Yadda za a kafa mulkin mallaka Mars

How to colonize Mars

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Yadda za a kafa mulkin mallaka Mars” ya rubuta Sara Bruhns da Yakubu Haqq-Misra, don theguardian.com a ranar Alhamis 5th Nuwamba 2015 10.40 UTC

NASA ta fito da wani rahoto dauke da cikakken shirin ga wani mutum manufa don Mars. Wannan ya mai tsawo-tsaye burin for NASA da rahoton fayyace kalubalen Mars bincike a cikin uku, saukarwa. Na farko, 'Duniya tawakkali', mataki mayar da hankali ga gudanar da bincike a kan da International Space Station. A 'Take tabbatar da Ground' mataki yana sanya mutane zurfi a sararin samaniya don gudanar da bincike, yayin da sauran 'yan kwanaki daga Duniya. Da 'Duniya zaman kanta' mataki kammala shirin da samun mutane su tabbata daga Mars.

NASA ba kawai kungiyar shirya aika mutane su ja duniyar tamu. SpaceX, Dennis Tito na Inspiration Mars Foundation, da kuma Mars Daya da dukan bayyana wani manufar ziyarci da kuma a wasu lokuta ma kafa mulkin mallaka Mars.

Kafin wani al'ummai ko kungiyoyi fara binciko da kuma kafa ƙauyuka, shubuhohi a game da sararin samaniya da kasa da kasa doka bincike da kuma shiri ya kamata a bayyana da kuma warware. Da m halin kaka, kudi da siyasa, na kyalewa wannan batu na mulki a sarari da muni don ba da damar wadannan manufa da tsare-tsaren wajen samar da yawa kara.

Yanzu sarari bincike manufofin da aka fi mayar tsare da M Space yarjejeniyar, rubuta a 1967. Wannan yarjejeniyar sanduna da signatories daga installing makaman kare dangi a sarari, ya takaita da amfani da sararin samaniya zuwa lumana dalilai, ta haramta wata al'umma daga iƙirarin ƙasar a wani wani sarari suKe gawarwakin (da aka sani da 'wadanda ba appropriation manufa'), da kuma tabbatar da cewa sarari ne 'lardin dukan' yan adam '.

A Outer Space yarjejeniyar da aka rubuta a gaban mutane komai a fili a kan Moon, kamar yadda Cold War tashin hankali saka, don haka ne talauci sanye take zuwa shiryar da hanya na sarari bincike. Mutane da yawa sassan jumlar ya na wannan yarjejeniyar ne babu shakka dole, irin su haramta makaman kare dangi, da kuma yin amfani da sararin samaniya domin na musamman lumana dalilai. Duk da haka, da cikakkar laifi a kan kome da kowa da'awar da wadanda ba appropriation manufa zai iya haifar da rikici a nan gaba.

Duk da yake cikakken bayani ga wani mutum samarwa manufa domin Mars (ko jama'a ko masu zaman kansu) har yanzu suna ƙarƙashin ci gaba, ainihin Jigo na colonizing, kamar yadda adawa da kawai binciko, kiwata damuwa. Da wadanda ba appropriation manufa daga cikin matsanancin Space yarjejeniyar ta haramta 'appropriation da da'awar mulki, ta wajen amfani ko sana'a, ko da wani wajen '. Wannan ya nuna cewa aikin mulkin mallaka kanta ne saba da yarjejeniyar. Yadda wadannan kungiyoyin yi nufin su kafa mulkin mallaka ba tare da iƙirarin mulki ne mai warware matsalar ba, kuma vitally muhimmanci batun yanke shawara kan kafin saukowa a duniyar Mars.

