Alkohola du benetan hobea ohean duzu?

Does alcohol really make you better in bed?

 

Powered by Guardian.co.ukIzeneko artikulu hau “Alkohola du benetan hobea ohean duzu?” zen Sally Adams-ek idatzitako, Ba theguardian.com azaroaren asteartean 17an 2015 06.30 UTC

Alkohola "... gogoa sortarazten, baina kanpoan hartzen performance "esan Shakespeare, baina zuen asmatu? uste arrunta da alkohola duten gure konplexurik galtzen laguntzen digu eta afrodisiako gisa ere jardun dezake (batzuetan!). Baina ez da askotan pentsatu errendimendua logelak Enhancer gisa. nahi "garagardo hanka tartean" erreferentzia I, Mila urteko aldi baterako zutitzearen disfuntzioa goitizena eragindako alkohola arabera.

alkohol gehiegi nozioa grina hiltzaile gisa babeskopia anekdotikoa eta zientifiko ebidentzia arabera, baina hau ez dirudi media lilura dampen berarekin libido Enhancer gisa. Ba al dago nozioa atzean egia edozein pinta pare bat benetan egin duzun maitalea hobea edo hori beste "sexy" zientzia istorioa da?

Ez dago esanguratsua Ikerketa gorputza iradokitzen alkohola heightened sexu-erantzuna elkarturik (arousal handitu eta orgasm hobetua) eta sexual inhibitions loosening. Historikoki, Alkohola ere amodioa eta sexu elkarte luze bat publizitate terminoetan ditu. Bestetik, alkohola arriskutsua sexu jokabideak igoera batekin lotuta dago, ezin diren nahigabeko haurdunaldiak eragin eta sexu-transmisiozko gaixotasunak. Emandako kontrajarriak efektu horiek, zergatik ez, komunikabideetan artikulu joera alkohola eta sexua arteko elkarte positiboa ardatz, eta zer egin ikerketa batek atzean media istorioak kontatu digu?

Duela gutxiko A Independent istorioa "The Married Sex irtenbidea" izeneko liburu berri batek egindako erreklamazio du. Sex aditua Dr Kat Van Kirk ustez garagardoa edaten duten lau hobekuntza desberdin sor daitezkeen gizonezkoetan sexu esperientzia ere: (1) atzeratu Prononcés, (2) libido hobetu eta erections biziagoa, (3) sexu-egoera fisiko handitu eta (4) garagardoa egiten duzun gutxiago "sexu geldoegi" "zure osasun orokorra" lagun dezake eta, ondorioz,. Interesgarria, Puntu bakarra peer berrikusi ikerketa artikulu bat erreferentzia hirugarrena da – hori "alkohola sexu egoera fisiko hobetzen".

argitaratutako azterketa A Journal Europako Epidemiologia meta-analisi baten gainean txostenak 13 ikasketak arrisku kardiobaskularrak eta garagardo kontsumoa begira. Aurkikuntza iradokitzen J itxurako kurba bat, gaixotasun kardiobaskularrak izateko arriskua murriztu bat garagardo 55g edaten duten egun bat edo gutxiago dutenen proposatuz. Garrantzitsua da azterketa hau ez da ondo neurtu sexual egoera fisiko, kontuan izan, ordez murriztu arrisku kardiobaskularrak proxy gisa hartu zen. Era, Ez da guztiz argi zer "gramo alkohol" esan nahi du hemen. neurriaren etanol purua islatzen bada, 55Garagardo g baliokidea da, gutxi gorabehera 7 unitateak edo 3 eguneko garagardo nahiko ahula pinta eta erdi. Honek badirudi alkohol asko kontsumitu behar bezalako egun bakoitzeko!

