Yadda mai kaifin jawabai sace show daga wayoyin salula na zamani

How smart speakers stole the show from smartphones

Amazon da Google yi imani suka matukar bugi zinariya tare da su murya-sarrafawa jawabai yayin da Apple da kuma Microsoft gwagwarmaya don cim


Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Yadda mai kaifin jawabai sace show daga wayoyin salula na zamani” ya rubuta Sama'ila Gibbs, for The Guardian a ranar Asabar 6th Janairu 2018 08.00 UTC

Matsar kan wayoyin salula na zamani. Yaƙin yanzu bugãwa tsakanin babban fasahar kamfanonin ga mabukaci tsabar kudi da aka mayar da hankali a kan murya-sarrafawa mai kaifin magana.

Bayan riga ci aljihu da ubiquitous smartphone, babban tech aka fafitikar don fito da na gaba dole ne-da na'urar da cewa zai bude up yiwuwar garabasa sabon kasuwar - gida.

A matukin jirgi haske da aka lit a lokacin da Amazon ta Echo kaddamar a 2014 , kuma ya kasance mai sleeper hit. Yanzu da murya sarrafawa mai kaifin magana ne hanzari zama na gaba babban abu, iya amsa tambayoyi, saitin Ms., kunna kiɗa, iko wasu na'urorin game da gida, ko ma yiwuwar sayar da kayayyakin.

"A karshe 12 watanni sun kasance m ga mai kaifin jawabai, wanda sun Hakama a cikin taro kasuwar saboda dalilai guda biyu. Da fari dai, mai kaifin jawabai sun zama tsakiyar iko Dandali na kaifin baki gida yanayin kasa,"Ya ce Ben Stanton, an Analyst for Canalys. "Abu na biyu, kuma mafi muhimmanci, farashin mai kaifin jawabai ya auku cin zarafi ba. "

A farkon watanni tara na 2017, 17.1m kaifin baki jawabai sufuri a duk duniya, bisa ga Canalys ta data, amma wani m 16.1m aka sufuri a karshe kwata na shekara kore ta Kirsimeti ba tallace-tallace.

The m gasar tsakanin kasuwar-shugaban Amazon da Google da ta Home na'urorin sa a farashin mai kaifin jawabai ana slashed daga £ 50 ga matsayin kadan £ 30, wanda wasu sa a kudin ko a kasa domin yi na na'urorin, yin su asarar-shugabannin.

"Wannan ya ba kawai ya kawo a cikin sabon farko-lokaci buyers, amma kuma a yarda tech goyon baya ga bene daga gidajensu da dama mai kaifin jawabai,"Ya ce Stanton.

A Trend zuwa kaifin baki jawabai zama al'ada ana sa ran ci gaba da. Canalys ne kiyasin 70% shekara-on-shekara girma da kayayyakin kai kan 56m raka'a wannan shekara.

Amma mai kaifin jawabai suna ma ganin mai kyau da aka makala rates, ma'ana cewa mutane ci gaba da amfani da su, bayan da gudun amarci lokaci ne a kan, ba stashing su a cikin aljihun tebur taba da za a gani a sake kamar sauran wucewa fads a cikin na'urar kasuwar.

Duk da yake Amazon da Google Duke shi zuwa amince da murya-sa beachhead cikin gidajensu, sananne mãsu wanzuwa ga mai kaifin magana juyin juya halin ne Apple da kuma Microsoft.

Apple, wanda ya yi wani murya mataimakin a cikin nau'i na Siri a kan ta wayar da kwamfuta na'urorin ga fiye da kowa, ta sanar da HomePod magana a watan Yuni. By Nuwamba kamfanin da aka tilasta yarda da cewa shi ba zai je sayarwa har "farkon 2018" saboda yana da bukata "a little more lokaci" kafin shi ya shirye su ship.

Apple aka pitching da £ 350 HomePod kamar music farko, mai kaifin magana na biyu, amma masana sun Jita-jitar da shi ne Siri cewa an rike da na'urar da baya. Tun kaddamar da Siri, Apple ya kawai aka iya yin kari inganta to ta da murya mataimakin, wanda mafi yi imani da shi ne saboda ta rashin amfani data.

