Tangata v Machine: Taea e Computers Cook, Tuhituhi me te Peita pai i Us?

Man v Machine: Can Computers Cook, Write and Paint Better Than Us?

maramarama horihori taea riro i teie nei te kēmu, ite i to outou mata, ara karanga ki tou tīkiti waka. Otiia ka taea e rave i te reira i te mea noa te tangata e kitea e uaua?


Powered e Guardian.co.ukTēnei tuhinga ui “Tangata mīhini v: Ka taea e rorohiko tunu, tuhituhi me te peita pai atu tatou?” i tuhituhia e Leo Benedictus, mo te Guardian ki Rāhoroi 4 Pipiri 2016 08.00 UTC

kotahi ataata, hoki ahau, taui katoa. te reira rīpene i te Atari kēmu tawhito Breakout, te kotahi te wahi e paheke koe he hoe mahue, me te tika i te raro o te mata, e ngana ana ki te whakangaro pereki i rutua he mea porotaka ki a ratou. paha kua koe lau e pā ana ki te kaitākaro o te kēmu: he hātepe whakawhanakehia e DeepMind, te kamupene ite horihori Ingarangi nei AlphaGo hōtaka hoki whiua ana tetahi o te rahi Haere kaitākaro ake, Lee Sedol, mua i tēnei tau.

Mahalo titau koe he rorohiko ki te kia pai i ngā kēmu rorohiko? Kia ratou e mohio ki ta ki te mahi i, tino mahi ratou i te reira tere, me te ake ngā wā atu i tetahi tangata. kaitākaro Breakout o DeepMind i mohio ki tetahi, Heoi. kihai i programmed te reira ki te tohutohu i runga i pehea te mahi kēmu; kihai i ara korerotia ki te pehea, ki te whakamahi i te mana. Katoa i te reira ko te whakapakoko i runga i te mata, me te whakahau ki te ngana ki te tiki i rite maha ngā rite taea.

Watch te ataata. i te tuatahi, te hoe ka taea te maturuturunga iho pōro ki te warewaretanga, mohio kahore pai. I te pae hopea, tika mucking e pā ana ki, patuki reira te pōro hoki, whakangaro te pereki, me te whiwhi i te wāhi, na whakaae te reira tenei a ka meatia e te reira atu maha. I muri i ngā mahi e rua haora,, ranei e pā ana ki 300 kēmu, kua riro te reira tino pai, pai atu i te ake ka waiho koutou e ahau ranei. Na, i muri e pā ana ki 600 kēmu, mea whiwhi kēhua. tīmata te hātepe whai i te wahi kotahi, mo a mo, roto i te tikanga ki te hahau i roto i te pereki ki te wāhi i muri. Kia reira, rite tetahi kaitākaro Breakout mohio, ka tāwhana i te pōro a tawhio noa hoki te ia, kohikohi ngā free. Ko te he rautaki pai e haere ake te rorohiko ki runga i ona ake.

"A, no te kitenga o matou kairangahau tenei, e mau miharo ratou,"Tumu o DeepMind, Demis Hassabis, korerotia te whakarongo i te amuiraa hangarau i roto i Paris. taea e koe mataara tana whakaaturanga, rawa, ka whakarongo te kata, me te pakipaki, ka figures te mīhini i roto i tona rautaki whāia. riro te rorohiko i mahara, he bit rite tatou.

"Ite Artificial" he tika e pā ana ki te matamua a hyped rawa o kīanga buzz o rorohiko katoa. I te tuatahi kōkiritanga a te whakaaro tino e Alan Turing i roto i te Rorohiko Mīhini Na Intelligence, te 1950 pepa i roto i i whakaarohia e ia te mea i mohiotia rite te whakamātautau Turing: ki te taea e te mīhini riria koe i roto i te whakahaere i te reira te tangata, I mahi te reira rite nui rite taea tetahi tangata ki te whakamatau i whakaaro pono reira. Otiia kihai i te wā AI tikanga whakamahia noa 1955, ka mathematician American John McCarthy whakaarohia he amuiraa mō tohunga. ka mau i tenei wahi ki te tau e whai ake nei, a mai i reira, kua rere i te mara i runga i te pakeke huringa e rua-tekau tau o te mania, me te hepohepo. (Kairangahau ara i te wā hou - "AI hotoke" - ki te whakaahua i ona karakia i roto i te ahua. I tino pakeke nga 1970 me 1990.)

