Akwai darajan sayen shiru, fanless PC?

Is it worth buying a silent, fanless PC?

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Akwai darajan sayen shiru, fanless PC?” ya rubuta Jack Schofield, domin theguardian.com a ranar Alhamis 19th Nuwamba 2015 09.12 UTC

Shin fanless inji mai kwakwalwa yanzu m sayan? Na yi mai yawa sauti rikodi da kuma ra'ayin wani gaske shiru PC sosai m. Bitrus

Recent sababbin abubuwa a cikin PC kasuwa an kishin samar mai rahusa fanless inji mai kwakwalwa, ko da yake ba a zahiri da burin. A mayar da hankali ne a kan samar da thinner kwamfyutocin da Allunan, amma wadannan da babbar matsala dissipating zafi. Intel sha kan wannan matsala da hankali rage yawan ikon da kwakwalwan kwamfuta cinye. Yanzu ba su samu lokacin da zafi, sunã da m bukatar magoya.

Misali, mai azumi tebur processor kamar Intel Core i7-4960X yana da TDP (thermal zane iko) na 130W, wanda yake shi ne zafi. Kwamfyutocin cinya amfani da su da 45W ko 35W sarrafawa, abin da ya fadi wa 15W zuwa 17W for bakin ciki inji. Intel ta Core M range kawo cewa saukar zuwa 4.5W. yau, har cheap Intel Atom na tushen kwakwalwan kwamfuta (sau da yawa Pentium ko Celeron akayi) gudu a 6-10W.

Akwai drawbacks. A lokacin da wadannan kwakwalwan kwamfuta samun zafi, su yi yana da za a throttled, ko suna rufe gaba ɗaya. Wannan shi ne m for intermittent amfani kamar maganar aiki da kuma yanar gizo browsing. Duk da haka, wadannan kwakwalwan kwamfuta ba su dace da ci aiki jobs kamar video tace da caca, kuma za su iya fafitikar da audio hadawa da tace.

Yaya mutane da yawa magoya?

A m tebur PC iya samun uku ko fiye fans. The CPU da wutar lantarki za su kansu magoya, don haka za azumi graphics katunan da GPUs (graphics aiki raka'a). Wani lokaci, raba yanayin magoya zai kewaya iska don ci gaba da faifai tafiyarwa da kuma sauran sassa basira sanyi.

I mana, bakin ciki kwamfyutocin da Allunan gudu daga batura, sabõda haka ba su bukatar ciki ikon kayayyaki. Kuma bã su da raba graphics katunan: da suka saba da GPUs hadedde da processor, kamar yadda a cikin "Intel Hadakar Graphics".

Idan ba ka bukatar mai yawa iko, to, akwai yalwa da kananan, cheap inji mai kwakwalwa cewa amfani da wannan fasahar a matsayin bakin ciki kwamfyutocin. Su ne dai fanless, ko da magoya ne kusan noiseless, fãce a lõkacin da processor aka kore wuya.

Duk da haka, idan kana bukatar high yi ga ayyuka kamar video tace ko tsanani caca, to, yana da har yanzu kalubale. Za ka iya bukatar a fanless wutar lantarki kuma mafi m hanyoyin sanyaya. wadannan sun hada da zafi bututu - Wanda su ne ƙara kowa a bakin ciki kwamfyutocin - da kuma wani lokacin ruwa sanyaya.

Mini inji mai kwakwalwa kuma nettops

Idan kana son wani abu ƙanana da cheap, akwai saba plethora na zabi: neman "mini PC"On Amazon.co.uk samun fiye da dubu results. Neman "nettop PC"Sami wani more hõrarriya 34 sakamakon, domin wannan lokaci ya mafi yawa ya ragu daga mu. Ba dukan wadannan inji ne fanless, kuma amma mafi yawan kamata gudu zare jiki idan ba dora.

Mutane yawanci hašawa wadannan tsarin su lebur-allon TV sets: sun yi m domin video streaming, kama-up TV ayyuka, da kuma sauki sarrafa kwamfuta. Suna kuma iya gudu bakan, MAME da sauran game emulators.

A low karshen, akwai cheap tsarin kamar fanless Voyo sumul Mini PC. Wannan yana da 1.33GHz Intel Atom Z3735F, 2GB na memory da 64GB na eMMC guntu ajiya da kuma a 4K HDMI tashar jiragen ruwa don kawai £ 89,99. Yana da yawa guda tabarau a matsayin shigarwa-matakin 10in Windows kwamfyutan ko 2-in-1, amma ba tare da keyboard da kuma allon. Yana gudanar a 32-bit Windows 8.1With Bing (mai yiwuwa da free version), amma samun wani free inganci to Windows 10.

