2015: ny taona ny tondro sensor nijanona tsy ho fampandriana adrisa fotsiny izany

2015: the year the fingerprint sensor stopped being a gimmick

Finday avo lenta intsony fiarovana dia tsy maintsy ho handreraka noho ny mahomby biometrics izay manao ny asany, ary hiala amin'ny lalana tsy mampandefitra ny angona


Powered by Guardian.co.ukIty lahatsoratra mitondra ny lohateny hoe “2015: ny taona ny tondro sensor nijanona tsy ho fampandriana adrisa fotsiny izany” nosoratan'i Samuel Gibbs, fa theguardian.com ny alahady 27 desambra 2015 07.00 UTC

Tsarovy, rehefa ny telefaonina voalohany nanana fakan-tsary? Tsara aho, azo antoka, fa naka fako sary ary zara raha nampiasa azy io. Avy eo dia nahazo capacitive touchscreen, izay tsara lavitra noho ny mampiasa penina, na dia tsy afaka nitendry ary koa ny mampiasa ny fitendry. Haingana kokoa, ary samy lasa tena ilaina.

Dia tonga ny tondro sensor, ary nieritreritra: tena? Nahoana? Fametrahana amin'ny Pin dia tsy mba maharary, no tena mila izany? Fa ankehitriny dia tsy dia mieritreritra ny tondro sensor, na rehetra segondra voavonjy ianao, satria mampiasa azy io ny fotoana rehetra. 2015 dia ny taona tondro skanera dia tonga ny taona.

Taona vitsy lasa izay, ianao mba hamohana ny finday dia multi-paompy raharaha - mampiasa lava Pin na teny miafina - isaky ny efijery dia maizina. Dia izany no fanao mandreraka fotsiny fa maro no tsy hanelingelina, nandao ny handset sy ny zava-drehetra eo aminy, mora ny mandalo mpanao heloka bevava. Na fotsiny amin ny namana izay nihevitra naniraka maloto andinin-teny ny Neny amin'ny findainao nampiseho ny 'tia vazivazy'.

Tondro skanera Tonga mba hamonjy antsika amin'ny tsy misy farany mamoha nofy ratsy, ary ireo hafahafa resadresaka miaraka amin'ny reny, raha mitandrina ny finday tsy manana ahiahy. Nefa tsy tokony ho gaga ry zareo manaporofo izany ilaina.

A tondro
Dian-tanana amin'izany foana ny fomba mahomby ny famantarana olona iray, amin'ny 98.6% marina. Sary: Roger nify solon'ny ny Guardian

Ny dian-tanana efa nampiasaina ho famantarana tanjona toy ny tany am-boalohany toy ny 1858, ho toy ny fomba fanamarinana sonia amin'ny fifanarahana. Nanomboka tamin'izay dia ny fakantahaka ny hoditra tandavan no tsotra sady mahomby fomba hamantarana olona miaraka amin'ny 98.6% marina ho iray rantsan-tànany, araka ny tahirin-kevitra avy amin'ny US National Institute of Standards sy ny Teknolojia.

Consumer tondro skanera no manodidina ho an'ny farany 10 taona, tokony vonona ny ordinatera ho toy ny fitaovana fiarovana. Fa skanera izay manery ny mpampiasa mba swipe ny rantsan manerana ny sensor Hita ho miadana sy tsy ampy ny hamantatra marina ny mpampiasa 100% ny fotoana handeha voalohany.

Izy ireo gimmicks. Misy zavatra mba hivarotra smartphone na ordinatera izay tsy manampy ny tena vidiny ny fiainan'ny ankamaroan'ny mpampiasa. Fotsiny izy ireo fa tsy kivy nanampy fampihenana izany.

Apple’s Touch ID, a touch-based fingerprint sensor embedded under the 2013 iPhone 5S’s home button, was the first to be introduced with technology good enough to reliably identify an owner. It was was faster than entering a pin and you didn’t need to swipe, just place a finger on the home button for a second or so.

iphone 5s
The iPhone 5S brought fingerprint sensors up to scratch on smartphones, turning them from a gimmick into something useful. Sary: Justin Sullivan / Getty Images

Koa satria 2013 fingerprint sensors have improved and diversified. Last year saw serious rivals from Samsung ary Huawei. Ity taona ity, almost every flagship phone launched with a good fingerprint sensor, while even some mid-range and lower-cost devices came equipped with them.

Today they appear on the front andback of the device and even under the power button on the side in Sony’s case. They generally recognise fingerprints with around a 98% accuracy and in under one second, which makes them power-on and unlock with one touch. No gimmicks, just a piece of security seamlessly integrated into the modern smartphone experience.

Apple set the goal posts, but the majority of Android users have two little known firms to thank for this easy of use upgrade: the Swedish companies Fingerprint Cards AB and Precise Biometrics, one of which makes the hardware and the other the software.

In the case of Android and iOS, fingerprints are stored locally and not sent away to a serveran important security step as, unlike a password or username, you cannot change your fingerprint if it is stolen.

htc one a9
Apple isn’t the only one with a fingerprint sensor on the front. HTC’s One A9 has one shaped like a lozenge. Sary: Samuel Gibbs ho an'ny Guardian

Once you have used a good fingerprint sensor, it’s surprisingly difficult to go back to having to tap in a pin or swipe a pattern to unlock your phone. And that is just the start. Most smartphones with fingerprint sensors also allow users to secure other parts of the phone with their digits, effectively alleviating the problem of trying to remember or enter a long, secure password for making app purchases, ohatra.

If you’re launching a smartphone in 2016 without a fingerprint sensor, you might as well be leaving out the selfie camera and the touch screen too.

The immediate next step for fingerprint scanners is likely to be on-screen scanning. No button, no sensor, just a touchscreen that recognises who’s touching it. Science-fiction movies have been trying to show how it works for years, whether it ever will remains to be seen.

And fingerprints are just the start of the promised biometric surge into technology. Iris scanners, hand-vein scanners, heart rhythm monitoring and various other relatively unique aspects of the human body are all contenders to be the next big thing.

guardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Media Limited 2010

Navoaka tamin'ny alalan'ny ny Guardian News Feed plugin fa WordPress.

21158 0