I teie mahana i reira te he mania hou, e titiro rerekē i te era atu: hāngai te reira i roto i to koutou pute. Ka taea e te waea whiua te toa whaikīngi ao, ite i waiata i runga i te reo irirangi me te pikitia o koutou tamariki, a iriti i to outou reo ki tētahi atu reo. Te karetao Nao faahoho'ahia konei ki Iotama Ottolenghi Ka taea e haere i runga i nga waewae e rua, korero, kitea i te pōro, me te ara kanikani. (Ko te he karetao, ahakoa, e kore AI: e kore e taea e te reira te hoahoa i tētahi tahua.)

Rongo e pā ana ki te mua i roto i AI, e kore e koutou hiahia i tētahi tohunga ki te korero ki a koutou ki te kia oaoa, mataku ranei. tīmata tika koe ki te tiki i te mana'o: Ko konei maramarama. Mārama ka Google te mana'o, rawa, no te mea ka hokona te reira DeepMind mo te $ 650m rangona. I roto i te 2013, whakarewahia Facebook ona kaupapa ake, ki mahere ki te whakawhanake i āhukahuka reo kanohi, me te taiao hoki te pae. Kua timata kē ngā mahi i runga i chatbots maramarama, e ka e taea ki te karanga te whakamahi i tona mahi Messenger Facebook kaiwhakamahi.

Na tawhiti, kihai i rorohiko i "maramarama" i katoa, ranei matatau anake na. Kua ratou pai i ngā mahi ngāwari e korekoreko tatou, pērā i pāngarau, engari kino i te hunga tango tatou no te homai, e tahuri atu ki te kia tino pakeke. Te mahi o te haere he tahi mea lōpoti hou ako rite pēpi, me te tonu aro ki; noho taketake mahi pottering moe tawhiti. "Ko tētahi tauira ko te noho noa ki nei koutou e ahau ranei i taea e hanga i te kapu o te tea i roto i te kīhini o te tētahi atu,"ta Ahorangi Alan Winfield, he roboticist i te University o te Te Hau-ā-uru o Ingarangi. "Kahore he karetao i runga i te ao e nehenehe e rave i tenei."

Hei mahino aha he pera uaua te tangata, whakaaro e pā ana ki te pehea ai whiwhi koe i te rorohiko ki te ite i te taata i te whakaahua. te kore AI, whai koe ki te mohio pehea koutou rave i te reira koe te tuatahi, roto i te tikanga ki te hōtaka i te rorohiko. E koe ki te kohikohi me te whakaaro e pā ana ki nga tauira taea katoa, tae me ngā āhua o mata, a me pehea te huri ratou i roto i te marama, me i koki rerekē - ka whai koe ki te mohio he aha te mea nui, me te aha he paru tika i runga i te arotahi. ki AI, e kore koutou e whai ki te whakamārama: hoatu noa koutou he maunga o te raraunga tūturu ki te rorohiko, me te kia ako i te reira. Kia pehea te hoahoa koe i te pūmanawa akoranga tonu te mea huraina, te kawanatanga o te torutoru pūtaiao rorohiko rapu-i muri i, engari te reira mārama kua ka ratou i runga i ki te toa i te whakatakoto hanganga o raraunga-tukatuka e hāngai ana ūpoko i runga i te hanganga i roto i te roro. (huaina ana tēnei ko te "ako hohonu".) Rite mo nga maunga o te raraunga tūturu, pai, e te aha Google, Facebook, Amazon, Über me te era atu katoa pa ki kua takoto a tawhio noa.

I tenei wā, e kore e tatou ano e matau nei whakamahi o AI ka tahuri i roto i pai. Josh Newlan, he coder California mahi i roto i Shanghai, Ua pokaia ki te whakarongo ki ngā waea amuiraa mutunga, na hanga e ia etahi pūmanawa ki te whakarongo hoki ia. Na, wa ingoa o Newlan whakahuatia te, tona rorohiko tonu e tuku ia he tuhinga o te hawhe-meneti whakamutunga, tatari 15 hēkona, Na whai te tuhi o ia mea, "Aroha mai, kihai ahau i mohio ko toku hopuoro runga wahangu. "Last tau, Josh Browder, he taiohi Ingarangi, hanga he free rōia horihori e au ki tīkiti waka; mahere ia ki te hanga tetahi ki te ārahi rerenga i roto i ngā pūnaha ture ke. I te mau rave'a e ... Well, pea te hātepe e taea te tatau i te mau rave'a.

