Yuav ua li cas koj ob lub qhov muag ntxeev siab rau koj cov kev xav

How your eyes betray your thoughts

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukQhov tsab xov xwm hu ua “Yuav ua li cas koj ob lub qhov muag ntxeev siab rau koj cov kev xav” raug sau los ntawm Mo Costandi, rau theguardian.com rau hnub Tuesday 2nd lub rau hli ntuj 2015 09.00 UTC

Raws li cov laus hais tias, lub qhov muag yog lub qhov rais mus rau hauv tus ntsuj plig, pom sib sib zog nqus cov pwm uas peb yuav tsis xav mus nkaum. Txawm tias niaj hnub science precludes lub hav zoov ntawm tus ntsuj plig, nws hais tias muaj yog ib tug tseem ntawm qhov tseeb nyob rau hauv no hais tias: nws hloov tawm lub ob lub qhov muag tsis tau tsuas yog muaj kev cuam tshuam dab tsi tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lub hlwb, tiam sis tej zaum yuav pab tau li cas peb nco ntsoov tej yam thiab ua kev txiav txim siab.

Peb ob lub qhov muag tas li tsiv, thiab thaum ib co ntawm cov taw yog nyob rau hauv pem tswj, muaj ntau yam ntawm lawv tshwm sim subconsciously. Thaum peb nyeem, Piv txwv, peb ua ib tug series ntawm heev ceev qhov muag taw hu ua saccades uas fixate sai heev rau ib lo lus tom qab lwm. Thaum peb nkag mus rau ib chav tsev, peb ua loj sweeping saccades raws li peb ntsia ib ncig ntawm. Tom qab ntawd muaj cov me me, tsis tuaj yeem qhov muag taw peb ua raws li peb taug kev mus, pab kom txawm peem rau lub zog ntawm peb lub taub hau thiab tswj peb saib ntawm lub ntiaj teb no. Thiab, ntawm chav kawm, peb ob lub qhov muag dart nyob ib ncig ntawm lub sij hawm lub 'ceev muag zog' (REM) theem ntawm cov pw tsaug zog.

BBC yav tom ntej

Yuav ua li cas yog tam sim no qhov tseeb yog tias ib txhia ntawm peb cov qhov muag taw tej zaum yeej qhia peb xav txheej txheem.

Kev tshawb fawb luam tawm xyoo tas los qhia tau hais tias menyuam kawm ntawv dilation yog txuas mus rau cov neeg kawm ntawv ntawm uncertainty thaum lub sij hawm kev txiav txim siab: Yog hais tias muaj leej twg yog tsawg paub tseeb txog lawv cov kev txiav txim siab, lawv xav tias heightened arousal, uas ua rau cov tub kawm ntawv rau dilate. Qhov kev hloov no nyob rau hauv lub qhov muag kuj qhia dab tsi txiav txim siab-txiag yog hais txog hais tias: ib pab pawg neeg ntawm kev soj ntsuam, piv txwv li, pom hais tias saib rau dilation ua rau nws tau mus twv seb thaum ib tug ceev faj tus neeg siv los hais tias 'tsis muaj' yog hais txog mus ua lo qhia txiav txim hais tias 'yog'.

saib cov ob lub qhov muag yuav txawm pab twv seb yog dab tsi naj npawb ib tug neeg muaj nyob rau hauv lub siab. Tobias Loetscher thiab nws cov npoj yaig nyob rau University of Zurich recruited 12 tuaj pab dawb thiab tracked lawv qhov muag taw thaum lawv reeled tawm ib daim ntawv teev cov 40 tus xov tooj.

Lawv nrhiav tau tias cov kev taw qhia thiab luaj li cas ntawm cov neeg koom 'qhov muag taw meej kwv yees seb tus xov tooj lawv qab mus hais yog loj los yog me me tshaj yav dhau los ib tug - thiab los ntawm ntau npaum li cas. Txhua pab dawb lub ntsia txav mus thiab mus rau sab xis ua ntej lawv hais tias ib tug loj tus naj npawb, thiab cia thiab mus rau sab laug ua ntej ib tug me me ib. Qhov loj qhov ua haujlwm los ntawm ib sab mus rau lwm yam, qhov loj qhov sib txawv ntawm cov zauv.

