Powered e Guardian.co.ukTēnei tuhinga ui “kia wahi ira hangover pakeke” i tuhituhia e Sally Adams, hoki theguardian.com i runga i te Paraire 12 o Hakihea 2014 06.30 UTC

Ki te wa rōpū mua, he tokomaha o tatou e hema i roto i te tipple rerekē i te rōpū te Kirihimete tari oaoa i te inu ranei e rua ki te hoa, me te whānau ranei. Ko te aha e etahi o tatou ake ongo'i mōrikarika a te ata i muri mai te korikori, i he ngali watea i te'inu ētahi atu? kōrero rangahau New e ahakoa mamae tatou he hangover e haaparuparuraa e taea te aonga ake kia tākiekina e to tatou ira.

kite i tenei tau kua etahi mahi repo, me te ātahu i te mara o te rangahau hangover, ki kaipūtaiao tūhura i te takoha o to tatou DNA ki te wheako o te hangover pā ana-waipiro. ai e tauturu ia tenei ke mahino ia tatou te aha e nui ake e pängia ana ki te hangovers etahi iwi, ētahi atu i te mea ki te "Dodge he matā" ina tae mai te reira iho ki ongo'i taratara te ata i muri i te po i te aroaro o.

nui rangahau Kua āta tirohia e te mana o to tatou koiora riro i runga i te waipiro haurangi, me to tatou mōrea mō te waipiro hē. Ira taunekeneke ki ngā āhuatanga taiao (mea rite te whakamahi hoa waipiro, ranei wātea waipiro) ki te whakaawe te nui tatou inu, me to tatou susceptibility ki hoko ti'aturi i runga i te waipiro. kite i tēnei tau i te whakaputanga o nga rangahau tuatahi ki te rutu awe iranga i runga i hangover, a i reira i te tahi mau kitenga maere.

tūhuratia e rua rangahau tenei i roto i te mahanga takirua, he tikanga rongonui mō te hurahura te takoha o ngā āhuatanga ira, me te taiao ki te whanonga i homai. E whakaritea rerekētanga i roto i ngā wheako hangover ōrite mahanga 'ki te hunga o te mahanga kore-ōrite. Mai te mahanga ōrite faaite katoa o ratou ira me nga mahanga kore-ōrite faaite a tawhio noa anake 50% o ratou ira, E riro tetahi rerekētanga kitea i roto i te rerekētanga o te wheako hangover i te mahanga ōrite ki te kia te hua o ira, kaua ki te taiao.

Kei te riro hangover wehi?

Te ako tuatahi raraunga uiui e kohia i roto i 1972 i 13,511 mahanga hōia pakanga ao tuarua tane. ui nga mahanga i ngā pātai e pā ana ki to ratou inu i roto i te tau mua ki te whakatau i wheako o te hangover, pērā i "Pehea te maha e riro ia koutou tino haurangi?"A" Kia pehea te maha e whai koe i te hangover?". kitea nga kairangahau e ko a tawhio noa te heritability o waipiro haurangi 50%, a ko hoki hangover 55%. Enei kitenga faaite i taua iteraa o hangovers te nui awe e ira, ki ngā āhuatanga taiao tiri, (tauira te uru ki te waipiro) whakaaro, mo te toenga o te rerekētanga.

Heoi, i reira e te tahi mau mea ki te whakaaro i roto i te tikanga o enei hua. ui kaiuru i ki penei ratou haurangi waipiro, me te wheako hangover mo te tau o mua. He uaua ki te feruri e e taea ki te tika mahara katoa o nga take i runga i nei i ratou inu hungover ranei mo te mua tetahi 12 marama. Te ako hakari anake haina hoki tane ma, me te kore e reira te hua ahuwhānui ki nga wahine ētahi atu rōpū iwi ranei. I tua atu, e kore e te pepa titiro te mana o ētahi atu āhuatanga e awe i runga i te waipiro haurangi me te hangover, tauira mate tīariari (i waenganui kaumatua i te wa o te whakamatautauranga kaiuru), wheako o te ahotea, tetahi atu whakamahi tarukino (pērā i nikotīni).

More te tikanga, E anō hangover kairangahau ki te whakaae i runga i te mehua papû o te hangover. tata rangahau Kua tāutuhia tohu koiora e pā ana ki te wheako o te hangover e taea te whakamatautau mā te whakamahi i te tauira mimi, ahakoa e taea e utu tātaritanga o enei tauira, me te wā e kai ana.

Ka taea e tatou ira whakatau hangover auau me te whakaraeraetanga?

He ako tuarua uiui e ngā awenga ira i runga i mehua o waipiro hangover e rave rahi (auau, resistance me te susceptibility) i roto i te 4,496 mahanga tane, he wahine. Hua tohua e kiia āhuatanga ira hoki 45% o te rerekētanga i roto i te auautanga hangover (pehea maha nga ra i roto i te tau kua hipa kihai i koe pai ite i te ra i muri i te inu) i roto i te tane me te 40% i roto i te uwha, in line with the previous study.

faahiahia, this study further shows that the heritability of hangover resistance (having no hangover the morning after being drunk) is around 43%, regardless of gender. This suggests that our genes may contribute to our ability to drink alcohol without falling victim to a terrible hangover. This is an important finding given that individuals who show a reduced response to alcohol intoxication (they need more alcohol to get drunk) may be at greater risk for alcohol dependency. Resistance to hangover may also be an important indicator of increased risk.

As with the other study, this research relied on self-reported measures of hangover over the past year and the accuracy of this type of assessment is questionable. I tua atu, the authors were not able to measure other factors which may influence experience of hangover, such as how they respond to alcohol (how many drinks it takes to feel drunk) and whether they are unable to control their drinking.

Next steps

Together these studies suggest that our likelihood of experiencing a hangover after a night of drinking is partly genetically influenced. I tua atu, the reason why some individuals can appear to drink endlessly and not wake up with a dreaded hangover while others cannot is also in part determined by our inherited biology.

These studies can’t identify specific genes contributing to our risk of getting a hangover, or reveal those that could determine who may be resistant to the “morning after” feeling. Future hangover research might focus on specific genes that have already been shown to influence alcohol use and dependency.

Before you go blaming your parents for that “blinder of a hangover”, it is worth remembering that these studies suggest that differences in our experiences of hangover are only half genetic and that environmental factors (which are currently less well understood) also play an important role.

Tākuta Sally Adams ko te pūkenga i roto i te hinengaro hauora i te University o Patehepa. titiro tona rangahau nga tikanga hinengaro me whanonga waiwai waipiro me te tupeka whakamahi. Kimihia ia i runga i Twitter @SallyScientist

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