Brain implant Taimaka Paralysed Man

Brain Implant Helps Paralysed Man

Farko da na tsarin jijiya kewaye damar guntu a cikin kwakwalwa aika sakonni zuwa tsokoki a wuyan hannu da kuma yatsunsu, sa shi yiwuwa a Doke shi gefe a katin da kuma taka Guitar Hero


Powered by Guardian.co.ukWannan labarin mai taken “Brain implant taimaka shanyayyen sake samu m iko da hannunsa” ya rubuta Ian Sample Science edita, domin theguardian.com a ranar Laraba 13th Afrilu 2016 17.00 UTC

A shekaru 24 da haihuwa mutum wanda aka gurgunta a cikin wani hadari shekaru shida da suka wuce ya regained wasu iko da hannunsa ta amfani da implant cewa aika sakonni daga kwakwalwa kai tsaye zuwa cikin tsokoki da cewa ta motsa da wuyan hannu, kuma yatsunsu.

Aka sani a matsayin na tsarin jijiya kewaye, implant damar Ian Burkhart to Doke shi gefe da katin bashi, wasa da video game, Guitar Hero, kuma yi ayyuka kamar daukana up wani kwalban da zuba da abinda ke ciki, rike waya zuwa ga kunnen, kuma stirring kofin. Shi ne na farko da mutum ya amfana daga fasaha.

Burkhart, daga Dublin, Ohio, yana kan rairayin bakin teku biki bikin karshen farko a shekara a kwalejin a lõkacin da ya dived cikin wani kalaman cewa dumped shi uwa boye sandbar. Ya kasance 19, musamman m, kuma ya taba dauke da cewa irin wannan wani hatsari zai buge shi ƙasa.

The karfi na da tasiri snapped Burkhart ta wuyansa a C5 matakin. Ya zai iya har yanzu motsa makamai da wasu har, amma hannuwansa da ƙafafunsa su m. Friends ja da shi daga cikin ruwa da kuma tashe ƙararrawa. kwatsam, an kashe-taƙawa mai kashe gobara ya kan rairayin bakin teku da kuma kira ma'aikatan jinya.

Burkhart da far ga rauni da wata tawagar likitoci a Jami'ar Jihar Ohio. Daga farko, ya kasance m cewa ci gaba a kiwon lafiya da fasaha zai inganta da ingancin rayuwa. Ya shaida wa tawagar yana sha'awar bincike da kuma shirye ya dauki bangare a gwaji na sabuwar fasahar.

The Ohio bincike samu hannuwansu a kan wani na tsarin jijiya kewaye ci gaba da sadaka da ake kira Battelle kuma miƙa Burkhart damar da implant Fitted. "Wannan shi ne miliyan dollar tambaya: kada ka so a yi kwakwalwa tiyata ko wani abu da zai amfãne ku ba,. Akwai mai yawa kasada,"Ya ce Burkhart. "Shi ne haƙĩƙa wani abu na yi la'akari for quite wani lokaci. Amma bayan wani taro da dukan tawagar da kowa da kowa da hannu, Na san na yi a cikin mai kyau hannayensu. "

Ya tafi gaba da likitoci duly Fitted wani kankanin kwamfuta guntu a cikin motor bawo na kwakwalwa. Nan, guntu tsince na'urar sakonni daga wani ɓangare na mota bawo da iko hannun ƙungiyoyi.

A kankanin guntu a cikin motor bawo na kwakwalwa Picks sama na'urar sakonni cewa sarrafa hannun motsi.
A musamman sanya hannun riga a hannu da dantse sami sakonni daga digon guntu a cikin motor bawo na kwakwalwa da sa hannun motsi. M: Jami'ar Jihar Ohio Wexner Medical Center / Batelle

The fuzz na kwakwalwa aiki an ciyar da a cikin kwamfuta da tuba zuwa na'urar hatsaisai cewa kewaye da suka ji rauni laka da kuma haɗa zuwa hannun riga da Burkhart sa a kan hannu da dantse. daga nan, 130 wayoyin aika da hatsaisai ta fata da tsokoki ƙõramu, inda suka sarrafa wuyan hannu har ma da raba m ƙungiyoyi. The alamu na sakonni ana saurare don samar da ƙungiyoyi Burkhart tunani game da yin.