Qhov no qhia tias peb cas txuas paub daws teeb tooj duab kos tau tshwm nyob rau hauv lub hlwb nrog lub zog nyob rau hauv qhov chaw. Tab sis txoj kev tshawb no tsis qhia rau peb uas los thawj: seb xav ntawm ib tug xov tooj ua rau kev hloov nyob rau hauv lub qhov muag txoj hauj lwm, los yog hais tias lub qhov muag txoj hauj lwm influences peb puas siab puas ntsws kev ua si. Nyob rau hauv 2013, soj ntsuam ntawm nyob rau hauv Sweden luam tawm ua pov thawj tias nws yog tus tom kawg hais tias tej zaum yuav muaj kev ua hauj lwm: qhov muag taw yuav ua tau pab txhawb nco nqi.

lawv recruited 24 menyuam kawm ntawv thiab hais kom txhua tus los ua tib zoo xyuas ib tug series ntawm cov khoom tso tawm kom pom mus rau lawv nyob rau hauv ib tug kaum ntawm ib lub computer screen. Cov neeg koom tau ces hais kom mloog mus rau ib tug series ntawm nqe lus hais txog ib co ntawm cov khoom lawv tau pom, xws li "Lub tsheb twb ntsib mus rau sab laug" thiab hais kom qhia raws li sai li sai tau yog tias txhua yog muaj tseeb los yog cuav. Ib txhia neeg koom tau tso cai cia lawv ob lub qhov muag loj leeb txog dawb do; lwm leej lwm tus tau hais kom kho lawv ntsia rau tus ntoo khaub lig rau ntawm qhov chaw ntawm lub screen, los yog lub ces kaum qhov chaw uas tus kwv tau tshwm sim, piv txwv li.

Cov soj ntsuam ntawm pom tias cov neeg uas raug tso cai rau tawm mus lawv ob lub qhov muag nthawv thaum lub sij hawm rov qab ua ho zoo dua li cov uas tsau rau saum ntoo khaublig. Interestingly, tab sis yog, koom uas tau hais kom txhim kho tau lawv ntsia nyob rau hauv lub ces kaum ntawm lub screen nyob rau hauv uas cov khoom tau tshwm sim ua ntej lawm ua zoo dua cov hais los txhim kho lawv ntsia nyob rau hauv lwm lub ces kaum. Qhov no qhia hais tias tus zoo dua cov neeg koom 'qhov muag taw thaum lub sij hawm cov lus qhia Encoding corresponded nrog cov uas tshwm sim thaum lub sij hawm tau los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv, zoo dua lawv nyob nco ntsoov cov khoom. Tej zaum yog vim qhov muag taw pab kom peb nco qab lub spatial kev sib raug zoo ntawm cov khoom nyob rau hauv lub cheeb tsam thaum lub sij hawm ntawm encoding.

Cov qhov muag taw yuav tshwm sim looj hlias. "Thaum cov neeg tab tom nrhiav rau ntawm scenes lawv muaj ces yuav tsum ua ntej, lawv ob lub qhov muag yog nquag twv rau cov lus qhia lawv tau twb pom, txawm tias thaum lawv muaj tsis muaj meej pem lub cim xeeb ntawm nws,"hais tias Roger Johansson, ib tug psychologist ntawm Lund University uas coj txoj kev kawm no.

Saib qhov muag taw kuj yuav siv tau rau txav me me tib neeg lub kev txiav txim siab. Ib tug tsis ntev los no kev tshawb tsom - tej zaum worryingly - uas qhov muag-mus txog qhovtwg yuav exploited rau feem xyuam rau txoj kev ncaj ncees txiav txim siab peb tau.