Na ka hinengaro mīhini kotahi ra outstrip to tatou iho? Nga kairangahau korero ahau ki he tupato, a ka tango mamae ki te fakamamafa'i te mea e kore e taea ratou mihini mahi. Otiia faaoti ahau ki te hoatu AI ki te whakamātautau: Ka taea e te whakamahere i te reira i te kai me te Ottolenghi? Ka taea e peita reira toku whakaahua? He hangarau tonu āwenewene mohio - te tīmata te reira ki te kia mahara ranei, hoki mau?

Te whakamātautau tunu

Well, Ka mea ahau e kore te mea whakawehi. Kua mahi te taata ahau kino. Ahakoa i roto i te pono i te ingoa e homai o IBM Kaitao Watson tenei rihi ("Ranu Chicken Ate raukikini") Ko e pā ana ki rite reka rite tika te reira.

Ki te kia ataahua ki te kaitao Watson, a ki ake chef-columnist Guardian Weekend o Iotama Ottolenghi, i whakaturia e ahau a ratou rawa i te mahi. ui ahau hoki te rihi i runga i wha kai e au ra ki te no wahi tata ia atu: ate heihei, miraka tepe Kariki, wasabi me tequila. i taea e ratou te tāpiri mea katoa atu ratou pai, engari te hunga e wha i ki kia i roto i te rihi oti, e pai tunu ahau, ka kai. kihai i Kaitao Watson feaa, tonu hoatu ahau ranu parāoa rimurapa e rua. ko atu tupato Ottolenghi. "A, no te ka e ahau te wero whakaaro ahau, 'E kore e haere ana tēnei ki te mahi,' "Parau ia ahau.

whakaaro ahau i te taua. i te iti rawa ranei whakaaro e mutu ahau ake kai e rua rihi e whakahaere ki te kia OK ahakoa ratou kai ahau, nui atu i te no te mea o ratou. I roto i te meka - a ka whakaaro koutou he ngokingoki ahau, engari na te mea - ko te tohutao o Ottolenghi te heheuraa: ate me te riki, me te whakaiti tequila, mahi ki te aporo, rarihi, tomato me te chicory slaw, ki te takai wasabi me te miraka tepe. kia hanga i te rihi iti tikanga i runga i te pepa, engari pau ahau i te mana'o plateful e no nga huānga. (Na ka thickened vinaigrette ki te miraka tepe me te wasabi hei utu o te pua: tino, hoatu te reira he piro.) Ottolenghi parau ahau te tohutaka he tika he poto pāhau o publishable.

Te mea ko te, ka mau taua rihi ia me ona ra rōpū e toru ki te tino. i taea ki te pangia e me te matapaki i rongo ratou, kakano, tae, pāmahana, i roto i te ara e kore e taea e Watson - ahakoa i reira kua "kōrero" e pā ana ki te tāpiri i te tikanga urupare i roto i te heke mai, Chef kaipūkaha mata o Watson, Florian Pinel, parau i ahau. "He tohutaka ko te taua mea matatini,"Ta Ottolenghi. "E mea fifi ki ahau mo mahino ara pehea te rorohiko e whakatata te reira."

Iotama Ottolenghi me rīhi Kaitao Watson o
Iotama Ottolenghi me rīhi Kaitao Watson o Whakaahua: Jay Brooks hoki te Guardian

Watson i te tuatahi te hanga e IBM ki te riro i te raru gameshow pouaka whakaata! i roto i te 2011. I roto i te tahi mau ara ko reira he wero haavare, no te mea hoki he rorohiko ki te wahi uaua o te pātaitai kei te mahara ki nga pātai, kahore hoki e mohio ki nga whakautu; hoki te tangata, te reira i te tahi atu ara a tawhio noa. Otiia riro Watson, a ka anga tona hangarau ki te kia tono kē, tae atu ano te kaitao, te whakaputa tohutao hou e hāngai ana i runga i 10,000 tauira tūturu tangohia i makasini Bon Appétit.

Tuatahi i te pūmanawa ki te "te horomitanga" enei tohutao, rite te kapa Watson hoatu reira. haere te rota o te tätaitanga ki te matauranga te mea i nga kai, i taka pehea ratou, pehea te roa i tunua ratou hoki, roto i te tikanga ki te e taea ki te whakamārama me pēhea te whakamahi i ratou i roto i ngā rīhi hou. (Ka taea e tonu te tukanga haere kake. E taunaki ana Ahakoa Kaitao Watson inaianei te whakauru i huaina "Mollusk", e te reira helpfully whakamārama ko "te ono-roa tonu album e Ween".)

