Pehea ki te taipūwhenua Mars

How to colonize Mars

 

Powered e Guardian.co.ukTēnei tuhinga ui “Pehea ki te taipūwhenua Mars” e Sara Bruhns a Hakopa Haqq-Misra i tuhituhia, no te theguardian.com i runga i Rāpare 5 Whiringa 2015 10.40 UTC

Tukua NASA kua he pūrongo kei roto mahere taipitopito mō te misioni tangata ki Mars. Kua tēnei te whāinga roa-e tu ana hoki NASA me whakaraupapa ratou pūrongo i te mau tamataraa o Mars tūhura i toru ngā wāhanga. Ko te tuatahi, 'Whenua Mo◊ui Fakafalala', E hāngai ana atamira i runga i te rangahau runga i te International Space Station. Atamira te 'Me whakamatau ano e te whenua' e tangata hohonu ki te wāhi mō te rangahau, i toe i te torutoru nga ra i te whenua. Atamira te 'whenua Independent' whakaoti te mahere mā te whiwhi te tangata ki te mata o Matawhero.

E kore ko NASA anake te whakahaere faaineine ki te tuku tangata ki te ao whero. SpaceX, Dennis Tito o Inspiration Mars Foundation, a Mars One i faaite katoa he whāinga ki te haere ki a roto i ētahi wā noa taipūwhenua Mars.

I mua i timata i tetahi iwi ranei whakahaere tūhura, me te whakau i whakataunga, kia haamaramaramahia ambiguities i roto i te ture o te ao e pā ana ki te hōpara ātea me te whakataunga me te whakatau. Ko te utu o ēnei, pūtea, me te tōrangapū, o te tau'a ore tēnei putanga o te mana arii i roto i te wāhi e tiketike rawa ki te tuku i ēnei mahere misioni ki te whakawhanake nui atu.

Kei te nuinga tautuhi kaupapa here hōpara ātea o nāianei i te I waho Mokowā Tiriti, tuhituhia i roto i 1967. Kaho tēnei Tiriti ona haina i tāuta patu o te whakangaromanga papatipu i roto i te wāhi, tauwhāiti te whakamahi o te wāhi ki ngā take rangimarie, opani i te iwi i kī whenua i runga i tetahi tinana tiretiera (e mohiotia ana ko te 'tumu pütea-kore'), a titorotororaa wāhi ko 'te kawanatanga o te taata katoa'.

Tuhituhia te waho Space Tiriti i te aroaro o te tangata i runga i te ū Moon, rite Cold War raruraru eke, a na te ruarua rawa ki tataki te akoranga o te hōpara ātea. He tokomaha rara o tenei Tiriti kore e tika, pērā i te aukati o nga rakau o te whakangaromanga papatipu, me te whakamahinga o te wāhi mō ngā take anake rangimarie. Heoi, te rāhuitanga pūmau i runga i ngā kerēme Ariki i te parau tumu pütea-kore i taea e arahi ki te pakanga heke mai.

Ahakoa oti kōrero mō tetahi whakaarohia misioni tangata ki Mars (ahakoa tūmatanui, tūmataiti rānei) He tonu i raro i te whanaketanga, te mätäpono taketake o te whakanohonoho tangata, rite te ātete ki te tūhura noa, whakaara ake āwangawanga. Te parau tumu ngā-kore o te waho Space Tiriti opani 'ngā i te kerēme o te arii, i te tikanga o te whakamahi mahi ranei, ranei i tetahi atu rawa '. Tenei fokotu'u e te ohipa o te Pākehā iho he maiorooro ki te Tiriti. Nahea teie whakahaere nei ki te whakaatu kë i waho te kī te mana arii te he take i faaafarohia, me te faufaa ki te whakatau ki runga ki te aroaro o tau ana ki runga Mars.

