Daga direba motoci zuwa jetpacks

From driverless cars to jetpacks

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Daga direba motoci zuwa jetpacks: sadu da tech firtsi reshaping sufuri” ya rubuta Andy tawali'u, don theguardian.com a ranar Asabar 14th Nuwamba 2015 14.13 UTC

New Zealand na tushen Martin Aircraft Company ta flagship samfurin ne unconventional tashi na'ura: a jetpack da zai ze kamar kayan gidan wasan kwaikwayo daga sci-fi movie, bã dõmin da cewa yana da kyau a kan hanyar zuwa kasuwar.

A watan Oktoba, New Zealand ta sifirin jiragen sama dalĩli barrantar da kamfanin ya samfur 12 model jetpack for manned flights. The fan-propelled jetpack, a lokacin da aka nuna a watan Yuni a birnin Paris Air Show, iya soar kusan 1,000 mita tashi har zuwa rabin awa. Kamfanin na jetpacks ake sa ran ya zama kasuwanci, akwai wani lokaci a karo na biyu da rabi na 2016.

A jetpack ta ci gaba yana daya misali na babban ra'ayoyi da kuma babban Fare da ake yi a fadin sufuri-mayar da hankali Enterprises, inda kamfanonin kamar Martin Aircraft ake tseren wa zuwa yanzu gefuna da abin da ke yiwuwa. Muna zaune a kan magudan ruwa na lokacin motoci za a "Mafi m, a cikin dogon lokaci", bisa ga Tesla Shugaba Elon Musk. A kira da lantarki abin hawa masu hannun jeri wannan watan, ya ba shi 15 zuwa 20 shekaru.

Akwai yalwa da sauran harkokin sufuri 'yan kasuwa da kamar wancan m da tsare-tsaren na da nasu, daga Spaceships cewa yin suborbital flights zuwa aircrafts cewa sama kashe da kuma kasa vertically.

The Guardian kai ga 'yan wadannan firtsi don samun ma'ana inda nan gaba na sufuri yana gangarawa. Mun tambaye ta yadda suka kana magance muhimmi fasaha kalubale da kuma dalilin da ya sa suka yanke shawarar shiga wannan sarari da fari. Abin da muka gano shi m fata ga wani nan gaba inda strapping a kan wani jetpack zai iya zama a matsayin al'ada a matsayin samun a baya da dabaran.

Martin Aircraft ya shirya ya kaddamar da jetpack a karo na biyu da rabi na shekara ta gaba. Kamfanin azurta da Guardian da wannan zanga-zanga video.

Martin Aircraft Shugaba Peter Coker ya san ya kasuwanci iya bayyana da za a gina a kan wani goyon wanda aka shakkar aukuwarsa gani.

"Lalle ne ni dan wanda rinjayi ni in shiga kamfanin,"Coker ya ce, duk da kalubalen. "Mun kasance a kan hutu, da ɗana, wanda ke aiki a otel-zuba jari kamfanin a London, rightfully nuna: 'Me ya sa ba za ka so a yi da hannu a cikin babbar canji a jirgin sama, a cikin karni na karshe?"

A sauri don samun jetpacks zuwa kasuwar, 2015 ANYI wani abu daga wani ma'ana shekara domin kamfanin, wanda yana cikin 'yan watanni da aka kulle up yarjejeniyar, tarayya da kuma nuna kashe zane don m abokan ciniki. An fa] a] a 53 mutane a fadin 13 kasashe da aka jera a kan Hong Kong stock musayar.

Kwatanta makomar jetpacks, Coker envisions a "hanya a cikin sama" ko a "hudu girma na kai", inda talakawan mutumin da zai iya tafiya cikin sauri, daga wannan batu zuwa wani.