Daya m hanyar warware wannan shi ne ta hanyar mayar da hankali a kan tattalin arziki da'awar zuwa da albarkatun a duniyar Mars maimakon ƙasar kanta. Jama'a da kuma masu zaman kansu jam'iyyun iya kasa a duniyar Mars kuma suka tsayar da wani tushe a cikin abin da nasu kasar doka zai shafi dukan mazaunan da baƙi-kama da data kasance shari'a arziki da mulki ta kasa da kasa Space Station. Suna kuma iya kafa iyaka mãkirci na ƙasar inda suka yi da'awar m tattalin arziki hakkoki da abubuwan da gudanarwa kimiyyar. Duk da haka, irin wannan 'm tattalin arziki zone' zai rasa wani da'awar zuwa Mulki. A Mars mazaunin daga duk wani mallaka iya hawa cikin salama ta hanyar wadannan bangarori, kuma zai iya ko da kafa wani tushe na kansu. Duk da haka, duk extractable albarkatun kunshe a cikin yankin su ne m dama na asali manemi. Wannan tsari na samar da wata hanya ta gamsar da hanya-tara a raga da dama na yanzu Mars manufa, yarda ya shirya don mulkin mallaka a ci gaba, da kuma cika bukatun daga cikin matsanancin Space yarjejeniyar.

Mutane da yawa proponents na Mars mulkin mallaka manufa ƙi cewa duk wani irin manufa so mafita ƙazantar da na halitta yanayi na duniyar Mars, harming kimiyya da bincike da kuma marring da na halitta kyau na duniya. Don yaƙar wadannan damuwa, a planetary shakatawa tsarin kama da Duniya ta kasa shakatawa tsarin za a iya kafa. Planetary Parks za a gano da kuma kayyade bisa ga labari na Duniya masana kimiyya a duk faɗin duniya-bin wani yarjejeniya model tare da Lines na NASA ta decadal binciken ga zabi sarari manufa. Wasu Parks zai yi bude kawai kimiyya harkarsa, yayin da wasu zai yi wani zalla na ado nadi don adana Mars 'halitta yanayi.

Yarda a kan wani shiri kamar wannan zai iya samar da zaman lafiya hanyar gaba. Duk da haka, za baraka qananan rikice-rikice tsakanin colonists, musamman ma idan wadanda ba appropriation manufa shi ne ya rike mulkin mallaka tare da, kamar yadda ba al'umma ko kungiyar za su iya motsa jiki da cikakken iko a kan su m tattalin arziki yankin. A wucin gadi kotun tsarin na iya zama mai kyau hanyar magance rigingimu tsakanin natsuwa a duniyar Mars ba tare da shafe kasa da kasa Kotun Shari'a a duniya. A lokacin da biyu mazauna zo a cikin rikici da juna, su harka iya ji da kuma warware ta a kotun kunshi wakilan sauran mazauna. Wannan model damar domin mulkin mallaka bukatun da za a kiyaye su ta warware rigingimu musamman a tsakanin colonists.

A shirin kayyade sama yana daya yiwu hanya a gaba. Duk da haka, shi ne muhimmanci ga al'ummai da kuma kungiyoyin shiga cikin wani tattaunawa game da yadda za a ci gaba. Data kasance shirin kafa mulkin mallaka Mars ba jawabi yadda za su magance batun iƙirarin mulki. Amma wani shiri karkashin iko na wata al'umma jam'iyyar da Outer Space yarjejeniyar buƙatar ka madawwama da yarjejeniyar ta stipulations. Zai yiwu da mafita shine a sake bincika yarjejeniyar, musamman ma wadanda ba appropriation manufa, da kuma sanin ko idan wannan bukata shi ne har yanzu dacewa a yau. Ko watakila da mafita shi ne ya gyara da yarjejeniyar zuwa baro-baro yanke shawara a kan wasu Hanyar shiri. A halin yanzu Jihar harkokin ya yi yawa shubuha, da kuma rikici alama dole ya faru, sai dai idan wani mulkin mallaka gwamnatin da aka yanke shawarar a kan kafin mutane na farko zo a duniyar Mars.

Sara Bruhns karatu kimiyyar lissafi da kuma ilmin taurari, a Jami'ar Virginia. Ta bincika da na mulki a duniyar Mars da Yakubu Haqq-Misra (haqqmisra) ta hanyar Sun Scientist Shirin a Blue Marmara Space Cibiyar Kimiyya. Da ra'ayoyi a nan su ne marubuta 'ai.

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