I tamata te raruraru nui ki te hoatu i te mīhini he tikanga o te reka. "E mea ohie nui hoki ki te rorohiko te waihanga i tētahi huinga pukapuka,"Ta Pinel, "Engari me pehea e taea te arotake i te reira kotahi?"I whakaakona Watson ki te whakaaro ia whakauru ano te huinga o pūhui hā motuhake - o e reira he mano - a ka ki te ngā kai e i pūhui i noa. (i teie parau tumu, pairing kai, Kei te pai te whakapumautia i roto i te tangata.) I te pae hopea, te pūmanawa mahia e taahiraa-i te-taahiraa tohutohu e hanga tikanga ki te tunu tangata. Ko te aronga i runga i hitimahuta, nui atu i te whakamahere kai mahi. "Ko te tino i reira Kaitao Watson ki faauru koe,"Fakamatala Pinel. mai ia tohutaka ki te whakamaumahara ki "te whakamahi i to koutou ake auaha, me te whakawa".

A e hiahia ana ahau ki. Ko te taahiraa matamua ko ki "inu pāhiri flat-rau", e kore te mea tika i te whakaaro pai. ahau hanga ahau, tōtika, he puhoi-maoa poaka whakaranu me mīti ragu, tae atu oku kai e wha katoa, ano Watson piro hoki ngā kūkamo me pupuri ana korero ahau ki "wa ki allspice", e kore ahau ki te mahi i runga i te parau tumu. I roto i te mutunga, E ahau he ranu taonga ki te hā, kaua tata ki te pāmu, engari e kore e uneatable. e kore e taea e ahau te reka o te wasabi te tequila ranei, e au koa e pā ana ki ahau.

Iotama Ottolenghi ki Nao karetao
Iotama Ottolenghi ki Nao karetao tarahu angalelei o Hepere kura tuatahi, London. Whakaahua: Jay Brooks. styling: Lee Flude

He tupato Watson me he uaua te mahi, engari ko ahau rite ki te mea e he kore ake tenei ake i te moka o te ngahau mo Nerds kai, tae noa ki mutu ahau Ottolenghi. "Whakaaro ahau he nui te whakaaro o puhoi-tunu i te ate ki te wahi o te kai,"Ta ia. "Intensifies te reira i te hā. ka huihui mai nga mea katoa. Ki te i ahau ki te tīmata houtia hoki ki tenei tohutaka, mārama e kore e te tepe pai - engari e waiho e ahau i te kiri Orange reira, he torutoru o nga mea kakara. e kore whakaaro ahau te mea he tunu kino rawa. taea te mahi i te reira. "

Whakawa Watson huna te weirdness o nga kai, engari hanga Ottolenghi waiata ratou.

Te whakamātautau tuhituhi

hoatu iti kaitārei kupu i muri ki te mihini wehi o IBM me Google, a titiro te reira rite computationally matatau rite te tātaitai pute. Otiia ia Watson fumbles roto i tona piatanga, Ko kē kaitārei kupu i mahi. Ki te tai'o koe pūrongo mākete kararehe i te Associated Press, nūpepa hākinakina a Yahoo ranei, i reira he he pai tupono ka whakaaro i tuhituhia e koe e ratou i te tangata.

Kaitārei kupu ko te kaituhi tāwhaiwhai. Whakawhanakehia e te kamupene i roto i Te Tai Tokerau Carolina huaina Automated Insights, kapo reira nga taonga tino ngā i te huingararaunga me whakamahi ratou ki hanganga i te tuhinga (īmēra ranei, rārangi hua ranei). A, no te haere mai te reira puta noa rongo tino nui, whakamahia e te reira te reo ake ¬e. rerekē te reira i diction me wetereo ki te hanga atu pānui tona mahi. Ka taea e ara te chef karetao hauwarea i ona whakamahinga, engari tuhituhi hoki kaipānui tangata kia maeneene. Potae, ki runga ki te pūrere reo-āhukahuka pērā i a Amazon Echo, Ka taea e ara kaitārei kupu whakautu ki te pātai tangata korero - e pā ana ki te mahi o haumi kotahi o, mea - ki te feruri korero whakahoki, kauwhau te mea te tuatahi ngā, a mahue i roto i kore ngā i katoa ko te aha. Ki te kahore koutou i matau ki te taea, hiahia whakaaro koutou take 9000 i tae.