"Mun sauri gane mai amfani a kusa da wani abu kamar wannan ne mafi girma daga shi kasancewa kamar wani sirri jetpack,"Ya ce Coker, wani tsohon Lockheed Martin zartarwa. "Mun kuma ga wata dama a cikin kasuwanci kansu - don mai da iskar gas, hako ma'adinai da noma. "

Manufar mai yawo jetpack iya sauti kamar wuya sell ga sha'anin canjin kudi masu zuba jari da kuma watakila wata gada da nisan ga m abokan ciniki da kuma. Amma Coker ya ce kawai ganin abu zai iya taimaka katari wani sale. A lokacin da kamfanin ya nuna hoto ko video na ra'ayi ko buga wani samfur a mataki, Coker ya ce da shi "nan da nan triggers mafarkin ina da lokacin da na ke yaro". A wasu hanyoyi, sai ya ce, samun wanda buy-in ne m part.

Yana da lalle m rikitarwa fiye surmounting da muhimmi fasaha kalubale da ya zo tare da gina tsarin da ya hada da wani gas engine da biyu magoya cewa samar da ake bukata daga.

"A lokacin da ka dauki mutane ta hanyar falsafar yadda aiki - kamar dukan mai kyau sababbin abubuwa, yana da wani rikitarwa bayarwa cewa ya dubi sauki - da suka samu shi,"Coker ya ce. "Sun samun mai amfani da shi, kuma duk lokacin da muka je gabatar da shi wani wuri, wani ma ya zo tare da wasu daban-daban hanyar amfani da shi. "

A Next ra'ayi ya shafi m pods cewa magana da juna. Masana'antu zanen Tommaso Gecchelin bayar da Guardian da wannan ma'ana daidai.

Transport sababbin abubuwa kamar jetpacks suna shan a kan wani iri-iri da sauran siffofin - wani kari, wasu gawurtaccen.

Direba mota fasaha yana daya daga cikin mafi zafi sassa a wannan lokacin, tare da masana'antun daga Ford to Mercedes-Benz yin direba tech plays. Na'urori masu auna sigina da assistive damar su ma daga cikin jigogi na Fasaha Transport Society of America ta sake tunani Transport ga Next 30 Years taron a watan Oktoba, a Birnin Washington DC.

A tura zuwa mulkin kai ne a zuciyar mutane da yawa halin yanzu sufuri cimma gaci. A Tesla ta uku da kwata m wasika fito da 3 Nuwamba, kamfanin ya rubuta cewa, "Yã abokan ciniki koro su motoci kusan mil 250m wannan kwata, domin a total of kusan mil 1.5bn na zamani. "Tesla, harafin ci gaba, An sa idon da ranar "a lokacin da za mu iya gaya maka yadda ya zuwa yanzu mu motoci kora abokan cinikinmu".

Irin wannan a nan gaba ne mai foregone ƙarshe zuwa Italiya injiniya da kuma masana'antu zanen Tommaso Gecchelin. Ya ke sketched fitar da wani ire ra'ayi da ya ke kira Gaba cewa siffofi abin da su ne da gaske lantarki pods da za su iya haɗawa da cire haɗin zuwa wasu pods kamar yadda ake bukata, kamar wasu futuristic jirgin kasa da za a iya fara kananan da kuma girma fadada, akordiyon-style.

"Bisa kan fasaha da kuma mai amfani da bukatar trends analysis … yana da matukar ila cewa a nan gaba za mu ga a neman sauyi rabawa na sufuri kasuwa,"Gecchelin ce. "A gefe daya, mutum-kore cars za ta zama kamar dawakai da zuwan motorized cars. Sai wasanni mota za ta zama shahararren, yayin da birnin motoci za ta zama kasa ake so, bada karin sarari to hankali sufuri tsarin da za su bayar da karin da amfani da kuma cika … yi tafiya da commuting kwarewa. "

Ya envisions ya Next ra'ayi kamar yadda fiye da kawai commuter model. Zai iya ninka a matsayin sabis bayarwa tsarin, da harkokin kasuwanci hayar ko mallakan pods na da nasu da kuma aika su ɗora Kwatancen da kaya zuwa abokin ciniki ta gida.