Sumvision ta Cyclone shi ne mafi sanannun madadin da irin wannan jaddadawa ga £ 98,50. A Gigabyte Brix range ne kuma daraja a look.

Idan kana son wani abu mafi m, akwai da Eggsnow kewayon fanless, aluminum mini inji mai kwakwalwa. wadannan sun hada da core i3-4010U ko core i5-4200U versions da 4GB na memory da 64GB SSD for £ 212,99 da £ 248,99 bi da bi. Duk da haka, za su iya daukar har zuwa 16GB na memory, har zuwa 256GB SSDs, kuma har zuwa 1.5TB wuya tafiyarwa. Za ka iya saya tushe Core i3 tsarin for £ 156,99 kuma shige your own memory kuma SSD.

The Eggsnow model gasa da Apple ta Mac Mini, wanda ya fara a £ 399 ga wani Core i5 tsarin da 4GB na memory da 500GB rumbun kwamfutarka, kuma fi fitar a £ 799 daya da 8GB da 1TB drive (ko £ 1.759 da dukan kyautayuwa). Duk da haka, latest 2014 Mac Mini ya soldered-in memory da shi ne saboda ga wani update.

m inji mai kwakwalwa

Gina m inji mai kwakwalwa kasance wani art cewa hannu na musamman aka gyara, kamar fanless wutar lantarki da ruwa da sanyaya, kara damping for juyawa tafiyarwa, kuma biya da hankali ga airflow ta al'amarin. ina zaton Chillblast har yanzu ya aikata wasu daga wannan. Duk da haka, abubuwa ne sauki a yau, saboda kamfanonin iya fara da barebones lokuta kamar jigila da kuma kananan ITX motherboards, ko kawai amfani da wani kankanin Intel NUC (Next Unit na kwamfuta).

The NUC yawanci ya hada da babban heatsink da kuma karamin fan, don haka sai na ba zai sa ran wani kashe-da-shiryayye version ya zama shiru. Duk da haka, wasu kamfanonin sun tsara NUC lokuta cewa, a ainihi, aiki a matsayin babban zafi sinks. Babu shakka, ba za ka gudu daya a cikin wani sarari tsare, amma a al'ada yanayi, za su iya haskaka isa zafi ya zauna a cikin TDP iyaka.

M PC ta UltraNUC misali, tare da tsarin da ake gina-to-domin a Birtaniya. A UltraNUC Atom version farawa a £ 325, yayin da Abel-cased UltraNUC Pro fanless farawa a £ 595. M PC kuma offers da yawa wasu shiru ko shiru inji mai kwakwalwa, kafofin watsa labaru, cibiyoyin da kuma nisha tsarin, saboda haka za ka iya samun wani abu da ya fi dacewa da kai mafi alhẽri.

Aleutia ta R50 Fanless - "Sassaka da kuma aikata a Birtaniya" - shi ne mai robust amma classy-neman NUC bambance-bambancen. Duk da haka, shi ke gaske nufi ga masana'antu da kasuwanci amfani. An R50 misali da wani Core i3, 4GB na memory da 60GB SSD halin kaka £ 599. Aleutia kuma sayar a T1 nettop "Eco PC"Tare da Celeron J1800 da 2GB na memory for £ 349, ko da 4GB, a 120GB SSD da Microsoft Windows for £ 499. Tiny Green PC ne madadin maroki.

A duk na sama lokuta, biyu-rajistan ganin idan price hada da kwafin Windows. Mai yi, amma wasu mini inji mai kwakwalwa da ake sayar ba tare da wani tsarin aiki ga mutanen da suke so su gudu Linux.

Last kalmomi

Mafi zamani kwamfyutocin tebur yanzu gudu zare jiki, fãce idan ya jaddada, da Trend zuwa low-TDP Atom sarrafawa da kuma SSDs aka samar da su su ma fi shuru. (Za ka iya duba da kuma TDPs asowar daban-daban kwakwalwan kwamfuta, a Notebookcheck ta Kwatanta Mobile sarrafawa.)

Tambayoyin ka yanzu suna amsa ne (a) nawa ikon yi kana bukatar, da kuma (b) nawa kake tattalin biya shiru?

Idan kana so ka yi rikodin a cikin dakin a matsayin your PC, kai tuna cewa a linzamin kwamfuta-dabaran iya yin danna amo - a, An kama fitar da cewa - kuma keyboard amfani ne mai yiwuwa daga cikin tambaya. Akwai lokutan da a touch-allon yana da amfani da kasancewa fi shuru.

Shin, ba ka samu wani tambaya a gare Jack? Email da shi a Ask.Jack@theguardian.com

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