Me pehea ahau e taea te tiki ki toku PC, kahore he kupuhipa admin?

How can I get into my PC without an admin password?

 

Powered e Guardian.co.ukTēnei tuhinga ui “Me pehea ahau e taea te tiki ki toku PC, kahore he kupuhipa admin?” i tuhituhia e Jack Schofield, hoki theguardian.com i runga i Rāpare 6 o Akuhata 2015 09.27 UTC

E ahau he pona HP rere Microsoft Windows 8. Ka rite ki tūtohutia e maha puna, i hanga e ahau pūkete kaiwhakamahi motuhake mo toku wahine, me ahau, a kihai i ahau e hiahiatia ana ki te takiuru roto ano admin mo te ia. Na kua wareware noa ahau i te kupuhipa. Ua tamata ahau katoa o nga rerekētanga kitea, i whai he tauira whakamahia ahau mo toku iMac koroheke. Ua tamata ano ahau etahi tukanga whakahuatia ipurangi, ki te kahore he angitu.

E mea ohie nui ki te hoki ake to tatou raraunga whaiaro, na kua whakaaro ahau he tautuhi wheketere, engari ahau etahi kei te haere i te reira ki te ui mo tetahi kupuhipa admin ahau. Te mea kitea e kore i mahia e ahau he utu mo etahi pūmanawa hangai arumoni, engari Kahore ahau e mohio e (ki te mea he) He rongonui a whai hua. Koa fokotu'u he otinga, rite e rite ahau ki te whakapai ake ki Windows 10. Stephen

I whakaturia e koe ake te pūkete kaiwhakahaere taketake mā te whakamahi i te wāhitau īmēra Microsoft rite to koutou MSA (Pūkete Microsoft), i te mea te mea kaha tūtohu ahau? Ki te pena, Ko te taua rite tou kupuhipa īmēra koutou kupuhipa takiuru, a he tahi mea ai mahara tonu koutou i tenei. ai ara kua tuhituhia e koe i te reira ki raro vahi.

Ki te meatia e koe te whakamahi i te Hotmail, Ora pūkete Outlook.com ranei, whai koe i te tupono pai o te whiwhi uru ki tō pūkete admin, na roto i te tautuhianō o tō kupuhipa pūkete īmēra i te Microsoft Pūkete Tautuhi kupuhipa whārangi. he taahiraa-i-taahiraa tohutohu i About.com.

He tau PC ki te kia ipurangi kia taea Microsoft whakahou i te kupuhipa admin i runga i tou pona. Heoi, ki te kei te tautuhianō o koutou i te kupuhipa i tō pūkete paerewa, katahi mārama ka waiho koe online.

Tautuhi anō i tō PC

Ko tētahi atu whakaaro ko te ki te hoki ake to koutou raraunga, me te ka tautuhi anō i tō PC ki te huru wheketere. kia taea tenei i runga i Windows katoa 8 PC e tonu i to ratou pātaki whakaora tonu. Reira i mahi hoki ki a Windows 10 PC. Enei e kore e whai i te pātaki whakaora, engari to ratou he pūnaha motuhake mō te hanga i te pūnaha whakahaere, ka hiahiatia.

Kia aroha mai, e kore ahau e whakaaro ka taea e koe te tautuhi anō i te Windows 8 PC i te pūkete kaiwhakamahi paerewa. e kore e taea e ara e kite koe "Tautuhi anō toku PC" i te pūkete paerewa i runga i Windows 10, a whakapumautia hoa kairīpoata Haimona Bisson ko ano hoki tenei te take i runga i Windows 8.1. (Ngā mihi ki a Windows 10, Au poto ahau i roto i te Windows 8 PC.)

Ētahi atu tikanga o te tautuhianō o te kupuhipa admin Windows te mutunga kohuatia iho ki te huri i ngā kōnae i runga i te puku mārō i mua i te pūkete admin whiwhi mana. Te huarahi tuku iho ko ki te aruaru i te raupapa whakaoho, engari ka taea e hoki tīmata anō e koe tou PC i tou DVD whakaora Windows he puku koromatua USB bootable ranei. Ko tētahi atu kē he ki te uta Linux i te "CD Live" puku USB ranei. mana'o nei au he pēhea te arumoni te nuinga "hangai" mahi hōtaka tenei.

