Shan taba high-ƙarfi cannabis iya lalata jijiya zaruruwa a kwakwalwa

Smoking high-strength cannabis may damage nerve fibres in brain

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Shan taba high-ƙarfi cannabis iya lalata jijiya zaruruwa a kwakwalwa” ya rubuta Ian Sample Science edita, don The Guardian a ranar Jumma'a 27th Nuwamba 2015 00.01 UTC

High-ƙarfi cannabis iya lalata jijiya zaruruwa cewa rike da ya kwarara na saƙonni a fadin biyu halves na kwakwalwa, masana kimiyya da'awar. Kwakwalwa scans mutanen da suka kai a kai kyafaffen ƙarfi dabbar skunk-kamar cannabis saukar da dabara bambance-bambance a cikin farin al'amarin da ya haɗu da hagu da kuma dama hemispheres da daukawa sakonni daga gefe daya daga cikin kwakwalwa da sauran.

Da canje-canje da aka ba su gani ba a cikin wadanda suka taba amfani da cannabis ko kyafaffen kawai m m siffofin da miyagun ƙwayoyi, da masu bincike gano.

A binciken da aka yi tunani da in kasance farkon wanda ya dubi sakamakon cannabis potency a kwakwalwa tsarin, kuma ya nuna cewa mafi amfani da dabbar skunk na iya haifar da ƙarin lalacewar da tarin rubuce-rubuce callosum, yin sadarwa a fadin kwakwalwa ta hagu da bangaren dama kasa da ingantaccen.

Paola Dazzan, a neurobiologist a Cibiyar ilimin halin tababbu a King ta College London, ya ce sakamakon da za a bayyana nasaba da matakin aiki sashi, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a cannabis. Duk da yake gargajiya siffofin cannabis dauke da 2 zuwa 4 % THC, da mafi m iri (wanda akwai game da 100), zai iya ƙunsar 10 zuwa 14% THC, bisa ga DrugScope sadaka.

"Idan ka dubi tarin rubuce-rubuce callosum, abin da muke gani shi ne wani gagarumin bambanci a cikin farin al'amari tsakanin wadanda suka yi amfani da high potency cannabis da waɗanda suka taba amfani da miyagun ƙwayoyi, ko amfani da low-potency miyagun ƙwayoyi,"Ya ce Dazzan. The tarin rubuce-rubuce callosum ne mai arziki a cannabinoid rabe, a kan abin da THC sinadaran ayyukan.

A DTI image na tarin rubuce-rubuce callosum, kamar yadda gani daga waje, aka nuna a cikin ja a kuma superimposed a kan wani bango MRI image na kwakwalwa.
A DTI image na tarin rubuce-rubuce callosum, kamar yadda gani daga waje, aka nuna a cikin ja a kuma superimposed a kan wani bango MRI image na kwakwalwa. M: Cibiyar Ilimin halin tababbu

"Bambancin akwai ko kana da psychosis ko ba, kuma muna ganin wannan shi ne tsananin related to da iko na cannabis,"Ta kara da cewa. Cikakken bayani game da binciken da ake bayar da rahoton a mujallar M Medicine.

Da masu bincike amfani da biyu Ana dubawa dabaru, Magnetic rawa Dabarar (MRI) da yadawa tensor Dabarar (DTI), to bincika tarin rubuce-rubuce callosum, mafi girma a yankin na fari al'amari, a tarar da kwakwalwarmu na 56 marasa lafiya da suka ruwaito wani farko episode of psychosis, da kuma 43 lafiya masu sa kai daga cikin al'umma na gida.

The scans gano cewa kullum masu amfani da high-iko cannabis yana da dan kadan mafi girma - by game 2% - "Nufi diffusivity" a cikin tarin rubuce-rubuce callosum. "Wannan ya nuna matsala a cikin farin al'amarin da kyakkyawan sa ya kasa ingantaccen,"Dazzan shaidawa Guardian. "Mun ba su sani ba daidai da abin da ake nufi ga mutumin da, amma shawara akwai m m canja wurin bayanai. "

A binciken ba zai iya tabbatar da cewa high matakan THC a cannabis hanyar canje-canje ga farar al'amarin. As Dazzan bayanin kula, shi ne ya kasance cewa mutane da lalace fararen al'amari ne mafi kusantar su sha taba dabbar skunk da fari.

"Yana yiwuwa wadannan mutane riga da wani daban-daban kwakwalwa kuma su ne mafi kusantar su yi amfani da cannabis. Amma abin da za mu iya ce shi ne idan yana da babban iko, kuma idan kun sha taba akai-akai, kwakwalwarka ne daban-daban daga cikin kwakwalwa na wani wanda smokes al'ada cannabis, kuma daga mutumin da ba shan taba cannabis da kõme,"In ji ta.

Amma ko da rashin tabbas a kan hanyar da sakamako, ta bukaci masu amfani da kuma kiwon lafiya ma'aikata canja yadda suke tunani game da cannabis amfani. "Idan ya zo ga barasa, muna amfani da su tunanin game da yadda da yawa mutane sha, kuma ko suna shan ruwan inabi, giya, ko wuski. Ya kamata mu yi tunanin cannabis a irin wannan hanya, cikin sharuddan THC da daban-daban abinda ke ciki cannabis iya samun, kuma yiwuwar cikin effects a kan kiwon lafiya za su kasance daban-daban,"In ji ta.

"Kamar yadda muka nuna a baya, a lõkacin da kimantawa cannabis amfani, shi ne musamman muhimmanci don tara bayani a kan yadda sau da yawa, da abin da irin cannabis da ake amfani. Wadannan cikakken bayani zai iya taimaka quantify hadarin shafi tunanin mutum kiwon lafiya matsaloli da kuma kara wayar da kan jama'a na da irin lalacewa wadannan abubuwa zai iya yi wa kwakwalwa,"Ta kara da cewa.

A watan Fabrairu, Dazzan da sauransu a Cibiyar ilimin halin tababbu ruwaito cewa a shirye kasancewa da dabbar skunk a kudu London zai yi a baya a Yunƙurin a cikin rabo daga sabon lokuta da psychosis da ake sanya wa cannabis.

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