Gecchelin ya ce ya fara tunanin wani bayani daidaitacce a kusa da "aikin, dama da kuma a kan-bukatar ayyuka [maimakon] traffic ingantawa ". A lokacin, da ya ke neman kudade don ba da damar yi na farko rundunar ya nuna ra'ayi a cikin real duniya. Ya ke a halin yanzu yayi da 'yan Jamus biranen game da m tarayya.

"Wannan shi ne abin da yaro-da kai tuki fasahar za ta kai ga,"Sai ya ce. "Intelligence da kai tuki buše yiwuwar ga motocin su hada gwiwa daidai kamar yadda ya faru da Next."

Wanin fasaha kalubale, daya daga cikin manyan cikas tsaye a cikin hanyar irin wannan sababbin abubuwa ne da matsayin wannan tarihi. Kusan 17m sabon motocin za a sayar da buga da hanyõyi a Amurka a wannan shekara - motocin da za su ba da daɗewa ba za a yi watsi ga wani m sabon hanyar samun daga wannan batu na gaba.

Elio Motors na aiki don inganta mota tare da uku wheeled, babur-kamar ra'ayi. Kamfanin azurta da Guardian da wannan promotional video.

A wani ƙoƙari na ire cikin jituwa da matsayi wannan tarihi, Paul Elio Frames da mai amfani da kamfanin ta flagship hawa zuwa wani abu kamar iPad. A wannan hanya da kwamfutar hannu bai tabbatar da su zama a PC kisa amma a maimakon haka complements users 'data kasance kewayon na'urorin, Elio gani kamfanin ta hawa a matsayin wani abu kamar iPad da wani abokin ciniki ta gareji. Phoenix na tushen Elio Motors yana shan umarni yanzu domin ta uku wheeled, babur-kamar abin hawa da samun 84 miles zuwa galan da kuma abin da ya yi shirin kwato gaba shekara da wani araha $6,800 lakabtar farashi.

"Ina ganin wani abu kamar wannan ya faru,"In ji Elio, wanda kamfanin riga yana da fiye da 47,000 ajiyar wurare domin ta hawa. "Na zauna a New York City na kimanin shekara guda da rabi, kuma ina ƙaunar da jirgin karkashin kasa da tsarin akwai. A lokacin da ka yi cewa, yawan girman, taro wucewa ayyukansu.

"Ga Sauran kasar, mu a fili ko dai bukatar ka rushe duk unguwannin bayan gari da kuma haifar da babban yawan cibiyoyin ko gane wani ya fi dacewa hanya don samun daga unguwannin bayan gari da downtowns inda muka yi aiki. "

Elio ta samfur samfurin zahiri classified a matsayin babur, amma ya zo da kayayyakin more rayuwa kamar ikon windows, kwandishan, iska bags da iko kulle kofofin, duk a cikin wani kewaye jiki. The motocin za a iya samar da Elio a Shreveport, Louisiana, a wani tsohon General Motors samar da makaman.

"An samu ya zama low-cost da high-nisan miloli - shi ke samu ya zama biyu daga waɗanda aiki,"Sai ya ce. "Wannan shi ne wani 'da kuma' zabi, ba wani 'ko' zabi. Sai ra'ayi ne ka saya da babba abin hawa ga dalilin da ka saye shi, kuma kana da wani Elio kuma. Ku fitar da Elio aiki, kuma a ranar Asabar da ka dauki fitar da landiroba. "

Elio ya ce ya yanke shawarar kaddamar da kamfanin da gina nasa musamman abin hawa bayan da suke zaune a cikin tattalin arziki na buga 2008 - Ban da imani cewa dillanci na tushen mota kasuwanci yana daya daga "gamesmanship" da kuma tattalin arziki da basu a cikin mutum ni'imar. Daya daga cikin abubuwan da ya koya da sauri kamar yadda ya kafa game da ƙaddamar Elio Motors shi ne, 'yan abubuwa ne kamar yadda fraught tare da wahala ga wani dan kasuwa kamar yadda kokarin fara wata sabuwar mota kamfanin.