Kōwhiringa Whakaoho Arā

ka kia maha ani i Jack kaipānui waia ki tape'ai te raupapa whawhai o te PC Windows i te patu i te kī mahi, a ka tīmata Windows i roto i te aratau haumaru ranei te huri i te raupapa whawhai i roto i te BIOS (Tāuru / Pūnaha Huaputa Basic) maramara. Windows 8 a Windows 10 PC kore whakamahi i te BIOS tawhito rawa, me te pōturi, whakamahi ratou UEFI ki te Kōwhiringa Whakaoho Arā (Aso) mata.

Kua puritia maha PC te ariā, na e pēhi,mea, te kī F11 Esc ranei i roto i te Windows 8 ka tango koe whawhai raupapa ki te mata Aso, te wahi e taea e koe te tīmata i te matapihi āki tono (cmd.exe) aka "pouaka DOS". Tirohia te aratohu kaiwhakamahi mo koutou pona HP (i runga i tou puku mārō ipurangi ranei) ki te kite i ai mahi matua ki te pēhi.

Kore, Ka taea e te tiki e koe ki te mata Aso i pupuri iho te kī neke i te pāwhiri i te ata te mana, me te kōwhiri i Tīmata. Te rerekē te roa-tikangakore ko ki te whakamahi i te pae Charms ki tīpako Tautuhinga, pāwhiri tautuhinga Huria PC, a ka haere i roto i Recovery ki te kōwhiringa Whakaoho Arā, "Tīmata anō i teie nei".

A, no te whiwhi koe ki te whārangi Aso, e nga mea katoa huarahi, tīpako Raparongoā, a ka Tautuhi anō tou PC. kia hoki te reira tenei ki huru wheketere.

Ko e me'a fakamamahí, I’m not sure it will do a reset without an admin password – and I don’t have a machine to try – but it’s worth a go. (I have never been asked for a password when resetting a Windows 8 PC, but I suspect I’ve always done it from admin accounts.)

Breaking in

You can also start your laptop from a Windows DVD or a bootable USB thumb drive and then change the password on the hard drive. Tümanako, use the recovery DVD that Windows suggested you create in case you ran into a major problem. (o te akoranga, if you have one of those, you can just reinstall Windows 8 from scratch.)

Ki te kore, it doesn’t really matter what you boot from, because you’re not going to install the operating system. It could be almost any Windows DVD or a Live Linux CD.

You “break in” by renaming one of the ease-of-access files. There are half a dozen available, including sethc.exe (Set High Contrast), utilman.exe (Utility Manager), and osk.exe (On-Screen Keyboard). You rename one of these to stop it working: hei tauira, rename osk.exe to osk.exe.old. After that, you rename the Command shell from cmd.exe to osk.exe (or whichever file you chose).

Na, when you start Windows 8, you can run the on-screen keyboard from the utilities icon, but the command shell will load instead. This lets you assign a new password (tauira 123) to your admin account, so that you can log in. (Remember to clean up by renaming osk.exe back to cmd.exe and osk.exe.old to osk.exe, and set a new password.)

Lots of YouTube videos show how it’s done. The best one I’ve found is Wesley David’s How to Reset a Windows Password Through a Backdoor. He’s very clear.

If you want to try a Linux-based “rescue CD” then have a look at the Trinity Rescue Kit a Ophcrack v3.6.0 (LiveCD v3.6.0). Both are free.

If you want to try a paid-for cracker, Windows Password Key looks a reasonable bet. I’ve not tried it, but the website is well designed, it has a tutorial, me te FAQ Center articles are sound. Although Windows Password Key is a free download, I assume you end up paying .95, though I don’t know how.

I’d just follow Wesley David’s tutorial.

Prevention

There are ways to avoid getting into this situation in the first place. I use a Microsoft email address with a long password, but I set up a 4-digit PIN so I can log in quickly. I also have two admin accounts, in case one of them goes bad. I te pae hopea, I note that Microsoft allows you to create a password reset disk (or USB thumb drive or floppy disk) so that you can reset your password if you forget it. It’s a simple menu item with a wizard to guide you. Windows 8.1 works the same way.

You should also follow Windows’ directions to create recovery media and back-ups so that if your hard drive fails, you can reinstall Windows from scratch and get your stuff back.

Kua whakatika koe tetahi atu uiraa mo Jack? Īmēra reira ki Ask.Jack@theguardian.com

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