Shin barasa gaske sa muku mafi alhẽri a gado?

Does alcohol really make you better in bed?

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Shin barasa gaske sa muku mafi alhẽri a gado?” aka rubuta ta hanyar Sally Adams, don theguardian.com a ranar Talata 17th Nuwamba 2015 06.30 UTC

Barasa "... tsokani marmarin, amma yana daukan kau da yi "ya ce Shakespeare, amma ya ya dama? Yana da na kowa imani cewa barasa taimaka mana rasa mu taurare zuciyarsa da kuma iya aiki a matsayin wani aphrodisiac (wani lokacin!). Amma shi ke ba sau da yawa tunanin matsayin yi enhancer a cikin gida mai dakuna. Na miƙa ka "brewers droop", da tsofaffin sunan barkwanci ga wucin gadi erectile tabarbarewa jawo by barasa.

Wannan mas'ala ta da yawa barasa a matsayin so kisa da aka goyon baya har ta anecdotal da kimiyya da shaida, amma wannan ba ze dampen kafofin watsa labarai jarrabawa da shi a matsayin libido enhancer. Shin, akwai wani gaskiya a baya da ra'ayi cewa kamar wata pints iya gaske sa ka a mafi alhẽri lover ko wannan kawai wani "sexy" kimiyya labarin?

Akwai wani gagarumin jikin bincike wanda da shawara barasa ake dangantawa da heightened jima'i amsa (ƙara arousal kuma waye inzali) kuma loosening na jima'i tsoron. tarihi, barasa kuma yana da dogon tarayya, romance kuma jima'i cikin sharuddan talla. A wannan bangaren, barasa yana da nasaba da wani karuwa a m jima'i halayyar, wanda zai iya haifar da maras so ciki da jima'i daukar kwayar cutar cututtuka. Ganin wadannan tsaurin effects, me ya sa kafofin watsa labarai articles ayan da hankali a kan m jam'iyya tsakanin barasa da kuma jima'i, da abin da suka aikata bincike da karatu bayan kafofin watsa labarai labaru gaya mana?

A kwanan nan, story a Independent ya ruwaito a kan da'awar ya yi da wani sabon littafi da ake kira "The Married Sex Magani". Sex gwani Dr Kat Van Kirk yi imanin cewa, shan giya zai iya kai zuwa hudu jinsin inganta a cikin jima'i kwarewa ga maza: (1) jinkirta kawowa, (2) inganta libido kuma mafi tsanani erections, (3) ƙara jima'i halin iya jurewa da kuma (4) cewa giya zai iya taimaka "your overall kiwon lafiya" da kuma ta haka ne sa ka kasa "sluggish a jima'i". Abin sha'awa, kawai nufi to yana dauke da wani tsara sake nazari da bincike labarin ne na uku – cewa "barasa inganta jima'i halin iya jurewa".

A binciken da aka buga a cikin Turai Journal of Epidemiology rahotanni a kan wani meta-bincike na 13 karatu kallon zuciya da jijiyoyin jini hadarin da giya amfani. A binciken bayar da shawarar a J-dimbin yawa kwana, bayar da shawara a rage hadarin zuciya da jijiyoyin jini cuta a cikin waɗanda suka sha 55g giya a rana ko žasa. Yana da muhimmanci a lura da cewa wannan binciken ba a zahiri auna jima'i halin iya jurewa, maimakon rage zuciya da jijiyoyin jini hadarin da aka dauka a matsayin wani wakili. Har ila yau,, shi ne, ba cikakken bayyana abin da "grams barasa" na nufin nan. Idan gwargwado nuna m ethanol, 55g giya ne daidai kamar 7 raka'a ko 3 da rabi pints na fairly m giya da rana. Wannan alama kamar mai yawa barasa da za a cinye a kowace rana!

Wata kasida a cikin Tangarahu ya ruwaito a kan wani 2009 binciken gudanar da Western Australia ta Keogh Cibiyar Medical Research. Wannan binciken yayi nazari da tasiri na barasa amfani a kan namiji erectile tabarbarewa. The tangarahu labarin bai samar da wani link to a tsara duba labarin, amma ban sami wani bincike a kan wannan da aka buga a Journal of Medicine Jima'i. Yana tattara bayanai daga 1,580 mutane a kan erectile aiki, barasa, kuma taba amfani. The tangarahu ya ruwaito cewa mutanen da suka sha a matsakaici adadin barasa ruwaito 30% m erectile matsaloli fiye da wadanda ba mãsu shã. A labarin fassara wannan binciken a matsayin "m jam'iyya" tsakanin matsakaici mãsu shã kuma erectile aiki.