Ko te whakapati ko tenei: Kaitārei kupu e ko te wahi o te tuhituhi e kore te iwi e ite ngāwari. Locky Stewart i Automated Insights homai ki ahau he akoranga. tuhituhi koe ki kaitārei kupu he rerenga pērā i, "Whakaatu whika ABC New e tohanga te New York Inquirer o whakatika 3% i roto i te April. "Na ka tākaro koe a tawhio noa. Te 3% kua tae mai i tou raraunga, na te tīpako koe te kupu "whakatika" ka tuhituhi i te tikanga, mohiotia rite te "manga", e ka huri te kupu "whakatika" ki te parau "koperea ake" ki te he nui atu i te ōrau 5%. Na ka tupu koutou "whakatika" ki te riro "hinga" ki he tōraro te ōrau. Ki te ko te ōrau -5% raro ranei, "Whakatika" riro "vetea te".

Na ka whangai ia koutou i te reira taurite. Na "vetea te" taea kia hoki "hinga koi e". "Tohanga o te Inquirer" taea e "tohanga i te Inquirer". "Shot ake" e nehenehe e "omaki" me pera i runga i. Na ka tāpiri koe atu rerenga, pea e pā ana ki waka online, ranei e pā ana ki i hokona ra 'kape tā pai, ranei e pā ana ki fakafehoanaki tau-i runga i-tau. Na ka whiwhi koutou tupato. korero ki a koutou kaitārei kupu ki te hoatu i te rerenga kōrero me te kōrero tino newsworthy tuatahi, tautuhia pea rite te hunga e ngā nga huringa ōrau rahi. Pea tāpiri koe i te manga ki te mea e te hua ko "te kino mahinga pai / i roto i te taitara kounga". reinga, Ka taea e ara whakaako koe i te reira te tahi mau tinihanga tawhito Fleet Street, na e ki te kohatu whakatika tohanga e haamata te wahi "kei te anga Editor Charles Kane faaino mura nei rite", engari ki te tohanga "koperea ake" riro tenei "Kua kapi Charles Kane fakaangá ki korero e". Kōkuhu "atu" ranei "ano" "tonu" ranei, ki te whiwhi koe i te mea ano e rua nga marama i roto i te rarangi.

"Ko mau te mātauranga horihori te maramarama tangata kei te hanga e te whatunga o te arorau,"Ta Stewart, "E whakamahi koe i te whatunga taua ka tuhi he kōrero. taea Kua whakawhanakehia te reira i 10 ranei 15 matahiti i ma'iri a'e, i roto i te waehere, engari ki te hanga te mahi i te reira i kua anake kua tenei tauine taea hou. "mahino e te reira roa ki te faaineine i te tuhinga i runga i kaitārei kupu atu ki te tuhituhi tetahi conventionally, engari kua meatia kotahi koutou na, Ka taea e te rorohiko whakaputa i te kōrero tohanga nūpepa hou nga marama, i runga i nga nūpepa, i roto i hēkona o te fariiraa i te mōhiohio. Ka taea e te whakaputa te reira i miriona o kōrero i roto i te meneti - ranei te whakaputa i etahi anake o ratou, ki te kore te raraunga e tae i te paepae i homai o te newsworthiness. Ko te kupu riro te reira i te ētita aunoa, rawa, ki reka te whakarite i roto i te thoroughness, auau me te tangi.

Hoki mahi o kaitārei kupu, whakaaro ahau whutupaoro: te reira i te mara e hua te rota o te raraunga, me te he hunga pänui e hiahia ana tuhinga whaiaro. Guardian kaituhi whutupaoro Hakopa Steinberg tūao ki te tango i runga i te rorohiko, a whakarato ahau he tepu o meka i te tata Pirimia League: tūnga kawenata o te wa whakamutunga, me te tūranga o tenei wa i Kirihimete me i te mutunga, whāinga piro a ngā takahanga o, runga te ingoa o te kaikuru me katoa, uara o whakawhiti raumati me te lea i te kaiwhakahaere.

Mahi anake i tenei raraunga, rorohiko, me te tangata me ia te tuhituhi i te arotake o te wa mo te karapu i homai. whiriwhiri Steinberg Leicester City i runga i te pūtake e kia roto i ona tau i te kōrero e e kite tetahi. e kore e kaitārei kupu hiahia ki te whiriwhiri. ka rave i te reira katoa 20.

