Yog koj nco raws li Yog li koj xav tias nws yog?

Is Your Memory as Accurate as You Think it is?

Peb tag nrho cov tsis nco qab tej yam – tab sis yog tej yam uas peb tsis nco qab txog li muaj tseeb raws li peb xav los mus ntseeg tias?


Powered by Guardian.co.ukQhov tsab xov xwm hu ua “Yog koj nco raws li muaj tseeb raws li koj xav tias nws yog?” raug sau los ntawm Pete Etchells, rau theguardian.com rau hnub Monday 8 Lub yim hli ntuj 2016 06.30 UTC

lub siab gamers: Yuav ua li cas zoo li cas koj kaj koj nco yog? Tej zaum peb yuav tsis nco qab tej yam uas los ntawm lub sij hawm rau lub sij hawm, tab sis cov khoom peb nco ntsoov yog zoo nkauj tseeb, txoj cai? Qhov teeb meem yog, peb nco txog peb tsis yog raws li infallible raws li peb tej zaum yuav xav kom ntseeg tau, thiab koj yuav ntsuam xyuas qhov no rau koj tus kheej siv tej yam yooj yim xyaum ua tej yam nram qab no.

Cuav nco xeem npe
Nyeem los ntawm txhua tus ntawm peb cov npe nyob rau hauv lem, tab sis tsis txhob siv mus ntev ntev rau ib tug lo lus. Duab: Pete Etchells rau tus saib xyuas

Sim nws tus kheej

Noj ib tug saib hauv peb lub npe saum toj no, thiab nyeem txhua lo lus rau hais txog ib tug thib ob.

Tag nrho ua? Great.

Tam sim no peb yuav mus ua ib tug yooj yim paub xeem - hauv qab no yog lwm daim ntawv teev cov lus rau koj mus saib nyob rau. Tsis muaj rov ntsia tom qab, nco ntsoov cia uas lawv nyob rau hauv lub peb npe koj cia li luam. tsis coj tsis ncaj!

Sab saum toj – rooj zaum – pw tsaug zog – rooj – qeeb – muaj zog – rua lo – roob – Qab zib

Yog hais tias koj hais tias sab saum toj, rooj zaum thiab rua lo twb nyob rau hauv lub npe, koj nyob nraum chaw rau. Ib yam li ntawd, Yog hais tias koj xav hais tias qeeb, qab zib thiab muaj zog tsis tshwm qhov twg, koj nyob nraum kuj muaj cai. Yuav ua li cas hais txog lub rooj zaum, roob thiab pw tsaug zog tab sis yog? Lawv lub suab zoo li lawv yuav tsum tau nyob rau hauv lub npe, tab sis lawv yeej tsis ua ib tug zoo li. Ib txhia ntawm tej zaum koj yuav tau pom no, tab sis ib tug ntau ntawm cov neeg yuav hais, nrog ib tug ncaj ncees npaum li cas ntawm tseeb, hais tias cov lus tau tam sim no.

Cuav paub thiab cov DRM paradigm

Qhov no xyaum ua tej yam los ntawm ib tug classic 1995 txoj kev tshawb no los ntawm Henry L. Roediger thiab Kathleen McDermott ntawm Rice University nyob rau hauv Texas. Raws li ua ntej lawm ua hauj lwm los ntawm James Deese (chaw pib lub npe Deese-Roediger-McDermott, los yog DRM, paradigm), koom hnov ​​ib tug series ntawm lus npe, uas lawv ces yuav tsum tau nco qab los ntawm lub cim xeeb. Tom qab ib tug luv luv kev sib tham nrog tus kws tshawb fawb, cov neeg koom tau ces muab ib daim ntawv tshiab ntawm cov lo lus. mob nyav, no daim ntawv tshiab muaj ib co lus uas tau txuam nrog txhua txhua ib yam khoom rau txhua tus ntawm cov thawj npe - piv txwv li, thaum lub sij hawm pw tsaug zog tsis tshwm nyob rau hauv daim ntawv teev 3 saum toj no, nws muaj feem xyuam rau txhua lo lus uas tshwm sim (txaj, so, nkees, thiab thiaj li nyob).

Tom ntej, cov neeg koom yuav tsum tau hais yuav ua li cas ntseeg lawv twb hais tias cov lus nyob rau hauv lub daim ntawv tshiab tau tshwm sim yav tas los. Roediger thiab McDermott tus tau pom hais tias cov neeg tau thov kom paub txog cov kab lus (zoo li pw tsaug zog) txog li feem ntau raws li lo lus uas twb yeej nyob rau hauv daim ntawv teev - nyob ib ncig ntawm 85% ntawm lub sij hawm. Nyob rau hauv lwm yam lus, cov neeg raug thov kev pab yuav tsum nco ntsoov tej yam, haum confidently, hais tias twb tsis tshwm sim.

Muaj ib tug xov tooj ntawm yog vim li cas yog vim li cas qhov no ua rau tshwm sim. Ib tug suggestion rau pem hauv ntej los ntawm Roediger thiab McDermott koom ib yam dab tsi hu ua associative dab; vim hais tias tag nrho cov ntawm cov lus nyob rau hauv ib tug muab daim ntawv teev txog txhua lwm yam, lawv yuav mus qhib lwm yam lus nyob rau hauv peb lub cim xeeb. Lo lus kav tiav kev pab raws qib kev pab mus rau ntsiab no taw tes. Yog hais tias kuv hais lo lus 'npias', thiab hais kom koj sau nyob rau hauv lub dawb paug no:

_ Kuv N E

Tej zaum koj yuav muaj feem ntau yuav hais W, txawm tias D, F, L thiab M yuav tag nrho yuav zoo kawg nkaus tau. Yog vim npias thiab cawv txiv hmab yog lwm yam ntsiab lus, thiab hais tias ib tug ua rau lwm yooj yim nco qab nyob rau hauv lub cim xeeb.

Ntawm cov hoob kawm, lwm yam tuaj mus ua si nrog cov DRM paradigm. Tej zaum kuj tshwm sim vim hais tias koj nyob nraum xav ntawm cov lo lus pw tsaug zog thaum koj nyeem cov hais txog daim ntawv teev, uas ua koj ua yuam kev xav hais tias koj ua tau puas tau nyeem cov lo lus tom qab rau. Txawm tias, kev tshawb fawb ntawm cuav paub ua ib yam ntshiab: peb puas yog tsis ib txwm raws li muaj tseeb raws li peb xav los mus ntseeg tias.

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