The marubuta na bincike takarda nuna cewa babu wani daga cikin ruwaito ƙungiyoyi tsakanin sha matsayi da erectile aiki kasance "ilimin kididdiga gagarumin" sai zuciya da jijiyoyin jini cuta da kuma shan taba status aka sarrafawa domin a ƙididdiga. Yana da muhimmanci mu tuna cewa binciken amfani kai rahoton matakan barasa amfani da erectile tabarbarewa, ma'ana wani ƙungiyoyi lura suna dogara a kan ikon da kuma shirye mahalarta a daidai rahoton da barasa amfani da erectile matsaloli

A third study reported in The Independent this year looked at whether alcohol can boost women’s sex drives. The study showed that following moderate alcohol consumption, levels of testosterone increased in women, but not men. This might be evidence of alcohol increasing the libido of women via a temporary surge in the male sex hormone. Despite being reported in The Independent this year, the research in question appears to come from a study published in Nature by Alko (a large Finnish alcohol retailer) a 1994.

The research itself is a one-page report on an experimental study where men and women were given either an alcoholic beverage or a non-alcoholic juice, and hormone levels were measured (although it is not clear how). When controlling for contraceptive use and menstrual cycle (which affects hormone levels) alcohol increased testosterone compared with the placebo in women, but not men.

There are a number of methodological questions that cannot be answered from the information in this short reportdid the participants know if they were receiving an alcoholic or placebo beverage? In what conditions were participants tested? Duk da haka, for me the biggest question is why would the media report on a study conducted over 20 da suka wuce, which is a considerable amount of time in the fast moving world of scientific research?

Abin sha'awa, the publication of the article in The Independent coincided with a press release for a new vodka by a company called Alko-plus. (It is not clear whether this company is affiliated with Alko). In the press release, the vodka is specifically aimed at women, with claims made regarding the capability of alcohol to increase female libido: “Hey Gals: Put New Meaning Into Your July 4th Fireworks; Alko-Plus Creates ‘Lust Vodka’ that it says Increases Female Sexual Desire”.

Reviewing these articles and the corresponding research studies has made me think about the issues involved in studying sex and alcohol and in reporting and interpreting research findings. There are many complex individual differences in the psychological and physiological factors that influence the response to both sex and alcohol. The association between sex and alcohol is dependent upon alcohol dosage, alcohol expectancy, and measurement of alcohol and sexual behaviour.

In terms of dose, there may be an optimal amount of alcohol to induce these positive effects on sexual arousal or performance. Once past that threshold the effects may be more negative. This notion is supported by the biphasic nature of alcohol, with stimulant effects as blood alcohol concentration increases, but depressant effects as it decreases again.

Alcohol expectancy can also impact sexual behaviour during intoxication. Simply believing that drinking alcohol increases sexual arousal may lead to actual arousal during intoxication. Expectancies about alcohol consumption are a key element of research examining the effects of alcohol on any behaviour. It is important that research determines the impact of both the direct pharmacological effects and expectation.

A karshe, the way alcohol use is measured can impact on the association with sexual behaviour. The administration of alcohol in an experimental study versus self-report of alcohol use by drinkers is likely to yield different study findings. Bugu da ƙari, it is very difficult to directly measure sexual behaviour. Most studies have to rely on self-report of sexual arousal and performance or use proxy measures such as cardiovascular and physiological function.

Accurate representation of research evidence on alcohol and sex may not yield a “sexy” headline. Duk da haka, clear and honest reporting of research findings and at least a link to the original published study should allow the reader to make up their own mind when faced with the scientific evidence.

In this case alcohol’s ability to increase prowess in the bedroom does not appear to be as straightforward as presented in the media. The link between sex and alcohol is a complex one and best interpreted when a clear and balanced picture is available, rather than a “sexed-up” story.

Dr Sally Adams is a lecturer in health psychology at the University of Bath. Her research examines the cognitive and behavioural mechanisms underlying alcohol and tobacco use. Find her on Twitter @SallyScientist

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