Kia pehea te koutou kanohi tuku koutou whakaaro

How your eyes betray your thoughts

 

Powered e Guardian.co.ukTēnei tuhinga ui “Kia pehea te koutou kanohi tuku koutou whakaaro” i tuhituhia e Mo Costandi, hoki theguardian.com i runga i Rātū 2 Pipiri 2015 09.00 UTC

E ai ki te tawhito korero, He matapihi ki te wairua te kanohi, te heheu mai kare hohonu e ai kore e hiahia ana tatou ki te huna. Ahakoa arai te pūtaiao hou te oraraa o te wairua, e whakaaro i te reira e te vai nei te pata o te pono i roto i tenei kupu: huri i te reira i roto i nga kanohi e kore anake whakaata mea kei te tupu i roto i te roro engari kia whakaawe hoki pehea tatou mahara mea, me te hanga whakatau.

Kei te neke tonu to tatou kanohi, a, ia kei raro i te mana matau etahi o aua nekehanga, he tokomaha o ratou puta ihora. A, no te tatou tai'o, hei tauira, meinga tatou saccades te raupapa o ngā nekehanga tino tere kanohi huaina e fixate tere i runga i te kupu kotahi i muri i tetahi. A, no te tomo tatou i te ruma, hanga tatou nui ta saccades rite matakitaki ai matou a tawhio noa. Na i reira ko te iti, nekehanga kanohi tumu meinga tatou rite haere tatou, ki te utu mo te kaupapa o to tatou matenga, me te ū to tatou tirohanga o te ao. Na, o te akoranga, tatou kanohi rere a tawhio noa i roto i te 'kaupapa kanohi tere' (REM) wāhanga o te moe.

BBC Future

He aha te haere mārama inaianei ko e etahi o tatou nekehanga kanohi kia mau te whakakite i to tatou tukanga whakaaro.

Rangahau whakaputaina whakamutunga tau whakaatu e hono tauira pū te ki te tohu o te papû ore i roto i-whakatau i ngā whakaritenga: ki te he iti tino e pā ana ki to ratou whakatau tētahi, ite ratou mahimahi â, e ai te tamariki ki te wewiti. Tenei huringa i roto i te kanohi kia whakakitea hoki aha te whakatau-kaihanga he e pā ana ki ki te mea: kotahi rōpū o ngā kairangahau, hei tauira, kitea e matakitaki ana mo te pū i hanga e taea ki te matapae i te he tangata tupato whakamahia ki mea 'kahore' e pā ana ki ki te hanga i te whakatau uaua ki te mea 'ae'.

mātakitaki i te Ka taea e ara te tauturu i kanohi matapae aha tau he tangata kua i roto i te ngakau. Tobias Loetscher me ana hoa i te University o Zurich haina 12 tūao a aroturuki ratou nekehanga kanohi ia ratou ngaueue atu he rārangi o 40 tau.

kitea e ratou e te aronga me te rahi o nekehanga nga kaiuru 'kanohi tika tohu ahakoa ko nui ranei iti atu i te kotahi o mua te tau ratou e pā ana ki ki te mea - a e te nui. neke ake titiro o ia tūao me ki te matau i te aroaro o tika mea ratou he maha nui, a ki raro, a ki te maui i te aroaro o te tangata iti. Ko te nui te neke i tetahi taha ki te tahi atu, te nui te rerekētanga i waenganui i te tau.

kōrero tenei e te hopoia tatou hono ngā tau waitara i roto i te roro ki te kaupapa i roto i te wāhi. Otiia e kore e te ako korero ki a matou e haere mai te tuatahi: ahakoa whakaaro o te maha ngā ai huringa i roto i te tūranga kanohi, ranei ahakoa te tūranga kanohi pānga to tatou mahi hinengaro. I roto i te 2013, kairangahau i roto i te Sweden whakaputaina taunakitanga e te reira te whakamutunga kia i mahi: kia mau nekehanga kanohi whakahaere tiki mahara.

haina ratou 24 ngā ākonga, me te ui ia tetahi ki te āta titiro i te raupapa o ngā whakaaturia ki a ratou i roto i te kotahi kokonga o te mata rorohiko. i reira nga kaiuru korerotia ki te whakarongo ki te raupapa o ngā tauākī e pā ana ki etahi o nga taonga i kite ai ratou, pērā i "te motokā i anga ki te maui" ka ui ki te tohu rite hohoro rite taea te mea i pono teka ranei ia. whakaaetia ētahi kaiuru i ki kia matara e pā ana ki noa ratou kanohi; i ui etahi ki te whakatika i to ratou kanohi ki te ripeka i te pokapū o te mata, ranei te kokonga te wahi i puta mai i te ahanoa, hei tauira.

kitea nga kairangahau e tino pai atu i te hunga e whakaritea i runga i te ripeka i mahi te hunga i whakaaetia ki te neke o ratou kanohi noa i roto i maumahara. faahiahia, ahakoa, kaiuru i korerotia ki te whakatika i to ratou mata i roto i te kokonga o te mata i roto i nei taonga i puta i mua whakamana pai atu te hunga korerotia ki te whakatika i to ratou titiro i roto i te tahi atu kokonga. kōrero tenei e nekehanga kanohi te tata atu te mau piahi 'i roto i ngā mōhiohio whakawaehere rata ki te hunga i puta i roto i tiki o te mōhiohio, te pai ake ratou i te haamana'oraa i te taonga. Mahalo e te no te tauturu i te nekehanga kanohi ki a tatou haamana'o te hononga mokowā i waenganui i ngā i roto i te taiao i te wā o te whakawaehere.

