Sabon binciken ikirarin samun kwayoyin mahada tsakanin kerawa da kuma shafi tunanin mutum rashin lafiya

New study claims to find genetic link between creativity and mental illness

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Sabon binciken ikirarin samun kwayoyin mahada tsakanin kerawa da kuma shafi tunanin mutum rashin lafiya” ya rubuta Ian Sample Science edita, for The Guardian a ranar Litinin 8th Yuni 2015 17.04 UTC

The tsoho Helenawa kasance na farko a yi batu. Shakespeare tada hange kuma. Amma Ubangiji Byron ya, watakila, mafi tsaye daga gare su duka: "Mun na craft duk crazy,"Ya ce da Countess na Blessington, Fitar a wary ido a kan 'yan'uwanmu kasida.

Wannan mas'ala da azabtarwa artist ne m meme. Creativity, shi ya furta, An ƙara rura wutar da aljanu da artists wrestle a cikin duhu hours. A ra'ayin shi ne fanciful ga mutane da yawa masana kimiyya. Amma wani sabon binciken ikirarin da link za a iya da-kafa bayan duk, kuma rubuta a cikin Twisted kwayoyin mu DNA.

A cikin babban binciken da aka buga a ranar Litinin, masana kimiyya a Iceland rahoton cewa kwayoyin abubuwan da tada hadarin bipolar cuta da schizophrenia an same mafi sau da yawa a cikin mutane a m fasahohin. painters, masu kida, marubuta da rawa suna, a kan talakawan, 25% mafi kusantar don gudanar da gene bambance-bambancen karatu fiye da fasahohin da masana kimiyya hukunci ya zama m m, daga abin da suke manoma, manual kwodago da salespeople.

Kari Stefansson, kafa da Shugaba na karanta, a halittar jini kamfanin tushen a Reykjavik, ya ce binciken, aka bayyana a cikin mujallar Nature Neuroscience, aya zuwa na kowa ilmin halitta ga wasu shafi tunanin mutum cuta da kerawa. "Don zama m, ka yi tunani daban,"Ya ce da Guardian. "Kuma a lokacin da muka ne daban-daban, muna da hali to a labeled m, crazy, har ma mahaukaci. "

The masana kimiyya kusantar a kayyade da kuma kiwon lafiya bayanai daga 86,000 Icelanders samun kwayoyin bambance-bambancen karatu da cewa ninki biyu da talakawan hadarin schizophrenia, kuma tãyar da hadarin bipolar cuta fiye da na uku. A lõkacin da suka dube yadda kowa wadannan bambance-bambancen karatu da suke cikin 'yan kasa arts al'ummu, suka sãmi wani 17% karuwa idan aka kwatanta da wadanda ba 'yan.

The masu bincike suka tafi a kan su duba su binciken a cikin manyan likita databases gudanar a Netherlands da kuma Sweden. Daga cikin wadannan 35,000 mutane, wadanda riyãwa zama m (da sana'a ko ta hanyar amsoshin tambayoyi) kasance kusan 25% mafi kusantar don gudanar da shafi tunanin mutum cuta bambance-bambancen karatu.

Stefansson yi imanin cewa scores kwayoyin halitta na kara hadarin schizophrenia da bipolar cuta. Wadannan iya canza hanyoyin da yawa mutane suna tunanin, amma a mafi yawan mutãne suka aikata kome ba sosai cutarwa. amma ga 1% na yawan, kwayoyin dalilai, renon da sauran tsoma iya arshensu a matsaloli, da ganewar asali da shafi tunanin mutum rashin lafiya.

