Fentanyl: Drug 50 Times More ĩkon Than tabar heroin

Fentanyl: Drug 50 Times More Potent Than Heroin

of 69 m yawan abin sama wadanda a bara, 68% ta kwashe roba opioid, wanda Mexican cartels sun koyi su yi da kuma sumoga a babbar hanyar hanyõyi. A miyagun ƙwayoyi 'shi ne abin da aka kashe mu' yan ƙasa,'Ya ce Manchester ta shugaban' yan sandan


Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Fentanyl: miyagun ƙwayoyi 50 sau more m fiye da tabar heroin ravages New Hampshire” aka rubuta ta hanyar Susan Zalkind a Manchester, New Hampshire, domin theguardian.com a ranar Alhamis 4th Fabrairu 2016 12.30 UTC

Jami'in Shaun McKennedy ta farko yawan abin sama kira ya zo a cikin a 6.39pm. Ya juya da sirens a kuma rushes ga 245 Laurel titi, a matsakaici Apartment gini. Akwai wani watsi baby karusa a gaban yadi. Wani mutum sanye da Bride Chucky shirt peeps fitar da ƙofar kamar yadda McKennedy, 24, rushes a sama.

Da dama mutane daga cikin gida gobara da EMT sashen su ne riga akwai, kyawu a kusa da alama m jikin wani 31-shekara mutum a cikin falo bene a cikin wani soaking rigar T-shirt da jeans. Yana da wani halin da ake ciki McKennedy, 24, ya kasance ta hanyar da dama, sau tun da ya shiga cikin karfi na karshe Yuli.

"Larry! Larry! Sauka a wurinmu!"Yells Justin Chase, a Manchester EMT medic. Ya injects naloxone, wani magani wanda reverses alãmõmin opioids, up Larry ta hanci.

Jikinsa tana da idanu pop bude. "Abin da ke faruwa?"Ya tambaye, ba tare da Ƙibtawa.

Larry ya amince don zuwa gaggawa dakin a Elliot Hospital, amma zai zama da dama makonni kafin gwajin sakamakon sanin daidai da abin da ya kai ga ya yawan abin sama. Yana da farko da ya ke yi da cewa, ya gaya McKennedy daga baya wannan dare. Yawancin lokaci ya injects tsakanin biyu da uku grams na tabar heroin a rana; da maraice ya kawai ya .2 grams, ko a "fensir". Ya ke tabbata ba idan ya overdosed saboda ya rasa ya haƙuri - sai ya ce da ya ke yi mai tsabta don kawai a kan watanni biyu - ko kuma idan aka laced tare da fentanyl.

Bisa ga Drug Administration Tilasta, fentanyl ne mai roba opioid 100 sau da iko fiye da morphine, da kuma 30-50 sau da iko fiye da tabar heroin.

"Fentanyl ne abin da ake kashe mu 'yan ƙasa,"Ya ce Manchester shugaban 'yan sanda Nick Willard a shaidar da Congress makon da ya gabata.

A 2013, birnin Manchester ya 14 m overdoses, 7% abin da ya ƙunsa wadanda da fentanyl a cikin tsarin, bisa ga Willard. A 2015, 69 mutane fatally overdosed, 68% wanda ya riƙi fentanyl.

Jihar statistics ne ba cheery. Jami'ai a ofishin shugaban likita auna a New Hampshire ce suna da yet to sama gwaji sakamakon daga 36 ake zargi da laifi overdoses, amma sai suka yi kidaya 399 m yawan abin sama wadanda ya zuwa yanzu, fiye da biyu daga kashi uku ɗin wanda ya mutu tare da fentanyl a cikin tsarin.

"An ba su son Mario Batali,"Ya ce Willard daga ofishinsa a Manchester, gwada tabar heroin dillalai yankan su samar da famed sarki. "Wadannan mutane suna kawai amai da shi a cikin wani mahautsini. Za ka iya samun jakar da ke cikakke kuma ba wanda zai mutu daga gare ta. Za ka kuma iya sa a jaka [wanda ke] madaidaiciya fentanyl da kuma cewa zai kashe ka. "

Willard ce cewa, a lokacin da wani 'yan hari a Manchester, ya sãmi wata dila hadawa fentanyl da whey gina jiki. A wani harba da ya kai ga wani irin kãmu a Lawrence, Massachusetts, dila aka zargin hadawa tabar heroin da fentanyl a kitchen blender.

Domin mafi part, Said Willard, labarin opiate amfani a Manchester bi wannan alamu kamar yadda sauran kasar. A rikicin da aka yi mini iso, a da Yunƙurin na kwaya maganin ciwo kamar OxyContin. Addicts neman rahusa high akai-akai ya juya zuwa ga mafi m, yet muhimmanci mai rahusa, tabar heroin.

The juyo, sai ya ce, ya faru wani lokaci bayan 2010, a lõkacin da Purdue Farmer bata da magani don yin shi mafi wuya su yi karambanin taba da kuma samun high. Kaya a Mexico kasance m don ci gaba da sama da inda attajirai ke kasuwar, kuma addicts in Manchester, wanda zaune kusa babbar hanyar 93, Route 3, Route 81, kuma Route 9, ya ba matsala tapping cikin wadata.