"Akwai more shinge to shigarwa a cikin wannan sarari fiye da wani abu ina sane da,"Elio ce. "Idan ka yi Tesla daga tattaunawa, ta ƙarshe lokacin da wani halitta nasara mota company a Amurka da ke har yanzu a guje ya Walter P Hyundai a 1925. "

Back lokacin koma bayan tattalin arziki, lokacin "farashin man fetur da aka je, a cikin rufin", Elio ya ce ya zama "ji haushi ganin dũkiya mai zuba daga wannan kasar".

"Na ce, Ina so in gina wani $5,000 mota da samun 65 miles da galan,"Ya tuno. "Ba ni da data baya cewa up. Muka fara aiki matsalar. Har yanzu ina ganin wata $5,000 mota dã ya kasance mai yawan sexy. Amma a matsayin gine fara tasowa da muka fara ganawa da masu kaya da kuma samun farashin, mu gane wannan ba zai iya da yawa daga cikin siffofin da mutane za su sa ran. "

Ya yi imanin da auto kiri kasuwanci yana bukatar canja zuwa saboda dillalai ba m da mota halin kaka da kuma kudi.

"Ina ganin daya daga cikin manyan matsaloli ne da kasuwanci model ta kakkarye,,"In ji Elio, wanda ya ce da ya ke mafarkin game mallakan mota kamfanin da sunansa a kan shi tun yana wani yaro. "The sayan mota ne irin wani babban game, wanda yake shi ne dalilin da ya sa muna da $6,800 adadi. Idan ka san abin da kake so da kuma da akwai wani kudi batun, shi ya kamata ba kai ka biyar hours saya abin hawa. "

The XTI Aircraft ra'ayi siffofi tsaye takeoff da saukowa, wanda zai iya kawar da bukatar filayen jiragen saman, bisa ga kafa David Brody. XTI bayar da Guardian da wannan samfur ma'ana daidai.

The shekara bayan Elio fara kamfanin, Denver na tushen Dawuda Brody aka kafa a kashe saukar da nasa tafarkin. Ya farawa, XTI Aircraft, ya ɓullo da wani ra'ayi na shida wurin zama kasuwanci jet wanda yake tashi kamar al'ada fasinja jet, amma tare da karkatarwa - shi ma ya riƙi kashe da kuma ƙasashe vertically.

Da kamfanin ya TriFan 600 jet yana amfani da uku ducted magoya ga tsaye liftoff. Seconds bayan takeoff, biyu reshe magoya r otate gaba don matsawa zuwa kwance gudu. A fan saka wa fuselage ya rufe. Idan ya zo lokacin da za a kasa, kan aiwatar taka fita a baya.

XTI ikirarin jirgin zai kasance na farko da dogon zangon-tsaye-takeoff kasuwanci jirgin sama. Sauran kamfanonin ma tasowa a tsaye-takeoff fasaha. a watan Yuni, Boeing nuna a kusa-tsaye takeoff wani Dreamliner.

Brody samu wani tartsatsi wahayi game da shekaru goma da suka wuce lokacin da dansa ya 10 shekaru da haihuwa da kuma kawo gida an batun Time magazine. Ya tuna da shi a hada wata kasida game da wani dan kasuwa kokarin samar da mini jet da zai iya yi da kuma kashe kasa vertically.

"Wannan samu mini tunanin,"Brody ya ce. "Idan ka dubi abin da ke faru a kan na karshe shekaru da dama cikin sharuddan ci gaba a kayan: muna da m kayan, kuma Ka yi gagarumin ci gaba a jet injuna. Wannan jet biyu turboshaft injuna, da advancements a kwamfuta fasaha sun yarda ga fiye da controllability da kwanciyar hankali na jirgin sama da kuma karo gudana. Wasu daga cikin mota da direba fasaha zai yiwuwa taka rawa a cikin jirgin sama na nan gaba. "

Brody ya yi imanin cewa nan gaba na matsakaici kasuwanci jirgin sama zã ta kasance a tsaye takeoff da saukowa. A fasaha zai kawar da kudin gini da kuma rike filayen jiragen saman tare da dogon runways. Har ila yau, zai iya yin yawo fi m da samar da iska taxi ayyuka da cewa sama da ku ba da nisa daga gidanka, idan ba a your gaban ƙofar.