A i roto i te meka e rua rorohiko, me te tangata hohoro te whakaputa tino rite te mahi:

Leicester City a Nēpia ki Jamie Vardy

E rua whakaorangia Steinberg me kaitārei kupu rerenga tuatahi whakaari. Mahalo hiahia ki te tangi tūturu, whakamahi Automated Insights etahi tinihanga tupato ki te hoatu mana'o ki tuhinga o te whakamutunga, astutely piri i Leicester "tumanako ki te whakaoti i roto i te tihi 10 i muri i te wahi mutu 14 wa whakamutunga ". titiro ahau i roto i te tahi atu tuhinga a kaitārei kupu me Southampton, he oti te wa whakamutunga whitu, i "kanohi ki te wahi Pākehā", i Manchester City "timata te wa moemoea o te taitara kawenata i muri i oti tuarua".

Engari, keri Steinberg atu take ki te tau, whakaatu e Jamie Vardy e kore e piro anake 24 whāinga, engari ko te ōrau teitei o ngā whāinga a tona kapa tenei atu i te whakahaere e te katoa engari e rua atu kaitākaro. E mohio ana pehea kaitārei kupu mahi, o te akoranga, ngāwari taea tetahi whakaturia ana ki runga ki te mahi i te taua. I roto i te meka titiro i roto i te reira, tuhinga katoa o Steinberg taea kua hanga e te kaihātepe kaitārei kupu mohio - ki te haunga o te kotahi raina. "Ko te he wa mīharo,"Faahiti ia te kaiwhakahaere Leicester rite mea, i mua i te tāpiri, "Tonuhia na, homai e hanga he whakapaunga raumati o £ 26.7m runga whakawhitinga ratou nga spenders raro waru ". E "tuli tonuhia na" whakaatu te kaituhi nei mau matau te mea kei te tuhituhi ia.

Whakawa Steinberg Ko te kaituhi pai nui, te kore e hiahia ana koe 20 tuhinga raraunga-taimaha i roto i 10 meneti.

Te whakamātautau peita

Te hinaaro te pona ahau ki ataata. "Ko te i roto i te huru pai," Haimona Colton ta. e mohio ana ia no te mea te ia te pūtaiao e programmed reira. Ko matou i roto i te Whare Taonga Pūtaiao i roto i Rānana, te wahi i te Kuware Painting, e kiia ana ko, homai he whakaaturanga tūmatanui. te mea nui e kore ahau e whakaatu aku niho, ta Colton, no te mea te tahi mea e pā ana ki te marama hanga ratou titiro matomato ki te Kuware Painting.

I toku ataata goalless hanga te pona he "haputanga" o ta e rite te reira ki te peita, hāngai ana i runga i tona huru. mai te huru i te "tātaritanga mana'oo" o ngā tuhinga Guardian tata, rite tupu te reira (i runga i te pānui toharite te Guardian ko te Downer, āhua, motu ke i te mea e pā ana ki māra). Inanahi ko te Kikoenai i roto i te taua huru kino e tonoa reira tangata atu unpainted; i tenei ra kei te iteraa i te reira "pai".

Next whakamātau te Kuware ki te peita ki te paraihe whakataruna me te ringa whakataruna (mau, he ahua o te ringa o Colton) i runga i te mata i muri i ahau. ako te reira ki te whakaata i tona huru i te mahi o ko Ventura, tetahi atu pūtaiao rorohiko, i Brigham Young University i Utah, nei whakangungua he whatunga neural ki ite i te huru aronganui o ngā whakaahua e noho mano o te iwi i roto i te mua o tekau o nga mano o peita, me te ui ratou ki te tūtohu tenei tetahi ki nga mea katoa tūāhua haere ki te ngakau. inaianei e mohio ana te Kikoenai e whakaata tae kanapa he huru pai, a "pene ki pao raru" te hanga i tētahi pikitia e he "makariri". A, no te te mahia e te reira, ka tā te reira i roto i te whārangi ki te arohaehae-whaiaro pato. "whānui, Ko te tino he whakaahua kanapa tenei,"Te reira ta. "Ko e OK, engari kua tuku iho toku kāhua te taumata o kanapa konei. Na au e ahau he bit hōhā e pā ana ki taua. "

