Powered e Guardian.co.ukTēnei tuhinga ui “Whakarongo e koe reo? E kore e koe anake” i tuhituhia e Ben Alderson-Day, hoki theguardian.com i runga i Wenerei 13 August 2014 12.36 UTC

Rongo reo ko te wheako e he nui rawa hoki te iwi maha. Reo - ranei "māna moemoea kōrero" - ko tetahi o nga āhuatanga tino noa o te tuakoi me ētahi atu disorders hinengaro. Ko hoki te tokoiti iti o te iwi, reo-rongo ko te wahi auau o to ratou oraraa, te wheako rā e kore te e pā ana ki te māuiui. Ko anake i roto i te mua 10 tau e kua timata matou ki te matau te aha kia haere i runga i roto i "kore-haumanu" reo-rongo.

Te nuinga o ta tatou e mohio mai i he ako nui whakahaeretia e Iris Sommer me hoa i UMC Utrecht i roto i te Netherlands. I roto i te 2006 whakarewahia ratou he ngana motu ki te kitea te iwi i rongo nei reo i mua i engari kihai i whai tetahi ahua o te tātaritanga hinengaro. Mai i te whakautu tuatahi o te mo 4,000 iwi, iku tāutuhia ratou he tauira o 103 nei i rongo reo i te iti rawa kotahi te marama, otiia kihai i whai āhotea. To ratou reo-rongo e kore ano i meinga e te faaino o raau taero waipiro ranei.

Rua tekau-tetahi o nga kaiuru i hoatu ano e te scan MRI. A, no te whakaritea tenei rōpū i te reo-kaiwhakarongo nei i whai āhotea, tokomaha o nga rohe roro taua i mātātoa mō ngā rōpū e rua ia i faaruru ratou moemoea māna, tae atu i te gyrus frontal iho (whai wāhi i roto i te hanga kupu) me te gyrus pae pai (hono ki te perception kupu). Kua kitea hoki rangahau muri ki te taua kore-haumanu reo-kaiwhakarongo rerekētanga i roto i te hanganga roro me te hononga mahi (te tukutahi i waenganui i ngā wāhi roro rerekē) whakaritea ki te iwi nei e kore e rongo reo.

Enei hua whakaaro e, i runga i te taumata neural, te taua ahua o te mea e haere i runga i roto i te reo-rongo haumanu, me te kore-haumanu. e matau ana matou i te tuatahi-tangata pūrongo e taea te reo e ratou tino rite, i roto i ngā o te pehea nui ko ratou, te wahi kei te haere mai ratou i, a ahakoa korero ratou i roto i nga kupu rerenga ranei.

E matau ana hoki reo-rongo i roto i ngā rōpū haumanu, me te kore-haumanu he rite taea tatou ki te tirotiro i moemoea i roto i te noho wehe i te tahi atu āhuatanga o te āhotea, pērā i he whakaaro te haavareraa kūwawa ranei. Otiia te reira noa rite nui ki te titiro mo te rerekētanga i waenganui i te reo-rongo haumanu, me te kore-haumanu, no te mea te reira te rerekētanga kia mau te kī ki te whakarato i te tautoko pai mō te hunga e māuiui ranei i roto i te pouri.

He etahi taunakitanga e whangai ana kore-haumanu reo-rongo ki te tīmata wawe (a tawhio noa 12 tau o te tau), i reo e pā ana ki āhotea te tikanga tīmata i roto i te mutunga o te taiohitanga me te pakeketanga wawe. He hoki i rongo i roto i ngā rōpū kore-haumanu nga reo nui atu pea ki te kia pai, me te āwhina atu i te hunga ite e te iwi ki te āhotea, engari e kore te mea mārama he aha. He tokomaha hoki kore-haumanu reo-kaiwhakarongo, Ko te tino nui ki a ratou i te reo wheako ratou. kia whakarato te reira i tautoko me te ārahi, he āhuatanga fakalaumālie ranei.

He taunakitanga o mohio rerekētanga hinengaro i waenganui i haumanu, me te kore-haumanu reo-kaiwhakarongo ano. Hei tauira, reo-kaiwhakarongo ki āhotea ētahi wā i uaua ki te whakahaere i to ratou whakarongo ina whakarongo ki oro waho. roto i te rerekē, he ako tata e ngā kairangahau i roto i te Norway fokotu'u e kore reo-kaiwhakarongo kahore āhotea e puta ki te whai i taua raruraru. He hoki te reo-kaiwhakarongo ki āhotea atu pea ki te whakamahi i te whatunga mohiotia o ngā wāhi roro mō te reo, Tena ia kore-haumanu mea reo-kaiwhakarongo ki te whakaatu tauira atu angamaheni o te mahi reo.

E mohio ana atu e pā ana ki te pehea reo-whakarongo whakawhanake, rawa i muri i te ite no te wa tuatahi, He mātu'aki mahu'inga ki te whakarato pai te tiaki mo te hunga e rapu ana te tauturu. Te tāutu i etahi o nga rerekētanga hinengaro i waenganui i haumanu, me te kore-haumanu reo-rongo taea hoki te whakarato tīwhiri e pā ana ki te ahua o ngā pūkenga kia hiahia koe ki te whakahaere i reo, ka meinga ratou e iti whakapōrearea - te āhuatanga tiaki e tukua te tangata ki te whakarongo ki te reo engari kawe i runga i te to ratou oraraa.

Reo-rongo ai waiho hei wheako fakamamahi mo tokomaha, engari e kore e whai te reira ki te kia. tetahi 10 ka tukua tau o rangahau ki kore-haumanu reo-kaiwhakarongo ki te mahino ia tatou e nahea e no te aha e te taea.

Ki te mea kua i koe he wheako o te reo-rongo, kahore hiahia mo te tiaki hinengaro, tēnā tiki i roto i te pa ki a ia tatou i te Rongo i te Reo kaupapa i University Durham. He wātea i to tatou kaupapa ngā mōhiohio e pā reo-rongo i roto i te whānui rangitaki.

Kei te whakahaere te rongonga i te kaupapa reo i te rangahau i roto i te mahi tahi ki te Edinburgh Festival Buka International ki te tūhura i te huarahi kaipānui whakaaro, whakarongo ranei ara taunekeneke ki te reo o ngā pūāhua i roto i ngā kōrero. Ki te tango i te wahi pāwhiri i konei.

Ben Alderson-Day he he hoa rangahau tohu paerua hoki i runga i te rongonga i te reo

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