guardian. "A, ka e rerekē tatou, to tatou i te haafifi i ki kia tapaina ke, haurangi, me te ara porangi. "

kumea nga pūtaiao i runga i ngā mōhiohio iranga, me te hauora i 86,000 Icelanders ki te kitea rerekē iranga i rererua te mōrearea toharite o te wairua tuakoi, a whakaarahia te mōrea o te whakararuraru, pourua i neke atu i te toru. A, no te ratou titiro i pēhea te noa i enei rerekē i roto i te mau melo o pāpori toi motu, kitea e ratou he 17% hua whakaritea ki-te mau melo kore.

haere nga kairangahau i runga i ki te tirotiro i to ratou kitenga i roto i te pātengi raraunga nui hauora tū i roto i te Netherlands, a Sweden. i roto i enei 35,000 iwi, te hunga kiia ki te mahi auaha (na roto i te tikanga i roto i whakautu ki te pātai ranei) i tata 25% atu pea ki te kawe i te rerekē te whakararuraru, hinengaro.

whakapono Stefansson e whakanui ake ngä tatau o ira te mōrea o te tuakoi me te mate pourua. kia enei e whakarereketia te ara i roto i nei nga iwi maha whakaaro, engari i roto i te nuinga o te iwi te mahi i tetahi mea tino kino. Ko hoki 1% o te taupori, āhuatanga ira, wheako ora me ētahi atu awe taea pērā i roto i ngā raruraru, me te tātaritanga o te mate hinengaro.

"E mea pinepine, ka e hanga te iwi te tahi mea hou, mutu ratou ake straddling waenganui mahara me te wairangi,"Ka mea a Stefansson. "Whakaaro ahau tautoko enei hua te ariā tawhito o te poto haurangi. Creativity Ko te kounga, kua homai e ia tatou Mozart, Bach, Van Gogh. te reira i te kounga e he tino nui hoki to tatou hapori. Otiia mai te reira i te mōrearea ki te takitahi, a 1% o te taupori utu te utu mo reira. "

Stefansson ähua e kitea tona ako anake te hono ngoikore i waenganui i nga rerekē ira mō te mate hinengaro, me te auaha. A ko reira tenei e kohia atu pūtaiao ake i runga i. Nga āhuatanga iranga e whakaara te mōrea o ngā raruraru hinengaro faataa e pā ana ki anake 0.25% o te rerekētanga i roto i te aravihi toi iwi ', te ako i kitea. Rawiri Cutler, he geneticist i University Emory i Atlanta, e taua tau i roto i te tirohanga: "Ki te te tawhiti i waenganui i ahau, te tangata toi iti e haere koe ki te whakatau, me te toi tūturu ko te kotahi maero, puta enei rerekē ki te whakamārama ngātahi 13 waewae o te tawhiti,"Ka mea ia.

Te nuinga o te pumanawa auaha o te toi, ka, Ko te ki raro, ki rerekē ngā āhuatanga iranga, ki ētahi atu awe ranei rawa, pērā i ngā wheako ora, i whakaturia ratou i runga i to ratou haere auaha.

hoki Stefansson, ara he īnaki iti i waenganui i te koiora o te mate hinengaro, me te auaha ko te ātahu. "Tikanga te reira e te rota o te mea pai tatou whiwhi i roto i te oraraa, i roto i te auaha, haere mai i te utu. parau te reira ahau e ina tae mai te reira ki to tatou koiora, to tatou ki te mahino e he nga mea katoa i roto i te tahi mau ara pai, me te i roto i te tahi mau ara kino,"Ka mea ia.

Ko Albert Rothenberg, e kore he whakaaro ahorangi o psychiatry i University Harvard. whakapono ia e te mea kahore he taunakitanga pai hoki te hono i waenganui i te mate hinengaro, me te auaha. "Ko te te ariā whaiāipo o te rau tau 19, e te kaitoi ko te struggler, faikehé i te hapori, me te tohe ki nga rewera i roto,"Ka mea ia. "Engari tangohia Van Gogh. Ia tupu noa ki te kia hinengaro kino me te auaha. Hoki ahau, Ko atu ngā te tahatua: Ko te tikanga iwi auaha kore hinengaro kino, engari whakamahi ratou tukanga whakaaro e te hunga o te akoranga auaha, me te rerekē. "

Ki te ko te ma'i Van Gogh o te manaaki, tino rahua te toi ki te kite i te reira i taua ara. I roto i te kotahi o ona pukapuka whakamutunga, haehae ia tona miharo i te whakararuraru, whawhai ia mo te nui o tona ora: "Aue, ki te taea e kua mahi ahau, kahore tenei mate kanga – he aha nga mea ai i mea ai i ahau. "

I roto i te 2014, whakaputaina Rothernberg he pukapuka, "Flight o Wonder: te tūhuratanga o te auahatanga pūtaiao", i roto i i faka'eke'eke ia 45 laureates pūtaiao Nobel e pā ana ki o ratou rautaki auaha. kitea e ia kahore taunakitanga o te mate hinengaro i roto i tetahi o ratou. hae ia kia rangahau i kitea hononga i waenganui i auaha, me te te mate hinengaro kia kato ake i runga i te tahi mea, kaua rerekē.

"Ko te raruraru ko e te paearu mō te te auaha kore he ki tetahi mea rawa auaha. No ki te hapori te tohunga, mahi ranei i roto i te toi tuhinga ranei, e kore e whakamatautau te tangata he auaha. Ko te meka ko e e tamata maha iwi e whai te mate hinengaro ki te mahi i roto i te mahi e whai ana ki te mahi ki te toi me te tuhinga, e kore te mea e pai ana i reira ratou, engari no te mea e ngā ratou ki reira. Na e taea mätai, i te raraunga,"Ka mea ia. "Fatata whakamahi hōhipera hinengaro katoa therapy toi, a na ka puta mai tūroro i roto i, tokomaha e ngā ki ngā tūranga toi me ngāue toi. "

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