"Sau da yawa, lokacin da mutane suke samar da wani sabon abu, suka kawo karshen sama straddling tsakanin natsuwar tunanina da hauka,"Ya ce Stefansson. "Ina ganin wadannan sakamakon goyon bayan tsohon ra'ayi na mahaukaci baiwa. Creativity ne mai quality cewa ya ba mu Mozart, Bach, Van Gogh. Yana da wani quality cewa yana da muhimmanci ga al'umma. Amma ya zo a wani hadarin da mutum, da kuma 1% na yawan biya diyyar da shi. "

Stefansson yace cewa binciken samu ne kawai wani rauni mahada tsakanin kwayoyin bambance-bambancen karatu ga shafi tunanin mutum rashin lafiya da kerawa. Kuma shi ne wannan da cewa wasu masana kimiyya karba a kan. The kayyade abubuwan da tada hadarin shafi tunanin mutum matsaloli bayyana ne kawai game da 0.25% na bambancin a mutane m iyawa, binciken gano. David Cutler, a jini a Emory Jami'ar Atlanta, yana sanya cewa lamba a hangen zaman gaba: "Idan da nisa tsakanin ni, da kõme m mutumin da ka mãsu haɗuwa, da kuma wani ainihin artist yana daya mile, wadannan bambance-bambancen karatu bayyana a tare bayyana 13 ƙafafun da nisa,"Inji shi.

Mafi yawa daga cikin artist ta m flair, sa'an nan, ne gangara zuwa daban-daban kayyade abubuwan, ko zuwa wasu tsoma baki ɗaya, kamar renon, wanda ya sa su a kan su m tafiya.

Domin Stefansson, ko da karamin zoba tsakanin ilmin halitta da shafi tunanin mutum rashin lafiya da kerawa ne m. "Wannan na nufin cewa da yawa daga cikin abubuwa masu kyau da muka samu a rayuwa, ta kerawa, zo a farashin. Yana gaya mini cewa, a lõkacin da ta je mu ilmin halitta, dole mu fahimci cewa duk abin da yake a wasu hanya mai kyau da kuma a wasu hanya mara kyau,"Inji shi.

Amma Albert Rothenberg, Farfesa ilimin halin tababbu a Jami'ar Harvard, shi ne ba su tabbata. Ya yi imanin cewa babu wani mai kyau shaida ga wata mahada tsakanin shafi tunanin mutum da rashin lafiya da kuma kerawa. "Yana da romantic ra'ayi na karni na 19th, cewa artist ne struggler, aberrant daga jama'a, da kuma kokawa da ciki da aljannu,"Inji shi. "Amma kai Van Gogh. Ya kawai ya faru ya zama tunani da rashin lafiya, kazalika da m. A gare ni, da fice ne mafi ban sha'awa: m mutane ne kullum ba tunani da rashin lafiya, amma sun yi amfani da tunani da matakai da suke da shakka m da daban-daban. "

Idan Van Gogh ta rashin lafiya da aka mai albarka, da artist lalle gaza ganin shi cewa hanya. A daya daga karshe haruffa, ya bayyana wa masifar a cuta da ya yi yaƙi domin sosai ransa: "Oh, idan da zan iya yi aiki ba tare da wannan la'ananniyar cuta – abin da abubuwa na iya yi. "

A 2014, Rothernberg wallafa wani littafin, "Flight na Wonder: wani bincike na kimiyya kerawa", a cikin abin da ya yi hira da 45 kimiyya Nobel yabon game da m dabarun. Ya samu wata shaida da shafi tunanin mutum rashin lafiya a kowace daga cikinsu. Ya ake zargi da cewa nazarin da samun links tsakanin kerawa da hankulansu rashin lafiya domin a daukana up a kan wani abu wajen daban-daban.

"Matsalar ita ce, da sharudda ga zama m ne ba wani abu sosai m. Na ga wani m jama'a, ko aiki a art ko adabi, ba ya tabbatar da wani mutum ne m. Amma gaskiyar ita ce, mutane da yawa suka yi shafi tunanin mutum rashin lafiya kada kokarin aiki a jobs cewa da ya yi tare da art da kuma wallafe-wallafen, ba wai don suna da kyau a shi, amma domin sun kana janyo hankalin shi. Kuma da za a iya skew da data,"Inji shi. "Kusan duka shafi tunanin mutum da asibitoci amfani art far, kuma haka a lokacin da marasa lafiya zo daga, da yawa suna janyo hankalin zuwa m matsayi da m harkarsa. "

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