XCOR Lynx suborbital motocin da nufin yi fasinjoji a takaice tafiye-tafiye zuwa gefen sarari. Kamfanin bayar da Guardian da wannan promotional video ma'ana daidai.

Matuƙar iyaka ga wani sufuri kasuwa, i mana, shi ne fita daga wannan duniya. California na tushen XCOR Aerospace ya fara sayar da tikiti ga flights a kan ta Lynx jerin suborbital motocin, wanda zai dauki fasinjoji da payloads a kan wani sarari tafiya har zuwa 330,000 ƙafãfunku cewa yana kasa da sa'a.

Fasinjoji za su gaske ne co-matukin jirgi a kan tafiya - da kawai sauran fasinja a kan tafiya, baicin da matukin jirgi. Saboda haka, suna son a ba da "kira alamar" da za su iya duba sarari ta hanyar Lynx kokfit alfarwa cewa mutun mai daukaka da view of sarari.

The hawa yana powered by reusable roka injuna da cewa gudu a kan kerosene da ruwa oxygen.

"A ainihin abin da muke yi raya a XCOR ne mai cikakken reusable roka engine,"In ji hukumar m Michiel mol. "Wannan na iya ba ze m, amma a zahiri ne. Duk sauran roka daga can ne daya lokacin amfani kawai. Muna da abin da muke kira nan take reusability. Our engine iya tashi, shãfe ƙasa da tafi a kan. "

Saboda haka, da Lynx jirgin ruwa iya, sai ya ce, kai fasinjoji da gaske zuwa iyakar sararin samaniya. XCOR envisions lokacin da na fara gwajin flights wani lokaci na gaba rani da kuma tunzura su a cikin kasuwanci amfani shida zuwa 12 watanni bayan da, da kasuwanci flights lokacin da na fara yiwu a 2017.

Kamfanin ya sayar da 'yan dari tikiti riga, mafi yawa ga masu amfani da suka yi sha'awar ga sararin samaniya. (Kuma wanda ya yi kudi don ciyar: tikiti ne $100,000 da gudu.)

"Mun ga kõwace yar sama jannati wanda ke yi wa sarari ya dawo ya yi rayuwa-canza kwarewa,"Mol ce. "Da zarar kana daga can a blackness sarari, kallon wannan karamin blue duniya da haske kore haske da wani kankanin Layer na yanayi a kusa da shi, shi ya dubi haka m daga waje. Shi ya sa ka da wani jakada ga Duniya kanta. "

Daya daga cikin tunani; da cewa ya zama na fili lokacin da magana da 'yan kasuwa kamar wadannan ne yadda suka dauki burinsu yadda inevitabilities.

Dukan su – kuma babu shakka wasu a cikin harkokin sufuri sarari – duba da matsayin wannan tarihi lõkacin da ta je yadda muke samu daga nan don akwai a yau kamar yadda ƙarancin cancantar, cewa wani abu ya canja – da kuma cewa jetpacks da suborbital tasoshin ne zuwa yanzu ƙasa da wani m fare fiye da yin kome ba ko yin kananan tweaks zuwa data kasance Concepts.

Mol ya ce nan gaba na sufuri kuma ya shafi ra'ayoyin da kayayyaki mu iya ba zai iya ko da juna biyu na yau, saboda da bukatun tomorrowwill kasance ta m.

"Ina ganin mutãne ne ko da yaushe kokarin gano iyakoki da kuma je m,"Inji shi. "Ina ganin a cikin nisa nan gaba za mu a zaune a kan mahara taurari a matsayin wani nau'in. Ba ni da ƙarfin ĩmãni da cewa, a. Yiwuwa ba a rayuwa, ko da yake. "

 

 

 

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