The artikulu bat Telegraph bat du 2009 azterketa Egindako Mendebaldeko Australiako Keogh Institute Medikuntza Ikerketarako arabera. Ikerketa honek alkoholaren erabilera eraginari gizonezkoa zutitzearen disfuntzioa aztertu. Telegraph artikulu ez zuen peer berrikusi artikulu bat lotura bat ematen, baina ere argitaratu honetako azterketa bat aurkitu dut Journal of Medicine Sexual. informazioa bildu bertatik 1,580 zutitzearen funtzio gizonen, alkohola, eta tabakoaren erabilera. Telegraph jakinarazi du alkohola zenbatekoa moderatua edaten zuten gizonak 30% zutitzearen arazo gutxiago ez-drinkers baino. Artikuluaren Aurkikuntza honek bat "aldekoa elkartea" drinkers moderatua eta zutitzearen funtzio artean bezala interpretatzen.

ikerketa paper egileek adierazi du elkarteak edateko egoera eta zutitzearen funtzio artean bat ere ez zirela "estatistikoki esanguratsua" gaixotasun kardiobaskularrak eta erretzeari status analisiak egiteko kontrolatzen zituzten arte. Gainera, garrantzitsua da azterketa hori auto-txostena alkoholaren kontsumoa eta zutitzearen disfuntzioa neurriak erabiliko gogoratzeko, ikusitako edozein elkarte gaitasuna eta borondatea parte hartzaileek beren alkohol erabilera eta zutitzearen arazoak zehaztasunez txostena menpe zentzua dira

A third study reported in The Independent this year looked at whether alcohol can boost women’s sex drives. The study showed that following moderate alcohol consumption, levels of testosterone increased in women, but not men. This might be evidence of alcohol increasing the libido of women via a temporary surge in the male sex hormone. Despite being reported in The Independent this year, the research in question appears to come from a study published in Nature arabera Alko (a large Finnish alcohol retailer) in 1994.

The research itself is a one-page report on an experimental study where men and women were given either an alcoholic beverage or a non-alcoholic juice, and hormone levels were measured (although it is not clear how). When controlling for contraceptive use and menstrual cycle (which affects hormone levels) alcohol increased testosterone compared with the placebo in women, but not men.

There are a number of methodological questions that cannot be answered from the information in this short reportdid the participants know if they were receiving an alcoholic or placebo beverage? In what conditions were participants tested? Hala ere, for me the biggest question is why would the media report on a study conducted over 20 Duela urte, which is a considerable amount of time in the fast moving world of scientific research?

Interesgarria, the publication of the article in The Independent coincided with a press release for a new vodka by a company called Alko-plus. (It is not clear whether this company is affiliated with Alko). In the press release, the vodka is specifically aimed at women, with claims made regarding the capability of alcohol to increase female libido: “Hey Gals: Put New Meaning Into Your July 4th Fireworks; Alko-Plus Creates ‘Lust Vodka’ that it says Increases Female Sexual Desire”.

Reviewing these articles and the corresponding research studies has made me think about the issues involved in studying sex and alcohol and in reporting and interpreting research findings. There are many complex individual differences in the psychological and physiological factors that influence the response to both sex and alcohol. The association between sex and alcohol is dependent upon alcohol dosage, alcohol expectancy, and measurement of alcohol and sexual behaviour.

In terms of dose, there may be an optimal amount of alcohol to induce these positive effects on sexual arousal or performance. Once past that threshold the effects may be more negative. This notion is supported by the biphasic nature of alcohol, with stimulant effects as blood alcohol concentration increases, but depressant effects as it decreases again.

Alcohol expectancy can also impact sexual behaviour during intoxication. Simply believing that drinking alcohol increases sexual arousal may lead to actual arousal during intoxication. Expectancies about alcohol consumption are a key element of research examining the effects of alcohol on any behaviour. It is important that research determines the impact of both the direct pharmacological effects and expectation.

Azkenik, the way alcohol use is measured can impact on the association with sexual behaviour. The administration of alcohol in an experimental study versus self-report of alcohol use by drinkers is likely to yield different study findings. Gainera, it is very difficult to directly measure sexual behaviour. Most studies have to rely on self-report of sexual arousal and performance or use proxy measures such as cardiovascular and physiological function.

Accurate representation of research evidence on alcohol and sex may not yield a “sexy” headline. Hala ere, clear and honest reporting of research findings and at least a link to the original published study should allow the reader to make up their own mind when faced with the scientific evidence.

In this case alcohol’s ability to increase prowess in the bedroom does not appear to be as straightforward as presented in the media. The link between sex and alcohol is a complex one and best interpreted when a clear and balanced picture is available, rather than a “sexed-up” story.

Dr Sally Adams is a lecturer in health psychology at the University of Bath. Her research examines the cognitive and behavioural mechanisms underlying alcohol and tobacco use. Find her on Twitter @SallyScientist

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