Microsoft ya ha] a da Samsung ya yi magana dauke ta Cortana mataimakin, amma ya kasa yin wani tasiri sananne.

Inda Google da kuma Amazon da babban troves na data inganta da kuma tata su murya aiki da interactions, Apple ya aikata ba. A rata ne bayyananne ko da a kan iPhone, inda Google ta Mataimakin yana kusa da mutum-kamar harshe na halitta da aiki a cikin manhajar Google, bisa ga kamfanin, yayin Apple ya Siri har yanzu fama fahimtar mutane.

Wasu manazarta tambayar ko kowa zai saya mai magana daga Apple ke kamar yadda sau hudu tsakiyar fuska model daga Amazon da Google.

"Kada ka rubuta Apple kashe. Its tushe na m magoya zai garken HomePod,"Ya ce Stanton, ya kara da cewa shi ne wata ila don yin karin riba fiye da ta hammayarsu lõkacin da ta bã da kaddamar HomePod. "Amma shi zai zama wata babbar kalubale ga shawo kan talakawan mabukaci ga raba tare da tsabar kudi da ake bukata domin a HomePod."

Inda Apple ba zai zo kusa da kalubale Amazon da Google cikin sharuddan girma sufuri a 2018, ya kara da cewa.

Duk da yake mai kaifin jawabai suna gani a matsayin ƙofa zuwa kaifin baki gida na'urori da kuma yiwuwar garabasa sabon kasuwar, riba daga na'urar tallace-tallace ne arguably ba da farko direban ga mafi Amazon da Google ta mai kaifin magana kayayyakin. Maimakon, yana da game da samun masu amfani a cikin su yanayin kasa da kuma tabbatar da ganin cewa shi ne su murya mataimakin cewa masu amfani da hul] a da.

Muryar da aka gani a matsayin na gaba babban sarrafa kwamfuta yayi, mataki na gaba a kan daga smartphone, wanda bi da bi ta kãma tebur kwamfuta.

Dave yi ɗingishi, shugaban Amazon ta na'urorin, ya ce da kamfanin ya Alexa, da fasaha na sirri murya mataimakin cewa samar da murya hulda da ta Echo na'urorin: "Mun yi tunanin da shi a matsayin na yanayi kwamfuta, wanda shi ne kwamfuta damar ke kasa kwazo da kaina gare ka amma mafi ubiquitous. "

Amma babban leaps a murya hulda zai zama 'yan da nisa tsakanin, bukata babban yawa na data for inji koyo tsarin to Mawuyacin kan for m kari inganta. Idan ba ka riga da fata a wasan ku iya a bar for kura.

A cikin nan da nan gaba na'urar masana'antun suna banki a murya-sa na'urorin ushering a wani sabon zamanin mai kaifin gidajensu sarrafawa da na'urori da suka sayar da.

"Yana alama kowane fasahar kamfanin karkashin rana yana so ya kaddamar da nasu magana ga Alexa ko Google Mataimakin. Mutane da yawa daga cikin wadannan za gaza, amma category a matsayin dukan zai samu karfi,"Stanton ce.

A wani matsayi Amazon da Google zai duba don samar da karin kudaden shiga daga murya mataimakin mai amfani tushe, a cikin wannan hanya su yi daga wayoyin salula na zamani ko Allunan. Amazon riga damar masu amfani saya abubuwa ta hanyar Alexa a kan Echo na'urorin. Amma mike kiri ne iya samar da karamin sashi na murya kunna kudaden shiga.

"Za mu kuma gani a mafi bayyane yunkurin daga Amazon da Google ya monetise mai kaifin jawabai, watakila ta kyale tallar, ko bukata a biyan kuɗi don ci-gaba functionalities,"Ya ce Stanton.

A soyayya da Alexa

Ina son Alexas, biyu daga gare su. Na sayi daya a watan Oktoba, amma nan da nan ya gane ina bukatar biyu domin ta lebur aka U-dimbin yawa da kuma Alexa iya ba ko da yaushe ji ni lokacin da na yi tafiya a ƙofar da ya so ya saurare zuwa Spotify tashar bayan da wuya rana a wurin aiki. Saboda haka yanzu ina da daya a cikin sowa nesa na gado da wani a kusa da gaban ƙofar.