Fentanyl citrate phialsEX7TW8 Fentanyl citrate phials
Fentanyl 'shi ne abin da aka kashe mu' yan asalin ', ya ce Manchester ta shugaban 'yan sandan. M: Alamy

Don yin al'amura muni ga Manchester, DEA wakili Tim Desmond ce m nuna cewa Mexican cartels, Musamman El Chapo ta Sinaloa cartel, da ya karu poppy samar 50% tun a bara, kuma an niyya arewa maso gabashin.

Fentanyl aka fara ɓullo da a cikin shekara1960s matsayin general m, kuma shi ne har yanzu a kai a kai gudanar da likitoci, yawanci a cikin nau'i na lozenges da faci, akai-akai don ciwon daji marasa lafiya.

Addicts sami hanyoyin da za a cũtar da kwaya siffofin da miyagun ƙwayoyi, by tsotsa a kan faci, misali. Amma mafi kwanan nan, Mexican cartels sun koyi yadda za su sa kansu fentanyl by sayo zama dole sunadarai daga China, sa'an nan smuggling samfurin fadin iyaka da kuma a kan babbar hanyar da gwadabe da tsarin, ya ce Desmond.

The United States ya na da fentanyl matsaloli da. tsakanin 2005 da kuma 2007, fiye da 1,000 mutanen da suka mutu daga cikin miyagun ƙwayoyi, mafi yawa a cikin tsakiyar yamma,. A cewar wani latsa saki daga DEA, dukan waɗanda mutuwar da za a iya gano su guda Lab a Mexico. Da zarar DEA rufe Lab, da fentanyl annoba tsaya ma.

Wannan lokaci a kusa da, da DEA bai niyya guda Lab a Mexico da alhakin annoba a New England, ya ce Desmond. Maimakon, tarayya jamiái da gida da 'yan sanda da ake niyya yankin dillalai. "Wani lokaci muna da ka fara a kasa daga cikin abinci sarkar domin su je sama da tsani,"Inji shi.

a Manchester, Willard aiki don wargaza da cutar daga ƙasa har. A lokacin da ya zama shugaban a cikin zafi na bara, sai ya juya a kan miyagun ƙwayoyi naúrar, da umarnin bincike, don ya kama dillalai da sauri don samun su kashe titi, maimakon jira gina more sosai harka ko aiki sama da wadata line.

Ya ke kuma yi aiki a gina jihar da kuma tarayya aiki da karfi, kira dutse guduma, wanda ya fara karshe Satumba; ya zuwa yanzu, sai ya ce, naúrar Ya sanya 77 kama. Ya kuma yi kira zuwa ga wani karuwa a jihar goyon baya ga maida kananan dakunan shan magani.

McKennedy amsa biyu more yawan abin sama kira wannan dare. Na farko shi ne wani mutum a cikin marigayi 20s mai suna Mark, suka shige a cikin wani injin wanki da daya allura a hannu da kuma daya full, da kuma shirye su tafi. Mark ya kasa yarda su bi EMTs zuwa asibiti.

"Shin kana so ka mutu?"Tambaye Chase.

"Wane ne da fuck da zai so ya rayu a cikin rãyuwar dũniya?"Mark ta sanarwa, Said Chase, ne suicidal ideation, wanda ke nufin cewa EMTs da ake bukata domin kai shi zuwa asibiti ko ta yaya. A asibiti, Mark tambaye McKennedy ya tabar heroin da baya.

The gaba kira shi ga mace a ta farkon 30s. Dawn Marie overdosed a wani aboki Apartment. Sai da na ɗauki biyu allurai naloxone rayar da ita. Her aboki yana da 'ya'ya biyu. Suka ake yi kuskure fitar da haruffa a kan canza launi littafin a cikin wani dakin na gaba kofa.

Sauran jami'an amsa a karo na hudu yawan abin sama kira yayin McKennedy taimaka EMTs halarci wani shan tabar wiwi da suka yi kokarin yi nasa rai da kitchen wuka. Ya gane McKennedy daga baya yawan abin sama. "Wani rana a aljanna,"Ya ce kamar yadda jami'in tafiya a cikin dari.

A wani lokaci na kwantar da hankula, McKennedy taimaka Officer Mark Aquino da zirga-zirga tasha. Aquino ne mai magani fitarwa gwani. Ana samun mafi wuya ga shaida addicts, ya ce. Tabar heroin ne mai sauki gano, mai amfani da ƴan sa ƙanana da fil-kamar. "Fentanyl ba ƙuntata ƴan,"Inji shi. "Suka nod maimakon,"Ya bayyana, faduwa da Chin wa kirji.

a 10.30, McKennedy ya koma zuwa ga sashen cika fita paperwork lissafin ga kira. Wani "m" motsa a Manchester, ya kammala. "Babu wani abu daga cikin talakawa."

guardian.co.uk © Guardian News & Kafofin watsa labaru Limited 2010

41764 4