Zaum hais kom tsis txhob wasting tsiaj lub neej

Scientists told to stop wasting animal lives

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukQhov tsab xov xwm hu ua “Zaum hais kom tsis txhob wasting tsiaj lub neej” raug sau los ntawm Robin McKie, science editor, rau Lub Soj Ntsuam rau hnub Saturday 18th April 2015 23.05 UTC

Kev tshawb fawb cov koom haum tau kom UK zaum los txhim kho txoj kev uas lawv siv cov tsiaj nyob rau hauv thwmsim. Ntau dhau lawm tsis zoo tsim tej yaam num - mus ntsuam xyuas tshiab tshuaj rau strokes, cancer thiab lwm yam mob uas - tau ua meaningless tau thiab lub sij hawm tsiaj lub neej, lub koom haum tau ceeb toom.

Nyob rau hauv tej rooj plaub, soj ntsuam - xav ua kom tau tswj tus nqi ntawm lawv cov chaw ua hauj lwm - tau underestimated tus xov tooj ntawm cov tsiaj yuav tsum tau mus kuaj tus tshiab tshuaj. Raws li ib tug tshwm sim, lawv me me kev tshawb fawb tau Corporate lub hwj chim rau pinpoint lom los nyob rau hauv cov tshuaj nyob rau hauv scrutiny. Cov unreliable tau txhais hais tias lub neej ntawm cov tsiaj muab kev koom tes tau khib, nrog rau zaum lub sij hawm thiab cov kev pab. Lub-siv ntawm cov tsiaj nyob rau hauv sim kawm tau kuj coj mus rau ruaj poob ntawm lawv lub neej.

Qhov teeb meem ntawm tsis zoo tsim cov kev tshawb fawb tau tau nyob rau hauv kev tshawb nrhiav rau ob lub xyoos thiab culminated, lub lim tiam, nyob rau hauv kev tshawb fawb Council UK - lub kaus pab rau cov pawg sab laj uas pab nyiaj rau UK kev tshawb fawb - tshaj tawm kev hloov mus rau nws raws li kev cai rau cov neeg nqa tawm kev tshawb fawb uas siv cov tsiaj. Zaum yuav tam sim no muaj qhia lawv ua hauj lwm yuav tsis tau tsuas yog ua physiological insights tab sis yuav tau ua kom muaj cov lus robust cov ntaub ntawv. Yog hais tias tsis, lawv yuav poob lawv cov nyiaj.

"Muaj tau ib tug zuj zus khiav tias ib txhia tsiaj thwmsim yog tsis txaus robust. Cov txheej txheem no yuav tsum yog li ntawd yuav zoo siab txais tos, txawm hais tias lawv muaj npaum li cas ib tug ntev lub sij hawm yuav tsum tau ua tswvcuab,"Hais tias neuroscientist Malcolm Macleod ntawm Edinburgh University.

Nyob rau hauv 2013, 4.12 lab scientific cov txheej txheem rau cov tsiaj - feem ntau nas thiab nas - twb pib nyob rau hauv Great Britain. Ib nrab koom tes yuav nteg qe txhob kaw hloov cov tsiaj. Lwm tus ib nrab muab kev koom tes thwmsim rau unmodified tsiaj, ntawm uas 58% tau nqa tawm rau hauv paus kev tshawb fawb, 26% rau tib neeg cov tshuaj thiab 8% rau kho tsiaj lub hom phiaj.

Muaj ntau ntawm cov no yog ua li cas rau sim tshuaj ua ntej tib neeg tej kev txom nyem yog launched. Txawm li cas los, nws yuav siv sij hawm ib tug ncaj loj tus naj npawb ntawm cov tsiaj mus qhia seb ib tug yeeb tshuaj yog muaj ib tug pharmacological nyhuv, hais tias Macleod. "Nyob rau hauv ib tug raug £ 300,000 project - hais mus ntsuam xyuas ib tug mob stroke tshuaj - hais txog ib tug thib peb ntawm cov nyiaj mus rau cov khoom, ib tug thib peb txog cov nyiaj hli thiab ib tug thib peb rau cov tsiaj. Yuav kom nqi - thiab muaj qhov siab ua li ntawd los ntawm cov koom haum - tej zaum koj yuav sim kom tsis txhob tus xov tooj ntawm cov tsiaj. Tab sis nws txhais tau tias lub hwj chim ntawm koj kev tshawb fawb kom pinpoint ib tug tiag tiag lom nyhuv yog tas. Feem ntau koj tau yog ua purely los ntawm lub caij. Txawm li cas los, yuav ua rau koj cov kev tshawb fawb ntau robust - mus tsa nws statistical hwj chim los ntawm 50% rau 80% - Koj yuav tau ob npaug rau tus xov tooj ntawm cov tsiaj koj siv thiab thiaj li ua rau kom nws nqi, nyob rau hauv peb tus yam ntxwv, los ntawm lwm £ 100,000. "

Qhov teeb meem ntawm tsis zoo tsim thwmsim tau qhia nyob rau hauv ib tug tsis ntev los no daim ntawv ntsuam xyuas ntawm scientific ntaub ntawv uas tsom cov ntsiab lus ntawm kev tsim thiab tsom tau tej zaum kuj tsis zoo heev, hais tias immunologist xibfwb Paul Kaye ntawm York University. "Tus tshiab kev taw qhia yuav cia zaum ua rau funders lawv muaj ib tug tag nrho cov kev nkag siab ntawm cov teeb meem muab kev koom tes nyob rau hauv tsim thiab cais txoj kev uas cov tsiaj."

Mark Prescott, lub taub hau ntawm kev tshawb fawb txoj cai rau cov UK National Centre rau cov hloov, Zoo thiab kev yuav txo tau ntawm tsiaj nyob rau hauv kev tshawb fawb, hais tias cov lus qhia sawv cev ib tug kev hloov rau lub scientific lub zej lub zos. "Yog, koj yuav siv tau cov tsiaj nyob rau hauv thwmsim, tab sis tsis muaj ntau tshaj li tsim nyog - thiab tsis muaj tsawg. Nws yog ethically questionable tau cov zauv tsis ncaj ncees lawm yog txoj kev. "

Wendy Jarrett, Hmoob thawj ntawm kev tau taub Tsiaj tshawb fawb, hais tias: "Qhov scientific lub zej zog xav tau kev pab siv qhov tseeb cov ntaub nyob rau hauv kev txiav txim kom paub tseeb tias cov kev tshawb fawb yog tsim nyog powered. Nyob rau hauv tej rooj plaub, qhov no txhais tau tsawg dua cov tsiaj muaj peev xwm yuav siv tau, tab sis tej zaum nws yuav ua rau ntau thaj siv nyob rau hauv kev txiav txim rau kom peb tau txais nuj nqis tau. "

Qhov no twb nyuab siab los ntawm Penny Hawkins ntawm lub RSPCA. "Nws yog zoo uas qhov teeb meem no twb tau muab tso rau txoj cai tab sis phem hais tias nws coj li ntawd, ntev mus ua tau li ntawd. Tsiaj tau raug kev txom nyem tsis tas thiab cov neeg mob tau cia cia vim hais tias pej xeem cov nyiaj tau lub sij hawm nyob rau hauv worthless kev tshawb fawb. Peb tam sim no yuav tau mus ntsib yuav ua li cas robustly cov koom haum raws li cov txheej txheem tshiab thiab xyuas kom meej zaum ua raws li lawv. "

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