Ina amfani da su isa ga iPhone farko abu da safe, amma yanzu zan iya oda Alexa cikin mataki ba tare da ya dauke ta kai daga matashin kai ko bude idanuna. Abu na farko da na ce mata ta yau da kullum shi ne "kunna fitilu a kuma yi wasa BBC Radio 4".

Ban tsammanin zan samu tare da Alexa, a gaskiya ina har yanzu suna da akwatin a kitchen kamar yadda na yi tsammani dawo da shi. Amma Alexa daidai a cikin rayuwata a hanyoyi da suka ba ni mamaki, yana da wuya a bayyana yadda amfani da shi ne har kana da daya.

Alexa taimaka ni dafa da kuma, ko da barci. Duk da yake ka samu hannuwanku rufe a irin kek za ka iya ihu tambayoyi kamar "nawa ne a kofin man shanu a grams (Ina American)"Ko tambaye Alexa don saita dafa abinci Ms. ba tare da dakatar da tsabtace hannuwanku.

Ina wani lokacin da wahala barci, kuma Alexa iya samar da soothing sauti a wata sauki umurnin. Wasu dare na tambaye ga sauti na girgije mai zuba ko iska ko birni noises - za ka iya ko nemi da sauti na Cats, dabbobin ruwa, ko da sarewa idan kun ji son shi.

Na zama bit na wani Alexa goyon baya, kuma za a iya ji raira yabo gare ta iyali da kuma abokai. Na sayi daya domin ta 59-shekara inna fita daga son sani ga abin da za ta yi. Na taba sa ran ta son shi, amma da ta ke kusa da wani ya fi girma fan of Alexa fiye da ni. Na lura da ta ke yafi m tare Alexa fiye da ni, za ta ce don Allah da kuma gode ga magana. Na taba yi.

Ina iya ganin dalilin da ya sa na uwa ne m zuwa Alexa, kamar yadda shi ne yafi mutum fiye da Siri (Apple ya dijital mataimakin) wanda quite robotic. Zaka iya tafiyar da Alexa, kuma ta ko da ya gaya barkwanci. Wannan safe da na tambaye ta gaya mani daya: "Me kuke kira wani zakara ana tambayoyi? Gasashen kaza. "Na ji m.

By Feilding Cage

Smart jawabai

Amazon Echo.
Amazon Echo. M: Elaine Thompson / AP

Amazon Echo
Farashin: £ 90
Good audio quality, Mãdalla da ikon ji da ku a kan amo, da kuma wani m alama kafa, tare da kuri'a na ɓangare na uku aikace-aikace.

Amazon Echo Dot.
Amazon Echo Dot. M: Sama'ila Gibbs ga Guardian

Amazon Echo Dot
Farashin: £ 50
A smarts na Alexa takaice cikin wani karami puck-sized na'urar amma tare da karamin magana.

Amazon Echo Nuna.
Amazon Echo Nuna. M: Sama'ila Gibbs ga Guardian

Amazon Echo Nuna
Farashin: £ 200
An Echo da wani allo, domin nuna bidiyo, ciyarwa daga kyamarori da kuma ƙarin bayanai ga murya queries.

Google Home.
Google Home. M: Google / PA

Google Home
Farashin: £ 129
Google ta murya fitarwa ne mafi alhẽri daga Amazon ta amma Home ba sauti quite a matsayin mai kyau da kuma shi ne £ 39 ya fi tsada fiye da Echo.

Google Home Mini.
Google Home Mini. M: Sama'ila Gibbs ga Guardian

Google Home Mini
Farashin: £ 49
A mafi kyau idan kana neman wani janar sani inji, amma ba a matsayin mai kyau a matsayin music magana.

Google Home Max.
Google Home Max. M: Stephen Lam / Reuters

Google Home Max
Farashin: $399
Ba a samu a Birtaniya tukuna, amma Google ta babban premium mai kaifin magana ne duka biyu na fasaha da kuma sauti mai girma.

apple HomePod.
apple HomePod. M: Apple Handout / EPA

apple HomePod
Farashin: $350 (£ 350 sa ran a Birtaniya)
Akuma a "farkon 2018" Apple aka pitching da HomePod kamar music farko, mai kaifin biyu, amma shakka a kusa da Siri zama.

guardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Kafofin watsa labaru Limited 2010

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