Ka taea e ēnei nekehanga kanohi puta pohehe. "A, no te e titiro te iwi i scenes kua tūpono ratou i te aroaro o, E unu pinepine ratou kanohi ki te kōrero i kite kē ratou, ara, no te kahore o ratou mahara mohio o reira,"ta Roger Johansson, he kaimātai hinengaro i University Lund nei arahina te ako.

taea hoki te whakamahi e matakitaki ana nekehanga kanohi ki te mirimiri ngā whakatau a te iwi. whakakitea kotahi ako tata - pea worryingly - e taea te whakamahia e te kanohi-aroturuki ki whakaawe i te mau faaotiraa morare tango tatou.

ui kairangahau kaiuru pātai morare matatini pērā i "e taea ake e patu tangata kia tika?"A ka whakaaturia, i runga i te mata rorohiko, whakautu kē ("Ētahi wā tika tënei" ranei "e kore tika tënei"). Na roto i te aroturuki nekehanga nga kaiuru 'kanohi, ka pau te tango i nga kōwhiringa whakahoki e rua tonu i muri i te kaiuru i te nui etahi o te wā matakitaki i tetahi o nga kōwhiringa e rua, kitea nga kairangahau e taea mirimiri ratou nga kaiuru ki te whakarato i taua kōwhiringa ngā rite ratou whakautu.

"Kihai i hoatu e matou a ratou tetahi atu pārongo,"Ta neuroscientist Daniel Richardson o University College London, kaituhi matua o te ako. "Tatari noa matou mo to ratou ake ngā tukanga-whakatau i ngā whakaritenga ki te kauwhau, a haukotia ratou i rite te wāhi tika. hanga e matou ratou taui i to ratou hinengaro e tika te whakahaere, no te hanga ratou i te whakatau. "

tāpiri Richardson kia whai salespeople angitu tahi iteraa i roto i tenei, a faaohipa i te reira ki te hei atu whakapati ki kiritaki. "Whakaaro tatou o te iwi whakapati rite kape pai, engari pea e mātakitaki hoki ratou te tukanga whakatau-hanga,"Ta ia. "Pea e taea e salespeople pai kimihia te taime tangohia e paheke koe ki te tetahi kōwhiringa, a ka whakahere e koe he hekenga taui i to ratou ware ranei. "

Te ubiquity o taupānga kanohi-aroturuki mō smartphones me ētahi atu pūrere pupuri-ringa whakaara te taea o whakarereketia tukanga whakatau-hanga o te iwi mamao. "Ki te e hokohoko koutou ipurangi, rītaha ai ratou tou whakatau mā te whakahere kaipuke free i te taime hūnuku koe ou kamo ki te hua ngā. "

Ko te kupu, nekehanga kanohi e ahei te rua whakaata me mahi hinengaro mana teitei pērā i mahara, me te whakatau kaupapa, a tukua matou whakaaro, whakapono, me holi. Kia homai tenei matauranga tatou ara o te whakapai ake i to tatou mahi hinengaro - ko reira ano hoki rau tatou whakaraerae ki te whawhe mohio e te tahi atu taata.

"Ko rite te matapihi ki to tatou tukanga whakaaro nga kanohi, a matou tika e kore e mauruuru te nui ngā mōhiohio ai te turuturu i roto i o ratou,"Ta Richardson. "Pea ratou taea whakakitea nga mea e ai hinaaro i te tangata ki te pehi, pērā i rītaha iwi te matū. "

"Ka taea e ahau e kite taupānga kanohi-aroturuki e whakamahia hoki, mea, hangarau tautoko e feruri i roto i te mea mahi waea e hiahia ana koe, a ka tauturu i roto i,"Tāpiri ia, "Engari ki te e mahue ratou i runga i te wa katoa i taea te whakamahi ratou ki te aru i katoa o te tahi atu mea. e whakarato i ngā mōhiohio nui taonga io tenei, a whakaara ake te taea o te pohehe te faaiteraa i to tatou whakaaro ki ētahi atu. "

Ko te putanga ētita o tenei he āhuatanga tuhituhi ahau hoki BBC.com/Future, he pūtaiao paetukutuku hipoki, hauora me te hangarau.

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