Sai da na ɗauki lokaci su koyi yadda za a yi amfani da na'urar. A kan 15 watanni, Burkhart ciyar har zuwa uku zaman a mako koyon yadda za a sarrafa hannunsa ƙungiyoyi.

"Da farko muna son yi a takaice zaman da Ina jin tunani kãsa, kuma m, kamar Ina kasance a cikin wani shida ko bakwai hour jarrabawa. Domin 19 shekaru raina na ɗauki domin ba: Ina ganin da ta yatsunsu motsa. Amma tare da more kuma mafi yi ta zama da sauƙin. Yana da na biyu yanayi. "

"A karo na farko na koma hannuna, Ina da cewa flicker bege da sanin cewa wannan wani abu ne da ke aiki, Zan iya amfani da hannuna kuma. yanzu, yana da kawai a cikin wani asibiti saitin, amma tare da isasshen mutane aiki a kan shi, kuma isa hankali, shi zai iya zama wani abu na iya amfani da waje na asibiti, at my home da kuma waje na gida, kuma da gaske inganta ingancin rayuwata,"Inji shi.

Burkhart yi na farko ƙungiyoyi yin amfani da tunani kadai a 2014, amma ya tun koya fiye da hadaddun ayyuka da mafi daidai iko a kan hannunsa, kuma yatsu. Details daga cikin latest sakamakon da aka buga a Nature.

Musamman software ne iya karanta Burkhart ta tunani da kuma maida su zuwa na'urar sakonni a hannunsa, bypassing da lalace jijiyoyi a cikin kashin baya

"A wani ban mamaki lokacin da tawagar,"Ya ce Ali Rezai, wani neurosurgeon a Jihar Ohio ta Wexner Medical Center, ƙarfafu Burkhart ta farko hannun ƙungiyoyi. Amma a lokacin, iko da yarda domin kawai na asali ƙungiyoyi. "A 'yan seconds bayan da mamaki, mun ce OK, da muke da yawa fiye da aikin yi a nan. "The tawagar saita zuwa aiki a kan juya m ƙungiyoyi cikin madaidaici, amfani ayyuka.

Chadi Button, wadanda suka taimaka wajen haifar da na'urar, ya ce binciken ne karo na farko da wani mutum ɗauke da inna ya regained motsi ta amfani da sigina na rubuta daga cikin kwakwalwa. "Muna jin wannan shi ne wani muhimmin sakamakon yadda muke kokarin shirya hanya ga sauran marasa lafiya a nan gaba, ba kawai waɗanda suke tãre da kashin baya raunin, amma kuma wadanda cewa sun samu bugun jini, da kuma yiwuwar ko da traumatic kwakwalwa rauni,"Inji shi.

"Ba mu kasance tabbata idan wannan zai yiwu,"Button kara. "Ba wai kawai sun muka iya gano wadanda sakonni a cikin kwakwalwa da kuma decipher su ga mutum yatsa ƙungiyoyi, amma mun kasance iya danganta wadanda sakonni zuwa Ian ta tsokoki da kuma ba da damar cewa irin motsi da za a samu damar dawo da. Wannan yana da muhimmanci domin kullum ayyukan, kamar ciyar, da kuma ciwon da mãsu haƙuri a iya sa kansu. "

Da masu bincike yanzu neman a wata rundunar inganta cewa ya kamata sa tsarin more šaukuwa kuma zai yiwu a yi amfani da waje asibiti. Brain sakonni tsince implant zai iya yiwuwar a aika wayaba da kwamfuta na aiki, kuma dole a hannu da dantse hannun riga da su ta tsokoki. Wani kyautata iya ganin mafi wayoyin kara zuwa kwakwalwa guntu, don haka mafi dabara sakonni za a iya gano da kuma wuce zuwa haƙuri da tsokoki.

"Shekaru goma da suka wuce mun kasa yin wannan. Tunanin abin da za mu iya yi a wani 10, "ya ce Rezai.

Nick Annetta, injiniyan kayan lantarki a tawagar, ya ce tawagar da aka aiki yi da tsarin karami da kuma amfani ga mafi fadi da kewayon marasa lafiya. "Wannan za a iya amfani da su da sauran motor sa ciwon, ba kawai laka raunin,"Inji shi. "Muna jin wannan ne kawai farkon."

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