Here me tatou, maere engari pukumahi rawa i tona papa peita ki te mataara, Ko Hara Jane Moon, he toi e whakaaturia ki te Royal Society o Painters Portrait. e kore ia e hiahia ki te kite i toku niho, rānei. "Peita matou i te ora,"Ta ia, "A e kore e taea e koe te pupuri i te ataata mō te noho i runga i noho. Ko te aha te whakaahua tuku iho katoa whakaatu āhuatanga tino māhorahora. "

Te Kuware Painting ko te mīhini motuhake, a tae noa paku rongonui, otiia e kore e taea e ahau te whakakahore e he tata katoa o Moon aha au oaoa ki te kia i konei ahau. Te mana'o o te peita e te tangata tūturu, ia ratou e titiro ki a koe, ka whakaaro e pā ana ki a koutou, He whakaongaonga, me te whakapaipai. tātari aau me te raraunga whakangungu, i runga i te tahi atu i te ringa, kaua e tāpiri ake ki tetahi mea tiaki ahau e pā ana ki tona tirohanga o ahau, a kihai nga whakaahua oti e huri toku ngakau. Ko te ataahua Moon o, mea tūturu, e mana'o tonu atu ano he tangata kotahi kite e tetahi. mau tautooraa e toru o te Kuware i huru maitatai ahau rite, engari te nuinga titiro ratou, ano he whakaahua e kua haere i roto i te tahi mau huru o te tātari pūmanawa. Colton vili Ko konei te Kuware "ki te ako ki te kia pai" engari titiro ahau, ka whakaaro: na te aha?

Painting o Leo Benedictus e Hara Jane Moon
Leo Benedictus rite kite e Hara Jane Moon ...
Painting o Leo Benedictus i te rorohiko Painting Kuware
... A rite whakaaro e te pona Painting Kuware. Whakaahua: Murray Ballard

Katahi ahau whakaaro etahi atu. Hoki tetahi mea, huri i te reira i roto i taua he atu aunoa toi atu akonga ite ahau. "Tamata ahau ki te titiro i Leo hei huinga waitara o āhua, puka, tae, pepe,"Parau Moon Colton, "Ki te tiki atu i te meka e taua te he ihu. No te mea ka tīmata koe ki te mahi i te, kia mau koe ki runga i roto i ta koutou whakaaro titiro rite te ihu. "

"He aha te pūmanawa e he wawahi reira iho ki rohe tae,"Ta Colton.

"Ae, rite,"Whakaae Moon. "Whakaaro ahau e te ta nga kaipeita pai te mahi. te hiki i te reira. "Muri iho ka parau ia ahau ongo'i ia he ahua o" whanaungatanga "ki te pūmanawa rite mahi ratou taha i te taha.

More nui, ite ahau e te mea faufaa te mea e kore e pehea te peita mīhini; te reira pehea kite ahau. Moon mahino ahau, Whakaaro ahau. Ko ia te tangata me te mohio ahau pehea e mana'o, na tiaki ahau e pā ana ki a ia pikitia. Ko te aha e ite i te reira rite ki hei te Kuware Painting? Kei te e aha e tamata ona whakaahua ki te korero ki ahau?

Whakawa Ko tawhiti taonga io peita a Moon; Kei te ako tonu te Kuware, me kua ki tenetere o mahi haere.

Te whakamātautau translation

Google Whakamāoritia Ko te wahi tuatahi o te pakimaero pūtaiao tika ki te haere mai pono, a te reira kua he tekau tau tawhito. I roto i te mau rave'a e rave rahi ua aifaito te reira i ka te wahi AI ki. whaihua, tino; mīharo, kahore pātai; engari tonu clunky rite te reinga, ahakoa whakapai ake nui.

Ki te mea kua kore e whakamahia e koe i te reira, mahi reira rite tenei: tomo kuputuhi tukutuku ranei hononga i roto i tetahi o 103 tautoko reo me whiwhi koutou i te hēkona translation taratara i muri mai i roto i tetahi o nga ētahi atu. Te taupānga i runga i tō waea ka tuhi te mea e mea koutou, a ka korero i te reira hoki, iritihia (32 reo tautoko); Ka taea e whakakapi i te reira i te kuputuhi o te tohu reo ke tahua ranei nga wahi katoa tohu koe i te kāmera. hiahiatia No whakamārama te o pehea hauhautanga e he (a te reira noa).