Ko e founga pūmanawa o te whakatau i tēnei i te taha arotahi ki runga i ngā kerēme ōhanga ki te rauemi i runga i Mars, nui atu i te whenua ano. Rōpū tūmatanui, me te tūmataiti ai te whenua i runga Areopaka, ka whakapumautia te turanga i roto i nei e faaohipa ture ake o ratou whenua ki nga tangata, me ngā manuhiri-rite ki katoa ngā tikanga ture e faatere i te International Space Station. I taea e whakapumautia ano e ratou he iti wahi o te whenua te wahi e titau ratou tika ōhanga motuhake, me te whakahaere pūtaiao. Heoi, taua he 'rohe ōhanga motuhake' e hapa i tetahi kerēme ki te mana arii. He Mars noho i tetahi koroni kia haere rangimarie i roto i enei rohe, ara i taea a whakaturia ake tetahi atu turanga o to ratou ake. Heoi, rauemi extractable katoa i roto i roto i te rohe ko te matau anake o te kaikerēme taketake. E whakarato ana tēnei whakaaro i te huarahi ki te makona i te whāinga rauemi-kohikohi o maha misioni Mars nāianei, mahere tukua e hoki ki te Pākehā puta, ka whakatutuki i te whakaritenga o te waho Space Tiriti.

E whakahe ana rave rahi kaiwhakahau o misioni Pākehā Mars e tetahi misioni taua e irreversibly whakapokea te taiao tūturu o Mars, tükino rangahau pūtaiao me te marring te ataahua tūturu o te ao. Hei ārai i enei manukanuka, taea te whakapumautia he pūnaha park planetary rite ki te pūnaha National Park o te whenua. Pāka Planetary e kia tāutuhia, ka whakaritea kia rite ki te wāhi o te whenua pūtaiao katoa i runga i te ao-e whai ake nei i te tauira whakaaro i te rārangi o Rangahau decadal o NASA hoki te tīpako misioni wāhi. Ētahi papa rēhia ai kia tuwhera noa ki ngāue pūtaiao, i ai ētahi atu i te ti'araa pono rerehua ki te tiaki taiao Mars '.

Mä te i runga i te mahere rite tenei i taea e whakarato i tētahi ara rangimarie whakamua. Heoi, reira ka kia tonu pakanga iti i waenganui i Pakeha, rawa, ki te te parau tumu pütea-kore, ko te ki te pupuri me te koronitanga, rite kahore iwi whakahaere ranei e taea e ki te faaohipa mana oti ki runga i to ratou rohe ōhanga motuhake. Kia te pūnaha Taraipiunara rangitahi he ara pai o te whakatau tautohe i waenganui i ngā tāngata whai i runga i Mars kahore e whai wāhi mai te Kooti o te Ture International i runga i te whenua. A, no te haere mai e rua koroni ki pakanga tahi i te tahi, kia rongo ratou take kia ma te faaoti e te taraipiunara arā, o ngā māngai o te tahi atu koroni. Tenei tauira taea hoki ngā ngākau nuitanga koroni ki te kia tiakina e te whakatau tautohe anake i roto i Pakeha.

Ko kotahi te ara e taea atu te mahere fakamatala'i i runga ake. Heoi, he mea tino hira hoki ki nga iwi, me te whakahaere tomo ki te kōrero e pā ana ki te pehea, ki tonu. Mahere ngā whakaatu kë kihai i Mars whakatutuki pehea e mahi ratou ki te take o te kī te mana arii. Ko e hiahia tetahi whakahaere i raro i te mana o te rōpū iwi ki te waho Space Tiriti ki te noho i tikanga a te Tiriti. Mahalo te otinga ko te ki te titiro-anō i te Tiriti, tautautefito te parau tumu pütea-kore, me te whakatau, ki te he e hāngai ana tonu tenei whakaritenga i tenei ra. Ranei pea te otinga ko te ki te whakatikatika i te Tiriti ki te whakatau mārama i runga i te tikanga o te whakataunga. He rangirua rawa te āhua o ngā take o nāianei, a ka mea hapa i pakanga ki te kore whakaritea he tikanga Pākehā ki runga ki te aroaro o tae nga tangata tuatahi i runga i Mars.

Ako Sara Bruhns ahupūngao me te arorangi i te Whare Wānanga o Virginia. Uiui ia i te o te mana arii i runga i Mars ki Hakopa Haqq-Misra (haqqmisra) na roto i te Young Scientist Program i te Marble Blue Space Institute o te Pūtaiao. He konei nga whakaaro anake nga kaituhi '.

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