Powered by Guardian.co.ukQhov tsab xov xwm hu ua “Ib-txoj kev Mars txawv tebchaws: shortlist muaj xws li xya Australians” yog sau los ntawm Michael Safi, rau theguardian.com rau hnub Tuesday 17th Lub ob hlis ntuj 2015 06.18 UTC

Xya Australians tau ua ib tug shortlist ntawm 100 sib tw sib tw rau ib tug ib-txoj kev mus rau Mars mus nrhiav kom tau tus liab ntiaj chaw tus thawj colony.

Kaum cuaj-xyoo-laus Teah, sawv ntsug-up neeg tuaj dab ros Josh Richards thiab geoscientist Electra Navarone yog nyob rau ntawm lub Australian finalists rau lub Mars Ib project, uas aims yuav pib hauv plaub ntiaj chaw ntawm lub hnub los ntawm 2025.

Teah
Kaum cuaj-xyoo-laus Sare Teah tau ua lub shortlist. Duab: Mars Ib

Peb tes num, teem los ntawm Dutch ua lag luam Phem Lansdorp, neeg pab leg ntaubntawv kom tau txais ntau tshaj li 200,000 daim ntawv sau npe los ntawm budding Martians, thiab hais tias nws yog whittling daim ntawv sau mus rau 50 cov txiv neej thiab 50 cov poj niam.

Cov neeg raug xaiv raws li "lawv to taub txog cov kev txaus ntshai muab kev koom tes, pab neeg tus ntsuj plig thiab lawv muaj zog txaus yuav tau ib feem ntawm lub neej no-hloov ntoj ke mus kawm,"Raws li ib daim ntawv qhia.

Peb tes num tus Hmoob kev kho mob xwm, Norbert Clark, hais tias tom ntej no xaiv ib ncig yuav tsom rau lub tsev muaj zog pawg uas yuav tiv thaiv kev rho tawm ntawm interplanetary hais sib haum.

"Yog ib tug ntawm qhov zoo tshaj plaws neeg sib tw tsis yog ua rau koj tus loj tshaj pab neeg uas ua ntawv, yog li ntawd kuv saib rau pem hauv ntej kom pom yuav ua li cas cov neeg kawm thiab ua hauj lwm ua ke nyob rau hauv lub tom ntej txoj kev sib tw,"Clark hais tias.

Qhov chaw raug scouted rau lub ntiaj teb no kev kawm cov chaw. Daim ntawv teev cov 100 sib tw yuav tsum tau txiav los ntawm nruab nrab ntawm lub xyoo xwb 24, uas yuav tsum tau xa mus rau Mars nyob rau hauv pab pawg ntawm cov plaub txhua txhua 26 lub hlis pib nyob rau hauv 2024.

Qhov ntawd yog qhov aim, rau nkawv noj. Mars Ib kos npe li Lockheed Martin nyob rau hauv Kaum Ob Hlis Ntuj los mus tsim ib tug satellite rau muab tso rau hauv kab nyob saum ntuj nyob ib ncig ntawm Mars nyob rau hauv 2018. Tab sis tseem ceeb kev teeb meem - xws li yuav ua li cas mus rau av ib manned khoom siv tes ua xyuam xim nyob rau hauv lub Martian nto, thiab yuav ua li cas kom tsis raug sib sib zog nqus-qhov chaw tawg nyob rau hauv lub astronauts - nyob twj ywm teeb meem.

Peb tes num yuav kuj yuav tsum tau yam tsawg $ 7.7bn tau tawm hauv av, uas nws aims tsa feem ntau los ntawm qhov muag sponsorship thiab cov cai rau ib tug kev muaj tiag TV qhia li cas txog peb tes num. Ib tug Indiegogo phiaj los nqis tes nyob rau hauv 2013-14 tsa ntau tshaj $400,000. Tag nrho cov donations li ntawm kawg Kaum ib hlis li cas txog $630,000.

Independent scientific tsom xam tau pom tias, contrary to Mars ib tus neeg pab leg ntaubntawv, phem tshaj lub neej nyob rau lub ntiaj chaw liab yuav tsum "technologies uas muaj peev xwm tshaj qhov tam sim no lub xeev ntawm cov kos duab".

Npaj kom loj hlob cov qoob loo hauv lub colony, muaj li ntawm qhov chaw tsiav tshuaj thiab ib tug inflatable vaj tse, tej zaum yeej ua rau ib tug suffocating oversupply ntawm oxygen, cov neeg tshawb fawb hais tias, twv thawj astronaut yuav tuag tom qab 68 hnub.

Tab sis lub finalists, xws li Dianne McGrath los ntawm Melbourne, yog tsis perturbed. "Seb cov neeg xav hais tias nws mus yuav Mars Ib, los yog Nasa, los yog ib co lwm yam kev pab cuam, peb yuav mus rau Mars, nws yog nyob rau hauv cov txheej txheem rau qhov chaw tshawb kawm,"Nws hais rau Channel Kaum tus lub Project.

"Qhov ntawd yog ib feem ntawm tus tib neeg ntsuj plig, mus tshawb. Kuv cia li muaj hmoo tau ib feem ntawm hais tias. "

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