ao, whakamahi Google Whakamāoritia i ia marama te hawhe te piriona iwi, te nuinga te hunga e kore e nei korero Ingarihi (i te mea 80% o te iwi) engari te hunga e hiahia ana ki te matau i te ipurangi (i te mea 50% Ingarihi). "Te nuinga o to tatou tupu, a mau te nuinga o to tatou waka, mai i te whakawhanake e pupū ake ranei hokohoko pērā i Brazil, Indonesia, India, Thailand,"Ta Paraka Turovsky, upoko o te whakahaere hua, me te wheako kaiwhakamahi i Google Whakamāoritia. Ko te Koinei rongonui mō te teití, rawa, tāpiri ia. "Ngaahi Me'a rite 'aroha ana ahau ki a koutou', me te 'E koe kanohi ataahua', e te tino lahi. "

Kua whakamahia tonu te pūmanawa i te ahua o te ako mīhini tauanga: tahinga i te ipurangi mō te kuputuhi kua whakamaoritanga - whakapuakanga UN, tuhinga EU - a mahere i te tūponotanga o etahi kupu, me ngā kīanga e ōrite ana ki tetahi ki tetahi. Te atu raraunga kohikohi reira, te pai riro te reira, engari mara te atu te whakapai ake o tau i te hono i mua. i maoro, ta Turovsky, ka tohatoha ratou hātepe akoranga hohonu hou, e ka te whakaputa nui atu translations matatau.

waihoki, i reira he rohe, me etahi mea faufaa, ina kōrero koe ki te translator tangata, me te ite pehea mohio ratou mahi he. ros Schwartz a Anne de Freyman pole mo tenei mahi. He kaiwhakamāori ngaio French / English rua, a Me ahau e rua no te mea, roto i te tikanga ki te whakawa pēhea te pai te translation ko waho e matatau i roto i ngā reo e rua, e ti'a ia tatou ki te iriti i rua - kotahi i roto i o English ki French, kotahi hoki ano. Google Whakamāoritia pupuri kahore mahara o te taketake me te taea e te mea ano.

whiriwhiri e ahau he irava poto o te tuhi motuhake engari e kore rawa mohoao rangirua ranei i te timatanga o Herzog e Haora Bellow. Kaiwhakamāori tikanga rapu horopaki, na e korero ki ahau Schwartz me De Freyman e mai te reira i te pukapuka American rongonui waenganui-rautau.

I roto i te torutoru nga ra, hoki Schwartz ko De Freyman he whakaahua rawa maheni o te kuputuhi taketake. Here a reira kihai etahi onäianei i ora, engari te irava tonu te pai ai ki te pānui i, a haere mai nga tikanga matua puta noa rite.

Google Whakamāoritia e he torutoru noa hēkona, a ko raua faahiahia, me te takarepa te hua, pai weirdly i roto i nga wahi, i roto i ētahi atu weirdly kino - tahuri "ia" ki "te reira", me te concocting te whakaaro e ko Herzog i te aroha. semeio, reira Nā "ngatata" rite te whakaahuatanga o te hero. French kahore kupu e fakatahai te tikanga o "whati", me te "haurangi" e ngatata coveys i Ingarihi, na hanga De Freyman reira "cinglé", e hoki mai i Schwartz rite "haurangi".

"Google Whakamāoritia e titiro i tūponotanga tauanga, me te mea, aha e 'ngatata' tikanga?"Fakamatala Turovsky. "A tauanga, ka tamata i te reira ki te whakatau mēnā tikanga reira 'ngatata' ranei 'haurangi' ranei te mea. e, hoki te mīhini, Ko te mahi kore-mama. "kore he reira ohie hoki te tangata, ahakoa kitea e tatou ohie i te reira. Hiahia whai koe ki te ui ranei i taea kua auraa Bellow i "ngatata" Herzog rite i roto i te pae tino marara. Na hiahia whai koe ki te kore e amo, no te mea e kore te mahi te tikanga tinana tangata mahi e. Na hiahia fifili koe te mea i te tikanga o ia, ka amo hei utu, ki te kahore i koe kua waia ki te whakamahi i, e me te tikanga ia "haurangi", no te mea matau koutou te toenga o ta koutou kua korerotia. Ko ki te mahi i tenei katoa, e kore Google Whakamāoritia whai ki te kia tino nui matau, ui ahau? kata Turovsky. "E kore ahau e whakaaro au taau ki te whakahoki i taua uiraa ahau."

Whakawa Ētahi bullseyes me howlers i Google Whakamāoritia, i he matatau me te tangohia Schwartz ko De Freyman.

guardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010

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