Soj ntsuam nug koom txoj kev ncaj ncees cov lus nug xws li "Yuav tua neeg puas tau kev txaus cai?"Thiab ces tso tawm kom pom, rau ib tug computer screen, lwm cov lus teb ("Tej zaum justifiable" los yog "tsis justifiable"). By nrhiav cov neeg koom 'qhov muag taw, thiab tshem cov ob lo lus teb kev xaiv tam sim ntawd tom qab ib tug neeg tau siv ib qhov nqi ntawm lub sij hawm gazing ntawm ib qho ntawm lub ob txoj kev xaiv, kev soj ntsuam pom tias lawv yuav txav me me tus neeg muab tej kev xaiv raws li lawv lo lus teb.

"Peb tsis tau muab lawv tej ntaub ntawv ntau ntxiv,"Hais tias neuroscientist Daniel Richardson ntawm University College London, senior sau ntawm txoj kev tshawb. "Peb tsuas tos rau lawv tus kheej kev txiav txim siab dab mus nthuav thiab tu ncua lawv nyob rau raws nraim txoj cai point. Peb ua rau lawv hloov lawv cov minds cia li los tswj thaum lawv tau ua qhov kev txiav txim. "

Richardson ntxiv hais tias kev vam meej Salespeople yuav muaj ib co kev pom rau hauv no, thiab siv nws los tau ntau haub nrog cov neeg. "Peb xav seb ua haub neeg zoo talkers, tab sis tej zaum lawv kuj tsom kwm tus kev txiav txim siab,"Nws hais tias. "Tej zaum zoo Salespeople yuav hnov ​​lub caij nyoog lub sij hawm ntawd koj nyob nraum wavering ntawm ib tug tej yam kev xaiv, thiab ces muaj koj ib tug luv nqi los yog hloov lawv cov suab. "

Lub ubiquity ntawm qhov muag-mus txog qhovtwg apps rau smartphones thiab lwm cov tes tuav li seb puas tsimnyog tau tau Process neeg lub kev txiav txim siab remotely. "Yog hais tias koj nyob nraum khw hauv internet, tej zaum lawv yuav tsis ncaj ncees koj txiav txim siab los ntawm muab free shipping thaum lub caij koj ua hauj lwm ceev koj ntsia mus rau ib tug kev khoom. "

Yog li, qhov muag taw ob muaj kev cuam tshuam thiab cawv ntau dua kev puas hlwb zog xws li nco thiab kev txiav txim siab, thiab ntxeev siab rau peb cov kev xav, kev ntseeg, thiab kev ntshaw. Txoj kev paub no tej zaum yuav muab rau peb txoj kev ntawm kev txhim kho peb cov kev puas hlwb zog - tab sis nws kuj yoojyim rau peb lam tau lam ua rau luag tsis paub manipulation los ntawm lwm tus neeg.

"Lub qhov muag zoo li ib lub qhov rais mus rau hauv peb xav dab, thiab peb cia li tsis txaus siab rau ntau npaum li cas cov lus qhia tej zaum yuav tsis xau tawm hauv lawv,"Hais tias Richardson. "Lawv yuav muaj feem qhia tej yam uas ib tug neeg yuav xav mus suppress, xws li implicit haiv neeg tsis ncaj ncees. "

"Kuv yuav pom qhov muag-mus txog qhovtwg apps siv rau, hais, txhawb technologies uas xyuas seb dab tsi xov tooj muaj nuj nqi koj xav tau thiab ces pab tawm,"Nws ntxiv, "Tab sis yog hais tias lawv nyob nraum sab laug rau tag nrho cov sij hawm uas lawv yuav siv tau los taug qab txhua yam ntawm lwm yam uas. Qhov no yuav muab ntau npaum li cas richer ntaub ntawv, thiab seb puas tsimnyog tau tau unwittingly sib qhia rau peb xav nrog lwm leej lwm tus. "

Qhov no yog ib qho edited version ntawm ib tug feature Kuv sau rau BBC.com/Future, ib lub website yuav tsum vov science, noj qab haus huv thiab technology.

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